7 दिसंबर को महिला एमएल संगोष्ठी में भाग लें अभी पंजीकरण करें

प्राकृतिक ग्राफ़ का उपयोग करके दस्तावेज़ वर्गीकरण के लिए ग्राफ़ नियमितीकरण

संग्रह की मदद से व्यवस्थित रहें अपनी प्राथमिकताओं के आधार पर, कॉन्टेंट को सेव करें और कैटगरी में बांटें.

TensorFlow.org पर देखें Google Colab में चलाएं GitHub पर स्रोत देखें नोटबुक डाउनलोड करें

अवलोकन

ग्राफ़ नियमितीकरण तंत्रिका ग्राफ़ लर्निंग के व्यापक प्रतिमान के तहत एक विशेष तकनीक है ( Bui एट अल।, 2018 )। मुख्य विचार एक ग्राफ-नियमित उद्देश्य के साथ तंत्रिका नेटवर्क मॉडल को प्रशिक्षित करना है, लेबल किए गए और बिना लेबल वाले डेटा दोनों का उपयोग करना।

इस ट्यूटोरियल में, हम प्राकृतिक (ऑर्गेनिक) ग्राफ बनाने वाले दस्तावेजों को वर्गीकृत करने के लिए ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के उपयोग का पता लगाएंगे।

न्यूरल स्ट्रक्चर्ड लर्निंग (NSL) ढांचे का उपयोग करके ग्राफ-नियमित मॉडल बनाने की सामान्य विधि इस प्रकार है:

  1. इनपुट ग्राफ और नमूना सुविधाओं से प्रशिक्षण डेटा उत्पन्न करें। ग्राफ़ में नोड्स नमूनों के अनुरूप होते हैं और ग्राफ़ में किनारे नमूनों के जोड़े के बीच समानता के अनुरूप होते हैं। परिणामी प्रशिक्षण डेटा में मूल नोड सुविधाओं के अलावा पड़ोसी सुविधाएँ भी होंगी।
  2. का उपयोग कर एक बेस मॉडल के रूप में एक तंत्रिका नेटवर्क बनाएं Keras अनुक्रमिक, कार्यात्मक, या उपवर्ग एपीआई।
  3. साथ बेस मॉडल लपेटें GraphRegularization आवरण वर्ग है, जो NSL ढांचे द्वारा प्रदान की जाती है, एक नया ग्राफ़ बनाने के लिए Keras मॉडल। इस नए मॉडल में अपने प्रशिक्षण उद्देश्य में नियमितीकरण अवधि के रूप में ग्राफ नियमितीकरण हानि शामिल होगी।
  4. ट्रेन और ग्राफ का मूल्यांकन Keras मॉडल।

सेट अप

तंत्रिका संरचित शिक्षण पैकेज स्थापित करें।

pip install --quiet neural-structured-learning

निर्भरता और आयात

import neural_structured_learning as nsl

import tensorflow as tf

# Resets notebook state
tf.keras.backend.clear_session()

print("Version: ", tf.__version__)
print("Eager mode: ", tf.executing_eagerly())
print(
    "GPU is",
    "available" if tf.config.list_physical_devices("GPU") else "NOT AVAILABLE")
Version:  2.8.0-rc0
Eager mode:  True
GPU is NOT AVAILABLE
2022-01-05 12:39:27.704660: E tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_driver.cc:271] failed call to cuInit: CUDA_ERROR_NO_DEVICE: no CUDA-capable device is detected

कोरा डेटासेट

कोरा डाटासेट एक प्रशस्ति पत्र ग्राफ जहां नोड मशीन सीखने कागजात प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं और किनारों कागजात के जोड़ों के बीच प्रशंसा पत्र का प्रतिनिधित्व करते है। इसमें शामिल कार्य दस्तावेज़ वर्गीकरण है जहां लक्ष्य प्रत्येक पेपर को 7 श्रेणियों में से एक में वर्गीकृत करना है। दूसरे शब्दों में, यह 7 वर्गों के साथ एक बहु-वर्ग वर्गीकरण समस्या है।

ग्राफ़

मूल ग्राफ निर्देशित है। हालांकि, इस उदाहरण के प्रयोजन के लिए, हम इस ग्राफ के अप्रत्यक्ष संस्करण पर विचार करते हैं। इसलिए, यदि पेपर ए पेपर बी का हवाला देता है, तो हम पेपर बी को ए उद्धृत करने के लिए भी मानते हैं। हालांकि यह जरूरी नहीं है, इस उदाहरण में, हम उद्धरणों को समानता के लिए प्रॉक्सी के रूप में मानते हैं, जो आमतौर पर एक कम्यूटेटिव प्रॉपर्टी है।

विशेषताएं

इनपुट में प्रत्येक पेपर में प्रभावी रूप से 2 विशेषताएं होती हैं:

  1. शब्द: एक घने, बहु गर्म बैग कई शब्द कागज में पाठ का प्रतिनिधित्व। कोरा डेटासेट की शब्दावली में 1433 अद्वितीय शब्द हैं। तो, इस विशेषता की लंबाई 1433 है, और स्थिति 'i' पर मान 0/1 है जो दर्शाता है कि शब्दावली में शब्द 'i' दिए गए पेपर में मौजूद है या नहीं।

