MLコミュニティデーは11月9日です! TensorFlow、JAXからの更新のために私たちに参加し、より多くの詳細をご覧ください

TFXにおけるグラフベースのニューラル構造化学習

このチュートリアルでは、グラフから正則について説明ニューラル構造化学習の枠組みとTFXパイプラインにおける感情の分類のためのエンドツーエンドのワークフローを示しています。

概要

レビューのテキストを使用して、またはとしてこのノート分類の映画のレビュー。これは、バイナリ分類、機械学習、問題の重要かつ広く適用の種類の一例です。

与えられた入力からグラフを作成することにより、このノートブックでのグラフ正則化の使用法を示します。入力に明示的なグラフが含まれていない場合に、Neural Structured Learning(NSL)フレームワークを使用してグラフ正則化モデルを構築するための一般的なレシピは、次のとおりです。

  1. 入力の各テキストサンプルの埋め込みを作成します。これは、次のような事前に訓練されたモデルで使用して行うことができますword2vecスイベルBERTなど
  2. 「L2」距離、「コサイン」距離などの類似性メトリックを使用して、これらの埋め込みに基づいてグラフを作成します。グラフのノードはサンプルに対応し、グラフのエッジはサンプルのペア間の類似性に対応します。
  3. 上記の合成グラフとサンプル特徴からトレーニングデータを生成します。結果のトレーニングデータには、元のノード機能に加えて隣接機能が含まれます。
  4. Estimatorを使用して、ベースモデルとしてニューラルネットワークを作成します。
  5. ベースモデルラップadd_graph_regularization新しいグラフ推定モデルを作成するために、NSLフレームワークによって提供されるラッパー関数を、。この新しいモデルには、トレーニング目標の正則化項としてグラフ正則化損失が含まれます。
  6. グラフ推定量モデルをトレーニングして評価します。

このチュートリアルでは、いくつかのカスタムTFXコンポーネントとカスタムグラフ正則化トレーナーコンポーネントを使用して、上記のワークフローをTFXパイプラインに統合します。

以下は、TFXパイプラインの概略図です。オレンジ色のボックスは既製のTFXコンポーネントを表し、ピンク色のボックスはカスタムTFXコンポーネントを表します。

TFXパイプライン

アップグレードピップ

ローカルで実行しているときにシステムでPipをアップグレードしないようにするには、Colabで実行していることを確認してください。もちろん、ローカルシステムは個別にアップグレードできます。

try:
  import colab
  !pip install --upgrade pip
except:
  pass

必要なパッケージをインストールする

!pip install -q -U \
  tfx==1.2.0 \
  neural-structured-learning \
  tensorflow-hub \
  tensorflow-datasets

ランタイムを再起動しましたか?

上記のセルを初めて実行するときにGoogleColabを使用している場合は、ランタイムを再起動する必要があります([ランタイム]> [ランタイムの再起動...])。これは、Colabがパッケージをロードする方法が原因です。

依存関係とインポート

import apache_beam as beam
import gzip as gzip_lib
import numpy as np
import os
import pprint
import shutil
import tempfile
import urllib
import uuid
pp = pprint.PrettyPrinter()

import tensorflow as tf
import neural_structured_learning as nsl

import tfx
from tfx.components.evaluator.component import Evaluator
from tfx.components.example_gen.import_example_gen.component import ImportExampleGen
from tfx.components.example_validator.component import ExampleValidator
from tfx.components.model_validator.component import ModelValidator
from tfx.components.pusher.component import Pusher
from tfx.components.schema_gen.component import SchemaGen
from tfx.components.statistics_gen.component import StatisticsGen
from tfx.components.trainer import executor as trainer_executor
from tfx.components.trainer.component import Trainer
from tfx.components.transform.component import Transform
from tfx.dsl.components.base import executor_spec
from tfx.orchestration.experimental.interactive.interactive_context import InteractiveContext
from tfx.proto import evaluator_pb2
from tfx.proto import example_gen_pb2
from tfx.proto import pusher_pb2
from tfx.proto import trainer_pb2

from tfx.types import artifact
from tfx.types import artifact_utils
from tfx.types import channel
from tfx.types import standard_artifacts
from tfx.types.standard_artifacts import Examples

from tfx.dsl.component.experimental.annotations import InputArtifact
from tfx.dsl.component.experimental.annotations import OutputArtifact
from tfx.dsl.component.experimental.annotations import Parameter
from tfx.dsl.component.experimental.decorators import component

from tensorflow_metadata.proto.v0 import anomalies_pb2
from tensorflow_metadata.proto.v0 import schema_pb2
from tensorflow_metadata.proto.v0 import statistics_pb2

import tensorflow_data_validation as tfdv
import tensorflow_transform as tft
import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma
import tensorflow_hub as hub
import tensorflow_datasets as tfds

print("TF Version: ", tf.__version__)
print("Eager mode: ", tf.executing_eagerly())
print(
    "GPU is",
    "available" if tf.config.list_physical_devices("GPU") else "NOT AVAILABLE")
print("NSL Version: ", nsl.__version__)
print("TFX Version: ", tfx.__version__)
print("TFDV version: ", tfdv.__version__)
print("TFT version: ", tft.__version__)
print("TFMA version: ", tfma.__version__)
print("Hub version: ", hub.__version__)
print("Beam version: ", beam.__version__)
TF Version:  2.5.1
Eager mode:  True
GPU is available
NSL Version:  1.3.1
TFX Version:  1.2.0
TFDV version:  1.2.0
TFT version:  1.2.0
TFMA version:  0.33.0
Hub version:  0.12.0
Beam version:  2.32.0

IMDBデータセット

IMDBのデータセットは、 50,000から映画のレビューのテキストが含まれ、インターネットムービーデータベースを。これらは、トレーニング用の25,000件のレビューとテスト用の25,000件のレビューに分けられます。トレーニングとテストセットは、それらが正と負のレビューの同じ番号が含ま意味、バランスされています。さらに、50,000件のラベルなしの映画レビューが追加されています。

前処理されたIMDBデータセットをダウンロードする

次のコードは、TFDSを使用してIMDBデータセットをダウンロードします(または、既にダウンロードされている場合はキャッシュされたコピーを使用します)。このノートブックを高速化するために、トレーニングには10,000件のラベル付きレビューと10,000件のラベルなしレビューのみを使用し、評価には10,000件のテストレビューを使用します。

train_set, eval_set = tfds.load(
    "imdb_reviews:1.0.0",
    split=["train[:10000]+unsupervised[:10000]", "test[:10000]"],
    shuffle_files=False)

トレーニングセットからのいくつかのレビューを見てみましょう:

for tfrecord in train_set.take(4):
  print("Review: {}".format(tfrecord["text"].numpy().decode("utf-8")[:300]))
  print("Label: {}\n".format(tfrecord["label"].numpy()))
Review: This was an absolutely terrible movie. Don't be lured in by Christopher Walken or Michael Ironside. Both are great actors, but this must simply be their worst role in history. Even their great acting could not redeem this movie's ridiculous storyline. This movie is an early nineties US propaganda pi
Label: 0

Review: I have been known to fall asleep during films, but this is usually due to a combination of things including, really tired, being warm and comfortable on the sette and having just eaten a lot. However on this occasion I fell asleep because the film was rubbish. The plot development was constant. Cons
Label: 0

Review: Mann photographs the Alberta Rocky Mountains in a superb fashion, and Jimmy Stewart and Walter Brennan give enjoyable performances as they always seem to do. <br /><br />But come on Hollywood - a Mountie telling the people of Dawson City, Yukon to elect themselves a marshal (yes a marshal!) and to e
Label: 0

Review: This is the kind of film for a snowy Sunday afternoon when the rest of the world can go ahead with its own business as you descend into a big arm-chair and mellow for a couple of hours. Wonderful performances from Cher and Nicolas Cage (as always) gently row the plot along. There are no rapids to cr
Label: 1
def _dict_to_example(instance):
  """Decoded CSV to tf example."""
  feature = {}
  for key, value in instance.items():
    if value is None:
      feature[key] = tf.train.Feature()
    elif value.dtype == np.integer:
      feature[key] = tf.train.Feature(
          int64_list=tf.train.Int64List(value=value.tolist()))
    elif value.dtype == np.float32:
      feature[key] = tf.train.Feature(
          float_list=tf.train.FloatList(value=value.tolist()))
    else:
      feature[key] = tf.train.Feature(
          bytes_list=tf.train.BytesList(value=value.tolist()))
  return tf.train.Example(features=tf.train.Features(feature=feature))


examples_path = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix="tfx-data")
train_path = os.path.join(examples_path, "train.tfrecord")
eval_path = os.path.join(examples_path, "eval.tfrecord")

for path, dataset in [(train_path, train_set), (eval_path, eval_set)]:
  with tf.io.TFRecordWriter(path) as writer:
    for example in dataset:
      writer.write(
          _dict_to_example({
              "label": np.array([example["label"].numpy()]),
              "text": np.array([example["text"].numpy()]),
          }).SerializeToString())
/home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/ipykernel_launcher.py:7: DeprecationWarning: Converting `np.integer` or `np.signedinteger` to a dtype is deprecated. The current result is `np.dtype(np.int_)` which is not strictly correct. Note that the result depends on the system. To ensure stable results use may want to use `np.int64` or `np.int32`.
  import sys

TFXコンポーネントをインタラクティブに実行する

あなたはTFXコンポーネントを構築して得ることがInteractiveContext以内に対話的に各1を実行します従う細胞でExecutionResultオブジェクト。これは、各コンポーネントの依存関係がいつ満たされるかに基づいて、TFXDAGでコンポーネントを実行するオーケストレーターのプロセスを反映しています。

context = InteractiveContext()
WARNING:absl:InteractiveContext pipeline_root argument not provided: using temporary directory /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv as root for pipeline outputs.
WARNING:absl:InteractiveContext metadata_connection_config not provided: using SQLite ML Metadata database at /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/metadata.sqlite.

