Exporting and Importing Meta Graphs

tf.train.export_meta_graph(filename=None, meta_info_def=None, graph_def=None, saver_def=None, collection_list=None, as_text=False)

Returns MetaGraphDef proto. Optionally writes it to filename.

This function exports the graph, saver, and collection objects into MetaGraphDef protocol buffer with the intension of it being imported at a later time or location to restart training, run inference, or be a subgraph.

  • filename: Optional filename including the path for writing the generated MetaGraphDef protocol buffer.
  • meta_info_def: MetaInfoDef protocol buffer.
  • graph_def: GraphDef protocol buffer.
  • saver_def: SaverDef protocol buffer.
  • collection_list: List of string keys to collect.
  • as_text: If True, writes the MetaGraphDef as an ASCII proto.

A MetaGraphDef proto.


Recreates a Graph saved in a MetaGraphDef proto.

This function takes a MetaGraphDef protocol buffer as input. If the argument is a file containing a MetaGraphDef protocol buffer , it constructs a protocol buffer from the file content. The function then adds all the nodes from the graph_def field to the current graph, recreates all the collections, and returns a saver constructed from the saver_def field.

In combination with export_meta_graph(), this function can be used to

  • Serialize a graph along with other Python objects such as QueueRunner, Variable into a MetaGraphDef.

  • Restart training from a saved graph and checkpoints.

  • Run inference from a saved graph and checkpoints.

# Create a saver.
saver = tf.train.Saver(...variables...)
# Remember the training_op we want to run by adding it to a collection.
tf.add_to_collection('train_op', train_op)
sess = tf.Session()
for step in xrange(1000000):
    if step % 1000 == 0:
        # Saves checkpoint, which by default also exports a meta_graph
        # named 'my-model-global_step.meta'.
        saver.save(sess, 'my-model', global_step=step)

Later we can continue training from this saved meta_graph without building the model from scratch.

with tf.Session() as sess:
  new_saver = tf.train.import_meta_graph('my-save-dir/my-model-10000.meta')
  new_saver.restore(sess, 'my-save-dir/my-model-10000')
  # tf.get_collection() returns a list. In this example we only want the
  # first one.
  train_op = tf.get_collection('train_op')[0]
  for step in xrange(1000000):

NOTE: Restarting training from saved meta_graph only works if the device assignments have not changed.

  • meta_graph_or_file: MetaGraphDef protocol buffer or filename (including the path) containing a MetaGraphDef.

A saver constructed from saver_def in MetaGraphDef or None.

A None value is returned if no variables exist in the MetaGraphDef (i.e., there are no variables to restore).