O Dia da Comunidade de ML é dia 9 de novembro! Junte-nos para atualização de TensorFlow, JAX, e mais Saiba mais

FaceSSD Fairness Indicators Example Colab

Ver no TensorFlow.org Executar no Google Colab Ver no GitHub Baixar caderno

Visão geral

Nesta atividade, você usará Fairness Indicadores para explorar as previsões FaceSSD sobre Faces rotulado no conjunto de dados selvagem . Fairness Indicators é um conjunto de ferramentas construídas em cima de TensorFlow Modelo de Análise , que permitem a avaliação periódica das métricas de justiça em oleodutos de produtos.

Sobre o conjunto de dados

Neste exercício, você trabalhará com o conjunto de dados de predição FaceSSD, aproximadamente 200 mil previsões de imagens diferentes e verdades fundamentais geradas pela API FaceSSD.

Sobre as ferramentas

TensorFlow Modelo de Análise é uma biblioteca para avaliar ambos os modelos de aprendizado de máquina não-TensorFlow TensorFlow e. Ele permite que os usuários avaliem seus modelos em grandes quantidades de dados de maneira distribuída, computando em gráfico e outras métricas sobre diferentes fatias de dados e visualizando em notebooks.

TensorFlow Validação de dados é uma ferramenta que você pode usar para analisar seus dados. Você pode usá-lo para localizar problemas potenciais em seus dados, como valores ausentes e desequilíbrios de dados, que podem levar a disparidades de imparcialidade.

Com Fairness Indicators , os usuários serão capazes de:

  • Avalie o desempenho do modelo, dividido em grupos definidos de usuários
  • Sinta-se confiante sobre os resultados com intervalos de confiança e avaliações em vários limiares

Importando

Execute o código a seguir para instalar a biblioteca fairness_indicators. Este pacote contém as ferramentas que usaremos neste exercício. O Restart Runtime pode ser solicitado, mas não é necessário.

pip install -q -U pip==20.2
pip install fairness-indicators
import os
import tempfile
import apache_beam as beam
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
from datetime import datetime

import tensorflow_hub as hub
import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma
import tensorflow_data_validation as tfdv
from tensorflow_model_analysis.addons.fairness.post_export_metrics import fairness_indicators
from tensorflow_model_analysis.addons.fairness.view import widget_view
from tensorflow_model_analysis.model_agnostic_eval import model_agnostic_predict as agnostic_predict
from tensorflow_model_analysis.model_agnostic_eval import model_agnostic_evaluate_graph
from tensorflow_model_analysis.model_agnostic_eval import model_agnostic_extractor

from witwidget.notebook.visualization import WitConfigBuilder
from witwidget.notebook.visualization import WitWidget

Baixe e entenda os dados

Faces rotulados na selvagem é um conjunto de dados de referência pública de verificação de faces, também conhecido como par correspondente. O LFW contém mais de 13.000 imagens de rostos coletadas da web.

Executamos previsões FaceSSD neste conjunto de dados para prever se um rosto está presente em uma determinada imagem. Neste Colab, dividiremos os dados de acordo com o gênero para observar se há alguma diferença significativa entre o desempenho do modelo para diferentes grupos de gênero.

Se houver mais de um rosto em uma imagem, o gênero será rotulado como "FALTA".

Hospedamos o conjunto de dados no Google Cloud Platform por conveniência. Execute o código a seguir para baixar os dados do GCP. Os dados levarão cerca de um minuto para baixar e analisar.

data_location = tf.keras.utils.get_file('lfw_dataset.tf', 'https://storage.googleapis.com/facessd_dataset/lfw_dataset.tfrecord')

stats = tfdv.generate_statistics_from_tfrecord(data_location=data_location)
tfdv.visualize_statistics(stats)
Downloading data from https://storage.googleapis.com/facessd_dataset/lfw_dataset.tfrecord
200835072/200828483 [==============================] - 1s 0us/step
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.6/site-packages/tensorflow_data_validation/utils/stats_util.py:247: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.6/site-packages/tensorflow_data_validation/utils/stats_util.py:247: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`

Definindo Constantes

BASE_DIR = tempfile.gettempdir()

tfma_eval_result_path = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'tfma_eval_result')

compute_confidence_intervals = True

slice_key = 'object/groundtruth/Gender'
label_key = 'object/groundtruth/face'
prediction_key = 'object/prediction/face'

feature_map = {
    slice_key:
        tf.io.FixedLenFeature([], tf.string, default_value=['none']),
    label_key:
        tf.io.FixedLenFeature([], tf.float32, default_value=[0.0]),
    prediction_key:
        tf.io.FixedLenFeature([], tf.float32, default_value=[0.0]),
}

Configuração Agnóstica do Modelo para TFMA

model_agnostic_config = agnostic_predict.ModelAgnosticConfig(
    label_keys=[label_key],
    prediction_keys=[prediction_key],
    feature_spec=feature_map)

model_agnostic_extractors = [
    model_agnostic_extractor.ModelAgnosticExtractor(
        model_agnostic_config=model_agnostic_config, desired_batch_size=3),
    tfma.extractors.slice_key_extractor.SliceKeyExtractor(
          [tfma.slicer.SingleSliceSpec(),
           tfma.slicer.SingleSliceSpec(columns=[slice_key])])
]

