The tff.learning.Model returned by this function uses keras_model for
its forward pass and autodifferentiation steps.
Notice that since TFF couples the tf.keras.Model and loss,
TFF needs a slightly different notion of "fully specified type" than
pure Keras does. That is, the model M takes inputs of type x and
produces predictions of type p; the loss function L takes inputs of type
<p, y> (where y is the ground truth label type) and produces a scalar.
Therefore in order to fully specify the type signatures for computations in
which the generated tff.learning.Model will appear, TFF needs the type y
in addition to the type x.
A single tf.keras.losses.Loss or a list of losses-per-output. If a
single loss is provided, then all model output (as well as all prediction
information) is passed to the loss; this includes situations of multiple
model outputs and/or predictions. If multiple losses are provided as a
list, then each loss is expected to correspond to a model output; the
model will attempt to minimize the sum of all individual losses
(optionally weighted using the loss_weights argument).
A structure of tf.TensorSpecs or tff.Type specifying the
type of arguments the model expects. If input_spec is a tff.Type, its
leaf nodes must be TensorTypes. Note that input_spec must be a
compound structure of two elements, specifying both the data fed into the
model (x) to generate predictions as well as the expected type of the
ground truth (y). If provided as a list, it must be in the order [x, y].
If provided as a dictionary, the keys must explicitly be named 'x' and
(Optional) A list of Python floats used to weight the loss
contribution of each model output (when providing a list of losses for the
If keras_model was compiled, if loss is a list of unequal
length to the number of outputs of keras_model, if loss_weights is
specified but loss is not a list, if input_spec does not contain
exactly two elements, or if input_spec is a dictionary and does not
contain keys 'x' and 'y'.
"label":"Missing the information I need"
"label":"Too complicated / too many steps"
"label":"Out of date"
"label":"Samples / code issue"
"label":"Easy to understand"
"label":"Solved my problem"