ExampleGenコンポーネント

ML開発プロセスでは、コード開発を開始するときの最初のステップは、トレーニングデータセットとテストデータセットを取り込むことです。 ExampleGenコンポーネントは、TFXパイプラインにデータをもたらします。

ExampleGenコンポーネントを作成し、実行します。

input_config = example_gen_pb2.Input(splits=[
    example_gen_pb2.Input.Split(name='train', pattern='train.tfrecord'),
    example_gen_pb2.Input.Split(name='eval', pattern='eval.tfrecord')
])

example_gen = ImportExampleGen(input_base=examples_path, input_config=input_config)

context.run(example_gen, enable_cache=True)
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
for artifact in example_gen.outputs['examples'].get():
  print(artifact)

print('\nexample_gen.outputs is a {}'.format(type(example_gen.outputs)))
print(example_gen.outputs)

print(example_gen.outputs['examples'].get()[0].split_names)
Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 14
uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/ImportExampleGen/examples/1"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "file_format"
  value {
    string_value: "tfrecords_gzip"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:train,num_files:1,total_bytes:27706811,xor_checksum:1632967670,sum_checksum:1632967670\nsplit:eval,num_files:1,total_bytes:13374744,xor_checksum:1632967673,sum_checksum:1632967673"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "payload_format"
  value {
    string_value: "FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "state"
  value {
    string_value: "published"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.2.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
, artifact_type: id: 14
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)

example_gen.outputs is a <class 'dict'>
{'examples': Channel(
    type_name: Examples
    artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 14
uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/ImportExampleGen/examples/1"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "file_format"
  value {
    string_value: "tfrecords_gzip"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:train,num_files:1,total_bytes:27706811,xor_checksum:1632967670,sum_checksum:1632967670\nsplit:eval,num_files:1,total_bytes:13374744,xor_checksum:1632967673,sum_checksum:1632967673"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "payload_format"
  value {
    string_value: "FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "state"
  value {
    string_value: "published"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.2.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
, artifact_type: id: 14
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]
    additional_properties: {}
    additional_custom_properties: {}
)}
["train", "eval"]

コンポーネントの出力には、次の2つのアーティファクトが含まれます。

  • トレーニングの例(ラベル付きレビュー10,000件+ラベルなしレビュー10,000件)
  • 評価例(10,000件のラベル付きレビュー)

IdentificationExamplesカスタムコンポーネント

NSLを使用するには、各インスタンスに一意のIDが必要です。このような一意のIDをすべての分割のすべてのインスタンスに追加するカスタムコンポーネントを作成します。我々は活用Apacheのビームを必要に応じて簡単に大規模なデータセットに拡張できるようにします。

def make_example_with_unique_id(example, id_feature_name):
  """Adds a unique ID to the given `tf.train.Example` proto.

  This function uses Python's 'uuid' module to generate a universally unique
  identifier for each example.

  Args:
    example: An instance of a `tf.train.Example` proto.
    id_feature_name: The name of the feature in the resulting `tf.train.Example`
      that will contain the unique identifier.

  Returns:
    A new `tf.train.Example` proto that includes a unique identifier as an
    additional feature.
  """
  result = tf.train.Example()
  result.CopyFrom(example)
  unique_id = uuid.uuid4()
  result.features.feature.get_or_create(
      id_feature_name).bytes_list.MergeFrom(
          tf.train.BytesList(value=[str(unique_id).encode('utf-8')]))
  return result


@component
def IdentifyExamples(orig_examples: InputArtifact[Examples],
                     identified_examples: OutputArtifact[Examples],
                     id_feature_name: Parameter[str],
                     component_name: Parameter[str]) -> None:

  # Get a list of the splits in input_data
  splits_list = artifact_utils.decode_split_names(
      split_names=orig_examples.split_names)
  # For completeness, encode the splits names and payload_format.
  # We could also just use input_data.split_names.
  identified_examples.split_names = artifact_utils.encode_split_names(
      splits=splits_list)
  # TODO(b/168616829): Remove populating payload_format after tfx 0.25.0.
  identified_examples.set_string_custom_property(
      "payload_format",
      orig_examples.get_string_custom_property("payload_format"))


  for split in splits_list:
    input_dir = artifact_utils.get_split_uri([orig_examples], split)
    output_dir = artifact_utils.get_split_uri([identified_examples], split)
    os.mkdir(output_dir)
    with beam.Pipeline() as pipeline:
      (pipeline
       | 'ReadExamples' >> beam.io.ReadFromTFRecord(
           os.path.join(input_dir, '*'),
           coder=beam.coders.coders.ProtoCoder(tf.train.Example))
       | 'AddUniqueId' >> beam.Map(make_example_with_unique_id, id_feature_name)
       | 'WriteIdentifiedExamples' >> beam.io.WriteToTFRecord(
           file_path_prefix=os.path.join(output_dir, 'data_tfrecord'),
           coder=beam.coders.coders.ProtoCoder(tf.train.Example),
           file_name_suffix='.gz'))

  return
identify_examples = IdentifyExamples(
    orig_examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
    component_name=u'IdentifyExamples',
    id_feature_name=u'id')
context.run(identify_examples, enable_cache=False)
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.

StatisticsGenコンポーネント

StatisticsGenコンポーネントは、データセットの記述統計量を計算します。生成された統計は、レビューのために視覚化でき、検証やスキーマの推測などに使用されます。

StatisticsGenコンポーネントを作成し、実行します。

# Computes statistics over data for visualization and example validation.
statistics_gen = StatisticsGen(
    examples=identify_examples.outputs["identified_examples"])
context.run(statistics_gen, enable_cache=True)
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.

SchemaGenコンポーネント

SchemaGenコンポーネントはStatisticsGenからの統計に基づいてデータのスキーマを生成します。各機能のデータ型と、カテゴリ機能の有効な値の範囲を推測しようとします。

SchemaGenコンポーネントを作成し、実行します。

# Generates schema based on statistics files.
schema_gen = SchemaGen(
    statistics=statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'], infer_feature_shape=False)
context.run(schema_gen, enable_cache=True)
WARNING: Logging before InitGoogleLogging() is written to STDERR
I0930 02:08:13.915277 17651 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type

生成されたアーティファクトはただでschema.pbtxtのテキスト表現を含むschema_pb2.SchemaいるProtobufを:

train_uri = schema_gen.outputs['schema'].get()[0].uri
schema_filename = os.path.join(train_uri, 'schema.pbtxt')
schema = tfx.utils.io_utils.parse_pbtxt_file(
    file_name=schema_filename, message=schema_pb2.Schema())

これは、使用して可視化することができるtfdv.display_schema()私たちは、その後の研究室では、より詳細にこれを見ます):

tfdv.display_schema(schema)

ExampleValidatorコンポーネント

ExampleValidator StatisticsGenとSchemaGenからスキーマからの統計に基づいて、異常検知を行います。欠落した値、間違ったタイプの値、または許容値のドメイン外のカテゴリ値などの問題を探します。

ExampleValidatorコンポーネントを作成し、実行します。

# Performs anomaly detection based on statistics and data schema.
validate_stats = ExampleValidator(
    statistics=statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'],
    schema=schema_gen.outputs['schema'])
context.run(validate_stats, enable_cache=False)

SynthesizeGraphコンポーネント

グラフの作成には、テキストサンプルの埋め込みを作成し、類似性関数を使用して埋め込みを比較することが含まれます。

私たちは中に埋め込みを作成するためにpretrainedスイベルの埋め込みを使用しますtf.train.Example入力の各サンプルのためのフォーマット。私たちは、中の得られた埋め込み格納しますTFRecordサンプルのIDと一緒にフォーマットを。これは重要であり、後でサンプルの埋め込みをグラフ内の対応するノードと一致させることができます。

サンプルの埋め込みができたら、それらを使用して類似性グラフを作成します。つまり、このグラフのノードはサンプルに対応し、このグラフのエッジはノードのペア間の類似性に対応します。

ニューラル構造学習は、サンプルの埋め込みに基づいてグラフを作成するためのグラフ作成ライブラリを提供します。これは、それらの間の埋め込みとビルドエッジを比較するために、類似性尺度としてコサイン類似度を使用しています。また、類似性のしきい値を指定することもできます。これを使用して、最終的なグラフから異なるエッジを破棄できます。次の例では、類似性のしきい値として0.99を使用すると、111,066の双方向エッジを持つグラフになります。

swivel_url = 'https://tfhub.dev/google/tf2-preview/gnews-swivel-20dim/1'
hub_layer = hub.KerasLayer(swivel_url, input_shape=[], dtype=tf.string)


def _bytes_feature(value):
  """Returns a bytes_list from a string / byte."""
  return tf.train.Feature(bytes_list=tf.train.BytesList(value=value))


def _float_feature(value):
  """Returns a float_list from a float / double."""
  return tf.train.Feature(float_list=tf.train.FloatList(value=value))


def create_embedding_example(example):
  """Create tf.Example containing the sample's embedding and its ID."""
  sentence_embedding = hub_layer(tf.sparse.to_dense(example['text']))

  # Flatten the sentence embedding back to 1-D.
  sentence_embedding = tf.reshape(sentence_embedding, shape=[-1])

  feature_dict = {
      'id': _bytes_feature(tf.sparse.to_dense(example['id']).numpy()),
      'embedding': _float_feature(sentence_embedding.numpy().tolist())
  }

  return tf.train.Example(features=tf.train.Features(feature=feature_dict))


def create_dataset(uri):
  tfrecord_filenames = [os.path.join(uri, name) for name in os.listdir(uri)]
  return tf.data.TFRecordDataset(tfrecord_filenames, compression_type='GZIP')


def create_embeddings(train_path, output_path):
  dataset = create_dataset(train_path)
  embeddings_path = os.path.join(output_path, 'embeddings.tfr')

  feature_map = {
      'label': tf.io.FixedLenFeature([], tf.int64),
      'id': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
      'text': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string)
  }

  with tf.io.TFRecordWriter(embeddings_path) as writer:
    for tfrecord in dataset:
      tensor_dict = tf.io.parse_single_example(tfrecord, feature_map)
      embedding_example = create_embedding_example(tensor_dict)
      writer.write(embedding_example.SerializeToString())


def build_graph(output_path, similarity_threshold):
  embeddings_path = os.path.join(output_path, 'embeddings.tfr')
  graph_path = os.path.join(output_path, 'graph.tsv')
  graph_builder_config = nsl.configs.GraphBuilderConfig(
      similarity_threshold=similarity_threshold,
      lsh_splits=32,
      lsh_rounds=15,
      random_seed=12345)
  nsl.tools.build_graph_from_config([embeddings_path], graph_path,
                                    graph_builder_config)
"""Custom Artifact type"""


class SynthesizedGraph(tfx.types.artifact.Artifact):
  """Output artifact of the SynthesizeGraph component"""
  TYPE_NAME = 'SynthesizedGraphPath'
  PROPERTIES = {
      'span': standard_artifacts.SPAN_PROPERTY,
      'split_names': standard_artifacts.SPLIT_NAMES_PROPERTY,
  }


@component
def SynthesizeGraph(identified_examples: InputArtifact[Examples],
                    synthesized_graph: OutputArtifact[SynthesizedGraph],
                    similarity_threshold: Parameter[float],
                    component_name: Parameter[str]) -> None:

  # Get a list of the splits in input_data
  splits_list = artifact_utils.decode_split_names(
      split_names=identified_examples.split_names)

