tf.compat.v2.data.TextLineDataset

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Class TextLineDataset

A Dataset comprising lines from one or more text files.

__init__

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__init__(
    filenames,
    compression_type=None,
    buffer_size=None,
    num_parallel_reads=None
)

Creates a TextLineDataset.

Args:

  • filenames: A tf.string tensor or tf.data.Dataset containing one or more filenames.
  • compression_type: (Optional.) A tf.string scalar evaluating to one of "" (no compression), "ZLIB", or "GZIP".
  • buffer_size: (Optional.) A tf.int64 scalar denoting the number of bytes to buffer. A value of 0 results in the default buffering values chosen based on the compression type.
  • num_parallel_reads: (Optional.) A tf.int64 scalar representing the number of files to read in parallel. If greater than one, the records of files read in parallel are outputted in an interleaved order. If your input pipeline is I/O bottlenecked, consider setting this parameter to a value greater than one to parallelize the I/O. If None, files will be read sequentially.

Methods

__iter__

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__iter__()

Creates an Iterator for enumerating the elements of this dataset.

The returned iterator implements the Python iterator protocol and therefore can only be used in eager mode.

Returns:

An Iterator over the elements of this dataset.

Raises:

  • RuntimeError: If eager execution is not enabled.

apply

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apply(transformation_func)

Applies a transformation function to this dataset.

apply enables chaining of custom Dataset transformations, which are represented as functions that take one Dataset argument and return a transformed Dataset.

For example:

dataset = (dataset.map(lambda x: x ** 2)
           .apply(group_by_window(key_func, reduce_func, window_size))
           .map(lambda x: x ** 3))

Args:

  • transformation_func: A function that takes one Dataset argument and returns a Dataset.

Returns:

  • Dataset: The Dataset returned by applying transformation_func to this dataset.

batch

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batch(
    batch_size,
    drop_remainder=False
)

Combines consecutive elements of this dataset into batches.

The tensors in the resulting element will have an additional outer dimension, which will be batch_size (or N % batch_size for the last element if batch_size does not divide the number of input elements N evenly and drop_remainder is False). If your program depends on the batches having the same outer dimension, you should set the drop_remainder argument to True to prevent the smaller batch from being produced.

Args:

  • batch_size: A tf.int64 scalar tf.Tensor, representing the number of consecutive elements of this dataset to combine in a single batch.
  • drop_remainder: (Optional.) A tf.bool scalar tf.Tensor, representing whether the last batch should be dropped in the case it has fewer than batch_size elements; the default behavior is not to drop the smaller batch.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

cache

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cache(filename='')

Caches the elements in this dataset.

Args:

  • filename: A tf.string scalar tf.Tensor, representing the name of a directory on the filesystem to use for caching tensors in this Dataset. If a filename is not provided, the dataset will be cached in memory.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

concatenate

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concatenate(dataset)

Creates a Dataset by concatenating given dataset with this dataset.

a = Dataset.range(1, 4)  # ==> [ 1, 2, 3 ]
b = Dataset.range(4, 8)  # ==> [ 4, 5, 6, 7 ]

# Input dataset and dataset to be concatenated should have same
# nested structures and output types.
# c = Dataset.range(8, 14).batch(2)  # ==> [ [8, 9], [10, 11], [12, 13] ]
# d = Dataset.from_tensor_slices([14.0, 15.0, 16.0])
# a.concatenate(c) and a.concatenate(d) would result in error.

a.concatenate(b)  # ==> [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ]

Args:

  • dataset: Dataset to be concatenated.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

enumerate

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enumerate(start=0)

Enumerates the elements of this dataset.

It is similar to python's enumerate.

