Hướng dẫn về thành phần TFX Keras

Sử dụng bộ sưu tập để sắp xếp ngăn nắp các trang Lưu và phân loại nội dung dựa trên lựa chọn ưu tiên của bạn.

Giới thiệu từng thành phần về TensorFlow Extended (TFX)

Hướng dẫn dựa trên Colab này sẽ tương tác đi qua từng thành phần được tích hợp sẵn của TensorFlow Extended (TFX).

Nó bao gồm mọi bước trong quy trình học máy từ đầu đến cuối, từ nhập dữ liệu đến đẩy mô hình để phân phát.

Khi bạn hoàn tất, nội dung của sổ ghi chép này có thể được xuất tự động dưới dạng mã nguồn đường ống TFX, mà bạn có thể điều phối với Apache Airflow và Apache Beam.

Lý lịch

Sổ tay này trình bày cách sử dụng TFX trong môi trường Jupyter / Colab. Ở đây, chúng ta xem qua ví dụ về Taxi Chicago trong một sổ ghi chép tương tác.

Làm việc trong sổ ghi chép tương tác là một cách hữu ích để làm quen với cấu trúc của đường dẫn TFX. Nó cũng hữu ích khi thực hiện phát triển các đường ống của riêng bạn như một môi trường phát triển nhẹ, nhưng bạn nên biết rằng có sự khác biệt trong cách sắp xếp các sổ ghi chép tương tác và cách chúng truy cập các tạo tác siêu dữ liệu.

Dàn nhạc

Trong quá trình triển khai sản xuất TFX, bạn sẽ sử dụng một bộ điều phối như Apache Airflow, Kubeflow Pipelines hoặc Apache Beam để sắp xếp một biểu đồ đường ống được xác định trước của các thành phần TFX. Trong sổ ghi chép tương tác, chính sổ ghi chép là bộ điều phối, chạy từng thành phần TFX khi bạn thực thi các ô sổ ghi chép.

metadata

Trong triển khai sản xuất TFX, bạn sẽ truy cập siêu dữ liệu thông qua API siêu dữ liệu ML (MLMD). MLMD lưu trữ các thuộc tính siêu dữ liệu trong cơ sở dữ liệu như MySQL hoặc SQLite và lưu trữ các trọng tải siêu dữ liệu trong một kho lưu trữ liên tục như trên hệ thống tệp của bạn. Trong một máy tính xách tay tương tác, cả hai tính chất và trọng tải được lưu trữ trong một cơ sở dữ liệu SQLite phù du trong /tmp thư mục trên máy tính xách tay hoặc máy chủ Jupyter Colab.

Thành lập

Đầu tiên, chúng tôi cài đặt và nhập các gói cần thiết, thiết lập đường dẫn và tải xuống dữ liệu.

Nâng cấp Pip

Để tránh nâng cấp Pip trong hệ thống khi chạy cục bộ, hãy kiểm tra để đảm bảo rằng chúng tôi đang chạy trong Colab. Hệ thống cục bộ tất nhiên có thể được nâng cấp riêng.

try:
  import colab
  !pip install --upgrade pip
except:
  pass

Cài đặt TFX

pip install -U tfx

Bạn có khởi động lại thời gian chạy không?

Nếu bạn đang sử dụng Google Colab, lần đầu tiên bạn chạy ô ở trên, bạn phải khởi động lại thời gian chạy (Runtime> Restart runtime ...). Điều này là do cách Colab tải các gói.

Nhập gói

Chúng tôi nhập các gói cần thiết, bao gồm các lớp thành phần TFX tiêu chuẩn.

import os
import pprint
import tempfile
import urllib

import absl
import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma
tf.get_logger().propagate = False
pp = pprint.PrettyPrinter()

from tfx import v1 as tfx
from tfx.orchestration.experimental.interactive.interactive_context import InteractiveContext

%load_ext tfx.orchestration.experimental.interactive.notebook_extensions.skip

Hãy kiểm tra các phiên bản thư viện.

print('TensorFlow version: {}'.format(tf.__version__))
print('TFX version: {}'.format(tfx.__version__))
TensorFlow version: 2.7.0
TFX version: 1.5.0

Thiết lập đường dẫn đường ống

# This is the root directory for your TFX pip package installation.
_tfx_root = tfx.__path__[0]

# This is the directory containing the TFX Chicago Taxi Pipeline example.
_taxi_root = os.path.join(_tfx_root, 'examples/chicago_taxi_pipeline')

# This is the path where your model will be pushed for serving.
_serving_model_dir = os.path.join(
    tempfile.mkdtemp(), 'serving_model/taxi_simple')

# Set up logging.
absl.logging.set_verbosity(absl.logging.INFO)

Tải xuống dữ liệu mẫu

Chúng tôi tải xuống tập dữ liệu mẫu để sử dụng trong đường dẫn TFX của chúng tôi.

Bộ dữ liệu chúng tôi đang sử dụng là Taxi Trips bộ dữ liệu phát hành bởi các thành phố Chicago. Các cột trong tập dữ liệu này là:

pickup_community_area giá vé trip_start_month
trip_start_hour trip_start_day trip_start_timestamp
pickup_latitude pickup_longitude dropoff_latitude
dropoff_longitude trip_miles Pick_census_tract
dropoff_census_tract hình thức thanh toán Công ty
trip_seconds dropoff_community_area lời khuyên

Với số liệu này, chúng tôi sẽ xây dựng một mô hình dự báo tips của một chuyến đi.

_data_root = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='tfx-data')
DATA_PATH = 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/tfx/master/tfx/examples/chicago_taxi_pipeline/data/simple/data.csv'
_data_filepath = os.path.join(_data_root, "data.csv")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(DATA_PATH, _data_filepath)
('/tmp/tfx-datacz9xjro6/data.csv', <http.client.HTTPMessage at 0x7f889af49250>)

Hãy xem nhanh tệp CSV.

head {_data_filepath}
pickup_community_area,fare,trip_start_month,trip_start_hour,trip_start_day,trip_start_timestamp,pickup_latitude,pickup_longitude,dropoff_latitude,dropoff_longitude,trip_miles,pickup_census_tract,dropoff_census_tract,payment_type,company,trip_seconds,dropoff_community_area,tips
,12.45,5,19,6,1400269500,,,,,0.0,,,Credit Card,Chicago Elite Cab Corp. (Chicago Carriag,0,,0.0
,0,3,19,5,1362683700,,,,,0,,,Unknown,Chicago Elite Cab Corp.,300,,0
60,27.05,10,2,3,1380593700,41.836150155,-87.648787952,,,12.6,,,Cash,Taxi Affiliation Services,1380,,0.0
10,5.85,10,1,2,1382319000,41.985015101,-87.804532006,,,0.0,,,Cash,Taxi Affiliation Services,180,,0.0
14,16.65,5,7,5,1369897200,41.968069,-87.721559063,,,0.0,,,Cash,Dispatch Taxi Affiliation,1080,,0.0
13,16.45,11,12,3,1446554700,41.983636307,-87.723583185,,,6.9,,,Cash,,780,,0.0
16,32.05,12,1,1,1417916700,41.953582125,-87.72345239,,,15.4,,,Cash,,1200,,0.0
30,38.45,10,10,5,1444301100,41.839086906,-87.714003807,,,14.6,,,Cash,,2580,,0.0
11,14.65,1,1,3,1358213400,41.978829526,-87.771166703,,,5.81,,,Cash,,1080,,0.0

Tuyên bố từ chối trách nhiệm: Trang web này cung cấp các ứng dụng sử dụng dữ liệu đã được sửa đổi để sử dụng từ nguồn ban đầu của nó, www.cityofchi Chicago.org, trang web chính thức của Thành phố Chicago. Thành phố Chicago không tuyên bố về nội dung, tính chính xác, kịp thời hoặc đầy đủ của bất kỳ dữ liệu nào được cung cấp tại trang web này. Dữ liệu được cung cấp tại trang web này có thể thay đổi bất cứ lúc nào. Điều này được hiểu rằng dữ liệu được cung cấp tại trang web này đang được sử dụng và tự chịu rủi ro.