  2. लेबल: एक पूर्णांक कागज के वर्ग आईडी (श्रेणी) का प्रतिनिधित्व।

कोरा डेटासेट डाउनलोड करें

wget --quiet -P /tmp https://linqs-data.soe.ucsc.edu/public/lbc/cora.tgz
tar -C /tmp -xvzf /tmp/cora.tgz
cora/
cora/README
cora/cora.cites
cora/cora.content

कोरा डेटा को एनएसएल प्रारूप में बदलें

आदेश कोरा डाटासेट preprocess और यह प्रारूप तंत्रिका संरचित सीखने के लिए आवश्यक करने के लिए कनवर्ट करने के लिए हम 'preprocess_cora_dataset.py' स्क्रिप्ट है, जो NSL GitHub भंडार में शामिल किया गया है चलेंगे। यह स्क्रिप्ट निम्न कार्य करती है:

  1. मूल नोड सुविधाओं और ग्राफ़ का उपयोग करके पड़ोसी सुविधाएँ उत्पन्न करें।
  2. युक्त ट्रेन और परीक्षण डाटा विभाजन उत्पन्न tf.train.Example उदाहरणों।
  3. जिसके परिणामस्वरूप ट्रेन और में परीक्षण डेटा जारी रहती है TFRecord प्रारूप।
!wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/neural-structured-learning/master/neural_structured_learning/examples/preprocess/cora/preprocess_cora_dataset.py

!python preprocess_cora_dataset.py \
--input_cora_content=/tmp/cora/cora.content \
--input_cora_graph=/tmp/cora/cora.cites \
--max_nbrs=5 \
--output_train_data=/tmp/cora/train_merged_examples.tfr \
--output_test_data=/tmp/cora/test_examples.tfr
--2022-01-05 12:39:28--  https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/neural-structured-learning/master/neural_structured_learning/examples/preprocess/cora/preprocess_cora_dataset.py
Resolving raw.githubusercontent.com (raw.githubusercontent.com)... 185.199.108.133, 185.199.109.133, 185.199.110.133, ...
Connecting to raw.githubusercontent.com (raw.githubusercontent.com)|185.199.108.133|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 11640 (11K) [text/plain]
Saving to: ‘preprocess_cora_dataset.py’

preprocess_cora_dat 100%[===================>]  11.37K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      

2022-01-05 12:39:28 (78.9 MB/s) - ‘preprocess_cora_dataset.py’ saved [11640/11640]

2022-01-05 12:39:31.378912: E tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_driver.cc:271] failed call to cuInit: CUDA_ERROR_NO_DEVICE: no CUDA-capable device is detected
Reading graph file: /tmp/cora/cora.cites...
Done reading 5429 edges from: /tmp/cora/cora.cites (0.01 seconds).
Making all edges bi-directional...
Done (0.01 seconds). Total graph nodes: 2708
Joining seed and neighbor tf.train.Examples with graph edges...
Done creating and writing 2155 merged tf.train.Examples (1.36 seconds).
Out-degree histogram: [(1, 386), (2, 468), (3, 452), (4, 309), (5, 540)]
Output training data written to TFRecord file: /tmp/cora/train_merged_examples.tfr.
Output test data written to TFRecord file: /tmp/cora/test_examples.tfr.
Total running time: 0.04 minutes.

सार्वत्रिक चर

ट्रेन और परीक्षण डाटा के लिए फ़ाइल पथ आदेश पंक्ति फ्लैग के ऊपर 'preprocess_cora_dataset.py' स्क्रिप्ट आह्वान करने के लिए इस्तेमाल किया मूल्यों पर आधारित हैं।

### Experiment dataset
TRAIN_DATA_PATH = '/tmp/cora/train_merged_examples.tfr'
TEST_DATA_PATH = '/tmp/cora/test_examples.tfr'

### Constants used to identify neighbor features in the input.
NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX = 'NL_nbr_'
NBR_WEIGHT_SUFFIX = '_weight'

हाइपरपैरामीटर

हम का एक उदाहरण का उपयोग करेगा HParams विभिन्न hyperparameters और स्थिरांक प्रशिक्षण और मूल्यांकन के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है शामिल करने के लिए। हम नीचे उनमें से प्रत्येक का संक्षेप में वर्णन करते हैं:

  • num_classes: वहाँ एक कुल 7 विभिन्न वर्गों रहे हैं

  • max_seq_length: इस शब्दावली का आकार है और इनपुट में सभी उदाहरणों एक घने बहु गर्म, बैग कई शब्द प्रतिनिधित्व किया है। दूसरे शब्दों में, किसी शब्द के लिए 1 का मान इंगित करता है कि शब्द इनपुट में मौजूद है और 0 का मान इंगित करता है कि यह नहीं है।

  • distance_type: इस दूरी मीट्रिक अपने पड़ोसियों के साथ नमूना को नियमित करने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है।

  • graph_regularization_multiplier: यह नियंत्रण कुल नुकसान समारोह में ग्राफ नियमितीकरण अवधि के सापेक्ष वजन।

  • num_neighbors: ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के लिए इस्तेमाल किया पड़ोसियों की संख्या। यह मान से कम या बराबर होना चाहिए max_nbrs कमांड लाइन जब चल रहा है, ऊपर उपयोग तर्क preprocess_cora_dataset.py