For example:

# NOTE: The following examples use `{ ... }` to represent the
# contents of a dataset.
a = { 1, 2, 3 }
b = { (7, 8), (9, 10) }

# The nested structure of the `datasets` argument determines the
# structure of elements in the resulting dataset.
a.enumerate(start=5)) == { (5, 1), (6, 2), (7, 3) }
b.enumerate() == { (0, (7, 8)), (1, (9, 10)) }

Args:

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

filter

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filter(predicate)

Filters this dataset according to predicate.

d = tf.data.Dataset.from_tensor_slices([1, 2, 3])

d = d.filter(lambda x: x < 3)  # ==> [1, 2]

# `tf.math.equal(x, y)` is required for equality comparison
def filter_fn(x):
  return tf.math.equal(x, 1)

d = d.filter(filter_fn)  # ==> [1]

Args:

  • predicate: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes and types defined by self.output_shapes and self.output_types) to a scalar tf.bool tensor.

Returns:

  • Dataset: The Dataset containing the elements of this dataset for which predicate is True.

flat_map

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flat_map(map_func)

Maps map_func across this dataset and flattens the result.

Use flat_map if you want to make sure that the order of your dataset stays the same. For example, to flatten a dataset of batches into a dataset of their elements:

a = Dataset.from_tensor_slices([ [1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9] ])

a.flat_map(lambda x: Dataset.from_tensor_slices(x + 1)) # ==>
#  [ 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ]

tf.data.Dataset.interleave() is a generalization of flat_map, since flat_map produces the same output as tf.data.Dataset.interleave(cycle_length=1)

Args:

  • map_func: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes and types defined by self.output_shapes and self.output_types) to a Dataset.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

from_generator

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from_generator(
    generator,
    output_types,
    output_shapes=None,
    args=None
)

Creates a Dataset whose elements are generated by generator.

The generator argument must be a callable object that returns an object that support the iter() protocol (e.g. a generator function). The elements generated by generator must be compatible with the given output_types and (optional) output_shapes arguments.

For example:

import itertools
tf.compat.v1.enable_eager_execution()

def gen():
  for i in itertools.count(1):
    yield (i, [1] * i)

ds = tf.data.Dataset.from_generator(
    gen, (tf.int64, tf.int64), (tf.TensorShape([]), tf.TensorShape([None])))

for value in ds.take(2):
  print value
# (1, array([1]))
# (2, array([1, 1]))

NOTE: The current implementation of Dataset.from_generator() uses tf.compat.v1.py_func and inherits the same constraints. In particular, it requires the Dataset- and Iterator-related operations to be placed on a device in the same process as the Python program that called Dataset.from_generator(). The body of generator will not be serialized in a GraphDef, and you should not use this method if you need to serialize your model and restore it in a different environment.

NOTE: If generator depends on mutable global variables or other external state, be aware that the runtime may invoke generator multiple times (in order to support repeating the Dataset) and at any time between the call to Dataset.from_generator() and the production of the first element from the generator. Mutating global variables or external state can cause undefined behavior, and we recommend that you explicitly cache any external state in generator before calling Dataset.from_generator().

Args:

  • generator: A callable object that returns an object that supports the iter() protocol. If args is not specified, generator must take no arguments; otherwise it must take as many arguments as there are values in args.
  • output_types: A nested structure of tf.DType objects corresponding to each component of an element yielded by generator.
  • output_shapes: (Optional.) A nested structure of tf.TensorShape objects corresponding to each component of an element yielded by generator.
  • args: (Optional.) A tuple of tf.Tensor objects that will be evaluated and passed to generator as NumPy-array arguments.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

from_tensor_slices

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from_tensor_slices(tensors)

Creates a Dataset whose elements are slices of the given tensors.

Note that if tensors contains a NumPy array, and eager execution is not enabled, the values will be embedded in the graph as one or more tf.constant operations. For large datasets (> 1 GB), this can waste memory and run into byte limits of graph serialization. If tensors contains one or more large NumPy arrays, consider the alternative described in this guide.

Args:

  • tensors: A nested structure of tensors, each having the same size in the 0th dimension.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

from_tensors

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from_tensors(tensors)

Creates a Dataset with a single element, comprising the given tensors.