Tạo InteractiveContext

Cuối cùng, chúng tôi tạo một InteractiveContext, cho phép chúng tôi chạy các thành phần TFX một cách tương tác trong sổ ghi chép này.

# Here, we create an InteractiveContext using default parameters. This will
# use a temporary directory with an ephemeral ML Metadata database instance.
# To use your own pipeline root or database, the optional properties
# `pipeline_root` and `metadata_connection_config` may be passed to
# InteractiveContext. Calls to InteractiveContext are no-ops outside of the
# notebook.
context = InteractiveContext()
WARNING:absl:InteractiveContext pipeline_root argument not provided: using temporary directory /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq as root for pipeline outputs.
WARNING:absl:InteractiveContext metadata_connection_config not provided: using SQLite ML Metadata database at /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/metadata.sqlite.

Chạy các thành phần TFX một cách tương tác

Trong các ô tiếp theo, chúng tôi tạo từng thành phần TFX, chạy từng ô trong số chúng và trực quan hóa các tạo tác đầu ra của chúng.

ExampleGen

Các ExampleGen thành phần thường là vào lúc bắt đầu của một đường ống TFX. Nó sẽ:

  1. Chia dữ liệu thành các nhóm đào tạo và đánh giá (theo mặc định, 2/3 đào tạo + 1/3 đánh giá)
  2. Dữ liệu Chuyển đổi vào tf.Example định dạng (tìm hiểu thêm ở đây )
  3. Sao chép dữ liệu vào _tfx_root thư mục cho các thành phần khác để truy cập

ExampleGen mất như là đầu vào đường dẫn đến nguồn dữ liệu của bạn. Trong trường hợp của chúng tôi, đây là _data_root con đường có chứa các CSV tải.

example_gen = tfx.components.CsvExampleGen(input_base=_data_root)
context.run(example_gen)
INFO:absl:Running driver for CsvExampleGen
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:select span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:latest span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:Running executor for CsvExampleGen
INFO:absl:Generating examples.
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
INFO:absl:Processing input csv data /tmp/tfx-datacz9xjro6/* to TFExample.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
INFO:absl:Examples generated.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for CsvExampleGen
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Hãy kiểm tra các hiện vật đầu ra của ExampleGen . Thành phần này tạo ra hai hiện vật, ví dụ đào tạo và ví dụ đánh giá:

artifact = example_gen.outputs['examples'].get()[0]
print(artifact.split_names, artifact.uri)
["train", "eval"] /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/CsvExampleGen/examples/1

Chúng ta cũng có thể xem qua ba ví dụ đào tạo đầu tiên:

# Get the URI of the output artifact representing the training examples, which is a directory
train_uri = os.path.join(example_gen.outputs['examples'].get()[0].uri, 'Split-train')

# Get the list of files in this directory (all compressed TFRecord files)
tfrecord_filenames = [os.path.join(train_uri, name)
                      for name in os.listdir(train_uri)]

# Create a `TFRecordDataset` to read these files
dataset = tf.data.TFRecordDataset(tfrecord_filenames, compression_type="GZIP")

# Iterate over the first 3 records and decode them.
for tfrecord in dataset.take(3):
  serialized_example = tfrecord.numpy()
  example = tf.train.Example()
  example.ParseFromString(serialized_example)
  pp.pprint(example)
features {
  feature {
    key: "company"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "Chicago Elite Cab Corp. (Chicago Carriag"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_latitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_longitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "fare"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 12.449999809265137
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "payment_type"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "Credit Card"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_latitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_longitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "tips"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_miles"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_seconds"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_day"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_hour"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 19
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_month"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 5
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_timestamp"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1400269500
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "company"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "Taxi Affiliation Services"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_latitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_longitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "fare"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 27.049999237060547
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "payment_type"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "Cash"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 60
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_latitude"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 41.836151123046875
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_longitude"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: -87.64878845214844
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "tips"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_miles"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 12.600000381469727
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_seconds"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1380
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_day"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 3
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_hour"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 2
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_month"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 10
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_timestamp"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1380593700
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "company"
    value {
      bytes_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_latitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_longitude"
    value {
      float_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "fare"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 16.450000762939453
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "payment_type"
    value {
      bytes_list {
        value: "Cash"
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 13
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_latitude"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 41.98363494873047
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_longitude"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: -87.72357940673828
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "tips"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_miles"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 6.900000095367432
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_seconds"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 780
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_day"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 3
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_hour"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 12
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_month"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 11
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_timestamp"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1446554700
      }
    }
  }
}

Bây giờ ExampleGen đã xong nuốt dữ liệu, bước tiếp theo là phân tích dữ liệu.

StatisticsGen

Các StatisticsGen tính thành phần thống kê trên dữ liệu của bạn để phân tích dữ liệu, cũng như để sử dụng trong các thành phần hạ lưu. Nó sử dụng TensorFlow Data Validation thư viện.

StatisticsGen mất như nhập dữ liệu chúng tôi chỉ ăn sử dụng ExampleGen .

statistics_gen = tfx.components.StatisticsGen(
    examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'])
context.run(statistics_gen)
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Running driver for StatisticsGen
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for StatisticsGen
INFO:absl:Generating statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Statistics for split train written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/StatisticsGen/statistics/2/Split-train.
INFO:absl:Generating statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Statistics for split eval written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/StatisticsGen/statistics/2/Split-eval.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for StatisticsGen
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Sau StatisticsGen ngừng chạy, chúng ta có thể hình dung thống kê outputted. Hãy thử chơi với các âm mưu khác nhau!

context.show(statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'])

SchemaGen

Các SchemaGen thành phần tạo ra một sơ đồ dựa trên thống kê dữ liệu của bạn. (Lược đồ xác định ranh giới dự kiến, chủng loại, và tính chất của các tính năng trong bộ dữ liệu của bạn.) Nó cũng sử dụng các TensorFlow Data Validation thư viện.

SchemaGen sẽ mất đầu vào số liệu thống kê mà chúng ta tạo ra với StatisticsGen , nhìn vào sự chia rẽ đào tạo theo mặc định.

schema_gen = tfx.components.SchemaGen(
    statistics=statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'],
    infer_feature_shape=False)
context.run(schema_gen)
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Running driver for SchemaGen
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for SchemaGen
INFO:absl:Processing schema from statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Processing schema from statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Schema written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/SchemaGen/schema/3/schema.pbtxt.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for SchemaGen
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Sau SchemaGen kết thúc hoạt động, chúng ta có thể hình dung sơ đồ được tạo ra như một bảng.

context.show(schema_gen.outputs['schema'])

Mỗi tính năng trong tập dữ liệu của bạn hiển thị dưới dạng một hàng trong bảng giản đồ, cùng với các thuộc tính của nó. Lược đồ cũng ghi lại tất cả các giá trị mà một đối tượng phân loại đảm nhận, được ký hiệu là miền của nó.

Để tìm hiểu thêm về schemas, xem tài liệu SchemaGen .

ExampleValidator

Các ExampleValidator phần phát hiện bất thường trong dữ liệu của bạn, dựa trên sự mong đợi được định nghĩa bởi giản đồ. Nó cũng sử dụng các TensorFlow Data Validation thư viện.

ExampleValidator sẽ mất đầu vào số liệu thống kê từ StatisticsGen , và giản đồ từ SchemaGen .

example_validator = tfx.components.ExampleValidator(
    statistics=statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'],
    schema=schema_gen.outputs['schema'])
context.run(example_validator)
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Running driver for ExampleValidator
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for ExampleValidator
INFO:absl:Validating schema against the computed statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Validation complete for split train. Anomalies written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/ExampleValidator/anomalies/4/Split-train.
INFO:absl:Validating schema against the computed statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Validation complete for split eval. Anomalies written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/ExampleValidator/anomalies/4/Split-eval.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for ExampleValidator
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Sau ExampleValidator kết thúc hoạt động, chúng ta có thể hình dung dị như một bảng.

context.show(example_validator.outputs['anomalies'])

Trong bảng dị thường, chúng ta có thể thấy rằng không có dị thường. Đây là những gì chúng tôi mong đợi, vì đây là tập dữ liệu đầu tiên mà chúng tôi đã phân tích và lược đồ được điều chỉnh cho phù hợp với nó. Bạn nên xem lại giản đồ này - bất kỳ điều gì không mong muốn đều có nghĩa là bất thường trong dữ liệu. Sau khi được xem xét, lược đồ có thể được sử dụng để bảo vệ dữ liệu trong tương lai và các điểm bất thường được tạo ra ở đây có thể được sử dụng để gỡ lỗi hiệu suất mô hình, hiểu cách dữ liệu của bạn phát triển theo thời gian và xác định lỗi dữ liệu.

