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Fairness Indicators TensorBoard Plugin Example Colab

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Overview

In this activity, you'll use Fairness Indicators for TensorBoard. With the plugin, you can visualize fairness evaluations for your runs and easily compare performance across groups.

Importing

Run the following code to install the required libraries.

pip install -q -U pip==20.2

pip install fairness_indicators 'absl-py<0.9,>=0.7'
pip install google-api-python-client==1.8.3
pip install tensorboard-plugin-fairness-indicators
pip install tensorflow-serving-api==2.9.0

Restart the runtime. After the runtime is restarted, continue with following cells without running previous cell again.

# %tf.disable_v2_behavior() # Uncomment this line if running in Google Colab.
import datetime
import os
import tempfile
from tensorboard_plugin_fairness_indicators import summary_v2
import tensorflow.compat.v1 as tf

# example_model.py is provided in fairness_indicators package to train and
# evaluate an example model. 
from fairness_indicators import example_model

tf.compat.v1.enable_eager_execution()
2022-10-06 09:30:47.985104: E tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_blas.cc:2981] Unable to register cuBLAS factory: Attempting to register factory for plugin cuBLAS when one has already been registered
2022-10-06 09:30:48.781575: W tensorflow/stream_executor/platform/default/dso_loader.cc:64] Could not load dynamic library 'libnvinfer.so.7'; dlerror: libnvrtc.so.11.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
2022-10-06 09:30:48.781800: W tensorflow/stream_executor/platform/default/dso_loader.cc:64] Could not load dynamic library 'libnvinfer_plugin.so.7'; dlerror: libnvrtc.so.11.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
2022-10-06 09:30:48.781812: W tensorflow/compiler/tf2tensorrt/utils/py_utils.cc:38] TF-TRT Warning: Cannot dlopen some TensorRT libraries. If you would like to use Nvidia GPU with TensorRT, please make sure the missing libraries mentioned above are installed properly.

Data and Constants

# To know about dataset, check Fairness Indicators Example Colab at:
# https://github.com/tensorflow/fairness-indicators/blob/master/g3doc/tutorials/Fairness_Indicators_Example_Colab.ipynb

train_tf_file = tf.keras.utils.get_file('train.tf', 'https://storage.googleapis.com/civil_comments_dataset/train_tf_processed.tfrecord')
validate_tf_file = tf.keras.utils.get_file('validate.tf', 'https://storage.googleapis.com/civil_comments_dataset/validate_tf_processed.tfrecord')

BASE_DIR = tempfile.gettempdir()
TEXT_FEATURE = 'comment_text'
LABEL = 'toxicity'
FEATURE_MAP = {
    # Label:
    LABEL: tf.io.FixedLenFeature([], tf.float32),
    # Text:
    TEXT_FEATURE: tf.io.FixedLenFeature([], tf.string),

    # Identities:
    'sexual_orientation': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
    'gender': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
    'religion': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
    'race': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
    'disability': tf.io.VarLenFeature(tf.string),
}
Downloading data from https://storage.googleapis.com/civil_comments_dataset/train_tf_processed.tfrecord
488153424/488153424 [==============================] - 3s 0us/step
Downloading data from https://storage.googleapis.com/civil_comments_dataset/validate_tf_processed.tfrecord
324941336/324941336 [==============================] - 2s 0us/step

Train the Model

model_dir = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'train',
                         datetime.datetime.now().strftime('%Y%m%d-%H%M%S'))