  • num_fc_units: हमारे तंत्रिका नेटवर्क में पूरी तरह से जुड़ा हुआ परतों की संख्या।

  • train_epochs: प्रशिक्षण अवधियों की संख्या।

  • batch_size: बैच आकार प्रशिक्षण और मूल्यांकन के लिए इस्तेमाल किया।

  • dropout_rate: नियंत्रण छोड़ने वालों की दर प्रत्येक पूरी तरह से जुड़ा परत निम्नलिखित

  • eval_steps: मूल्यांकन deeming से पहले की प्रक्रिया के लिए बैचों की संख्या पूरी हो चुकी है। तो करने के लिए सेट None , परीक्षण सेट में सभी उदाहरणों मूल्यांकन किया जाता है।

class HParams(object):
  """Hyperparameters used for training."""
  def __init__(self):
    ### dataset parameters
    self.num_classes = 7
    self.max_seq_length = 1433
    ### neural graph learning parameters
    self.distance_type = nsl.configs.DistanceType.L2
    self.graph_regularization_multiplier = 0.1
    self.num_neighbors = 1
    ### model architecture
    self.num_fc_units = [50, 50]
    ### training parameters
    self.train_epochs = 100
    self.batch_size = 128
    self.dropout_rate = 0.5
    ### eval parameters
    self.eval_steps = None  # All instances in the test set are evaluated.

HPARAMS = HParams()

लोड ट्रेन और परीक्षण डेटा

इस नोटबुक में पहले बताया गया है, इनपुट प्रशिक्षण और परीक्षण डाटा 'preprocess_cora_dataset.py' द्वारा बनाया गया है। हम उन्हें दो भागों में लोड होगा tf.data.Dataset ट्रेन के लिए एक और परीक्षण के लिए एक - वस्तुओं।

हमारे मॉडल के इनपुट परत में, हम न सिर्फ 'शब्द' निकाल देंगे और 'लेबल' प्रत्येक नमूने से सुविधाओं, लेकिन यह भी इसी पड़ोसी के आधार पर सुविधाओं hparams.num_neighbors मूल्य। की तुलना में कम पड़ोसियों के साथ उदाहरण hparams.num_neighbors उन न के बराबर पड़ोसी सुविधाओं के लिए मूल्यों डमी आवंटित किया जाएगा।

def make_dataset(file_path, training=False):
  """Creates a `tf.data.TFRecordDataset`.

  Args:
    file_path: Name of the file in the `.tfrecord` format containing
      `tf.train.Example` objects.
    training: Boolean indicating if we are in training mode.

  Returns:
    An instance of `tf.data.TFRecordDataset` containing the `tf.train.Example`
    objects.
  """

  def parse_example(example_proto):
    """Extracts relevant fields from the `example_proto`.

    Args:
      example_proto: An instance of `tf.train.Example`.

    Returns:
      A pair whose first value is a dictionary containing relevant features
      and whose second value contains the ground truth label.
    """
    # The 'words' feature is a multi-hot, bag-of-words representation of the
    # original raw text. A default value is required for examples that don't
    # have the feature.
    feature_spec = {
        'words':
            tf.io.FixedLenFeature([HPARAMS.max_seq_length],
                                  tf.int64,
                                  default_value=tf.constant(
                                      0,
                                      dtype=tf.int64,
                                      shape=[HPARAMS.max_seq_length])),
        'label':
            tf.io.FixedLenFeature((), tf.int64, default_value=-1),
    }
    # We also extract corresponding neighbor features in a similar manner to
    # the features above during training.
    if training:
      for i in range(HPARAMS.num_neighbors):
        nbr_feature_key = '{}{}_{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, i, 'words')
        nbr_weight_key = '{}{}{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, i,
                                         NBR_WEIGHT_SUFFIX)
        feature_spec[nbr_feature_key] = tf.io.FixedLenFeature(
            [HPARAMS.max_seq_length],
            tf.int64,
            default_value=tf.constant(
                0, dtype=tf.int64, shape=[HPARAMS.max_seq_length]))

        # We assign a default value of 0.0 for the neighbor weight so that
        # graph regularization is done on samples based on their exact number
        # of neighbors. In other words, non-existent neighbors are discounted.
        feature_spec[nbr_weight_key] = tf.io.FixedLenFeature(
            [1], tf.float32, default_value=tf.constant([0.0]))

    features = tf.io.parse_single_example(example_proto, feature_spec)

    label = features.pop('label')
    return features, label

  dataset = tf.data.TFRecordDataset([file_path])
  if training:
    dataset = dataset.shuffle(10000)
  dataset = dataset.map(parse_example)
  dataset = dataset.batch(HPARAMS.batch_size)
  return dataset


train_dataset = make_dataset(TRAIN_DATA_PATH, training=True)
test_dataset = make_dataset(TEST_DATA_PATH)

