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tf.keras.metrics.CategoricalCrossentropy

Computes the crossentropy metric between the labels and predictions.

Inherits From: MeanMetricWrapper, Mean, Metric, Layer, Module

This is the crossentropy metric class to be used when there are multiple label classes (2 or more). Here we assume that labels are given as a one_hot representation. eg., When labels values are [2, 0, 1], y_true = [[0, 0, 1], [1, 0, 0], [0, 1, 0]].

name (Optional) string name of the metric instance.
dtype (Optional) data type of the metric result.
from_logits (Optional) Whether output is expected to be a logits tensor. By default, we consider that output encodes a probability distribution.
label_smoothing (Optional) Float in [0, 1]. When > 0, label values are smoothed, meaning the confidence on label values are relaxed. e.g. label_smoothing=0.2 means that we will use a value of 0.1 for label 0 and 0.9 for label 1"

Standalone usage:

# EPSILON = 1e-7, y = y_true, y` = y_pred
# y` = clip_ops.clip_by_value(output, EPSILON, 1. - EPSILON)
# y` = [[0.05, 0.95, EPSILON], [0.1, 0.8, 0.1]]
# xent = -sum(y * log(y'), axis = -1)
#      = -((log 0.95), (log 0.1))
#      = [0.051, 2.302]
# Reduced xent = (0.051 + 2.302) / 2
m = tf.keras.metrics.CategoricalCrossentropy()
m.update_state([[0, 1, 0], [0, 0, 1]],
               [[0.05, 0.95, 0], [0.1, 0.8, 0.1]])
m.result().numpy()
1.1769392
m.reset_state()
m.update_state([[0, 1, 0], [0, 0, 1]],
               [[0.05, 0.95, 0], [0.1, 0.8, 0.1]],
               sample_weight=tf.constant([0.3, 0.7]))
m.result().numpy()
1.6271976

Usage with compile() API:

model.compile(
  optimizer='sgd',
  loss='mse',
  metrics=[tf.keras.metrics.CategoricalCrossentropy()])

Methods

merge_state

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Merges the state from one or more metrics.

This method can be used by distributed systems to merge the state computed by different metric instances. Typically the state will be stored in the form of the metric's weights. For example, a tf.keras.metrics.Mean metric contains a list of two weight values: a total and a count. If there were two instances of a tf.keras.metrics.Accuracy that each independently aggregated partial state for an overall accuracy calculation, these two metric's states could be combined as follows:

m1 = tf.keras.metrics.Accuracy()
_ = m1.update_state([[1], [2]], [[0], [2]])
m2 = tf.keras.metrics.Accuracy()
_ = m2.update_state([[3], [4]], [[3], [4]])
m2.merge_state([m1])
m2.result().numpy()
0.75

Args
metrics an iterable of metrics. The metrics must have compatible state.

Raises
ValueError If the provided iterable does not contain metrics matching the metric's required specifications.

reset_state

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Resets all of the met