Biến đổi

Các Transform Thực hiện thành phần tính năng kỹ thuật cho cả đào tạo và phục vụ. Nó sử dụng TensorFlow Chuyển đổi thư viện.

Transform sẽ mất như nhập dữ liệu từ ExampleGen , lược đồ từ SchemaGen , cũng như một module có chứa người dùng xác định chuyển đổi mã.

Chúng ta hãy xem một ví dụ về người dùng định nghĩa Chuyển đổi mã dưới đây (đối với một giới thiệu về các TensorFlow Biến đổi API, xem hướng dẫn ). Đầu tiên, chúng tôi xác định một số hằng số cho kỹ thuật tính năng:

_taxi_constants_module_file = 'taxi_constants.py'
%%writefile {_taxi_constants_module_file}

# Categorical features are assumed to each have a maximum value in the dataset.
MAX_CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_VALUES = [24, 31, 12]

CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS = [
    'trip_start_hour', 'trip_start_day', 'trip_start_month',
    'pickup_census_tract', 'dropoff_census_tract', 'pickup_community_area',
    'dropoff_community_area'
]

DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS = ['trip_miles', 'fare', 'trip_seconds']

# Number of buckets used by tf.transform for encoding each feature.
FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT = 10

BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS = [
    'pickup_latitude', 'pickup_longitude', 'dropoff_latitude',
    'dropoff_longitude'
]

# Number of vocabulary terms used for encoding VOCAB_FEATURES by tf.transform
VOCAB_SIZE = 1000

# Count of out-of-vocab buckets in which unrecognized VOCAB_FEATURES are hashed.
OOV_SIZE = 10

VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS = [
    'payment_type',
    'company',
]

# Keys
LABEL_KEY = 'tips'
FARE_KEY = 'fare'
Writing taxi_constants.py

Tiếp theo, chúng ta viết một preprocessing_fn mà mất trong dữ liệu thô như đầu vào, và trả về tính năng chuyển đổi mô hình của chúng tôi có thể đào tạo về:

_taxi_transform_module_file = 'taxi_transform.py'
%%writefile {_taxi_transform_module_file}

import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_transform as tft

import taxi_constants

_DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS
_VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS
_VOCAB_SIZE = taxi_constants.VOCAB_SIZE
_OOV_SIZE = taxi_constants.OOV_SIZE
_FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT = taxi_constants.FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT
_BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS
_CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS
_FARE_KEY = taxi_constants.FARE_KEY
_LABEL_KEY = taxi_constants.LABEL_KEY


def preprocessing_fn(inputs):
  """tf.transform's callback function for preprocessing inputs.
  Args:
    inputs: map from feature keys to raw not-yet-transformed features.
  Returns:
    Map from string feature key to transformed feature operations.
  """
  outputs = {}
  for key in _DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS:
    # If sparse make it dense, setting nan's to 0 or '', and apply zscore.
    outputs[key] = tft.scale_to_z_score(
        _fill_in_missing(inputs[key]))

  for key in _VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS:
    # Build a vocabulary for this feature.
    outputs[key] = tft.compute_and_apply_vocabulary(
        _fill_in_missing(inputs[key]),
        top_k=_VOCAB_SIZE,
        num_oov_buckets=_OOV_SIZE)

  for key in _BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS:
    outputs[key] = tft.bucketize(
        _fill_in_missing(inputs[key]), _FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT)

  for key in _CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS:
    outputs[key] = _fill_in_missing(inputs[key])

  # Was this passenger a big tipper?
  taxi_fare = _fill_in_missing(inputs[_FARE_KEY])
  tips = _fill_in_missing(inputs[_LABEL_KEY])
  outputs[_LABEL_KEY] = tf.where(
      tf.math.is_nan(taxi_fare),
      tf.cast(tf.zeros_like(taxi_fare), tf.int64),
      # Test if the tip was > 20% of the fare.
      tf.cast(
          tf.greater(tips, tf.multiply(taxi_fare, tf.constant(0.2))), tf.int64))

  return outputs


def _fill_in_missing(x):
  """Replace missing values in a SparseTensor.
  Fills in missing values of `x` with '' or 0, and converts to a dense tensor.
  Args:
    x: A `SparseTensor` of rank 2.  Its dense shape should have size at most 1
      in the second dimension.
  Returns:
    A rank 1 tensor where missing values of `x` have been filled in.
  """
  if not isinstance(x, tf.sparse.SparseTensor):
    return x

  default_value = '' if x.dtype == tf.string else 0
  return tf.squeeze(
      tf.sparse.to_dense(
          tf.SparseTensor(x.indices, x.values, [x.dense_shape[0], 1]),
          default_value),
      axis=1)
Writing taxi_transform.py

Bây giờ, chúng tôi vượt qua trong mã tính năng kỹ thuật này để Transform thành phần và chạy nó để chuyển đổi dữ liệu của bạn.

transform = tfx.components.Transform(
    examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
    schema=schema_gen.outputs['schema'],
    module_file=os.path.abspath(_taxi_transform_module_file))
context.run(transform)
INFO:absl:Generating ephemeral wheel package for '/tmpfs/src/temp/docs/tutorials/tfx/taxi_transform.py' (including modules: ['taxi_transform', 'taxi_constants']).
INFO:absl:User module package has hash fingerprint version f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '/tmp/tmp9qnpryw9/_tfx_generated_setup.py', 'bdist_wheel', '--bdist-dir', '/tmp/tmppaskl3va', '--dist-dir', '/tmp/tmpr6oorqji']
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py:37: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: setup.py install is deprecated. Use build and pip and other standards-based tools.
  setuptools.SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning,
INFO:absl:Successfully built user code wheel distribution at '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl'; target user module is 'taxi_transform'.
INFO:absl:Full user module path is 'taxi_transform@/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl'
INFO:absl:Running driver for Transform
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for Transform
INFO:absl:Analyze the 'train' split and transform all splits when splits_config is not set.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'module_file': None, 'module_path': 'taxi_transform@/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl', 'preprocessing_fn': None} 'preprocessing_fn'
INFO:absl:Installing '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmpbvbj9r5b', '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl']
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying taxi_transform.py -> build/lib
copying taxi_constants.py -> build/lib
running install
running install_lib
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Transform.egg-info to /tmp/tmppaskl3va/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'module_file': None, 'module_path': 'taxi_transform@/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl', 'stats_options_updater_fn': None} 'stats_options_updater_fn'
INFO:absl:Installing '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmpbzwdie1a', '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl']
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Transform
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:Installing '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmp09euava5', '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl']
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Transform
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Transform
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Transform-0.0+f78e5f6b4988b5d5289aab277eceaff03bd38343154c2f602e06d95c6acd5424
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow_transform/tf_utils.py:289: Tensor.experimental_ref (from tensorflow.python.framework.ops) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use ref() instead.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
WARNING:root:This output type hint will be ignored and not used for type-checking purposes. Typically, output type hints for a PTransform are single (or nested) types wrapped by a PCollection, PDone, or None. Got: Tuple[Dict[str, Union[NoneType, _Dataset]], Union[Dict[str, Dict[str, PCollection]], NoneType], int] instead.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
WARNING:absl:Tables initialized inside a tf.function  will be re-initialized on every invocation of the function. This  re-initialization can have significant impact on performance. Consider lifting  them out of the graph context using  `tf.init_scope`.: compute_and_apply_vocabulary/apply_vocab/text_file_init/InitializeTableFromTextFileV2
WARNING:absl:Tables initialized inside a tf.function  will be re-initialized on every invocation of the function. This  re-initialization can have significant impact on performance. Consider lifting  them out of the graph context using  `tf.init_scope`.: compute_and_apply_vocabulary_1/apply_vocab/text_file_init/InitializeTableFromTextFileV2
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
WARNING:absl:Tables initialized inside a tf.function  will be re-initialized on every invocation of the function. This  re-initialization can have significant impact on performance. Consider lifting  them out of the graph context using  `tf.init_scope`.: compute_and_apply_vocabulary/apply_vocab/text_file_init/InitializeTableFromTextFileV2
WARNING:absl:Tables initialized inside a tf.function  will be re-initialized on every invocation of the function. This  re-initialization can have significant impact on performance. Consider lifting  them out of the graph context using  `tf.init_scope`.: compute_and_apply_vocabulary_1/apply_vocab/text_file_init/InitializeTableFromTextFileV2
WARNING:root:This output type hint will be ignored and not used for type-checking purposes. Typically, output type hints for a PTransform are single (or nested) types wrapped by a PCollection, PDone, or None. Got: Tuple[Dict[str, Union[NoneType, _Dataset]], Union[Dict[str, Dict[str, PCollection]], NoneType], int] instead.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature company has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_timestamp has no shape. Setting to VarLenSparseTensor.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
2021-12-21 10:10:18.679569: W tensorflow/python/util/util.cc:368] Sets are not currently considered sequences, but this may change in the future, so consider avoiding using them.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/transform_graph/5/.temp_path/tftransform_tmp/80dbc09e6ded4a93b5c506e252c8f536/assets
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_text is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_decision_forests is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:struct2tensor is not available.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/transform_graph/5/.temp_path/tftransform_tmp/572eacb7c64f4f6e9262f7d496a95f86/assets
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:absl:If the number of unique tokens is smaller than the provided top_k or approximation error is acceptable, consider using tft.experimental.approximate_vocabulary for a potentially more efficient implementation.
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_text is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_decision_forests is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:struct2tensor is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_text is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_decision_forests is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:struct2tensor is not available.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for Transform
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Hãy kiểm tra các hiện vật đầu ra của Transform . Thành phần này tạo ra hai loại đầu ra:

