tf.keras.metrics.CategoricalCrossentropy

Computes the crossentropy metric between the labels and predictions.

Inherits From: MeanMetricWrapper, Mean, Metric, Layer, Module

This is the crossentropy metric class to be used when there are multiple label classes (2 or more). Here we assume that labels are given as a one_hot representation. eg., When labels values are [2, 0, 1], y_true = [[0, 0, 1], [1, 0, 0], [0, 1, 0]].

name (Optional) string name of the metric instance.
dtype (Optional) data type of the metric result.
from_logits (Optional) Whether output is expected to be a logits tensor. By default, we consider that output encodes a probability distribution.
label_smoothing (Optional) Float in [0, 1]. When > 0, label values are smoothed, meaning the confidence on label values are relaxed. e.g. label_smoothing=0.2 means that we will use a value of 0.1 for label 0 and 0.9 for label 1"

Standalone usage:

# EPSILON = 1e-7, y = y_true, y` = y_pred
# y` = clip_ops.clip_by_value(output, EPSILON, 1. - EPSILON)
# y` = [[0.05, 0.95, EPSILON], [0.1, 0.8, 0.1]]
# xent = -sum(y * log(y'), axis = -1)
#      = -((log 0.95), (log 0.1))
#      = [0.051, 2.302]
# Reduced xent = (0.051 + 2.302) / 2
m = tf.keras.metrics.CategoricalCrossentropy()
m.update_state([[0, 1, 0], [0, 0, 1]],
               [[0.05, 0.95, 0], [0.1, 0.8, 0.1]])
m.result().numpy()
1.1769392
m.reset_state()
m.update_state([[0, 1, 0], [0, 0, 1]],
               [[0.05, 0.95, 0], [0.1, 0.8, 0.1]],
               sample_weight=tf.constant([0.3, 0.7]))
m.result().numpy()
1.6271976

Usage with compile() API:

model.compile(
  optimizer='sgd',
  loss='mse',
  metrics=[tf.keras.metrics.CategoricalCrossentropy()])

Methods

reset_state

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Resets all of the metric state variables.

This function is called between epochs/steps, when a metric is evaluated during training.

result

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Computes and returns the metric value tensor.

Result computation is an idempotent operation that simply calculates the metric value using the state variables.

update_state

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Accumulates metric statistics.

For sparse categorical metrics, the shapes of y_true and y_pred are different.

Args
y_true Ground truth label values. shape = [batch_size, d0, .. dN-1] or shape = [batch_size, d0, .. dN-1, 1].
y_pred The predicted probability values. shape = [batch_size, d0, .. dN].
sample_weight Optional sample_weight acts as a coefficient for the metric. If a scalar is provided, then the metric is simply scaled by the given value. If sample_weight is a tensor of size [batch_size], then the metric for each sample of the batch is rescaled by the corresponding elem