  # We build a graph only based on the 'Split-train' split which includes both
  # labeled and unlabeled examples.
  train_input_examples_uri = os.path.join(identified_examples.uri,
                                          'Split-train')
  output_graph_uri = os.path.join(synthesized_graph.uri, 'Split-train')
  os.mkdir(output_graph_uri)

  print('Creating embeddings...')
  create_embeddings(train_input_examples_uri, output_graph_uri)

  print('Synthesizing graph...')
  build_graph(output_graph_uri, similarity_threshold)

  synthesized_graph.split_names = artifact_utils.encode_split_names(
      splits=['Split-train'])

  return
synthesize_graph = SynthesizeGraph(
    identified_examples=identify_examples.outputs['identified_examples'],
    component_name=u'SynthesizeGraph',
    similarity_threshold=0.99)
context.run(synthesize_graph, enable_cache=False)
Creating embeddings...
Synthesizing graph...
train_uri = synthesize_graph.outputs["synthesized_graph"].get()[0].uri
os.listdir(train_uri)
['Split-train']
graph_path = os.path.join(train_uri, "Split-train", "graph.tsv")
print("node 1\t\t\t\t\tnode 2\t\t\t\t\tsimilarity")
!head {graph_path}
print("...")
!tail {graph_path}
node 1                  node 2                  similarity
bd60659d-a08b-4054-8e82-db8c5eb71a31    14963152-12e9-440d-9cec-9dbbe5d5215d    0.990184
14963152-12e9-440d-9cec-9dbbe5d5215d    bd60659d-a08b-4054-8e82-db8c5eb71a31    0.990184
bd60659d-a08b-4054-8e82-db8c5eb71a31    44c5fc04-d877-426a-bd6d-a1fb80ed7c12    0.990838
44c5fc04-d877-426a-bd6d-a1fb80ed7c12    bd60659d-a08b-4054-8e82-db8c5eb71a31    0.990838
f43ff21d-fd62-4ed3-ae9e-b95a542a4bb6    44c5fc04-d877-426a-bd6d-a1fb80ed7c12    0.991234
44c5fc04-d877-426a-bd6d-a1fb80ed7c12    f43ff21d-fd62-4ed3-ae9e-b95a542a4bb6    0.991234
84aa5b8a-300f-4fa8-8fdb-dea5dd0a0171    7ee862d7-6583-4438-a539-f7ca63aa6e7a    0.992823
7ee862d7-6583-4438-a539-f7ca63aa6e7a    84aa5b8a-300f-4fa8-8fdb-dea5dd0a0171    0.992823
ebc110f3-2d71-4f56-bbf4-4061540466c3    83649cdc-9635-44dc-bf91-b948ac9280ed    0.992471
83649cdc-9635-44dc-bf91-b948ac9280ed    ebc110f3-2d71-4f56-bbf4-4061540466c3    0.992471
...
dfb9603d-d510-450d-93bf-1b926e2eef00    dab9ecae-4449-42d3-a9e8-8a377f02decd    0.991879
dab9ecae-4449-42d3-a9e8-8a377f02decd    dfb9603d-d510-450d-93bf-1b926e2eef00    0.991879
19f6b839-2a71-4c27-a0df-e0de04f39b1c    a1f910b7-f707-4345-88eb-50f3cc1713f8    0.991046
a1f910b7-f707-4345-88eb-50f3cc1713f8    19f6b839-2a71-4c27-a0df-e0de04f39b1c    0.991046
8026111b-aa75-4b5e-bdc2-2dbd82b81380    3a22d7b5-f3d4-4302-90d0-8c84892a6fcd    0.991198
3a22d7b5-f3d4-4302-90d0-8c84892a6fcd    8026111b-aa75-4b5e-bdc2-2dbd82b81380    0.991198
28bc7b14-2efa-49a8-baa0-951d5937055f    0539a5a8-7a79-4bae-bf3e-9a2155c0204e    0.990260
0539a5a8-7a79-4bae-bf3e-9a2155c0204e    28bc7b14-2efa-49a8-baa0-951d5937055f    0.990260
a43774bd-dadc-4a5e-be1a-4c63019e48f8    22b60399-41a0-4805-b838-d2c97f55e1f3    0.991317
22b60399-41a0-4805-b838-d2c97f55e1f3    a43774bd-dadc-4a5e-be1a-4c63019e48f8    0.991317
wc -l {graph_path}
222132 /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/SynthesizeGraph/synthesized_graph/6/Split-train/graph.tsv

変換コンポーネント

Transformコンポーネント行うデータ変換および機能エンジニアリング。結果には、トレーニング中とトレーニングまたは推論の前にデータを前処理するために使用される入力TensorFlowグラフが含まれます。このグラフは、モデルトレーニングの結果であるSavedModelの一部になります。トレーニングとサービングの両方に同じ入力グラフが使用されるため、前処理は常に同じであり、1回だけ書き込む必要があります。

変換コンポーネントは、作業しているデータやモデルに必要な特徴エンジニアリングの任意の複雑さのために、他の多くのコンポーネントよりも多くのコードを必要とします。必要な処理を定義するコードファイルが利用可能である必要があります。

各サンプルには、次の3つの機能が含まれます。

  1. ID:サンプルのノードID。
  2. text_xf:単語IDを含むint64型の一覧。
  3. label_xf:0 =陰性、1 =正:AシングルトンのInt64レビューのターゲットクラスを識別する。

レッツは含むモジュール定義preprocessing_fn()私たちはに渡すという機能をTransformコンポーネント:

_transform_module_file = 'imdb_transform.py'
%%writefile {_transform_module_file}

import tensorflow as tf

import tensorflow_transform as tft

SEQUENCE_LENGTH = 100
VOCAB_SIZE = 10000
OOV_SIZE = 100

def tokenize_reviews(reviews, sequence_length=SEQUENCE_LENGTH):
  reviews = tf.strings.lower(reviews)
  reviews = tf.strings.regex_replace(reviews, r" '| '|^'|'$", " ")
  reviews = tf.strings.regex_replace(reviews, "[^a-z' ]", " ")
  tokens = tf.strings.split(reviews)[:, :sequence_length]
  start_tokens = tf.fill([tf.shape(reviews)[0], 1], "<START>")
  end_tokens = tf.fill([tf.shape(reviews)[0], 1], "<END>")
  tokens = tf.concat([start_tokens, tokens, end_tokens], axis=1)
  tokens = tokens[:, :sequence_length]
  tokens = tokens.to_tensor(default_value="<PAD>")
  pad = sequence_length - tf.shape(tokens)[1]
  tokens = tf.pad(tokens, [[0, 0], [0, pad]], constant_values="<PAD>")
  return tf.reshape(tokens, [-1, sequence_length])

def preprocessing_fn(inputs):
  """tf.transform's callback function for preprocessing inputs.

  Args:
    inputs: map from feature keys to raw not-yet-transformed features.

  Returns:
    Map from string feature key to transformed feature operations.
  """
  outputs = {}
  outputs["id"] = inputs["id"]
  tokens = tokenize_reviews(_fill_in_missing(inputs["text"], ''))
  outputs["text_xf"] = tft.compute_and_apply_vocabulary(
      tokens,
      top_k=VOCAB_SIZE,
      num_oov_buckets=OOV_SIZE)
  outputs["label_xf"] = _fill_in_missing(inputs["label"], -1)
  return outputs

def _fill_in_missing(x, default_value):
  """Replace missing values in a SparseTensor.

  Fills in missing values of `x` with the default_value.

  Args:
    x: A `SparseTensor` of rank 2.  Its dense shape should have size at most 1
      in the second dimension.
    default_value: the value with which to replace the missing values.

  Returns:
    A rank 1 tensor where missing values of `x` have been filled in.
  """
  if not isinstance(x, tf.sparse.SparseTensor):
    return x
  return tf.squeeze(
      tf.sparse.to_dense(
          tf.SparseTensor(x.indices, x.values, [x.dense_shape[0], 1]),
          default_value),
      axis=1)
Writing imdb_transform.py

作成し、実行Transformの上に作成されたファイルを参照すると、コンポーネント。

# Performs transformations and feature engineering in training and serving.
transform = Transform(
    examples=identify_examples.outputs['identified_examples'],
    schema=schema_gen.outputs['schema'],
    module_file=_transform_module_file)
context.run(transform, enable_cache=True)
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying imdb_transform.py -> build/lib
installing to /tmp/tmp4w6ytsiq
running install
running install_lib
copying build/lib/imdb_transform.py -> /tmp/tmp4w6ytsiq
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info
writing tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing dependency_links to tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing top-level names to tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info to /tmp/tmp4w6ytsiq/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
creating /tmp/tmp4w6ytsiq/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50.dist-info/WHEEL
creating '/tmp/tmpqak7bxzf/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50-py3-none-any.whl' and adding '/tmp/tmp4w6ytsiq' to it
adding 'imdb_transform.py'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50.dist-info/METADATA'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50.dist-info/WHEEL'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50.dist-info/top_level.txt'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50.dist-info/RECORD'
removing /tmp/tmp4w6ytsiq
I0930 02:09:45.523878 17651 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I0930 02:09:45.527977 17651 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50-py3-none-any.whl
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Transform
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50-py3-none-any.whl
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Transform
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow_transform/tf_utils.py:261: Tensor.experimental_ref (from tensorflow.python.framework.ops) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use ref() instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow_transform/tf_utils.py:261: Tensor.experimental_ref (from tensorflow.python.framework.ops) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use ref() instead.
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50-py3-none-any.whl
WARNING:root:This output type hint will be ignored and not used for type-checking purposes. Typically, output type hints for a PTransform are single (or nested) types wrapped by a PCollection, PDone, or None. Got: Tuple[Dict[str, Union[NoneType, _Dataset]], Union[Dict[str, Dict[str, PCollection]], NoneType]] instead.
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Transform
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Transform-0.0+074f608d1f54105225e2fee77ebe4b6159a009eca01b5a0791099840a2185d50
WARNING:absl:Tables initialized inside a tf.function  will be re-initialized on every invocation of the function. This  re-initialization can have significant impact on performance. Consider lifting  them out of the graph context using  `tf.init_scope`.: compute_and_apply_vocabulary/apply_vocab/text_file_init/InitializeTableFromTextFileV2
WARNING:absl:Tables initialized inside a tf.function  will be re-initialized on every invocation of the function. This  re-initialization can have significant impact on performance. Consider lifting  them out of the graph context using  `tf.init_scope`.: compute_and_apply_vocabulary/apply_vocab/text_file_init/InitializeTableFromTextFileV2
WARNING:root:This output type hint will be ignored and not used for type-checking purposes. Typically, output type hints for a PTransform are single (or nested) types wrapped by a PCollection, PDone, or None. Got: Tuple[Dict[str, Union[NoneType, _Dataset]], Union[Dict[str, Dict[str, PCollection]], NoneType]] instead.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
2021-09-30 02:09:54.628679: W tensorflow/python/util/util.cc:348] Sets are not currently considered sequences, but this may change in the future, so consider avoiding using them.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transform_graph/7/.temp_path/tftransform_tmp/ba212db7571f4a6a8548793933feba56/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transform_graph/7/.temp_path/tftransform_tmp/ba212db7571f4a6a8548793933feba56/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transform_graph/7/.temp_path/tftransform_tmp/b03b413b6a2645f2be77822ab909160a/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transform_graph/7/.temp_path/tftransform_tmp/b03b413b6a2645f2be77822ab909160a/assets