classifier = example_model.train_model(model_dir,
                                       train_tf_file,
                                       LABEL,
                                       TEXT_FEATURE,
                                       FEATURE_MAP)
INFO:tensorflow:Using default config.
INFO:tensorflow:Using default config.
INFO:tensorflow:Using config: {'_model_dir': '/tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056', '_tf_random_seed': None, '_save_summary_steps': 100, '_save_checkpoints_steps': None, '_save_checkpoints_secs': 600, '_session_config': allow_soft_placement: true
graph_options {
  rewrite_options {
    meta_optimizer_iterations: ONE
  }
}
, '_keep_checkpoint_max': 5, '_keep_checkpoint_every_n_hours': 10000, '_log_step_count_steps': 100, '_train_distribute': None, '_device_fn': None, '_protocol': None, '_eval_distribute': None, '_experimental_distribute': None, '_experimental_max_worker_delay_secs': None, '_session_creation_timeout_secs': 7200, '_checkpoint_save_graph_def': True, '_service': None, '_cluster_spec': ClusterSpec({}), '_task_type': 'worker', '_task_id': 0, '_global_id_in_cluster': 0, '_master': '', '_evaluation_master': '', '_is_chief': True, '_num_ps_replicas': 0, '_num_worker_replicas': 1}
INFO:tensorflow:Using config: {'_model_dir': '/tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056', '_tf_random_seed': None, '_save_summary_steps': 100, '_save_checkpoints_steps': None, '_save_checkpoints_secs': 600, '_session_config': allow_soft_placement: true
graph_options {
  rewrite_options {
    meta_optimizer_iterations: ONE
  }
}
, '_keep_checkpoint_max': 5, '_keep_checkpoint_every_n_hours': 10000, '_log_step_count_steps': 100, '_train_distribute': None, '_device_fn': None, '_protocol': None, '_eval_distribute': None, '_experimental_distribute': None, '_experimental_max_worker_delay_secs': None, '_session_creation_timeout_secs': 7200, '_checkpoint_save_graph_def': True, '_service': None, '_cluster_spec': ClusterSpec({}), '_task_type': 'worker', '_task_id': 0, '_global_id_in_cluster': 0, '_master': '', '_evaluation_master': '', '_is_chief': True, '_num_ps_replicas': 0, '_num_worker_replicas': 1}
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/training_util.py:396: Variable.initialized_value (from tensorflow.python.ops.variables) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use Variable.read_value. Variables in 2.X are initialized automatically both in eager and graph (inside tf.defun) contexts.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/training_util.py:396: Variable.initialized_value (from tensorflow.python.ops.variables) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use Variable.read_value. Variables in 2.X are initialized automatically both in eager and graph (inside tf.defun) contexts.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
2022-10-06 09:30:56.828567: W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/graph_constructor.cc:1526] Importing a graph with a lower producer version 26 into an existing graph with producer version 1205. Shape inference will have run different parts of the graph with different producer versions.
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_estimator/python/estimator/canned/head.py:399: NumericColumn._get_dense_tensor (from tensorflow.python.feature_column.feature_column_v2) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The old _FeatureColumn APIs are being deprecated. Please use the new FeatureColumn APIs instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_estimator/python/estimator/canned/head.py:399: NumericColumn._get_dense_tensor (from tensorflow.python.feature_column.feature_column_v2) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The old _FeatureColumn APIs are being deprecated. Please use the new FeatureColumn APIs instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/feature_column/feature_column.py:2188: NumericColumn._transform_feature (from tensorflow.python.feature_column.feature_column_v2) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The old _FeatureColumn APIs are being deprecated. Please use the new FeatureColumn APIs instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/feature_column/feature_column.py:2188: NumericColumn._transform_feature (from tensorflow.python.feature_column.feature_column_v2) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The old _FeatureColumn APIs are being deprecated. Please use the new FeatureColumn APIs instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/adagrad.py:138: calling Constant.__init__ (from tensorflow.python.ops.init_ops) with dtype is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Call initializer instance with the dtype argument instead of passing it to the constructor
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/adagrad.py:138: calling Constant.__init__ (from tensorflow.python.ops.init_ops) with dtype is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Call initializer instance with the dtype argument instead of passing it to the constructor
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Create CheckpointSaverHook.
INFO:tensorflow:Create CheckpointSaverHook.
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
INFO:tensorflow:Graph was finalized.
2022-10-06 09:31:00.005465: W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/forward_type_inference.cc:332] Type inference failed. This indicates an invalid graph that escaped type checking. Error message: INVALID_ARGUMENT: expected compatible input types, but input 1:
type_id: TFT_OPTIONAL
args {
  type_id: TFT_PRODUCT
  args {
    type_id: TFT_TENSOR
    args {
      type_id: TFT_INT64
    }
  }
}
 is neither a subtype nor a supertype of the combined inputs preceding it:
type_id: TFT_OPTIONAL
args {
  type_id: TFT_PRODUCT
  args {
    type_id: TFT_TENSOR
    args {
      type_id: TFT_INT32
    }
  }
}

    while inferring type of node 'dnn/zero_fraction/cond/output/_18'
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Done running local_init_op.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 0 into /tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 0 into /tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 0...
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 59.451122, step = 0
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 59.451122, step = 0
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 107.074
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 107.074
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 56.83761, step = 100 (0.936 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 56.83761, step = 100 (0.936 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 124.637
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 124.637
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 47.400597, step = 200 (0.802 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 47.400597, step = 200 (0.802 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 126.063
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 126.063
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 56.015175, step = 300 (0.793 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 56.015175, step = 300 (0.793 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 125.577
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 125.577
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 55.183327, step = 400 (0.796 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 55.183327, step = 400 (0.796 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 130.322
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 130.322
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 41.47169, step = 500 (0.767 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 41.47169, step = 500 (0.767 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 127.955
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 127.955
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 45.62383, step = 600 (0.782 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 45.62383, step = 600 (0.782 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 125.457
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 125.457
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 51.04196, step = 700 (0.797 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 51.04196, step = 700 (0.797 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 121.911
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 121.911
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 47.691547, step = 800 (0.820 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 47.691547, step = 800 (0.820 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 128.957
INFO:tensorflow:global_step/sec: 128.957
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 48.189148, step = 900 (0.775 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:loss = 48.189148, step = 900 (0.775 sec)
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 1000...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners before saving checkpoint 1000...
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 1000 into /tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Saving checkpoints for 1000 into /tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056/model.ckpt.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 1000...
INFO:tensorflow:Calling checkpoint listeners after saving checkpoint 1000...
INFO:tensorflow:Loss for final step: 51.30319.
INFO:tensorflow:Loss for final step: 51.30319.

