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Deploy tfjs-node project on cloud platform

This doc describes how to run a Node.js process with @tensorflow/tfjs-node package on cloud platforms.

Starting from tfjs-node@1.2.4, running Node.js project on cloud platforms does not require additional configuration. This guide will show how to run the mnist-node example in the @tensorflow/tfjs-examples repository on Heroku and GCloud. Heroku’s Node.js support is documented in this article. Running Node.js on Google Cloud Platform is documented here.

Deploy Node.js project on Heroku


  1. Node.js and npm installed
  2. Heroku account
  3. Heroku CLI

Create the Node.js app

  1. Create a folder and copy the data.js, main.js, model.js and package.json files from the mnist-node example.
  2. Make sure the @tensorflow/tfjs-node dependency is @1.2.4 or newer version.

Build your app and run it locally

  1. Run the npm install command in your local directory to install the dependencies that are declared in the package.json file. You should be able to see that the tfjs-node package is installed and libtensorflow is downloaded.
$ npm install
> @tensorflow/tfjs-node@1.2.5 install mnist-node/node_modules/@tensorflow/tfjs-node
> node scripts/install.js

* Downloading libtensorflow
[==============================] 22675984/bps 100% 0.0s
* Building TensorFlow Node.js bindings
  1. Train the model locally by running npm start.
$ npm start
> tfjs-examples-mnist-node@0.1.0 start /mnist-node
> node main.js

2019-07-30 17:33:34.109195: I tensorflow/core/platform/] Your CPU supports instructions that this TensorFlow binary was not compiled to use: AVX2 FMA
2019-07-30 17:33:34.147880: I tensorflow/core/platform/profile_utils/] CPU Frequency: 3492175000 Hz
2019-07-30 17:33:34.149030: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/] XLA service 0x52f7090 executing computations on platform Host. Devices:
2019-07-30 17:33:34.149057: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/]   StreamExecutor device (0): <undefined>, <undefined>

Total params: 594922
Trainable params: 594922
Non-trainable params: 0
Epoch 1 / 20
Epoch 1 / 20
========================>----------------------------------------------------------------------------------: 35.5
  1. Make sure you ignore build artifacts, such as node_modules, in your .gitignore file.

Create and deploy the Heroku app

  1. Create a new app on the Heroku website
  2. Commit your change and push to heroku master
$ git init
$ heroku git:remote -a your-app-name
$ git add .
$ git commit -m "First Commit"
$ git push heroku master
  1. In the build logs, you should be able to see the tfjs-node package downloading the TensorFlow C Library and loading TensorFlow Node.js native addon:
remote: -----> Installing dependencies
remote:        Installing node modules (package.json)
remote:        > @tensorflow/tfjs-node@1.2.5 install /tmp/build_de800e169948787d84bcc2b9ccab23f0/node_modules/@tensorflow/tfjs-node
remote:        > node scripts/install.js
remote:        CPU-linux-1.2.5.tar.gz
remote:        * Downloading libtensorflow
remote:        * Building TensorFlow Node.js bindings
remote:        added 92 packages from 91 contributors and audited 171 packages in 9.983s
remote:        found 0 vulnerabilities

In the process logs on Heroku, you should be able to see the model training logs:

Total params: 594922
Trainable params: 594922
Non-trainable params: 0
Epoch 1 / 20
Epoch 1 / 20
====>--------------------------------------------------------------------: 221.9

You can also start or debug the process in Heroku console.

Using tfjs-node prior to version 1.2.4

If you are using tfjs-node package before version 1.2.4, the package requires g++ to compile the node native addon from source files. You will have to make sure your stack has the Linux build-essential package (newer version stack may not have it on default).

Deploy Node.js project on Google Cloud Platform


  1. Have a valid Google Cloud Project with billing account
  2. Install Google Cloud client tool
  3. Add app.yaml file to configure the Node.js Runtime

Deploy app to GCloud

Run gcloud app deploy to deploy the local code and configurations to App Engine. In the deploy logs you should be able to see that tfjs-node is installed:

$ gcloud app deploy

Step #1:
Step #1: > @tensorflow/tfjs-node@1.2.5 install /app/node_modules/@tensorflow/tfjs-node
Step #1: > node scripts/install.js
Step #1:
Step #1: CPU-linux-1.2.5.tar.gz
Step #1: * Downloading libtensorflow
Step #1:
Step #1: * Building TensorFlow Node.js bindings
Step #1: added 88 packages from 85 contributors and audited 171 packages in 13.392s
Step #1: found 0 vulnerabilities

In the apps logs, you should be able to see the model training process:

Total params: 594922
Trainable params: 594922
Non-trainable params: 0

Epoch 1 / 20
745950ms 14626us/step - acc=0.920 loss=0.247 val_acc=0.987 val_loss=0.0445
Loss: 0.247 (train), 0.044 (val); Accuracy: 0.920 (train), 0.987 (val) (14.62 ms/step)
Epoch 2 / 20
818140ms 16042us/step - acc=0.980 loss=0.0655 val_acc=0.989 val_loss=0.0371
Loss: 0.066 (train), 0.037 (val); Accuracy: 0.980 (train), 0.989 (val) (16.04 ms/step)
Epoch 3 / 20
Epoch 3 / 20