  • transform_graph là đồ thị có thể thực hiện các thao tác tiền xử lý (biểu đồ này sẽ được đưa vào các mô hình phục vụ và đánh giá).
  • transformed_examples đại diện cho công tác đào tạo và đánh giá dữ liệu xử lý trước.
transform.outputs
{'transform_graph': Channel(
     type_name: TransformGraph
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 5
 type_id: 22
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/transform_graph/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "transform_graph"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 22
 name: "TransformGraph"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'transformed_examples': Channel(
     type_name: Examples
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 6
 type_id: 14
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/transformed_examples/5"
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value {
     string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "transformed_examples"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 14
 name: "Examples"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 properties {
   key: "version"
   value: INT
 }
 base_type: DATASET
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'updated_analyzer_cache': Channel(
     type_name: TransformCache
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 7
 type_id: 23
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/updated_analyzer_cache/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "updated_analyzer_cache"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 23
 name: "TransformCache"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'pre_transform_schema': Channel(
     type_name: Schema
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 8
 type_id: 18
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/pre_transform_schema/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "pre_transform_schema"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 18
 name: "Schema"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'pre_transform_stats': Channel(
     type_name: ExampleStatistics
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 9
 type_id: 16
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/pre_transform_stats/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "pre_transform_stats"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 16
 name: "ExampleStatistics"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 base_type: STATISTICS
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'post_transform_schema': Channel(
     type_name: Schema
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 10
 type_id: 18
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/post_transform_schema/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "post_transform_schema"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 18
 name: "Schema"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'post_transform_stats': Channel(
     type_name: ExampleStatistics
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 11
 type_id: 16
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/post_transform_stats/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "post_transform_stats"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 16
 name: "ExampleStatistics"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 base_type: STATISTICS
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'post_transform_anomalies': Channel(
     type_name: ExampleAnomalies
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 12
 type_id: 20
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Transform/post_transform_anomalies/5"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "post_transform_anomalies"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Transform"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 20
 name: "ExampleAnomalies"
 properties {
   key: "span"
   value: INT
 }
 properties {
   key: "split_names"
   value: STRING
 }
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 )}

Đi một peek tại transform_graph artifact. Nó trỏ đến một thư mục chứa ba thư mục con.

train_uri = transform.outputs['transform_graph'].get()[0].uri
os.listdir(train_uri)
['transform_fn', 'transformed_metadata', 'metadata']

Các transformed_metadata thư mục con chứa các lược đồ của các dữ liệu xử lý trước. Các transform_fn thư mục con chứa đồ thị tiền xử lý thực tế. Các metadata thư mục con chứa các giản đồ của dữ liệu gốc.

Chúng ta cũng có thể xem qua ba ví dụ được chuyển đổi đầu tiên:

# Get the URI of the output artifact representing the transformed examples, which is a directory
train_uri = os.path.join(transform.outputs['transformed_examples'].get()[0].uri, 'Split-train')

# Get the list of files in this directory (all compressed TFRecord files)
tfrecord_filenames = [os.path.join(train_uri, name)
                      for name in os.listdir(train_uri)]

# Create a `TFRecordDataset` to read these files
dataset = tf.data.TFRecordDataset(tfrecord_filenames, compression_type="GZIP")

# Iterate over the first 3 records and decode them.
for tfrecord in dataset.take(3):
  serialized_example = tfrecord.numpy()
  example = tf.train.Example()
  example.ParseFromString(serialized_example)
  pp.pprint(example)
features {
  feature {
    key: "company"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 8
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_latitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_longitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 9
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "fare"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.061060599982738495
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "payment_type"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 1
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_latitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_longitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 9
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "tips"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_miles"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: -0.15886741876602173
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_seconds"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: -0.7118487358093262
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_day"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_hour"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 19
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_month"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "company"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_latitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_longitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 9
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "fare"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 1.2521240711212158
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "payment_type"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 60
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_latitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_longitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 3
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "tips"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_miles"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.532160758972168
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_seconds"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.5509493350982666
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_day"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 3
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_hour"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 2
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_month"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 10
      }
    }
  }
}

features {
  feature {
    key: "company"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 48
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_latitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "dropoff_longitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 9
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "fare"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.3873794376850128
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "payment_type"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_census_tract"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_community_area"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 13
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_latitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 9
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "pickup_longitude"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "tips"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 0
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_miles"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.21955277025699615
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_seconds"
    value {
      float_list {
        value: 0.0019067146349698305
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_day"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 3
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_hour"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 12
      }
    }
  }
  feature {
    key: "trip_start_month"
    value {
      int64_list {
        value: 11
      }
    }
  }
}

Sau khi Transform thành phần đã chuyển đổi dữ liệu của bạn vào tính năng, và bước tiếp theo là đào tạo một mô hình.

Huấn luyện viên

Các Trainer phần sẽ đào tạo một mô hình mà bạn xác định trong TensorFlow. Mặc định hỗ trợ Trainer Estimator API, sử dụng Keras API, bạn cần phải xác định Generic Trainer bởi thiết lập custom_executor_spec=executor_spec.ExecutorClassSpec(GenericExecutor) trong contructor Trainer của.

Trainer mất như là đầu vào giản đồ từ SchemaGen , dữ liệu chuyển đổi và đồ thị từ Transform , đào tạo các thông số, cũng như một module có chứa người dùng xác định mã số mô hình.

Chúng ta hãy xem một ví dụ về mã mô hình người dùng định nghĩa dưới đây (cho một giới thiệu về các Keras API TensorFlow, xem hướng dẫn ):

_taxi_trainer_module_file = 'taxi_trainer.py'
%%writefile {_taxi_trainer_module_file}

from typing import List, Text

import os
from absl import logging

import datetime
import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_transform as tft

from tfx import v1 as tfx
from tfx_bsl.public import tfxio

import taxi_constants

_DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS
_VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS
_VOCAB_SIZE = taxi_constants.VOCAB_SIZE
_OOV_SIZE = taxi_constants.OOV_SIZE
_FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT = taxi_constants.FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT
_BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS
_CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS = taxi_constants.CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS
_MAX_CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_VALUES = taxi_constants.MAX_CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_VALUES
_LABEL_KEY = taxi_constants.LABEL_KEY


def _get_tf_examples_serving_signature(model, tf_transform_output):
  """Returns a serving signature that accepts `tensorflow.Example`."""