आइए इसकी सामग्री को देखने के लिए ट्रेन डेटासेट में देखें।

for feature_batch, label_batch in train_dataset.take(1):
  print('Feature list:', list(feature_batch.keys()))
  print('Batch of inputs:', feature_batch['words'])
  nbr_feature_key = '{}{}_{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, 0, 'words')
  nbr_weight_key = '{}{}{}'.format(NBR_FEATURE_PREFIX, 0, NBR_WEIGHT_SUFFIX)
  print('Batch of neighbor inputs:', feature_batch[nbr_feature_key])
  print('Batch of neighbor weights:',
        tf.reshape(feature_batch[nbr_weight_key], [-1]))
  print('Batch of labels:', label_batch)
Feature list: ['NL_nbr_0_weight', 'NL_nbr_0_words', 'words']
Batch of inputs: tf.Tensor(
[[0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 ...
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 1 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]], shape=(128, 1433), dtype=int64)
Batch of neighbor inputs: tf.Tensor(
[[0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 ...
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]], shape=(128, 1433), dtype=int64)
Batch of neighbor weights: tf.Tensor(
[1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.

 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.], shape=(128,), dtype=float32)
Batch of labels: tf.Tensor(
[2 2 6 2 0 6 1 3 5 0 1 2 3 6 1 1 0 3 5 2 3 1 4 1 6 1 3 2 2 2 0 3 2 1 3 3 2
 3 3 2 3 2 2 0 2 2 6 0 2 1 1 0 5 2 1 4 2 1 2 4 0 2 5 4 3 6 3 2 1 6 2 4 2 2
 6 4 6 4 3 5 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 4 2 3 6 2 0 6 6 0 2 6 2 1 2 0 1 1 3 2 0
 2 0 2 1 1 3 5 2 1 2 5 1 6 2 4 6 4], shape=(128,), dtype=int64)

आइए इसकी सामग्री को देखने के लिए परीक्षण डेटासेट में देखें।

for feature_batch, label_batch in test_dataset.take(1):
  print('Feature list:', list(feature_batch.keys()))
  print('Batch of inputs:', feature_batch['words'])
  print('Batch of labels:', label_batch)
Feature list: ['words']
Batch of inputs: tf.Tensor(
[[0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 ...
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]
 [0 0 0 ... 0 0 0]], shape=(128, 1433), dtype=int64)
Batch of labels: tf.Tensor(
[5 2 2 2 1 2 6 3 2 3 6 1 3 6 4 4 2 3 3 0 2 0 5 2 1 0 6 3 6 4 2 2 3 0 4 2 2
 2 2 3 2 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 4 2 3 4 0 2 6 2 1 4 2 0 0 1 4 2 6 0 5 2 2 3 2 5 2 5
 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 6 6 3 2 4 2 6 3 2 2 6 2 4 2 2 1 3 4 6 0 0 2 4 2 1 3 6 6 2 6
 6 6 1 4 6 4 3 6 6 0 0 2 6 2 4 0 0], shape=(128,), dtype=int64)

मॉडल परिभाषा

ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के उपयोग को प्रदर्शित करने के लिए, हम पहले इस समस्या के लिए एक आधार मॉडल बनाते हैं। हम 2 छिपी परतों और बीच में ड्रॉपआउट के साथ एक साधारण फीड-फॉरवर्ड तंत्रिका नेटवर्क का उपयोग करेंगे। हम द्वारा समर्थित सभी मॉडल प्रकार का उपयोग बेस मॉडल के निर्माण के उदाहरण देकर स्पष्ट करना tf.Keras अनुक्रमिक, कार्यात्मक, और उपवर्ग - ढांचा।

अनुक्रमिक आधार मॉडल

def make_mlp_sequential_model(hparams):
  """Creates a sequential multi-layer perceptron model."""
  model = tf.keras.Sequential()
  model.add(
      tf.keras.layers.InputLayer(
          input_shape=(hparams.max_seq_length,), name='words'))
  # Input is already one-hot encoded in the integer format. We cast it to
  # floating point format here.
  model.add(
      tf.keras.layers.Lambda(lambda x: tf.keras.backend.cast(x, tf.float32)))
  for num_units in hparams.num_fc_units:
    model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(num_units, activation='relu'))
    # For sequential models, by default, Keras ensures that the 'dropout' layer
    # is invoked only during training.
    model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dropout(hparams.dropout_rate))
  model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(hparams.num_classes))
  return model

कार्यात्मक आधार मॉडल

def make_mlp_functional_model(hparams):
  """Creates a functional API-based multi-layer perceptron model."""
  inputs = tf.keras.Input(
      shape=(hparams.max_seq_length,), dtype='int64', name='words')

  # Input is already one-hot encoded in the integer format. We cast it to
  # floating point format here.
  cur_layer = tf.keras.layers.Lambda(
      lambda x: tf.keras.backend.cast(x, tf.float32))(
          inputs)

  for num_units in hparams.num_fc_units:
    cur_layer = tf.keras.layers.Dense(num_units, activation='relu')(cur_layer)
    # For functional models, by default, Keras ensures that the 'dropout' layer
    # is invoked only during training.
    cur_layer = tf.keras.layers.Dropout(hparams.dropout_rate)(cur_layer)

  outputs = tf.keras.layers.Dense(hparams.num_classes)(cur_layer)

  model = tf.keras.Model(inputs, outputs=outputs)
  return model

उपवर्ग आधार मॉडल

def make_mlp_subclass_model(hparams):
  """Creates a multi-layer perceptron subclass model in Keras."""