Run TensorFlow Model Analysis with Fairness Indicators

This step might take 2 to 5 minutes.

tfma_eval_result_path = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'tfma_eval_result')

example_model.evaluate_model(classifier,
                             validate_tf_file,
                             tfma_eval_result_path,
                             'gender',
                             LABEL,
                             FEATURE_MAP)
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/eval_saved_model/encoding.py:132: build_tensor_info (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.utils_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.utils.build_tensor_info or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.build_tensor_info.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/eval_saved_model/encoding.py:132: build_tensor_info (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.utils_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.utils.build_tensor_info or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.build_tensor_info.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
2022-10-06 09:31:11.193451: W tensorflow/core/common_runtime/graph_constructor.cc:1526] Importing a graph with a lower producer version 26 into an existing graph with producer version 1205. Shape inference will have run different parts of the graph with different producer versions.
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_estimator/python/estimator/canned/head.py:635: auc (from tensorflow.python.ops.metrics_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The value of AUC returned by this may race with the update so this is deprecated. Please use tf.keras.metrics.AUC instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_estimator/python/estimator/canned/head.py:635: auc (from tensorflow.python.ops.metrics_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
The value of AUC returned by this may race with the update so this is deprecated. Please use tf.keras.metrics.AUC instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:Trapezoidal rule is known to produce incorrect PR-AUCs; please switch to "careful_interpolation" instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:Trapezoidal rule is known to produce incorrect PR-AUCs; please switch to "careful_interpolation" instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:Trapezoidal rule is known to produce incorrect PR-AUCs; please switch to "careful_interpolation" instead.
WARNING:tensorflow:Trapezoidal rule is known to produce incorrect PR-AUCs; please switch to "careful_interpolation" instead.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
INFO:tensorflow:Done calling model_fn.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/saved_model/model_utils/export_utils.py:84: get_tensor_from_tensor_info (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.utils_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.utils.get_tensor_from_tensor_info or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.get_tensor_from_tensor_info.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow/python/saved_model/model_utils/export_utils.py:84: get_tensor_from_tensor_info (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.utils_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.utils.get_tensor_from_tensor_info or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.get_tensor_from_tensor_info.
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Classify: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Classify: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Regress: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Regress: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Predict: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Predict: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Train: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Train: None
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Eval: ['eval']
INFO:tensorflow:Signatures INCLUDED in export for Eval: ['eval']
WARNING:tensorflow:Export includes no default signature!
WARNING:tensorflow:Export includes no default signature!
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056/model.ckpt-1000
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmpfs/tmp/train/20221006-093056/model.ckpt-1000
INFO:tensorflow:Assets added to graph.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets added to graph.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmpfs/tmp/tfma_eval_model/temp-1665048671/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: /tmpfs/tmp/tfma_eval_model/temp-1665048671/assets
INFO:tensorflow:SavedModel written to: /tmpfs/tmp/tfma_eval_model/temp-1665048671/saved_model.pb
INFO:tensorflow:SavedModel written to: /tmpfs/tmp/tfma_eval_model/temp-1665048671/saved_model.pb
WARNING:absl:Tensorflow version (2.10.0) found. Note that TFMA support for TF 2.0 is currently in beta
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/eval_saved_model/load.py:163: load (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.loader_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.loader.load or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.load. There will be a new function for importing SavedModels in Tensorflow 2.0.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/eval_saved_model/load.py:163: load (from tensorflow.python.saved_model.loader_impl) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
This function will only be available through the v1 compatibility library as tf.compat.v1.saved_model.loader.load or tf.compat.v1.saved_model.load. There will be a new function for importing SavedModels in Tensorflow 2.0.
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmpfs/tmp/tfma_eval_model/1665048671/variables/variables
INFO:tensorflow:Restoring parameters from /tmpfs/tmp/tfma_eval_model/1665048671/variables/variables
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.filebasedsink:Deleting 1 existing files in target path matching: 
WARNING:apache_beam.io.filebasedsink:Deleting 1 existing files in target path matching: -*-of-%(num_shards)05d
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/writers/metrics_plots_and_validations_writer.py:110: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`
WARNING:tensorflow:From /home/kbuilder/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/writers/metrics_plots_and_validations_writer.py:110: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`

Visualize Fairness Indicators in TensorBoard

Below you will visualize Fairness Indicators in Tensorboard and compare performance of each slice of the data on selected metrics. You can adjust the baseline comparison slice as well as the displayed threshold(s) using the drop down menus at the top of the visualization. You can also select different evaluation runs using the drop down menu at the top-left corner.

Write Fairness Indicators Summary

Write summary file containing all required information to visualize Fairness Indicators in TensorBoard.

import tensorflow.compat.v2 as tf2

writer = tf2.summary.create_file_writer(
    os.path.join(model_dir, 'fairness_indicators'))
with writer.as_default():
  summary_v2.FairnessIndicators(tfma_eval_result_path, step=1)
writer.close()

Launch TensorBoard

Navigate to "Fairness Indicators" tab to visualize Fairness Indicators.

%load_ext tensorboard
%tensorboard --logdir=$model_dir