Note that if tensors contains a NumPy array, and eager execution is not enabled, the values will be embedded in the graph as one or more tf.constant operations. For large datasets (> 1 GB), this can waste memory and run into byte limits of graph serialization. If tensors contains one or more large NumPy arrays, consider the alternative described in this guide.

Args:

  • tensors: A nested structure of tensors.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

interleave

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interleave(
    map_func,
    cycle_length,
    block_length=1,
    num_parallel_calls=None
)

Maps map_func across this dataset, and interleaves the results.

For example, you can use Dataset.interleave() to process many input files concurrently:

# Preprocess 4 files concurrently, and interleave blocks of 16 records from
# each file.
filenames = ["/var/data/file1.txt", "/var/data/file2.txt", ...]
dataset = (Dataset.from_tensor_slices(filenames)
           .interleave(lambda x:
               TextLineDataset(x).map(parse_fn, num_parallel_calls=1),
               cycle_length=4, block_length=16))

The cycle_length and block_length arguments control the order in which elements are produced. cycle_length controls the number of input elements that are processed concurrently. If you set cycle_length to 1, this transformation will handle one input element at a time, and will produce identical results to tf.data.Dataset.flat_map. In general, this transformation will apply map_func to cycle_length input elements, open iterators on the returned Dataset objects, and cycle through them producing block_length consecutive elements from each iterator, and consuming the next input element each time it reaches the end of an iterator.

For example:

a = Dataset.range(1, 6)  # ==> [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ]

# NOTE: New lines indicate "block" boundaries.
a.interleave(lambda x: Dataset.from_tensors(x).repeat(6),
            cycle_length=2, block_length=4)  # ==> [1, 1, 1, 1,
                                             #      2, 2, 2, 2,
                                             #      1, 1,
                                             #      2, 2,
                                             #      3, 3, 3, 3,
                                             #      4, 4, 4, 4,
                                             #      3, 3,
                                             #      4, 4,
                                             #      5, 5, 5, 5,
                                             #      5, 5]

NOTE: The order of elements yielded by this transformation is deterministic, as long as map_func is a pure function. If map_func contains any stateful operations, the order in which that state is accessed is undefined.

Args:

  • map_func: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes and types defined by self.output_shapes and self.output_types) to a Dataset.
  • cycle_length: The number of elements from this dataset that will be processed concurrently.
  • block_length: The number of consecutive elements to produce from each input element before cycling to another input element.
  • num_parallel_calls: (Optional.) If specified, the implementation creates a threadpool, which is used to fetch inputs from cycle elements asynchronously and in parallel. The default behavior is to fetch inputs from cycle elements synchronously with no parallelism. If the value tf.data.experimental.AUTOTUNE is used, then the number of parallel calls is set dynamically based on available CPU.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

list_files

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list_files(
    file_pattern,
    shuffle=None,
    seed=None
)

A dataset of all files matching one or more glob patterns.

NOTE: The default behavior of this method is to return filenames in a non-deterministic random shuffled order. Pass a seed or shuffle=False to get results in a deterministic order.

Example:

If we had the following files on our filesystem: - /path/to/dir/a.txt - /path/to/dir/b.py - /path/to/dir/c.py If we pass "/path/to/dir/*.py" as the directory, the dataset would produce: - /path/to/dir/b.py - /path/to/dir/c.py

Args:

  • file_pattern: A string, a list of strings, or a tf.Tensor of string type (scalar or vector), representing the filename glob (i.e. shell wildcard) pattern(s) that will be matched.
  • shuffle: (Optional.) If True, the file names will be shuffled randomly. Defaults to True.
  • seed: (Optional.) A tf.int64 scalar tf.Tensor, representing the random seed that will be used to create the distribution. See tf.compat.v1.set_random_seed for behavior.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset of strings corresponding to file names.

map

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map(
    map_func,
    num_parallel_calls=None
)

Maps map_func across the elements of this dataset.

This transformation applies map_func to each element of this dataset, and returns a new dataset containing the transformed elements, in the same order as they appeared in the input.