  class MLP(tf.keras.Model):
    """Subclass model defining a multi-layer perceptron."""

    def __init__(self):
      super(MLP, self).__init__()
      # Input is already one-hot encoded in the integer format. We create a
      # layer to cast it to floating point format here.
      self.cast_to_float_layer = tf.keras.layers.Lambda(
          lambda x: tf.keras.backend.cast(x, tf.float32))
      self.dense_layers = [
          tf.keras.layers.Dense(num_units, activation='relu')
          for num_units in hparams.num_fc_units
      ]
      self.dropout_layer = tf.keras.layers.Dropout(hparams.dropout_rate)
      self.output_layer = tf.keras.layers.Dense(hparams.num_classes)

    def call(self, inputs, training=False):
      cur_layer = self.cast_to_float_layer(inputs['words'])
      for dense_layer in self.dense_layers:
        cur_layer = dense_layer(cur_layer)
        cur_layer = self.dropout_layer(cur_layer, training=training)

      outputs = self.output_layer(cur_layer)

      return outputs

  return MLP()

आधार मॉडल बनाएं

# Create a base MLP model using the functional API.
# Alternatively, you can also create a sequential or subclass base model using
# the make_mlp_sequential_model() or make_mlp_subclass_model() functions
# respectively, defined above. Note that if a subclass model is used, its
# summary cannot be generated until it is built.
base_model_tag, base_model = 'FUNCTIONAL', make_mlp_functional_model(HPARAMS)
base_model.summary()
Model: "model"
_________________________________________________________________
 Layer (type)                Output Shape              Param #   
=================================================================
 words (InputLayer)          [(None, 1433)]            0         
                                                                 
 lambda (Lambda)             (None, 1433)              0         
                                                                 
 dense (Dense)               (None, 50)                71700     
                                                                 
 dropout (Dropout)           (None, 50)                0         
                                                                 
 dense_1 (Dense)             (None, 50)                2550      
                                                                 
 dropout_1 (Dropout)         (None, 50)                0         
                                                                 
 dense_2 (Dense)             (None, 7)                 357       
                                                                 
=================================================================
Total params: 74,607
Trainable params: 74,607
Non-trainable params: 0
_________________________________________________________________