Transformコンポーネントは、出力の2種類があります。

  • transform_graph (このグラフは、サービング及び評価モデルに含まれる)前処理操作を行うことができたグラフです。
  • transformed_examples前処理されたトレーニングや評価データを表しています。
transform.outputs
{'transform_graph': Channel(
     type_name: TransformGraph
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 7
 type_id: 25
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transform_graph/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "transform_graph"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 25
 name: "TransformGraph"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'transformed_examples': Channel(
     type_name: Examples
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 8
 type_id: 14
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transformed_examples/7"
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value {
     string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "transformed_examples"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 14
 name: "Examples"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 properties {
   key: "version"
   value: INT
 }
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'updated_analyzer_cache': Channel(
     type_name: TransformCache
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 9
 type_id: 26
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/updated_analyzer_cache/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "updated_analyzer_cache"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 26
 name: "TransformCache"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'pre_transform_schema': Channel(
     type_name: Schema
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 10
 type_id: 19
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/pre_transform_schema/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "pre_transform_schema"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 19
 name: "Schema"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'pre_transform_stats': Channel(
     type_name: ExampleStatistics
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 11
 type_id: 17
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/pre_transform_stats/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "pre_transform_stats"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 17
 name: "ExampleStatistics"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'post_transform_schema': Channel(
     type_name: Schema
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 12
 type_id: 19
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/post_transform_schema/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "post_transform_schema"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 19
 name: "Schema"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'post_transform_stats': Channel(
     type_name: ExampleStatistics
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 13
 type_id: 17
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/post_transform_stats/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "post_transform_stats"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 17
 name: "ExampleStatistics"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'post_transform_anomalies': Channel(
     type_name: ExampleAnomalies
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 14
 type_id: 21
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/post_transform_anomalies/7"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "post_transform_anomalies"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.2.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 21
 name: "ExampleAnomalies"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 )}

覗いて見て下さいtransform_graphアーティファクト:それは3つのサブディレクトリを含むディレクトリを指します:

train_uri = transform.outputs['transform_graph'].get()[0].uri
os.listdir(train_uri)
['transform_fn', 'transformed_metadata', 'metadata']

transform_fnサブディレクトリには、実際の前処理グラフが含まれています。 metadataサブディレクトリには、元のデータのスキーマが含まれています。 transformed_metadataサブディレクトリには、前処理データのスキーマが含まれています。

変換された例のいくつかを見て、それらが実際に意図したとおりに処理されていることを確認してください。

def pprint_examples(artifact, n_examples=3):
  print("artifact:", artifact)
  uri = os.path.join(artifact.uri, "Split-train")
  print("uri:", uri)
  tfrecord_filenames = [os.path.join(uri, name) for name in os.listdir(uri)]
  print("tfrecord_filenames:", tfrecord_filenames)
  dataset = tf.data.TFRecordDataset(tfrecord_filenames, compression_type="GZIP")
  for tfrecord in dataset.take(n_examples):
    serialized_example = tfrecord.numpy()
    example = tf.train.Example.FromString(serialized_example)
    pp.pprint(example)
pprint_examples(transform.outputs['transformed_examples'].get()[0])
artifact: Artifact(artifact: id: 8
type_id: 14
uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transformed_examples/7"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "transformed_examples"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "producer_component"
  value {
    string_value: "Transform"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "state"
  value {
    string_value: "published"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.2.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
, artifact_type: id: 14
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)
uri: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transformed_examples/7/Split-train
tfrecord_filenames: ['/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Transform/transformed_examples/7/Split-train/transformed_examples-00000-of-00001.gz']
features {
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    key: "id"
    value {
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      }
    }
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}

GraphAugmentationコンポーネント

サンプルの特徴と合成されたグラフがあるので、ニューラル構造化学習用の拡張トレーニングデータを生成できます。 NSLフレームワークは、グラフとサンプル機能を組み合わせて、グラフの正則化のための最終的なトレーニングデータを生成するためのライブラリを提供します。結果のトレーニングデータには、元のサンプルの特徴とそれに対応する隣人の特徴が含まれます。

このチュートリアルでは、無向エッジを考慮し、サンプルごとに最大3つのネイバーを使用して、グラフネイバーでトレーニングデータを拡張します。

def split_train_and_unsup(input_uri):
  'Separate the labeled and unlabeled instances.'

  tmp_dir = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='tfx-data')
  tfrecord_filenames = [
      os.path.join(input_uri, filename) for filename in os.listdir(input_uri)
  ]
  train_path = os.path.join(tmp_dir, 'train.tfrecord')
  unsup_path = os.path.join(tmp_dir, 'unsup.tfrecord')
  with tf.io.TFRecordWriter(train_path) as train_writer, \
       tf.io.TFRecordWriter(unsup_path) as unsup_writer:
    for tfrecord in tf.data.TFRecordDataset(
        tfrecord_filenames, compression_type='GZIP'):
      example = tf.train.Example()
      example.ParseFromString(tfrecord.numpy())
      if ('label_xf' not in example.features.feature or
          example.features.feature['label_xf'].int64_list.value[0] == -1):
        writer = unsup_writer
      else:
        writer = train_writer
      writer.write(tfrecord.numpy())
  return train_path, unsup_path


def gzip(filepath):
  with open(filepath, 'rb') as f_in:
    with gzip_lib.open(filepath + '.gz', 'wb') as f_out:
      shutil.copyfileobj(f_in, f_out)
  os.remove(filepath)


def copy_tfrecords(input_uri, output_uri):
  for filename in os.listdir(input_uri):
    input_filename = os.path.join(input_uri, filename)
    output_filename = os.path.join(output_uri, filename)
    shutil.copyfile(input_filename, output_filename)


@component
def GraphAugmentation(identified_examples: InputArtifact[Examples],
                      synthesized_graph: InputArtifact[SynthesizedGraph],
                      augmented_examples: OutputArtifact[Examples],
                      num_neighbors: Parameter[int],
                      component_name: Parameter[str]) -> None:

  # Get a list of the splits in input_data
  splits_list = artifact_utils.decode_split_names(
      split_names=identified_examples.split_names)

  train_input_uri = os.path.join(identified_examples.uri, 'Split-train')
  eval_input_uri = os.path.join(identified_examples.uri, 'Split-eval')
  train_graph_uri = os.path.join(synthesized_graph.uri, 'Split-train')
  train_output_uri = os.path.join(augmented_examples.uri, 'Split-train')
  eval_output_uri = os.path.join(augmented_examples.uri, 'Split-eval')

  os.mkdir(train_output_uri)
  os.mkdir(eval_output_uri)

  # Separate the labeled and unlabeled examples from the 'Split-train' split.
  train_path, unsup_path = split_train_and_unsup(train_input_uri)

  output_path = os.path.join(train_output_uri, 'nsl_train_data.tfr')
  pack_nbrs_args = dict(
      labeled_examples_path=train_path,
      unlabeled_examples_path=unsup_path,
      graph_path=os.path.join(train_graph_uri, 'graph.tsv'),
      output_training_data_path=output_path,
      add_undirected_edges=True,
      max_nbrs=num_neighbors)
  print('nsl.tools.pack_nbrs arguments:', pack_nbrs_args)
  nsl.tools.pack_nbrs(**pack_nbrs_args)