  # We need to track the layers in the model in order to save it.
  # TODO(b/162357359): Revise once the bug is resolved.
  model.tft_layer_inference = tf_transform_output.transform_features_layer()

  @tf.function(input_signature=[
      tf.TensorSpec(shape=[None], dtype=tf.string, name='examples')
  ])
  def serve_tf_examples_fn(serialized_tf_example):
    """Returns the output to be used in the serving signature."""
    raw_feature_spec = tf_transform_output.raw_feature_spec()
    # Remove label feature since these will not be present at serving time.
    raw_feature_spec.pop(_LABEL_KEY)
    raw_features = tf.io.parse_example(serialized_tf_example, raw_feature_spec)
    transformed_features = model.tft_layer_inference(raw_features)
    logging.info('serve_transformed_features = %s', transformed_features)

    outputs = model(transformed_features)
    # TODO(b/154085620): Convert the predicted labels from the model using a
    # reverse-lookup (opposite of transform.py).
    return {'outputs': outputs}

  return serve_tf_examples_fn


def _get_transform_features_signature(model, tf_transform_output):
  """Returns a serving signature that applies tf.Transform to features."""

  # We need to track the layers in the model in order to save it.
  # TODO(b/162357359): Revise once the bug is resolved.
  model.tft_layer_eval = tf_transform_output.transform_features_layer()

  @tf.function(input_signature=[
      tf.TensorSpec(shape=[None], dtype=tf.string, name='examples')
  ])
  def transform_features_fn(serialized_tf_example):
    """Returns the transformed_features to be fed as input to evaluator."""
    raw_feature_spec = tf_transform_output.raw_feature_spec()
    raw_features = tf.io.parse_example(serialized_tf_example, raw_feature_spec)
    transformed_features = model.tft_layer_eval(raw_features)
    logging.info('eval_transformed_features = %s', transformed_features)
    return transformed_features

  return transform_features_fn


def _input_fn(file_pattern: List[Text],
              data_accessor: tfx.components.DataAccessor,
              tf_transform_output: tft.TFTransformOutput,
              batch_size: int = 200) -> tf.data.Dataset:
  """Generates features and label for tuning/training.

  Args:
    file_pattern: List of paths or patterns of input tfrecord files.
    data_accessor: DataAccessor for converting input to RecordBatch.
    tf_transform_output: A TFTransformOutput.
    batch_size: representing the number of consecutive elements of returned
      dataset to combine in a single batch

  Returns:
    A dataset that contains (features, indices) tuple where features is a
      dictionary of Tensors, and indices is a single Tensor of label indices.
  """
  return data_accessor.tf_dataset_factory(
      file_pattern,
      tfxio.TensorFlowDatasetOptions(
          batch_size=batch_size, label_key=_LABEL_KEY),
      tf_transform_output.transformed_metadata.schema)


def _build_keras_model(hidden_units: List[int] = None) -> tf.keras.Model:
  """Creates a DNN Keras model for classifying taxi data.

  Args:
    hidden_units: [int], the layer sizes of the DNN (input layer first).

  Returns:
    A keras Model.
  """
  real_valued_columns = [
      tf.feature_column.numeric_column(key, shape=())
      for key in _DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS
  ]
  categorical_columns = [
      tf.feature_column.categorical_column_with_identity(
          key, num_buckets=_VOCAB_SIZE + _OOV_SIZE, default_value=0)
      for key in _VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS
  ]
  categorical_columns += [
      tf.feature_column.categorical_column_with_identity(
          key, num_buckets=_FEATURE_BUCKET_COUNT, default_value=0)
      for key in _BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS
  ]
  categorical_columns += [
      tf.feature_column.categorical_column_with_identity(  # pylint: disable=g-complex-comprehension
          key,
          num_buckets=num_buckets,
          default_value=0) for key, num_buckets in zip(
              _CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS,
              _MAX_CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_VALUES)
  ]
  indicator_column = [
      tf.feature_column.indicator_column(categorical_column)
      for categorical_column in categorical_columns
  ]

  model = _wide_and_deep_classifier(
      # TODO(b/139668410) replace with premade wide_and_deep keras model
      wide_columns=indicator_column,
      deep_columns=real_valued_columns,
      dnn_hidden_units=hidden_units or [100, 70, 50, 25])
  return model


def _wide_and_deep_classifier(wide_columns, deep_columns, dnn_hidden_units):
  """Build a simple keras wide and deep model.

  Args:
    wide_columns: Feature columns wrapped in indicator_column for wide (linear)
      part of the model.
    deep_columns: Feature columns for deep part of the model.
    dnn_hidden_units: [int], the layer sizes of the hidden DNN.

  Returns:
    A Wide and Deep Keras model
  """
  # Following values are hard coded for simplicity in this example,
  # However prefarably they should be passsed in as hparams.

  # Keras needs the feature definitions at compile time.
  # TODO(b/139081439): Automate generation of input layers from FeatureColumn.
  input_layers = {
      colname: tf.keras.layers.Input(name=colname, shape=(), dtype=tf.float32)
      for colname in _DENSE_FLOAT_FEATURE_KEYS
  }
  input_layers.update({
      colname: tf.keras.layers.Input(name=colname, shape=(), dtype='int32')
      for colname in _VOCAB_FEATURE_KEYS
  })
  input_layers.update({
      colname: tf.keras.layers.Input(name=colname, shape=(), dtype='int32')
      for colname in _BUCKET_FEATURE_KEYS
  })
  input_layers.update({
      colname: tf.keras.layers.Input(name=colname, shape=(), dtype='int32')
      for colname in _CATEGORICAL_FEATURE_KEYS
  })

  # TODO(b/161952382): Replace with Keras preprocessing layers.
  deep = tf.keras.layers.DenseFeatures(deep_columns)(input_layers)
  for numnodes in dnn_hidden_units:
    deep = tf.keras.layers.Dense(numnodes)(deep)
  wide = tf.keras.layers.DenseFeatures(wide_columns)(input_layers)

  output = tf.keras.layers.Dense(1)(
          tf.keras.layers.concatenate([deep, wide]))

  model = tf.keras.Model(input_layers, output)
  model.compile(
      loss=tf.keras.losses.BinaryCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
      optimizer=tf.keras.optimizers.Adam(lr=0.001),
      metrics=[tf.keras.metrics.BinaryAccuracy()])
  model.summary(print_fn=logging.info)
  return model


# TFX Trainer will call this function.
def run_fn(fn_args: tfx.components.FnArgs):
  """Train the model based on given args.

  Args:
    fn_args: Holds args used to train the model as name/value pairs.
  """
  # Number of nodes in the first layer of the DNN
  first_dnn_layer_size = 100
  num_dnn_layers = 4
  dnn_decay_factor = 0.7

  tf_transform_output = tft.TFTransformOutput(fn_args.transform_output)

  train_dataset = _input_fn(fn_args.train_files, fn_args.data_accessor, 
                            tf_transform_output, 40)
  eval_dataset = _input_fn(fn_args.eval_files, fn_args.data_accessor, 
                           tf_transform_output, 40)

  model = _build_keras_model(
      # Construct layers sizes with exponetial decay
      hidden_units=[
          max(2, int(first_dnn_layer_size * dnn_decay_factor**i))
          for i in range(num_dnn_layers)
      ])

  tensorboard_callback = tf.keras.callbacks.TensorBoard(
      log_dir=fn_args.model_run_dir, update_freq='batch')
  model.fit(
      train_dataset,
      steps_per_epoch=fn_args.train_steps,
      validation_data=eval_dataset,
      validation_steps=fn_args.eval_steps,
      callbacks=[tensorboard_callback])

  signatures = {
      'serving_default':
          _get_tf_examples_serving_signature(model, tf_transform_output),
      'transform_features':
          _get_transform_features_signature(model, tf_transform_output),
  }
  model.save(fn_args.serving_model_dir, save_format='tf', signatures=signatures)
Writing taxi_trainer.py