For example:

a = Dataset.range(1, 6)  # ==> [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ]

a.map(lambda x: x + 1)  # ==> [ 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ]

The input signature of map_func is determined by the structure of each element in this dataset. For example:

# NOTE: The following examples use `{ ... }` to represent the
# contents of a dataset.
# Each element is a `tf.Tensor` object.
a = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 }
# `map_func` takes a single argument of type `tf.Tensor` with the same
# shape and dtype.
result = a.map(lambda x: ...)

# Each element is a tuple containing two `tf.Tensor` objects.
b = { (1, "foo"), (2, "bar"), (3, "baz") }
# `map_func` takes two arguments of type `tf.Tensor`.
result = b.map(lambda x_int, y_str: ...)

# Each element is a dictionary mapping strings to `tf.Tensor` objects.
c = { {"a": 1, "b": "foo"}, {"a": 2, "b": "bar"}, {"a": 3, "b": "baz"} }
# `map_func` takes a single argument of type `dict` with the same keys as
# the elements.
result = c.map(lambda d: ...)

The value or values returned by map_func determine the structure of each element in the returned dataset.

# `map_func` returns a scalar `tf.Tensor` of type `tf.float32`.
def f(...):
  return tf.constant(37.0)
result = dataset.map(f)
result.output_classes == tf.Tensor
result.output_types == tf.float32
result.output_shapes == []  # scalar

# `map_func` returns two `tf.Tensor` objects.
def g(...):
  return tf.constant(37.0), tf.constant(["Foo", "Bar", "Baz"])
result = dataset.map(g)
result.output_classes == (tf.Tensor, tf.Tensor)
result.output_types == (tf.float32, tf.string)
result.output_shapes == ([], [3])

# Python primitives, lists, and NumPy arrays are implicitly converted to
# `tf.Tensor`.
def h(...):
  return 37.0, ["Foo", "Bar", "Baz"], np.array([1.0, 2.0] dtype=np.float64)
result = dataset.map(h)
result.output_classes == (tf.Tensor, tf.Tensor, tf.Tensor)
result.output_types == (tf.float32, tf.string, tf.float64)
result.output_shapes == ([], [3], [2])

# `map_func` can return nested structures.
def i(...):
  return {"a": 37.0, "b": [42, 16]}, "foo"
result.output_classes == ({"a": tf.Tensor, "b": tf.Tensor}, tf.Tensor)
result.output_types == ({"a": tf.float32, "b": tf.int32}, tf.string)
result.output_shapes == ({"a": [], "b": [2]}, [])

In addition to tf.Tensor objects, map_func can accept as arguments and return tf.SparseTensor objects.

Note that irrespective of the context in which map_func is defined (eager vs. graph), tf.data traces the function and executes it as a graph. To use Python code inside of the function you have two options:

1) Rely on AutoGraph to convert Python code into an equivalent graph computation. The downside of this approach is that AutoGraph can convert some but not all Python code.

2) Use tf.py_function, which allows you to write arbitrary Python code but will generally result in worse performance than 1).

Args:

  • map_func: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes and types defined by self.output_shapes and self.output_types) to another nested structure of tensors.
  • num_parallel_calls: (Optional.) A tf.int32 scalar tf.Tensor, representing the number elements to process asynchronously in parallel. If not specified, elements will be processed sequentially. If the value tf.data.experimental.AUTOTUNE is used, then the number of parallel calls is set dynamically based on available CPU.

Returns:

  • Dataset: A Dataset.

options

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options()

Returns the options for this dataset and its inputs.

Returns:

A tf.data.Options object representing the dataset options.

padded_batch

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padded_batch(
    batch_size,
    padded_shapes,
    padding_values=None,
    drop_remainder=False
)

Combines consecutive elements of this dataset into padded batches.

This transformation combines multiple consecutive elements of the input dataset into a single element.

Like tf.data.Dataset.batch, the tensors in the resulting element will