  # Downstream components expect gzip'ed TFRecords.
  gzip(output_path)

  # The test examples are left untouched and are simply copied over.
  copy_tfrecords(eval_input_uri, eval_output_uri)

  augmented_examples.split_names = identified_examples.split_names

  return
# Augments training data with graph neighbors.
graph_augmentation = GraphAugmentation(
    identified_examples=transform.outputs['transformed_examples'],
    synthesized_graph=synthesize_graph.outputs['synthesized_graph'],
    component_name=u'GraphAugmentation',
    num_neighbors=3)
context.run(graph_augmentation, enable_cache=False)
nsl.tools.pack_nbrs arguments: {'labeled_examples_path': '/tmp/tfx-datazbyjzbyq/train.tfrecord', 'unlabeled_examples_path': '/tmp/tfx-datazbyjzbyq/unsup.tfrecord', 'graph_path': '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/SynthesizeGraph/synthesized_graph/6/Split-train/graph.tsv', 'output_training_data_path': '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/GraphAugmentation/augmented_examples/8/Split-train/nsl_train_data.tfr', 'add_undirected_edges': True, 'max_nbrs': 3}
pprint_examples(graph_augmentation.outputs['augmented_examples'].get()[0], 6)
artifact: Artifact(artifact: id: 15
type_id: 14
uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/GraphAugmentation/augmented_examples/8"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "augmented_examples"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "producer_component"
  value {
    string_value: "GraphAugmentation"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "state"
  value {
    string_value: "published"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.2.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
, artifact_type: id: 14
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
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  value: INT
}
)
uri: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/GraphAugmentation/augmented_examples/8/Split-train
tfrecord_filenames: ['/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/GraphAugmentation/augmented_examples/8/Split-train/nsl_train_data.tfr.gz']
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        value: 1069
        value: 1158
        value: 5
        value: 23
        value: 4279
        value: 6677
        value: 464
        value: 20
        value: 10004
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "NL_num_nbrs"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "id"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "c86ebc43-4260-4044-84ad-e3ab0e865666"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "label_xf"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "text_xf"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 13
        value: 8
        value: 6
        value: 0
        value: 251
        value: 4
        value: 18
        value: 20
        value: 2
        value: 6783
        value: 2295
        value: 2338
        value: 52
        value: 0
        value: 468
        value: 4
        value: 0
        value: 189
        value: 73
        value: 153
        value: 1294
        value: 17
        value: 90
        value: 234
        value: 935
        value: 16
        value: 25
        value: 10024
        value: 92
        value: 2
        value: 192
        value: 4218
        value: 3317
        value: 3
        value: 10098
        value: 20
        value: 2
        value: 356
        value: 4
        value: 565
        value: 334
        value: 382
        value: 36
        value: 6989
        value: 3
        value: 6065
        value: 2510
        value: 16
        value: 203
        value: 7264
        value: 2849
        value: 0
        value: 86
        value: 346
        value: 50
        value: 26
        value: 58
        value: 10020
        value: 5
        value: 1464
        value: 58
        value: 2081
        value: 2969
        value: 42
        value: 2
        value: 2364
        value: 3
        value: 1402
        value: 10062
        value: 138
        value: 147
        value: 614
        value: 115
        value: 29
        value: 90
        value: 105
        value: 2
        value: 223
        value: 18
        value: 9
        value: 160
        value: 324
        value: 3
        value: 24
        value: 12
        value: 1252
        value: 0
        value: 2142
        value: 10
        value: 1832
        value: 111
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "NL_num_nbrs"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "id"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "1b8afe16-0cd4-4164-8be5-11209dc5c975"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "label_xf"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "text_xf"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 13
        value: 16
        value: 423
        value: 23
        value: 1367
        value: 30
        value: 0
        value: 363
        value: 12
        value: 153
        value: 3174
        value: 9
        value: 8
        value: 18
        value: 26
        value: 667
        value: 338
        value: 1372
        value: 0
        value: 86
        value: 46
        value: 9200
        value: 282
        value: 0
        value: 10091
        value: 4
        value: 0
        value: 694
        value: 10028
        value: 52
        value: 362
        value: 26
        value: 202
        value: 39
        value: 216
        value: 5
        value: 27
        value: 5822
        value: 19
        value: 52
        value: 58
        value: 362
        value: 26
        value: 202
        value: 39
        value: 474
        value: 0
        value: 10029
        value: 4
        value: 2
        value: 243
        value: 143
        value: 386
        value: 3
        value: 0
        value: 386
        value: 579
        value: 2
        value: 132
        value: 57
        value: 725
        value: 88
        value: 140
        value: 30
        value: 27
        value: 33
        value: 1359
        value: 29
        value: 8
        value: 567
        value: 35
        value: 106
        value: 230
        value: 60
        value: 0
        value: 3041
        value: 5
        value: 7879
        value: 28
        value: 281
        value: 110
        value: 111
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
        value: 1
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "NL_num_nbrs"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "id"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "6e089f0e-6f62-492c-92e4-3a8a05f34c7f"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "label_xf"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "text_xf"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 13
        value: 8
        value: 6
        value: 2
        value: 18
        value: 69
        value: 140
        value: 27
        value: 83
        value: 31
        value: 1877
        value: 905
        value: 9
        value: 10057
        value: 31
        value: 43
        value: 2115
        value: 36
        value: 32
        value: 2057
        value: 6133
        value: 10
        value: 6
        value: 32
        value: 2474
        value: 1614
        value: 3
        value: 2707
        value: 990
        value: 4
        value: 10067
        value: 9
        value: 2
        value: 1532
        value: 242
        value: 90
        value: 3757
        value: 3
        value: 90
        value: 10026
        value: 0
        value: 242
        value: 6
        value: 260
        value: 31
        value: 24
        value: 4
        value: 0
        value: 84
        value: 497
        value: 177
        value: 1151
        value: 777
        value: 9
        value: 397
        value: 552
        value: 7726
        value: 10051
        value: 34
        value: 14
        value: 379
        value: 33
        value: 1829
        value: 9
        value: 123
        value: 0
        value: 916
        value: 10028
        value: 7
        value: 64
        value: 571
        value: 12
        value: 8
        value: 18
        value: 27
        value: 687
        value: 9
        value: 30
        value: 5609
        value: 16
        value: 25
        value: 99
        value: 117
        value: 66
        value: 2
        value: 130
        value: 21
        value: 8
        value: 842
        value: 7726
        value: 10051
        value: 6
        value: 338
        value: 1107
        value: 3
        value: 24
        value: 10020
        value: 29
        value: 53
        value: 1476
      }
    }
  }
}

トレーナーコンポーネント

Trainer TensorFlowを使用して、コンポーネントの列車モデル。

含むPythonモジュールを作成trainer_fn推定を返さなければならない機能を、。あなたはKerasモデルを作成することを好む場合は、あなたがそうしてから使用して推定に変換することができkeras.model_to_estimator()

# Setup paths.
_trainer_module_file = 'imdb_trainer.py'
%%writefile {_trainer_module_file}

import neural_structured_learning as nsl

import tensorflow as tf

import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma
import tensorflow_transform as tft
from tensorflow_transform.tf_metadata import schema_utils


NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX = 'NL_nbr_'
NBR_WEIGHT_SUFFIX = '_weight'
LABEL_KEY = 'label'
ID_FEATURE_KEY = 'id'

def _transformed_name(key):
  return key + '_xf'


def _transformed_names(keys):
  return [_transformed_name(key) for key in keys]


# Hyperparameters:
#
# We will use an instance of `HParams` to inclue various hyperparameters and
# constants used for training and evaluation. We briefly describe each of them
# below:
#
# -   max_seq_length: This is the maximum number of words considered from each
#                     movie review in this example.
# -   vocab_size: This is the size of the vocabulary considered for this
#                 example.
# -   oov_size: This is the out-of-vocabulary size considered for this example.
# -   distance_type: This is the distance metric used to regularize the sample
#                    with its neighbors.
# -   graph_regularization_multiplier: This controls the relative weight of the
#                                      graph regularization term in the overall
#                                      loss function.
# -   num_neighbors: The number of neighbors used for graph regularization. This
#                    value has to be less than or equal to the `num_neighbors`
#                    argument used above in the GraphAugmentation component when
#                    invoking `nsl.tools.pack_nbrs`.
# -   num_fc_units: The number of units in the fully connected layer of the
#                   neural network.
class HParams(object):
  """Hyperparameters used for training."""
  def __init__(self):
    ### dataset parameters
    # The following 3 values should match those defined in the Transform
    # Component.
    self.max_seq_length = 100
    self.vocab_size = 10000
    self.oov_size = 100
    ### Neural Graph Learning parameters
    self.distance_type = nsl.configs.DistanceType.L2
    self.graph_regularization_multiplier = 0.1
    # The following value has to be at most the value of 'num_neighbors' used
    # in the GraphAugmentation component.
    self.num_neighbors = 1
    ### Model Architecture
    self.num_embedding_dims = 16
    self.num_fc_units = 64

HPARAMS = HParams()


def optimizer_fn():
  """Returns an instance of `tf.Optimizer`."""
  return tf.compat.v1.train.RMSPropOptimizer(
    learning_rate=0.0001, decay=1e-6)


def build_train_op(loss, global_step):
  """Builds a train op to optimize the given loss using gradient descent."""
  with tf.name_scope('train'):
    optimizer = optimizer_fn()
    train_op = optimizer.minimize(loss=loss, global_step=global_step)
  return train_op


# Building the model:
#
# A neural network is created by stacking layers—this requires two main
# architectural decisions:
# * How many layers to use in the model?
# * How many *hidden units* to use for each layer?
#
# In this example, the input data consists of an array of word-indices. The
# labels to predict are either 0 or 1. We will use a feed-forward neural network
# as our base model in this tutorial.
def feed_forward_model(features, is_training, reuse=tf.compat.v1.AUTO_REUSE):
  """Builds a simple 2 layer feed forward neural network.

  The layers are effectively stacked sequentially to build the classifier. The
  first layer is an Embedding layer, which takes the integer-encoded vocabulary
  and looks up the embedding vector for each word-index. These vectors are
  learned as the model trains. The vectors add a dimension to the output array.
  The resulting dimensions are: (batch, sequence, embedding). Next is a global
  average pooling 1D layer, which reduces the dimensionality of its inputs from
  3D to 2D. This fixed-length output vector is piped through a fully-connected
  (Dense) layer with 16 hidden units. The last layer is densely connected with a
  single output node. Using the sigmoid activation function, this value is a
  float between 0 and 1, representing a probability, or confidence level.

  Args:
    features: A dictionary containing batch features returned from the
      `input_fn`, that include sample features, corresponding neighbor features,
      and neighbor weights.
    is_training: a Python Boolean value or a Boolean scalar Tensor, indicating
      whether to apply dropout.
    reuse: a Python Boolean value for reusing variable scope.

  Returns:
    logits: Tensor of shape [batch_size, 1].
    representations: Tensor of shape [batch_size, _] for graph regularization.
      This is the representation of each example at the graph regularization
      layer.
  """

  with tf.compat.v1.variable_scope('ff', reuse=reuse):
    inputs = features[_transformed_name('text')]
    embeddings = tf.compat.v1.get_variable(
        'embeddings',
        shape=[
            HPARAMS.vocab_size + HPARAMS.oov_size, HPARAMS.num_embedding_dims
        ])
    embedding_layer = tf.nn.embedding_lookup(embeddings, inputs)

    pooling_layer = tf.compat.v1.layers.AveragePooling1D(
        pool_size=HPARAMS.max_seq_length, strides=HPARAMS.max_seq_length)(
            embedding_layer)
    # Shape of pooling_layer is now [batch_size, 1, HPARAMS.num_embedding_dims]
    pooling_layer = tf.reshape(pooling_layer, [-1, HPARAMS.num_embedding_dims])

    dense_layer = tf.compat.v1.layers.Dense(
        16, activation='relu')(
            pooling_layer)

    output_layer = tf.compat.v1.layers.Dense(
        1, activation='sigmoid')(
            dense_layer)

    # Graph regularization will be done on the penultimate (dense) layer
    # because the output layer is a single floating point number.
    return output_layer, dense_layer


# A note on hidden units:
#
# The above model has two intermediate or "hidden" layers, between the input and
# output, and excluding the Embedding layer. The number of outputs (units,
# nodes, or neurons) is the dimension of the representational space for the
# layer. In other words, the amount of freedom the network is allowed when
# learning an internal representation. If a model has more hidden units
# (a higher-dimensional representation space), and/or more layers, then the
# network can learn more complex representations. However, it makes the network
# more computationally expensive and may lead to learning unwanted
# patterns—patterns that improve performance on training data but not on the
# test data. This is called overfitting.


# This function will be used to generate the embeddings for samples and their
# corresponding neighbors, which will then be used for graph regularization.
def embedding_fn(features, mode):
  """Returns the embedding corresponding to the given features.

  Args:
    features: A dictionary containing batch features returned from the
      `input_fn`, that include sample features, corresponding neighbor features,
      and neighbor weights.
    mode: Specifies if this is training, evaluation, or prediction. See
      tf.estimator.ModeKeys.

  Returns:
    The embedding that will be used for graph regularization.
  """
  is_training = (mode == tf.estimator.ModeKeys.TRAIN)
  _, embedding = feed_forward_model(features, is_training)
  return embedding


def feed_forward_model_fn(features, labels, mode, params, config):
  """Implementation of the model_fn for the base feed-forward model.