Bây giờ, chúng tôi vượt qua trong mã mô hình này để các Trainer thành phần và chạy nó để đào tạo mô hình.

trainer = tfx.components.Trainer(
    module_file=os.path.abspath(_taxi_trainer_module_file),
    examples=transform.outputs['transformed_examples'],
    transform_graph=transform.outputs['transform_graph'],
    schema=schema_gen.outputs['schema'],
    train_args=tfx.proto.TrainArgs(num_steps=10000),
    eval_args=tfx.proto.EvalArgs(num_steps=5000))
context.run(trainer)
INFO:absl:Generating ephemeral wheel package for '/tmpfs/src/temp/docs/tutorials/tfx/taxi_trainer.py' (including modules: ['taxi_transform', 'taxi_constants', 'taxi_trainer']).
INFO:absl:User module package has hash fingerprint version ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '/tmp/tmpzxd5b1yc/_tfx_generated_setup.py', 'bdist_wheel', '--bdist-dir', '/tmp/tmpbg9ly6tr', '--dist-dir', '/tmp/tmpx43qh690']
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py:37: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: setup.py install is deprecated. Use build and pip and other standards-based tools.
  setuptools.SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning,
INFO:absl:Successfully built user code wheel distribution at '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl'; target user module is 'taxi_trainer'.
INFO:absl:Full user module path is 'taxi_trainer@/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl'
INFO:absl:Running driver for Trainer
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for Trainer
INFO:absl:Train on the 'train' split when train_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Evaluate on the 'eval' split when eval_args.splits is not set.
WARNING:absl:Examples artifact does not have payload_format custom property. Falling back to FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE
WARNING:absl:Examples artifact does not have payload_format custom property. Falling back to FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE
WARNING:absl:Examples artifact does not have payload_format custom property. Falling back to FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'train_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 10000\n}', 'eval_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 5000\n}', 'module_file': None, 'run_fn': None, 'trainer_fn': None, 'custom_config': 'null', 'module_path': 'taxi_trainer@/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl'} 'run_fn'
INFO:absl:Installing '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmp1osq6e1x', '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl']
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying taxi_transform.py -> build/lib
copying taxi_constants.py -> build/lib
copying taxi_trainer.py -> build/lib
running install
running install_lib
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info to /tmp/tmpbg9ly6tr/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
Processing /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed '/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:Training model.
INFO:absl:Feature company has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Trainer
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Trainer-0.0+ace8eb563ff2ae66112acc05232b33344bcb925cdc0a0847df64c544323b99af
INFO:absl:Feature company has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature company has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature company has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature dropoff_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature fare has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature payment_type has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_census_tract has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_community_area has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_latitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature pickup_longitude has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature tips has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_miles has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_seconds has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_day has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_hour has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature trip_start_month has a shape . Setting to DenseTensor.
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/keras/optimizer_v2/adam.py:105: UserWarning: The `lr` argument is deprecated, use `learning_rate` instead.
  super(Adam, self).__init__(name, **kwargs)
INFO:absl:Model: "model"
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl: Layer (type)                   Output Shape         Param #     Connected to                     
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl: company (InputLayer)           [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dropoff_census_tract (InputLay  [(None,)]           0           []                               
INFO:absl: er)                                                                                              
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dropoff_community_area (InputL  [(None,)]           0           []                               
INFO:absl: ayer)                                                                                            
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dropoff_latitude (InputLayer)  [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dropoff_longitude (InputLayer)  [(None,)]           0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: fare (InputLayer)              [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: payment_type (InputLayer)      [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: pickup_census_tract (InputLaye  [(None,)]           0           []                               
INFO:absl: r)                                                                                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: pickup_community_area (InputLa  [(None,)]           0           []                               
INFO:absl: yer)                                                                                             
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: pickup_latitude (InputLayer)   [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: pickup_longitude (InputLayer)  [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: trip_miles (InputLayer)        [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: trip_seconds (InputLayer)      [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: trip_start_day (InputLayer)    [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: trip_start_hour (InputLayer)   [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: trip_start_month (InputLayer)  [(None,)]            0           []                               
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense_features (DenseFeatures)  (None, 3)           0           ['company[0][0]',                
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_census_tract[0][0]',   
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_community_area[0][0]', 
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_latitude[0][0]',       
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_longitude[0][0]',      
INFO:absl:                                                                  'fare[0][0]',                   
INFO:absl:                                                                  'payment_type[0][0]',           
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_census_tract[0][0]',    
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_community_area[0][0]',  
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_latitude[0][0]',        
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_longitude[0][0]',       
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_miles[0][0]',             
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_seconds[0][0]',           
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_start_day[0][0]',         
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_start_hour[0][0]',        
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_start_month[0][0]']       
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense (Dense)                  (None, 100)          400         ['dense_features[0][0]']         
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense_1 (Dense)                (None, 70)           7070        ['dense[0][0]']                  
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense_2 (Dense)                (None, 48)           3408        ['dense_1[0][0]']                
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense_3 (Dense)                (None, 34)           1666        ['dense_2[0][0]']                
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense_features_1 (DenseFeature  (None, 2127)        0           ['company[0][0]',                
INFO:absl: s)                                                               'dropoff_census_tract[0][0]',   
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_community_area[0][0]', 
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_latitude[0][0]',       
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dropoff_longitude[0][0]',      
INFO:absl:                                                                  'fare[0][0]',                   
INFO:absl:                                                                  'payment_type[0][0]',           
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_census_tract[0][0]',    
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_community_area[0][0]',  
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_latitude[0][0]',        
INFO:absl:                                                                  'pickup_longitude[0][0]',       
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_miles[0][0]',             
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_seconds[0][0]',           
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_start_day[0][0]',         
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_start_hour[0][0]',        
INFO:absl:                                                                  'trip_start_month[0][0]']       
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: concatenate (Concatenate)      (None, 2161)         0           ['dense_3[0][0]',                
INFO:absl:                                                                  'dense_features_1[0][0]']       
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl: dense_4 (Dense)                (None, 1)            2162        ['concatenate[0][0]']            
INFO:absl:                                                                                                  
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:Total params: 14,706
INFO:absl:Trainable params: 14,706
INFO:absl:Non-trainable params: 0
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
10000/10000 [==============================] - 100s 10ms/step - loss: 0.2372 - binary_accuracy: 0.8605 - val_loss: 0.2222 - val_binary_accuracy: 0.8709
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_text is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:tensorflow_decision_forests is not available.
INFO:tensorflow:struct2tensor is not available.
WARNING:tensorflow:AutoGraph could not transform <bound method Socket.send of <zmq.Socket(zmq.PUSH) at 0x7f88b5e27910>> and will run it as-is.
Please report this to the TensorFlow team. When filing the bug, set the verbosity to 10 (on Linux, `export AUTOGRAPH_VERBOSITY=10`) and attach the full output.
Cause: module, class, method, function, traceback, frame, or code object was expected, got cython_function_or_method
To silence this warning, decorate the function with @tf.autograph.experimental.do_not_convert
WARNING: AutoGraph could not transform <bound method Socket.send of <zmq.Socket(zmq.PUSH) at 0x7f88b5e27910>> and will run it as-is.
Please report this to the TensorFlow team. When filing the bug, set the verbosity to 10 (on Linux, `export AUTOGRAPH_VERBOSITY=10`) and attach the full output.
Cause: module, class, method, function, traceback, frame, or code object was expected, got cython_function_or_method
To silence this warning, decorate the function with @tf.autograph.experimental.do_not_convert
INFO:absl:serve_transformed_features = {'pickup_latitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:9' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'trip_start_hour': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:15' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'fare': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:5' shape=(None,) dtype=float32>, 'trip_miles': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:12' shape=(None,) dtype=float32>, 'trip_start_day': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:14' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_latitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:3' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'trip_start_month': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:16' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_community_area': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:2' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_longitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:4' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'payment_type': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:6' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'pickup_longitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:10' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'pickup_community_area': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:8' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'company': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:0' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'pickup_census_tract': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:7' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_census_tract': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:1' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'trip_seconds': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:13' shape=(None,) dtype=float32>}
INFO:absl:eval_transformed_features = {'pickup_latitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:9' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'trip_start_hour': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:15' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'fare': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:5' shape=(None,) dtype=float32>, 'trip_miles': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:12' shape=(None,) dtype=float32>, 'trip_start_day': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:14' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_latitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:3' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'trip_start_month': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:16' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_community_area': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:2' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_longitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:4' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'payment_type': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:6' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'pickup_longitude': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:10' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'pickup_community_area': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:8' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'company': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:0' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'pickup_census_tract': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:7' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'tips': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:11' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'dropoff_census_tract': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:1' shape=(None,) dtype=int64>, 'trip_seconds': <tf.Tensor 'transform_features_layer/StatefulPartitionedCall:13' shape=(None,) dtype=float32>}
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Trainer/model/6/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:absl:Training complete. Model written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Trainer/model/6/Format-Serving. ModelRun written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Trainer/model_run/6
INFO:absl:Running publisher for Trainer
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Phân tích đào tạo với TensorBoard