ट्रेन बेस एमएलपी मॉडल

# Compile and train the base MLP model
base_model.compile(
    optimizer='adam',
    loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
    metrics=['accuracy'])
base_model.fit(train_dataset, epochs=HPARAMS.train_epochs, verbose=1)
Epoch 1/100
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/keras/engine/functional.py:559: UserWarning: Input dict contained keys ['NL_nbr_0_weight', 'NL_nbr_0_words'] which did not match any model input. They will be ignored by the model.
  inputs = self._flatten_to_reference_inputs(inputs)
17/17 [==============================] - 1s 18ms/step - loss: 1.9521 - accuracy: 0.1838
Epoch 2/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.8590 - accuracy: 0.3044
Epoch 3/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.7770 - accuracy: 0.3601
Epoch 4/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.6655 - accuracy: 0.3898
Epoch 5/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.5386 - accuracy: 0.4543
Epoch 6/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.3856 - accuracy: 0.5077
Epoch 7/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.2736 - accuracy: 0.5531
Epoch 8/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1636 - accuracy: 0.5889
Epoch 9/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0654 - accuracy: 0.6385
Epoch 10/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9703 - accuracy: 0.6761
Epoch 11/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8689 - accuracy: 0.7104
Epoch 12/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.7704 - accuracy: 0.7494
Epoch 13/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.7157 - accuracy: 0.7810
Epoch 14/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.6296 - accuracy: 0.8186
Epoch 15/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.5932 - accuracy: 0.8167
Epoch 16/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.5526 - accuracy: 0.8464
Epoch 17/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.5112 - accuracy: 0.8445
Epoch 18/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.4624 - accuracy: 0.8613
Epoch 19/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.4163 - accuracy: 0.8696
Epoch 20/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.3808 - accuracy: 0.8849
Epoch 21/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.3564 - accuracy: 0.8933
Epoch 22/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.3453 - accuracy: 0.9002
Epoch 23/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.3226 - accuracy: 0.9114
Epoch 24/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.3058 - accuracy: 0.9151
Epoch 25/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2798 - accuracy: 0.9146
Epoch 26/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2638 - accuracy: 0.9248
Epoch 27/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2538 - accuracy: 0.9290
Epoch 28/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2356 - accuracy: 0.9411
Epoch 29/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2080 - accuracy: 0.9425
Epoch 30/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2172 - accuracy: 0.9364
Epoch 31/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.2259 - accuracy: 0.9225
Epoch 32/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1944 - accuracy: 0.9480
Epoch 33/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1892 - accuracy: 0.9434
Epoch 34/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1718 - accuracy: 0.9592
Epoch 35/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1826 - accuracy: 0.9508
Epoch 36/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1585 - accuracy: 0.9559
Epoch 37/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1605 - accuracy: 0.9545
Epoch 38/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1529 - accuracy: 0.9550
Epoch 39/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1411 - accuracy: 0.9615
Epoch 40/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1366 - accuracy: 0.9624
Epoch 41/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1431 - accuracy: 0.9578
Epoch 42/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1241 - accuracy: 0.9619
Epoch 43/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1310 - accuracy: 0.9661
Epoch 44/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1284 - accuracy: 0.9652
Epoch 45/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1215 - accuracy: 0.9633
Epoch 46/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1130 - accuracy: 0.9722
Epoch 47/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1074 - accuracy: 0.9722
Epoch 48/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1143 - accuracy: 0.9694
Epoch 49/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1015 - accuracy: 0.9740
Epoch 50/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1077 - accuracy: 0.9698
Epoch 51/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1035 - accuracy: 0.9684
Epoch 52/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1076 - accuracy: 0.9694
Epoch 53/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.1000 - accuracy: 0.9689
Epoch 54/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0967 - accuracy: 0.9749
Epoch 55/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0994 - accuracy: 0.9703
Epoch 56/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0943 - accuracy: 0.9740
Epoch 57/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0923 - accuracy: 0.9735
Epoch 58/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0848 - accuracy: 0.9800
Epoch 59/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0836 - accuracy: 0.9782
Epoch 60/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0913 - accuracy: 0.9735
Epoch 61/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0823 - accuracy: 0.9773
Epoch 62/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0753 - accuracy: 0.9810
Epoch 63/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0746 - accuracy: 0.9777
Epoch 64/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0861 - accuracy: 0.9731
Epoch 65/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0765 - accuracy: 0.9787
Epoch 66/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0750 - accuracy: 0.9791
Epoch 67/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0725 - accuracy: 0.9814
Epoch 68/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0762 - accuracy: 0.9791
Epoch 69/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0645 - accuracy: 0.9842
Epoch 70/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0606 - accuracy: 0.9861
Epoch 71/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0775 - accuracy: 0.9805
Epoch 72/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0655 - accuracy: 0.9800
Epoch 73/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0629 - accuracy: 0.9833
Epoch 74/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0625 - accuracy: 0.9824
Epoch 75/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0607 - accuracy: 0.9838
Epoch 76/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0578 - accuracy: 0.9824
Epoch 77/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0568 - accuracy: 0.9842
Epoch 78/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0595 - accuracy: 0.9833
Epoch 79/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0615 - accuracy: 0.9842
Epoch 80/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0555 - accuracy: 0.9852
Epoch 81/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0517 - accuracy: 0.9870
Epoch 82/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0541 - accuracy: 0.9856
Epoch 83/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0533 - accuracy: 0.9884
Epoch 84/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0509 - accuracy: 0.9838
Epoch 85/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0600 - accuracy: 0.9828
Epoch 86/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0617 - accuracy: 0.9800
Epoch 87/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0599 - accuracy: 0.9800
Epoch 88/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0502 - accuracy: 0.9870
Epoch 89/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0416 - accuracy: 0.9907
Epoch 90/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0542 - accuracy: 0.9842
Epoch 91/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0490 - accuracy: 0.9847
Epoch 92/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0374 - accuracy: 0.9916
Epoch 93/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0467 - accuracy: 0.9893
Epoch 94/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0426 - accuracy: 0.9879
Epoch 95/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0543 - accuracy: 0.9861
Epoch 96/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0420 - accuracy: 0.9870
Epoch 97/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0461 - accuracy: 0.9861
Epoch 98/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0425 - accuracy: 0.9898
Epoch 99/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0406 - accuracy: 0.9907
Epoch 100/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.0486 - accuracy: 0.9847
<keras.callbacks.History at 0x7f6f9d5eacd0>

आधार एमएलपी मॉडल का मूल्यांकन करें

# Helper function to print evaluation metrics.
def print_metrics(model_desc, eval_metrics):
  """Prints evaluation metrics.

  Args:
    model_desc: A description of the model.
    eval_metrics: A dictionary mapping metric names to corresponding values. It
      must contain the loss and accuracy metrics.
  """
  print('\n')
  print('Eval accuracy for ', model_desc, ': ', eval_metrics['accuracy'])
  print('Eval loss for ', model_desc, ': ', eval_metrics['loss'])
  if 'graph_loss' in eval_metrics:
    print('Eval graph loss for ', model_desc, ': ', eval_metrics['graph_loss'])
eval_results = dict(
    zip(base_model.metrics_names,
        base_model.evaluate(test_dataset, steps=HPARAMS.eval_steps)))
print_metrics('Base MLP model', eval_results)
5/5 [==============================] - 0s 5ms/step - loss: 1.4192 - accuracy: 0.7939


Eval accuracy for  Base MLP model :  0.7938517332077026
Eval loss for  Base MLP model :  1.4192423820495605

ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के साथ ट्रेन एमएलपी मॉडल

एक मौजूदा के नुकसान अवधि में ग्राफ नियमितीकरण को शामिल tf.Keras.Model कोड के कुछ ही लाइनों की आवश्यकता है। बेस मॉडल एक नया बनाने के लिए लपेटा जाता है tf.Keras उपवर्ग मॉडल, जिसका नुकसान ग्राफ नियमितीकरण भी शामिल है।

ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के वृद्धिशील लाभ का आकलन करने के लिए, हम एक नया आधार मॉडल उदाहरण बनाएंगे। इसका कारण यह है है base_model पहले से ही कुछ पुनरावृत्तियों के लिए प्रशिक्षित किया गया है, और इस प्रशिक्षित मॉडल पुन: उपयोग एक ग्राफ-नियमित मॉडल बनाने के लिए के लिए एक निष्पक्ष तुलना नहीं होगा base_model

# Build a new base MLP model.
base_reg_model_tag, base_reg_model = 'FUNCTIONAL', make_mlp_functional_model(
    HPARAMS)
# Wrap the base MLP model with graph regularization.
graph_reg_config = nsl.configs.make_graph_reg_config(
    max_neighbors=HPARAMS.num_neighbors,
    multiplier=HPARAMS.graph_regularization_multiplier,
    distance_type=HPARAMS.distance_type,
    sum_over_axis=-1)
graph_reg_model = nsl.keras.GraphRegularization(base_reg_model,
                                                graph_reg_config)
graph_reg_model.compile(
    optimizer='adam',
    loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
    metrics=['accuracy'])
graph_reg_model.fit(train_dataset, epochs=HPARAMS.train_epochs, verbose=1)
Epoch 1/100
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow/python/framework/indexed_slices.py:446: UserWarning: Converting sparse IndexedSlices(IndexedSlices(indices=Tensor("gradient_tape/GraphRegularization/graph_loss/Reshape_1:0", shape=(None,), dtype=int32), values=Tensor("gradient_tape/GraphRegularization/graph_loss/Reshape:0", shape=(None, 7), dtype=float32), dense_shape=Tensor("gradient_tape/GraphRegularization/graph_loss/Cast:0", shape=(2,), dtype=int32))) to a dense Tensor of unknown shape. This may consume a large amount of memory.
  "shape. This may consume a large amount of memory." % value)
17/17 [==============================] - 2s 4ms/step - loss: 1.9798 - accuracy: 0.1601 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.0373
Epoch 2/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.9024 - accuracy: 0.2979 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.0254
Epoch 3/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.8623 - accuracy: 0.3160 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.0317
Epoch 4/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.8042 - accuracy: 0.3443 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.0498
Epoch 5/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.7552 - accuracy: 0.3582 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.0696
Epoch 6/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.7012 - accuracy: 0.4084 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.0866
Epoch 7/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.6578 - accuracy: 0.4515 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.1114
Epoch 8/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.6058 - accuracy: 0.5039 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.1300
Epoch 9/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.5498 - accuracy: 0.5434 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.1508
Epoch 10/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.5098 - accuracy: 0.6019 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.1651
Epoch 11/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.4746 - accuracy: 0.6302 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.1844
Epoch 12/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.4315 - accuracy: 0.6520 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.1917
Epoch 13/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.3932 - accuracy: 0.6770 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2024
Epoch 14/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.3645 - accuracy: 0.7183 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2145
Epoch 15/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.3265 - accuracy: 0.7369 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2324
Epoch 16/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.3045 - accuracy: 0.7555 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2358
Epoch 17/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.2836 - accuracy: 0.7652 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2404
Epoch 18/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.2456 - accuracy: 0.7898 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2469
Epoch 19/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.2348 - accuracy: 0.8074 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2615
Epoch 20/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.2000 - accuracy: 0.8074 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2542
Epoch 21/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1994 - accuracy: 0.8260 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2729
Epoch 22/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1825 - accuracy: 0.8269 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2676
Epoch 23/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1598 - accuracy: 0.8455 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2742
Epoch 24/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1543 - accuracy: 0.8534 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2797
Epoch 25/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1456 - accuracy: 0.8552 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2714
Epoch 26/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1154 - accuracy: 0.8566 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2796
Epoch 27/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1150 - accuracy: 0.8687 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2850
Epoch 28/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.1154 - accuracy: 0.8626 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2772
Epoch 29/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0806 - accuracy: 0.8733 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2756
Epoch 30/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0828 - accuracy: 0.8626 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2907
Epoch 31/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0724 - accuracy: 0.8886 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2834
Epoch 32/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0589 - accuracy: 0.8826 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2881
Epoch 33/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0490 - accuracy: 0.8872 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2972
Epoch 34/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0550 - accuracy: 0.8923 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2935
Epoch 35/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0397 - accuracy: 0.8840 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2795
Epoch 36/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0360 - accuracy: 0.8891 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2966
Epoch 37/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0235 - accuracy: 0.8961 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2890
Epoch 38/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0219 - accuracy: 0.8984 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2965
Epoch 39/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0168 - accuracy: 0.9044 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3023
Epoch 40/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0148 - accuracy: 0.9035 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2984
Epoch 41/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9956 - accuracy: 0.9118 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2888
Epoch 42/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 1.0019 - accuracy: 0.9021 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2877
Epoch 43/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9956 - accuracy: 0.9049 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2912
Epoch 44/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9986 - accuracy: 0.9026 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3040
Epoch 45/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9939 - accuracy: 0.9067 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3016
Epoch 46/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9828 - accuracy: 0.9058 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2877
Epoch 47/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9629 - accuracy: 0.9137 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2844
Epoch 48/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9645 - accuracy: 0.9146 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2933
Epoch 49/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9752 - accuracy: 0.9165 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3013
Epoch 50/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9552 - accuracy: 0.9179 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2865
Epoch 51/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9539 - accuracy: 0.9193 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3044
Epoch 52/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9443 - accuracy: 0.9183 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3010
Epoch 53/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9559 - accuracy: 0.9244 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2987
Epoch 54/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9497 - accuracy: 0.9225 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2979
Epoch 55/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9674 - accuracy: 0.9183 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3034
Epoch 56/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9537 - accuracy: 0.9174 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2834
Epoch 57/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9341 - accuracy: 0.9188 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2939
Epoch 58/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9392 - accuracy: 0.9225 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2998
Epoch 59/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9240 - accuracy: 0.9313 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3022
Epoch 60/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9368 - accuracy: 0.9267 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2979
Epoch 61/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9306 - accuracy: 0.9234 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2952
Epoch 62/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9197 - accuracy: 0.9230 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2916
Epoch 63/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9360 - accuracy: 0.9206 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2947
Epoch 64/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9181 - accuracy: 0.9299 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2996
Epoch 65/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9105 - accuracy: 0.9341 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2981
Epoch 66/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9014 - accuracy: 0.9323 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2897
Epoch 67/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9059 - accuracy: 0.9364 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3083
Epoch 68/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9053 - accuracy: 0.9309 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2976
Epoch 69/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9099 - accuracy: 0.9258 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3069
Epoch 70/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9025 - accuracy: 0.9355 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2890
Epoch 71/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8849 - accuracy: 0.9281 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2933
Epoch 72/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8959 - accuracy: 0.9323 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2918
Epoch 73/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9074 - accuracy: 0.9248 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3065
Epoch 74/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8845 - accuracy: 0.9369 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2874
Epoch 75/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8873 - accuracy: 0.9401 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2996
Epoch 76/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8942 - accuracy: 0.9327 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3086
Epoch 77/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.9052 - accuracy: 0.9253 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2986
Epoch 78/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8811 - accuracy: 0.9336 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2948
Epoch 79/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8896 - accuracy: 0.9276 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2919
Epoch 80/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8853 - accuracy: 0.9313 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2944
Epoch 81/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8875 - accuracy: 0.9323 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2925
Epoch 82/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8639 - accuracy: 0.9323 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2967
Epoch 83/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8820 - accuracy: 0.9332 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3047
Epoch 84/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8752 - accuracy: 0.9346 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2942
Epoch 85/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8651 - accuracy: 0.9374 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3066
Epoch 86/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8765 - accuracy: 0.9332 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2881
Epoch 87/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8691 - accuracy: 0.9420 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3030
Epoch 88/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8631 - accuracy: 0.9374 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2916
Epoch 89/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8651 - accuracy: 0.9392 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3032
Epoch 90/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8632 - accuracy: 0.9420 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3019
Epoch 91/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8600 - accuracy: 0.9425 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2965
Epoch 92/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8569 - accuracy: 0.9346 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2977
Epoch 93/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8704 - accuracy: 0.9374 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3083
Epoch 94/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8562 - accuracy: 0.9406 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2883
Epoch 95/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8545 - accuracy: 0.9415 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3030
Epoch 96/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8592 - accuracy: 0.9332 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2927
Epoch 97/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8503 - accuracy: 0.9397 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2927
Epoch 98/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8434 - accuracy: 0.9462 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.2937
Epoch 99/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8578 - accuracy: 0.9374 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3064
Epoch 100/100
17/17 [==============================] - 0s 3ms/step - loss: 0.8504 - accuracy: 0.9411 - scaled_graph_loss: 0.3043
<keras.callbacks.History at 0x7f70041be650>

ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के साथ एमएलपी मॉडल का मूल्यांकन करें

eval_results = dict(
    zip(graph_reg_model.metrics_names,
        graph_reg_model.evaluate(test_dataset, steps=HPARAMS.eval_steps)))
print_metrics('MLP + graph regularization', eval_results)
5/5 [==============================] - 0s 5ms/step - loss: 0.8884 - accuracy: 0.7957


Eval accuracy for  MLP + graph regularization :  0.7956600189208984
Eval loss for  MLP + graph regularization :  0.8883611559867859

ग्राफ-नियमित मॉडल की सटीकता के बारे में 2-3% बेस मॉडल (की तुलना में अधिक है base_model )।

निष्कर्ष

हमने न्यूरल स्ट्रक्चर्ड लर्निंग (एनएसएल) ढांचे का उपयोग करते हुए प्राकृतिक उद्धरण ग्राफ (कोरा) पर दस्तावेज़ वर्गीकरण के लिए ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के उपयोग का प्रदर्शन किया है। हमारे उन्नत ट्यूटोरियल ग्राफ नियमितीकरण के साथ एक तंत्रिका नेटवर्क प्रशिक्षण से पहले नमूना embeddings के आधार पर रेखांकन synthesizing शामिल है। यदि इनपुट में स्पष्ट ग्राफ़ नहीं है तो यह दृष्टिकोण उपयोगी है।

हम उपयोगकर्ताओं को पर्यवेक्षण की मात्रा में बदलाव के साथ-साथ ग्राफ़ नियमितीकरण के लिए विभिन्न तंत्रिका आर्किटेक्चर की कोशिश करके आगे प्रयोग करने के लिए प्रोत्साहित करते हैं।