  Args:
    features: This is the first item returned from the `input_fn` passed to
      `train`, `evaluate`, and `predict`. This should be a single `Tensor` or
      `dict` of same.
    labels: This is the second item returned from the `input_fn` passed to
      `train`, `evaluate`, and `predict`. This should be a single `Tensor` or
      `dict` of same (for multi-head models). If mode is `ModeKeys.PREDICT`,
      `labels=None` will be passed. If the `model_fn`'s signature does not
      accept `mode`, the `model_fn` must still be able to handle `labels=None`.
    mode: Optional. Specifies if this training, evaluation or prediction. See
      `ModeKeys`.
    params: An HParams instance as returned by get_hyper_parameters().
    config: Optional configuration object. Will receive what is passed to
      Estimator in `config` parameter, or the default `config`. Allows updating
      things in your model_fn based on configuration such as `num_ps_replicas`,
      or `model_dir`. Unused currently.

  Returns:
     A `tf.estimator.EstimatorSpec` for the base feed-forward model. This does
     not include graph-based regularization.
  """

  is_training = mode == tf.estimator.ModeKeys.TRAIN

  # Build the computation graph.
  probabilities, _ = feed_forward_model(features, is_training)
  predictions = tf.round(probabilities)

  if mode == tf.estimator.ModeKeys.PREDICT:
    # labels will be None, and no loss to compute.
    cross_entropy_loss = None
    eval_metric_ops = None
  else:
    # Loss is required in train and eval modes.
    # Flatten 'probabilities' to 1-D.
    probabilities = tf.reshape(probabilities, shape=[-1])
    cross_entropy_loss = tf.compat.v1.keras.losses.binary_crossentropy(
        labels, probabilities)
    eval_metric_ops = {
        'accuracy': tf.compat.v1.metrics.accuracy(labels, predictions)
    }

  if is_training:
    global_step = tf.compat.v1.train.get_or_create_global_step()
    train_op = build_train_op(cross_entropy_loss, global_step)
  else:
    train_op = None

  return tf.estimator.EstimatorSpec(
      mode=mode,
      predictions={
          'probabilities': probabilities,
          'predictions': predictions
      },
      loss=cross_entropy_loss,
      train_op=train_op,
      eval_metric_ops=eval_metric_ops)


# Tf.Transform considers these features as "raw"
def _get_raw_feature_spec(schema):
  return schema_utils.schema_as_feature_spec(schema).feature_spec


def _gzip_reader_fn(filenames):
  """Small utility returning a record reader that can read gzip'ed files."""
  return tf.data.TFRecordDataset(
      filenames,
      compression_type='GZIP')


def _example_serving_receiver_fn(tf_transform_output, schema):
  """Build the serving in inputs.

  Args:
    tf_transform_output: A TFTransformOutput.
    schema: the schema of the input data.

  Returns:
    Tensorflow graph which parses examples, applying tf-transform to them.
  """
  raw_feature_spec = _get_raw_feature_spec(schema)
  raw_feature_spec.pop(LABEL_KEY)

  # We don't need the ID feature for serving.
  raw_feature_spec.pop(ID_FEATURE_KEY)

  raw_input_fn = tf.estimator.export.build_parsing_serving_input_receiver_fn(
      raw_feature_spec, default_batch_size=None)
  serving_input_receiver = raw_input_fn()

  transformed_features = tf_transform_output.transform_raw_features(
      serving_input_receiver.features)

  # Even though, LABEL_KEY was removed from 'raw_feature_spec', the transform
  # operation would have injected the transformed LABEL_KEY feature with a
  # default value.
  transformed_features.pop(_transformed_name(LABEL_KEY))
  return tf.estimator.export.ServingInputReceiver(
      transformed_features, serving_input_receiver.receiver_tensors)


def _eval_input_receiver_fn(tf_transform_output, schema):
  """Build everything needed for the tf-model-analysis to run the model.

  Args:
    tf_transform_output: A TFTransformOutput.
    schema: the schema of the input data.

  Returns:
    EvalInputReceiver function, which contains:

      - Tensorflow graph which parses raw untransformed features, applies the
        tf-transform preprocessing operators.
      - Set of raw, untransformed features.
      - Label against which predictions will be compared.
  """
  # Notice that the inputs are raw features, not transformed features here.
  raw_feature_spec = _get_raw_feature_spec(schema)

  # We don't need the ID feature for TFMA.
  raw_feature_spec.pop(ID_FEATURE_KEY)

  raw_input_fn = tf.estimator.export.build_parsing_serving_input_receiver_fn(
      raw_feature_spec, default_batch_size=None)
  serving_input_receiver = raw_input_fn()

  transformed_features = tf_transform_output.transform_raw_features(
      serving_input_receiver.features)

  labels = transformed_features.pop(_transformed_name(LABEL_KEY))
  return tfma.export.EvalInputReceiver(
      features=transformed_features,
      receiver_tensors=serving_input_receiver.receiver_tensors,
      labels=labels)


def _augment_feature_spec(feature_spec, num_neighbors):
  """Augments `feature_spec` to include neighbor features.
    Args:
      feature_spec: Dictionary of feature keys mapping to TF feature types.
      num_neighbors: Number of neighbors to use for feature key augmentation.
    Returns:
      An augmented `feature_spec` that includes neighbor feature keys.
  """
  for i in range(num_neighbors):
    feature_spec['{}{}_{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, i, 'id')] = \
        tf.io.VarLenFeature(dtype=tf.string)
    # We don't care about the neighbor features corresponding to
    # _transformed_name(LABEL_KEY) because the LABEL_KEY feature will be
    # removed from the feature spec during training/evaluation.
    feature_spec['{}{}_{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, i, 'text_xf')] = \
        tf.io.FixedLenFeature(shape=[HPARAMS.max_seq_length], dtype=tf.int64,
                              default_value=tf.constant(0, dtype=tf.int64,
                                                        shape=[HPARAMS.max_seq_length]))
    # The 'NL_num_nbrs' features is currently not used.

  # Set the neighbor weight feature keys.
  for i in range(num_neighbors):
    feature_spec['{}{}{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, i, NBR_WEIGHT_SUFFIX)] = \
        tf.io.FixedLenFeature(shape=[1], dtype=tf.float32, default_value=[0.0])

  return feature_spec


def _input_fn(filenames, tf_transform_output, is_training, batch_size=200):
  """Generates features and labels for training or evaluation.

  Args:
    filenames: [str] list of CSV files to read data from.
    tf_transform_output: A TFTransformOutput.
    is_training: Boolean indicating if we are in training mode.
    batch_size: int First dimension size of the Tensors returned by input_fn

  Returns:
    A (features, indices) tuple where features is a dictionary of
      Tensors, and indices is a single Tensor of label indices.
  """
  transformed_feature_spec = (
      tf_transform_output.transformed_feature_spec().copy())

  # During training, NSL uses augmented training data (which includes features
  # from graph neighbors). So, update the feature spec accordingly. This needs
  # to be done because we are using different schemas for NSL training and eval,
  # but the Trainer Component only accepts a single schema.
  if is_training:
    transformed_feature_spec =_augment_feature_spec(transformed_feature_spec,
                                                    HPARAMS.num_neighbors)

  dataset = tf.data.experimental.make_batched_features_dataset(
      filenames, batch_size, transformed_feature_spec, reader=_gzip_reader_fn)

  transformed_features = tf.compat.v1.data.make_one_shot_iterator(
      dataset).get_next()
  # We pop the label because we do not want to use it as a feature while we're
  # training.
  return transformed_features, transformed_features.pop(
      _transformed_name(LABEL_KEY))


# TFX will call this function
def trainer_fn(hparams, schema):
  """Build the estimator using the high level API.
  Args:
    hparams: Holds hyperparameters used to train the model as name/value pairs.
    schema: Holds the schema of the training examples.
  Returns:
    A dict of the following:

      - estimator: The estimator that will be used for training and eval.
      - train_spec: Spec for training.
      - eval_spec: Spec for eval.
      - eval_input_receiver_fn: Input function for eval.
  """
  train_batch_size = 40
  eval_batch_size = 40

  tf_transform_output = tft.TFTransformOutput(hparams.transform_output)

  train_input_fn = lambda: _input_fn(
      hparams.train_files,
      tf_transform_output,
      is_training=True,
      batch_size=train_batch_size)

  eval_input_fn = lambda: _input_fn(
      hparams.eval_files,
      tf_transform_output,
      is_training=False,
      batch_size=eval_batch_size)

  train_spec = tf.estimator.TrainSpec(
      train_input_fn,
      max_steps=hparams.train_steps)

  serving_receiver_fn = lambda: _example_serving_receiver_fn(
      tf_transform_output, schema)

  exporter = tf.estimator.FinalExporter('imdb', serving_receiver_fn)
  eval_spec = tf.estimator.EvalSpec(
      eval_input_fn,
      steps=hparams.eval_steps,
      exporters=[exporter],
      name='imdb-eval')

  run_config = tf.estimator.RunConfig(
      save_checkpoints_steps=999, keep_checkpoint_max=1)

  run_config = run_config.replace(model_dir=hparams.serving_model_dir)

  estimator = tf.estimator.Estimator(
      model_fn=feed_forward_model_fn, config=run_config, params=HPARAMS)

  # Create a graph regularization config.
  graph_reg_config = nsl.configs.make_graph_reg_config(
      max_neighbors=HPARAMS.num_neighbors,
      multiplier=HPARAMS.graph_regularization_multiplier,
      distance_type=HPARAMS.distance_type,
      sum_over_axis=-1)

  # Invoke the Graph Regularization Estimator wrapper to incorporate
  # graph-based regularization for training.
  graph_nsl_estimator = nsl.estimator.add_graph_regularization(
      estimator,
      embedding_fn,
      optimizer_fn=optimizer_fn,
      graph_reg_config=graph_reg_config)

  # Create an input receiver for TFMA processing
  receiver_fn = lambda: _eval_input_receiver_fn(
      tf_transform_output, schema)

  return {
      'estimator': graph_nsl_estimator,
      'train_spec': train_spec,
      'eval_spec': eval_spec,
      'eval_input_receiver_fn': receiver_fn
  }
Writing imdb_trainer.py