Xem qua hiện vật huấn luyện viên. Nó trỏ đến một thư mục chứa các thư mục con của mô hình.

model_artifact_dir = trainer.outputs['model'].get()[0].uri
pp.pprint(os.listdir(model_artifact_dir))
model_dir = os.path.join(model_artifact_dir, 'Format-Serving')
pp.pprint(os.listdir(model_dir))
['Format-Serving']
['variables', 'assets', 'keras_metadata.pb', 'saved_model.pb']

Theo tùy chọn, chúng tôi có thể kết nối TensorBoard với Trainer để phân tích các đường cong đào tạo của mô hình của chúng tôi.

model_run_artifact_dir = trainer.outputs['model_run'].get()[0].uri

%load_ext tensorboard
%tensorboard --logdir {model_run_artifact_dir}

Người đánh giá

Các Evaluator phần tính toán số liệu hiệu suất mô hình trên các thiết lập thẩm định. Nó sử dụng TensorFlow Phân tích mẫu thư viện. Các Evaluator cũng có thể tùy chọn xác nhận rằng một mô hình mới được đào tạo là tốt hơn so với mô hình trước đó. Điều này hữu ích trong cài đặt quy trình sản xuất, nơi bạn có thể tự động đào tạo và xác nhận một mô hình mỗi ngày. Trong máy tính xách tay này, chúng tôi chỉ đào tạo một mô hình, do đó Evaluator tự động sẽ đặt tên mô hình là "tốt".

Evaluator sẽ là đầu vào dữ liệu từ ExampleGen , mô hình đào tạo từ Trainer , và cấu hình cắt. Cấu hình cắt cho phép bạn phân chia các chỉ số của mình trên các giá trị tính năng (ví dụ: mô hình của bạn hoạt động như thế nào trên các chuyến taxi bắt đầu lúc 8 giờ sáng so với 8 giờ tối?). Xem ví dụ về cấu hình này bên dưới:

eval_config = tfma.EvalConfig(
    model_specs=[
        # This assumes a serving model with signature 'serving_default'. If
        # using estimator based EvalSavedModel, add signature_name: 'eval' and
        # remove the label_key.
        tfma.ModelSpec(
            signature_name='serving_default',
            label_key='tips',
            preprocessing_function_names=['transform_features'],
            )
        ],
    metrics_specs=[
        tfma.MetricsSpec(
            # The metrics added here are in addition to those saved with the
            # model (assuming either a keras model or EvalSavedModel is used).
            # Any metrics added into the saved model (for example using
            # model.compile(..., metrics=[...]), etc) will be computed
            # automatically.
            # To add validation thresholds for metrics saved with the model,
            # add them keyed by metric name to the thresholds map.
            metrics=[
                tfma.MetricConfig(class_name='ExampleCount'),
                tfma.MetricConfig(class_name='BinaryAccuracy',
                  threshold=tfma.MetricThreshold(
                      value_threshold=tfma.GenericValueThreshold(
                          lower_bound={'value': 0.5}),
                      # Change threshold will be ignored if there is no
                      # baseline model resolved from MLMD (first run).
                      change_threshold=tfma.GenericChangeThreshold(
                          direction=tfma.MetricDirection.HIGHER_IS_BETTER,
                          absolute={'value': -1e-10})))
            ]
        )
    ],
    slicing_specs=[
        # An empty slice spec means the overall slice, i.e. the whole dataset.
        tfma.SlicingSpec(),
        # Data can be sliced along a feature column. In this case, data is
        # sliced along feature column trip_start_hour.
        tfma.SlicingSpec(feature_keys=['trip_start_hour'])
    ])

Tiếp theo, chúng tôi đưa ra cấu hình này để Evaluator và chạy nó.

# Use TFMA to compute a evaluation statistics over features of a model and
# validate them against a baseline.

# The model resolver is only required if performing model validation in addition
# to evaluation. In this case we validate against the latest blessed model. If
# no model has been blessed before (as in this case) the evaluator will make our
# candidate the first blessed model.
model_resolver = tfx.dsl.Resolver(
      strategy_class=tfx.dsl.experimental.LatestBlessedModelStrategy,
      model=tfx.dsl.Channel(type=tfx.types.standard_artifacts.Model),
      model_blessing=tfx.dsl.Channel(
          type=tfx.types.standard_artifacts.ModelBlessing)).with_id(
              'latest_blessed_model_resolver')
context.run(model_resolver)

evaluator = tfx.components.Evaluator(
    examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
    model=trainer.outputs['model'],
    baseline_model=model_resolver.outputs['model'],
    eval_config=eval_config)
context.run(evaluator)
INFO:absl:Running driver for latest_blessed_model_resolver
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running publisher for latest_blessed_model_resolver
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running driver for Evaluator
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for Evaluator
INFO:absl:Nonempty beam arg extra_packages already includes dependency
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'eval_config': '{\n  "metrics_specs": [\n    {\n      "metrics": [\n        {\n          "class_name": "ExampleCount"\n        },\n        {\n          "class_name": "BinaryAccuracy",\n          "threshold": {\n            "change_threshold": {\n              "absolute": -1e-10,\n              "direction": "HIGHER_IS_BETTER"\n            },\n            "value_threshold": {\n              "lower_bound": 0.5\n            }\n          }\n        }\n      ]\n    }\n  ],\n  "model_specs": [\n    {\n      "label_key": "tips",\n      "preprocessing_function_names": [\n        "transform_features"\n      ],\n      "signature_name": "serving_default"\n    }\n  ],\n  "slicing_specs": [\n    {},\n    {\n      "feature_keys": [\n        "trip_start_hour"\n      ]\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'feature_slicing_spec': None, 'fairness_indicator_thresholds': 'null', 'example_splits': 'null', 'module_file': None, 'module_path': None} 'custom_eval_shared_model'
INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  signature_name: "serving_default"
  label_key: "tips"
  preprocessing_function_names: "transform_features"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "trip_start_hour"
}
metrics_specs {
  metrics {
    class_name: "ExampleCount"
  }
  metrics {
    class_name: "BinaryAccuracy"
    threshold {
      value_threshold {
        lower_bound {
          value: 0.5
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

INFO:absl:Using /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Trainer/model/6/Format-Serving as  model.
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f87bc0f5e50> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f87bc0f5b50>).
INFO:absl:The 'example_splits' parameter is not set, using 'eval' split.
INFO:absl:Evaluating model.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'eval_config': '{\n  "metrics_specs": [\n    {\n      "metrics": [\n        {\n          "class_name": "ExampleCount"\n        },\n        {\n          "class_name": "BinaryAccuracy",\n          "threshold": {\n            "change_threshold": {\n              "absolute": -1e-10,\n              "direction": "HIGHER_IS_BETTER"\n            },\n            "value_threshold": {\n              "lower_bound": 0.5\n            }\n          }\n        }\n      ]\n    }\n  ],\n  "model_specs": [\n    {\n      "label_key": "tips",\n      "preprocessing_function_names": [\n        "transform_features"\n      ],\n      "signature_name": "serving_default"\n    }\n  ],\n  "slicing_specs": [\n    {},\n    {\n      "feature_keys": [\n        "trip_start_hour"\n      ]\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'feature_slicing_spec': None, 'fairness_indicator_thresholds': 'null', 'example_splits': 'null', 'module_file': None, 'module_path': None} 'custom_extractors'
INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  signature_name: "serving_default"
  label_key: "tips"
  preprocessing_function_names: "transform_features"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "trip_start_hour"
}
metrics_specs {
  metrics {
    class_name: "ExampleCount"
  }
  metrics {
    class_name: "BinaryAccuracy"
    threshold {
      value_threshold {
        lower_bound {
          value: 0.5
        }
      }
    }
  }
  model_names: ""
}

INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  signature_name: "serving_default"
  label_key: "tips"
  preprocessing_function_names: "transform_features"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "trip_start_hour"
}
metrics_specs {
  metrics {
    class_name: "ExampleCount"
  }
  metrics {
    class_name: "BinaryAccuracy"
    threshold {
      value_threshold {
        lower_bound {
          value: 0.5
        }
      }
    }
  }
  model_names: ""
}

INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  signature_name: "serving_default"
  label_key: "tips"
  preprocessing_function_names: "transform_features"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "trip_start_hour"
}
metrics_specs {
  metrics {
    class_name: "ExampleCount"
  }
  metrics {
    class_name: "BinaryAccuracy"
    threshold {
      value_threshold {
        lower_bound {
          value: 0.5
        }
      }
    }
  }
  model_names: ""
}
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f87b0102150> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f875454e810>).
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f87b06c9d50> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f87d4041290>).
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f874c8d6a10> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f874c8ac0d0>).
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f830dcf9fd0> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f830dd87110>).
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f830dc8cad0> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f830cf892d0>).
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f87b041add0> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f874d6b6d50>).
WARNING:tensorflow:Inconsistent references when loading the checkpoint into this object graph. Either the Trackable object references in the Python program have changed in an incompatible way, or the checkpoint was generated in an incompatible program.

Two checkpoint references resolved to different objects (<keras.saving.saved_model.load.TensorFlowTransform>TransformFeaturesLayer object at 0x7f830c42a5d0> and <keras.engine.input_layer.InputLayer object at 0x7f830c3037d0>).
INFO:absl:Evaluation complete. Results written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Evaluator/evaluation/8.
INFO:absl:Checking validation results.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/writers/metrics_plots_and_validations_writer.py:107: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`
INFO:absl:Blessing result True written to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Evaluator/blessing/8.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for Evaluator
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Bây giờ chúng ta hãy xem xét các hiện vật đầu ra của Evaluator .

evaluator.outputs
{'evaluation': Channel(
     type_name: ModelEvaluation
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 15
 type_id: 29
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Evaluator/evaluation/8"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "evaluation"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Evaluator"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 29
 name: "ModelEvaluation"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 ),
 'blessing': Channel(
     type_name: ModelBlessing
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 16
 type_id: 30
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Evaluator/blessing/8"
 custom_properties {
   key: "blessed"
   value {
     int_value: 1
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "current_model"
   value {
     string_value: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Trainer/model/6"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "current_model_id"
   value {
     int_value: 13
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "blessing"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Evaluator"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 30
 name: "ModelBlessing"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 )}

Sử dụng evaluation đầu ra chúng tôi có thể hiển thị hình dung mặc định của số liệu toàn cầu trên toàn bộ bộ đánh giá.

context.show(evaluator.outputs['evaluation'])

Để xem trực quan cho các số liệu đánh giá cắt lát, chúng ta có thể gọi trực tiếp thư viện Phân tích mô hình TensorFlow.

import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma

# Get the TFMA output result path and load the result.
PATH_TO_RESULT = evaluator.outputs['evaluation'].get()[0].uri
tfma_result = tfma.load_eval_result(PATH_TO_RESULT)

# Show data sliced along feature column trip_start_hour.
tfma.view.render_slicing_metrics(
    tfma_result, slicing_column='trip_start_hour')
SlicingMetricsViewer(config={'weightedExamplesColumn': 'example_count'}, data=[{'slice': 'trip_start_hour:19',…

Minh họa này cho thấy các số liệu tương tự, nhưng tính ở mọi giá trị đặc trưng của trip_start_hour thay vì trên toàn bộ bộ đánh giá.

Phân tích mô hình TensorFlow hỗ trợ nhiều hình ảnh hóa khác, chẳng hạn như Chỉ báo công bằng và vẽ biểu đồ chuỗi thời gian về hiệu suất của mô hình. Để tìm hiểu thêm, xem hướng dẫn .

Vì chúng tôi đã thêm các ngưỡng vào cấu hình của mình, nên đầu ra xác thực cũng có sẵn. Các precence của một blessing vật chỉ ra rằng mô hình của chúng tôi thông qua xác nhận. Vì đây là lần xác nhận đầu tiên được thực hiện, ứng viên sẽ tự động được ban phước.

blessing_uri = evaluator.outputs['blessing'].get()[0].uri
!ls -l {blessing_uri}
total 0
-rw-rw-r-- 1 kbuilder kbuilder 0 Dec 21 10:13 BLESSED

Bây giờ cũng có thể xác minh thành công bằng cách tải bản ghi kết quả xác thực:

PATH_TO_RESULT = evaluator.outputs['evaluation'].get()[0].uri
print(tfma.load_validation_result(PATH_TO_RESULT))
validation_ok: true
validation_details {
  slicing_details {
    slicing_spec {
    }
    num_matching_slices: 25
  }
}

Đẩy

Các Pusher thành phần thường là ở phần cuối của một đường ống dẫn TFX. Nó kiểm tra xem một mô hình đã qua xác nhận, và nếu như vậy, xuất khẩu mô hình để _serving_model_dir .

pusher = tfx.components.Pusher(
    model=trainer.outputs['model'],
    model_blessing=evaluator.outputs['blessing'],
    push_destination=tfx.proto.PushDestination(
        filesystem=tfx.proto.PushDestination.Filesystem(
            base_directory=_serving_model_dir)))
context.run(pusher)
INFO:absl:Running driver for Pusher
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Running executor for Pusher
INFO:absl:Model version: 1640081600
INFO:absl:Model written to serving path /tmp/tmpkvhhk5j5/serving_model/taxi_simple/1640081600.
INFO:absl:Model pushed to /tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Pusher/pushed_model/9.
INFO:absl:Running publisher for Pusher
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Hãy kiểm tra các hiện vật đầu ra của Pusher .

pusher.outputs
{'pushed_model': Channel(
     type_name: PushedModel
     artifacts: [Artifact(artifact: id: 17
 type_id: 32
 uri: "/tmp/tfx-interactive-2021-12-21T10_09_51.902969-bvucg0eq/Pusher/pushed_model/9"
 custom_properties {
   key: "name"
   value {
     string_value: "pushed_model"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "producer_component"
   value {
     string_value: "Pusher"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "pushed"
   value {
     int_value: 1
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "pushed_destination"
   value {
     string_value: "/tmp/tmpkvhhk5j5/serving_model/taxi_simple/1640081600"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "pushed_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1640081600"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "state"
   value {
     string_value: "published"
   }
 }
 custom_properties {
   key: "tfx_version"
   value {
     string_value: "1.5.0"
   }
 }
 state: LIVE
 , artifact_type: id: 32
 name: "PushedModel"
 )]
     additional_properties: {}
     additional_custom_properties: {}
 )}

Cụ thể, Pusher sẽ xuất mô hình của bạn ở định dạng SavedModel, trông giống như sau:

push_uri = pusher.outputs['pushed_model'].get()[0].uri
model = tf.saved_model.load(push_uri)

for item in model.signatures.items():
  pp.pprint(item)
('serving_default',
 <ConcreteFunction signature_wrapper(*, examples) at 0x7F82F31FDE50>)
('transform_features',
 <ConcreteFunction signature_wrapper(*, examples) at 0x7F82F31AC410>)

Chúng ta đã kết thúc chuyến tham quan các thành phần TFX tích hợp sẵn!