Defined in tensorflow/python/ops/

See the guide: Control Flow > Control Flow Operations

Create a case operation.

The pred_fn_pairs parameter is a dict or list of pairs of size N. Each pair contains a boolean scalar tensor and a python callable that creates the tensors to be returned if the boolean evaluates to True. default is a callable generating a list of tensors. All the callables in pred_fn_pairs as well as default (if provided) should return the same number and types of tensors.

If exclusive==True, all predicates are evaluated, and an exception is thrown if more than one of the predicates evaluates to True. If exclusive==False, execution stops at the first predicate which evaluates to True, and the tensors generated by the corresponding function are returned immediately. If none of the predicates evaluate to True, this operation returns the tensors generated by default. supports nested structures as implemented in tensorflow.python.util.nest. All of the callables must return the same (possibly nested) value structure of lists, tuples, and/or named tuples. Singleton lists and tuples form the only exceptions to this: when returned by a callable, they are implicitly unpacked to single values. This behavior is disabled by passing strict=True.

If an unordered dictionary is used for pred_fn_pairs, the order of the conditional tests is not guaranteed. However, the order is guaranteed to be deterministic, so that variables created in conditional branches are created in fixed order across runs.

Example 1:


if (x < y) return 17;
else return 23;


f1 = lambda: tf.constant(17)
f2 = lambda: tf.constant(23)
r = case([(tf.less(x, y), f1)], default=f2)

Example 2:


if (x < y && x > z) raise OpError("Only one predicate may evaluate true");
if (x < y) return 17;
else if (x > z) return 23;
else return -1;


def f1(): return tf.constant(17)
def f2(): return tf.constant(23)
def f3(): return tf.constant(-1)
r = case({tf.less(x, y): f1, tf.greater(x, z): f2},
         default=f3, exclusive=True)


  • pred_fn_pairs: Dict or list of pairs of a boolean scalar tensor and a callable which returns a list of tensors.
  • default: Optional callable that returns a list of tensors.
  • exclusive: True iff at most one predicate is allowed to evaluate to True.
  • strict: A boolean that enables/disables 'strict' mode; see above.
  • name: A name for this operation (optional).


The tensors returned by the first pair whose predicate evaluated to True, or those returned by default if none does.


  • TypeError: If pred_fn_pairs is not a list/dictionary.
  • TypeError: If pred_fn_pairs is a list but does not contain 2-tuples.
  • TypeError: If fns[i] is not callable for any i, or default is not callable.