作成して実行Trainerそれを我々が上記で作成するファイルを渡し、コンポーネントを。

# Uses user-provided Python function that implements a model using TensorFlow's
# Estimators API.
trainer = Trainer(
    module_file=_trainer_module_file,
    custom_executor_spec=executor_spec.ExecutorClassSpec(
        trainer_executor.Executor),
    transformed_examples=graph_augmentation.outputs['augmented_examples'],
    schema=schema_gen.outputs['schema'],
    transform_graph=transform.outputs['transform_graph'],
    train_args=trainer_pb2.TrainArgs(num_steps=10000),
    eval_args=trainer_pb2.EvalArgs(num_steps=5000))
context.run(trainer)
WARNING:absl:`custom_executor_spec` is deprecated. Please customize component directly.
WARNING:absl:`transformed_examples` is deprecated. Please use `examples` instead.
I0930 02:10:21.988307 17651 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I0930 02:10:21.991762 17651 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
WARNING:absl:Examples artifact does not have payload_format custom property. Falling back to FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE
WARNING:absl:Examples artifact does not have payload_format custom property. Falling back to FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE
WARNING:absl:Examples artifact does not have payload_format custom property. Falling back to FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying imdb_trainer.py -> build/lib
copying imdb_transform.py -> build/lib
installing to /tmp/tmpaao79w74
running install
running install_lib
copying build/lib/imdb_trainer.py -> /tmp/tmpaao79w74
copying build/lib/imdb_transform.py -> /tmp/tmpaao79w74
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info
writing tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing dependency_links to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing top-level names to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info to /tmp/tmpaao79w74/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
creating /tmp/tmpaao79w74/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d.dist-info/WHEEL
creating '/tmp/tmp4hwyxki5/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d-py3-none-any.whl' and adding '/tmp/tmpaao79w74' to it
adding 'imdb_trainer.py'
adding 'imdb_transform.py'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d.dist-info/METADATA'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d.dist-info/WHEEL'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d.dist-info/top_level.txt'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d.dist-info/RECORD'
removing /tmp/tmpaao79w74
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d-py3-none-any.whl
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Trainer
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Trainer-0.0+b990a2c6a4f23081880867efa3bd3c38db9d7bd0a87a0c9b277ae63714defc8d
INFO:tensorflow:Using config: {'_model_dir': '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving', '_tf_random_seed': None, '_save_summary_steps': 100, '_save_checkpoints_steps': 999, '_save_checkpoints_secs': None, '_session_config': allow_soft_placement: true
graph_options {
  rewrite_options {
    meta_optimizer_iterations: ONE
  }
}
, '_keep_checkpoint_max': 1, '_keep_checkpoint_every_n_hours': 10000, '_log_step_count_steps': 100, '_train_distribute': None, '_device_fn': None, '_protocol': None, '_eval_distribute': None, '_experimental_distribute': None, '_experimental_max_worker_delay_secs': None, '_session_creation_timeout_secs': 7200, '_checkpoint_save_graph_def': True, '_service': None, '_cluster_spec': ClusterSpec({}), '_task_type': 'worker', '_task_id': 0, '_global_id_in_cluster': 0, '_master': '', '_evaluation_master': '', '_is_chief': True, '_num_ps_replicas': 0, '_num_worker_replicas': 1}
INFO:tensorflow:Using config: {'_model_dir': '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving', '_tf_random_seed': None, '_save_summary_steps': 100, '_save_checkpoints_steps': 999, '_save_checkpoints_secs': None, '_session_config': allow_soft_placement: true
graph_options {
  rewrite_options {
    meta_optimizer_iterations: ONE
  }
}
, '_keep_checkpoint_max': 1, '_keep_checkpoint_every_n_hours': 10000, '_log_step_count_steps': 100, '_train_distribute': None, '_device_fn': None, '_protocol': None, '_eval_distribute': None, '_experimental_distribute': None, '_experimental_max_worker_delay_secs': None, '_session_creation_timeout_secs': 7200, '_checkpoint_save_graph_def': True, '_service': None, '_cluster_spec': ClusterSpec({}), '_task_type': 'worker', '_task_id': 0, '_global_id_in_cluster': 0, '_master': '', '_evaluation_master': '', '_is_chief': True, '_num_ps_replicas': 0, '_num_worker_replicas': 1}
INFO:tensorflow:Not using Distribute Coordinator.
INFO:tensorflow:Not using Distribute Coordinator.
INFO:tensorflow:Running training and evaluation locally (non-distributed).
INFO:tensorflow:Running training and evaluation locally (non-distributed).
INFO:tensorflow:Start train and evaluate loop. The evaluate will happen after every checkpoint. Checkpoint frequency is determined based on RunConfig arguments: save_checkpoints_steps 999 or save_checkpoints_secs None.
INFO:tensorflow:Start train and evaluate loop. The evaluate will happen after every checkpoint. Checkpoint frequency is determined based on RunConfig arguments: save_checkpoints_steps 999 or save_checkpoints_secs None.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/training_util.py:236: Variable.initialized_value (from tensorflow.python.ops.variables) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use Variable.read_value. Variables in 2.X are initialized automatically both in eager and graph (inside tf.defun) contexts.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/training_util.py:236: Variable.initialized_value (from tensorflow.python.ops.variables) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use Variable.read_value. Variables in 2.X are initialized automatically both in eager and graph (inside tf.defun) contexts.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/rmsprop.py:123: calling Ones.__init__ (from tensorflow.python.ops.init_ops) with dtype is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Call initializer instance with the dtype argument instead of passing it to the constructor
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/rmsprop.py:123: calling Ones.__init__ (from tensorflow.python.ops.init_ops) with dtype is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Call initializer instance with the dtype argument instead of passing it to the constructor
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/ops/array_ops.py:5049: calling gather (from tensorflow.python.ops.array_ops) with validate_indices is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The `validate_indices` argument has no effect. Indices are always validated on CPU and never validated on GPU.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/ops/array_ops.py:5049: calling gather (from tensorflow.python.ops.array_ops) with validate_indices is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The `validate_indices` argument has no effect. Indices are always validated on CPU and never validated on GPU.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Create CheckpointSaverHook.
INFO:tensorflow:Create CheckpointSaverHook.
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 0 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 0 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.69296396, step = 0
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.69296396, step = 0
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 234.78
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 234.78
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.69264483, step = 100 (0.427 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.69264483, step = 100 (0.427 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.105
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.105
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6925505, step = 200 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6925505, step = 200 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.269
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.269
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6904493, step = 300 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6904493, step = 300 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.89
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.89
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6916306, step = 400 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6916306, step = 400 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.027
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.027
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.69061863, step = 500 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.69061863, step = 500 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.455
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.455
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68934745, step = 600 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68934745, step = 600 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.217
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.217
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6880224, step = 700 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6880224, step = 700 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.151
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.151
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68590856, step = 800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68590856, step = 800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 309.868
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 309.868
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6840659, step = 900 (0.323 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6840659, step = 900 (0.323 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 999...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 999...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 999 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 999 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/saver.py:971: remove_checkpoint (from tensorflow.python.training.checkpoint_management) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use standard file APIs to delete files with this prefix.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/saver.py:971: remove_checkpoint (from tensorflow.python.training.checkpoint_management) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use standard file APIs to delete files with this prefix.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 999...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 999...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Starting evaluation at 2021-09-30T02:10:31
INFO:tensorflow:Starting evaluation at 2021-09-30T02:10:31
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-999
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-999
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [5000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [5000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Inference Time : 5.01992s
INFO:tensorflow:Inference Time : 5.01992s
INFO:tensorflow:Finished evaluation at 2021-09-30-02:10:36
INFO:tensorflow:Finished evaluation at 2021-09-30-02:10:36
INFO:tensorflow:Saving dict for global step 999: accuracy = 0.6985, global_step = 999, loss = 0.6864252
INFO:tensorflow:Saving dict for global step 999: accuracy = 0.6985, global_step = 999, loss = 0.6864252
INFO:tensorflow:Saving 'checkpoint_path' summary for global step 999: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-999
INFO:tensorflow:Saving 'checkpoint_path' summary for global step 999: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-999
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 17.9296
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 17.9296
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6870457, step = 1000 (5.577 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6870457, step = 1000 (5.577 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 311.744
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 311.744
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.683711, step = 1100 (0.321 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.683711, step = 1100 (0.321 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 311.005
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 311.005
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68033475, step = 1200 (0.321 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68033475, step = 1200 (0.321 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 310.187
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 310.187
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68130076, step = 1300 (0.323 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68130076, step = 1300 (0.323 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.043
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.043
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68510944, step = 1400 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68510944, step = 1400 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.48
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.48
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6783714, step = 1500 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6783714, step = 1500 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.227
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.227
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68186384, step = 1600 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.68186384, step = 1600 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.264
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.264
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6734793, step = 1700 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6734793, step = 1700 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.942
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.942
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.66850907, step = 1800 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.66850907, step = 1800 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.849
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.849
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.66818386, step = 1900 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.66818386, step = 1900 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 1998...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 1998...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 1998 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 1998 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 1998...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 1998...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 269.966
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 269.966
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.65796363, step = 2000 (0.370 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.65796363, step = 2000 (0.370 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.352
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.352
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6742044, step = 2100 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6742044, step = 2100 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.556
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.556
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6595951, step = 2200 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6595951, step = 2200 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.24
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.24
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.64341986, step = 2300 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.64341986, step = 2300 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.232
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.232
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6476815, step = 2400 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6476815, step = 2400 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.993
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.993
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.648524, step = 2500 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.648524, step = 2500 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.759
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.759
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6482441, step = 2600 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6482441, step = 2600 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.15
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.15
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6607532, step = 2700 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6607532, step = 2700 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.635
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.635
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6411531, step = 2800 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6411531, step = 2800 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.575
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.575
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.64602387, step = 2900 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.64602387, step = 2900 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 2997...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 2997...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 2997 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 2997 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 2997...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 2997...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 267.954
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 267.954
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6540841, step = 3000 (0.373 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6540841, step = 3000 (0.373 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.834
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.834
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6407366, step = 3100 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6407366, step = 3100 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.049
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.049
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5994857, step = 3200 (0.326 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5994857, step = 3200 (0.326 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.404
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.404
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6267687, step = 3300 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6267687, step = 3300 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.727
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.727
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6187229, step = 3400 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6187229, step = 3400 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.496
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.496
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6236157, step = 3500 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6236157, step = 3500 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 322.862
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 322.862
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60653037, step = 3600 (0.310 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60653037, step = 3600 (0.310 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.102
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.102
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.59571797, step = 3700 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.59571797, step = 3700 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.796
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.796
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6154198, step = 3800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6154198, step = 3800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.18
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.18
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6036258, step = 3900 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6036258, step = 3900 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 3996...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 3996...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 3996 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 3996 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 3996...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 3996...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 270.578
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 270.578
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60188603, step = 4000 (0.369 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60188603, step = 4000 (0.369 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.616
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.616
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.58656734, step = 4100 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.58656734, step = 4100 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.074
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.074
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6106912, step = 4200 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6106912, step = 4200 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.827
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.827
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5886101, step = 4300 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5886101, step = 4300 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.999
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.999
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5817787, step = 4400 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5817787, step = 4400 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.806
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.806
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60557437, step = 4500 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60557437, step = 4500 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.203
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.203
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5599436, step = 4600 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5599436, step = 4600 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 290.783
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 290.783
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55012953, step = 4700 (0.344 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55012953, step = 4700 (0.344 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 303.114
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 303.114
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.575355, step = 4800 (0.330 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.575355, step = 4800 (0.330 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.356
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.356
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.52631307, step = 4900 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.52631307, step = 4900 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 4995...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 4995...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 4995 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 4995 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 4995...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 4995...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 263.963
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 263.963
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6222931, step = 5000 (0.379 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.6222931, step = 5000 (0.379 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.786
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.786
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5423033, step = 5100 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5423033, step = 5100 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.953
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.953
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.58778507, step = 5200 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.58778507, step = 5200 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.398
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.398
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5667932, step = 5300 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5667932, step = 5300 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.472
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.472
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55672485, step = 5400 (0.318 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55672485, step = 5400 (0.318 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.228
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.228
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.48792782, step = 5500 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.48792782, step = 5500 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.755
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.755
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5343876, step = 5600 (0.318 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5343876, step = 5600 (0.318 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.454
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.454
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5905913, step = 5700 (0.325 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5905913, step = 5700 (0.325 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.106
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.106
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5572646, step = 5800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5572646, step = 5800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.98
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.98
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60143465, step = 5900 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.60143465, step = 5900 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 5994...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 5994...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 5994 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 5994 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 5994...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 5994...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 259.989
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 259.989
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.53993654, step = 6000 (0.384 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.53993654, step = 6000 (0.384 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 304.989
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 304.989
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4338865, step = 6100 (0.329 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4338865, step = 6100 (0.329 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.788
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.788
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5001062, step = 6200 (0.324 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5001062, step = 6200 (0.324 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 308.142
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 308.142
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55433446, step = 6300 (0.325 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55433446, step = 6300 (0.325 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.604
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.604
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.49421448, step = 6400 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.49421448, step = 6400 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.227
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.227
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.49629697, step = 6500 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.49629697, step = 6500 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 308.916
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 308.916
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.46926093, step = 6600 (0.324 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.46926093, step = 6600 (0.324 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 310.961
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 310.961
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55002207, step = 6700 (0.322 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.55002207, step = 6700 (0.322 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.179
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 315.179
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.46945956, step = 6800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.46945956, step = 6800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.957
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 318.957
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4574453, step = 6900 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4574453, step = 6900 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 6993...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 6993...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 6993 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 6993 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 6993...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 6993...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 270.326
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 270.326
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.47837937, step = 7000 (0.370 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.47837937, step = 7000 (0.370 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.537
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.537
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.52828425, step = 7100 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.52828425, step = 7100 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.01
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.01
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.44859207, step = 7200 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.44859207, step = 7200 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.803
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.803
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5082972, step = 7300 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5082972, step = 7300 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.608
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.608
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5459806, step = 7400 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5459806, step = 7400 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.974
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.974
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4239344, step = 7500 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4239344, step = 7500 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.183
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 320.183
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.39605576, step = 7600 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.39605576, step = 7600 (0.312 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.793
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.793
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.40292284, step = 7700 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.40292284, step = 7700 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.283
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.283
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.50725543, step = 7800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.50725543, step = 7800 (0.317 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.901
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.901
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5281556, step = 7900 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5281556, step = 7900 (0.314 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 7992...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 7992...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 7992 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 7992 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 7992...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 7992...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 269.002
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 269.002
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5434435, step = 8000 (0.371 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.5434435, step = 8000 (0.371 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.481
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 307.481
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.49656752, step = 8100 (0.325 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.49656752, step = 8100 (0.325 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.91
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.91
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4451404, step = 8200 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4451404, step = 8200 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.653
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.653
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.45703056, step = 8300 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.45703056, step = 8300 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.549
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.549
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.41733345, step = 8400 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.41733345, step = 8400 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.191
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.191
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3974568, step = 8500 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3974568, step = 8500 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.609
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.609
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.53810954, step = 8600 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.53810954, step = 8600 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.27
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 314.27
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3899591, step = 8700 (0.318 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3899591, step = 8700 (0.318 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.076
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.076
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.48265937, step = 8800 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.48265937, step = 8800 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.653
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.653
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4027953, step = 8900 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4027953, step = 8900 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 8991...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 8991...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 8991 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 8991 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 8991...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 8991...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 270.714
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 270.714
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.43588352, step = 9000 (0.369 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.43588352, step = 9000 (0.369 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.45
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.45
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3872719, step = 9100 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3872719, step = 9100 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.857
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.857
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3554761, step = 9200 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3554761, step = 9200 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.857
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 321.857
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4058962, step = 9300 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.4058962, step = 9300 (0.311 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.452
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 316.452
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.41788667, step = 9400 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.41788667, step = 9400 (0.316 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.173
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 319.173
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.44615695, step = 9500 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.44615695, step = 9500 (0.313 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 305.556
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 305.556
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.46945286, step = 9600 (0.327 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.46945286, step = 9600 (0.327 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.155
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 313.155
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3813464, step = 9700 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.3813464, step = 9700 (0.319 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.802
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.802
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.45685893, step = 9800 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.45685893, step = 9800 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.092
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 317.092
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.45004654, step = 9900 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 0.45004654, step = 9900 (0.315 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 9990...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 9990...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 9990 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 9990 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 9990...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 9990...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 10000...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 10000...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 10000 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 10000 into /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 10000...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 10000...
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Skip the current checkpoint eval due to throttle secs (600 secs).
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Starting evaluation at 2021-09-30T02:11:05
INFO:tensorflow:Starting evaluation at 2021-09-30T02:11:05
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [1500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [2500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [3500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [4500/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [5000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Evaluation [5000/5000]
INFO:tensorflow:Inference Time : 4.91260s
INFO:tensorflow:Inference Time : 4.91260s
INFO:tensorflow:Finished evaluation at 2021-09-30-02:11:10
INFO:tensorflow:Finished evaluation at 2021-09-30-02:11:10
INFO:tensorflow:Saving dict for global step 10000: accuracy = 0.7976, global_step = 10000, loss = 0.4515407
INFO:tensorflow:Saving dict for global step 10000: accuracy = 0.7976, global_step = 10000, loss = 0.4515407
INFO:tensorflow:Saving 'checkpoint_path' summary for global step 10000: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Saving 'checkpoint_path' summary for global step 10000: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Performing the final export in the end of training.
INFO:tensorflow:Performing the final export in the end of training.
WARNING:tensorflow:Loading a TF2 SavedModel but eager mode seems disabled.
WARNING:tensorflow:Loading a TF2 SavedModel but eager mode seems disabled.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/saved_model/signature_def_utils_impl.py:201: build_tensor_info (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.utils_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.utils.build_tensor_info or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.build_tensor_info.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/saved_model/signature_def_utils_impl.py:201: build_tensor_info (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.utils_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.utils.build_tensor_info or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.build_tensor_info.
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Classify: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Classify: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Regress: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Regress: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Predict: ['serving_default']
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Predict: ['serving_default']
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Train: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Train: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Eval: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Eval: None
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Assets added to graph.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets added to graph.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/export/imdb/temp-1632967870/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/export/imdb/temp-1632967870/assets
INFO:tensorflow:SavedModel written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/export/imdb/temp-1632967870/saved_model.pb
INFO:tensorflow:SavedModel written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/export/imdb/temp-1632967870/saved_model.pb
INFO:tensorflow:Loss for final step: 0.48604894.
INFO:tensorflow:Loss for final step: 0.48604894.
WARNING:tensorflow:Loading a TF2 SavedModel but eager mode seems disabled.
WARNING:tensorflow:Loading a TF2 SavedModel but eager mode seems disabled.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Classify: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Classify: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Regress: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Regress: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Predict: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Predict: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Train: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Train: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Eval: ['eval']
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Eval: ['eval']
WARNING:tensorflow:Export includes no default signature!
WARNING:tensorflow:Export includes no default signature!
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-Serving/model.ckpt-10000
INFO:tensorflow:Assets added to graph.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets added to graph.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-TFMA/temp-1632967871/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-TFMA/temp-1632967871/assets
INFO:tensorflow:SavedModel written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-TFMA/temp-1632967871/saved_model.pb
INFO:tensorflow:SavedModel written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-09-30T02_07_53.425213-elhvkvsv/Trainer/model_run/9/Format-TFMA/temp-1632967871/saved_model.pb
WARNING:absl:Support for estimator-based executor and model export will be deprecated soon. Please use export structure <ModelExportPath>/serving_model_dir/saved_model.pb"
WARNING:absl:Support for estimator-based executor and model export will be deprecated soon. Please use export structure <ModelExportPath>/eval_model_dir/saved_model.pb"