Fairness Callbacks e Computação Fairness Metrics

# Helper class for counting examples in beam PCollection
class CountExamples(beam.CombineFn):
    def __init__(self, message):
      self.message = message

    def create_accumulator(self):
      return 0

    def add_input(self, current_sum, element):
      return current_sum + 1

    def merge_accumulators(self, accumulators): 
      return sum(accumulators)

    def extract_output(self, final_sum):
      if final_sum:
        print("%s: %d"%(self.message, final_sum))
metrics_callbacks = [
  tfma.post_export_metrics.fairness_indicators(
      thresholds=[0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9],
      labels_key=label_key,
      target_prediction_keys=[prediction_key]),
  tfma.post_export_metrics.auc(
      curve='PR',
      labels_key=label_key,
      target_prediction_keys=[prediction_key]),
]

eval_shared_model = tfma.types.EvalSharedModel(
    add_metrics_callbacks=metrics_callbacks,
    construct_fn=model_agnostic_evaluate_graph.make_construct_fn(
        add_metrics_callbacks=metrics_callbacks,
        config=model_agnostic_config))

with beam.Pipeline() as pipeline:
  # Read data.
  data = (
      pipeline
      | 'ReadData' >> beam.io.ReadFromTFRecord(data_location))

  # Count all examples.
  data_count = (
      data | 'Count number of examples' >> beam.CombineGlobally(
          CountExamples('Before filtering "Gender:MISSING"')))

  # If there are more than one face in image, the gender feature is 'MISSING'
  # and we are filtering that image out.
  def filter_missing_gender(element):
    example = tf.train.Example.FromString(element)
    if example.features.feature[slice_key].bytes_list.value[0] != b'MISSING':
      yield element

  filtered_data = (
      data
      | 'Filter Missing Gender' >> beam.ParDo(filter_missing_gender))

  # Count after filtering "Gender:MISSING".
  filtered_data_count = (
      filtered_data | 'Count number of examples after filtering'
      >> beam.CombineGlobally(
          CountExamples('After filtering "Gender:MISSING"')))

  # Because LFW data set has always faces by default, we are adding
  # labels as 1.0 for all images.
  def add_face_groundtruth(element):
    example = tf.train.Example.FromString(element)
    example.features.feature[label_key].float_list.value[:] = [1.0]
    yield example.SerializeToString()

  final_data = (
      filtered_data
      | 'Add Face Groundtruth' >> beam.ParDo(add_face_groundtruth))

  # Run TFMA.
  _ = (
      final_data
      | 'ExtractEvaluateAndWriteResults' >>
       tfma.ExtractEvaluateAndWriteResults(
                 eval_shared_model=eval_shared_model,
                 compute_confidence_intervals=compute_confidence_intervals,
                 output_path=tfma_eval_result_path,
                 extractors=model_agnostic_extractors))

eval_result = tfma.load_eval_result(output_path=tfma_eval_result_path)
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring send_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:apache_beam.typehints.typehints:Ignoring return_type hint: <class 'NoneType'>
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.6/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/post_export_metrics/post_export_metrics.py:178: auc (from tensorflow.python.ops.metrics_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The value of AUC returned by this may race with the update so this is deprecated. Please use tf.keras.metrics.AUC instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.6/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/post_export_metrics/post_export_metrics.py:178: auc (from tensorflow.python.ops.metrics_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The value of AUC returned by this may race with the update so this is deprecated. Please use tf.keras.metrics.AUC instead.
Before filtering "Gender:MISSING": 13836
After filtering "Gender:MISSING": 11544
WARNING:apache_beam.io.filebasedsink:Deleting 1 existing files in target path matching: 
WARNING:apache_beam.io.filebasedsink:Deleting 1 existing files in target path matching: 
WARNING:apache_beam.io.filebasedsink:Deleting 1 existing files in target path matching:

Renderizar indicadores de justiça

Renderize o widget Indicadores de imparcialidade com os resultados da avaliação exportados.

Abaixo, você verá gráficos de barras exibindo o desempenho de cada fatia dos dados nas métricas selecionadas. Você pode ajustar a fatia de comparação da linha de base, bem como os limites exibidos usando os menus suspensos na parte superior da visualização.

Uma métrica relevante para este caso de uso é a taxa positiva verdadeira, também conhecida como recall. Use o seletor no lado esquerdo para escolher o gráfico para true_positive_rate. Estes valores métricas correspondem aos valores exibidos no cartão de modelo .

Para algumas fotos, o gênero é rotulado como jovem em vez de masculino ou feminino, se a pessoa na foto for muito jovem para ser anotada com precisão.

widget_view.render_fairness_indicator(eval_result=eval_result,
                                      slicing_column=slice_key)
FairnessIndicatorViewer(slicingMetrics=[{'sliceValue': 'Overall', 'slice': 'Overall', 'metrics': {'post_export…