エクスポートされた訓練されたモデルでかいま見を取るTrainer

train_uri = trainer.outputs['model'].get()[0].uri
serving_model_path = os.path.join(train_uri, 'Format-Serving')
exported_model = tf.saved_model.load(serving_model_path)
exported_model.graph.get_operations()[:10] + ["..."]
[<tf.Operation 'global_step/Initializer/zeros' type=Const>,
 <tf.Operation 'global_step' type=VarHandleOp>,
 <tf.Operation 'global_step/IsInitialized/VarIsInitializedOp' type=VarIsInitializedOp>,
 <tf.Operation 'global_step/Assign' type=AssignVariableOp>,
 <tf.Operation 'global_step/Read/ReadVariableOp' type=ReadVariableOp>,
 <tf.Operation 'input_example_tensor' type=Placeholder>,
 <tf.Operation 'ParseExample/ParseExampleV2/names' type=Const>,
 <tf.Operation 'ParseExample/ParseExampleV2/sparse_keys' type=Const>,
 <tf.Operation 'ParseExample/ParseExampleV2/dense_keys' type=Const>,
 <tf.Operation 'ParseExample/ParseExampleV2/ragged_keys' type=Const>,
 '...']

Tensorboardを使用してモデルのメトリックを視覚化してみましょう。


# Get the URI of the output artifact representing the training logs,
# which is a directory
model_run_dir = trainer.outputs['model_run'].get()[0].uri

%load_ext tensorboard
%tensorboard --logdir {model_run_dir}

モデルサービング

グラフの正則化は、損失関数に正則化項を追加することによってのみトレーニングワークフローに影響します。その結果、モデルの評価と提供のワークフローは変更されません。それは、我々はまた、一般的に、評価プッシャーのようなトレーナーコンポーネントの後に来る下流TFX部品などを省略してきたのと同じ理由からです

結論

入力に明示的なグラフが含まれていない場合でも、TFXパイプラインでNeural Structured Learning(NSL)フレームワークを使用したグラフ正則化の使用を示しました。レビューの埋め込みに基づいて類似性グラフを合成したIMDB映画レビューの感情分類のタスクを検討しました。グラフの作成にさまざまな埋め込みを使用したり、ハイパーパラメータを変更したり、監視の量を変更したり、さまざまなモデルアーキテクチャを定義したりして、さらに実験することをお勧めします。