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tfa.optimizers.AdamW

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Class AdamW

Optimizer that implements the Adam algorithm with weight decay.

Inherits From: DecoupledWeightDecayExtension

Aliases:

This is an implementation of the AdamW optimizer described in "Decoupled Weight Decay Regularization" by Loshchilov & Hutter (https://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05101) ([pdf])(https://arxiv.org/pdf/1711.05101.pdf).

It computes the update step of tf.keras.optimizers.Adam and additionally decays the variable. Note that this is different from adding L2 regularization on the variables to the loss: it regularizes variables with large gradients more than L2 regularization would, which was shown to yield better training loss and generalization error in the paper above.

For further information see the documentation of the Adam Optimizer.

This optimizer can also be instantiated as

extend_with_decoupled_weight_decay(tf.keras.optimizers.Adam,
                                   weight_decay=weight_decay)
step = tf.Variable(0, trainable=False)
schedule = tf.optimizers.schedules.PiecewiseConstantDecay(
    [10000, 15000], [1e-0, 1e-1, 1e-2])
# lr and wd can be a function or a tensor
lr = 1e-1 * schedule(step)
wd = lambda: 1e-4 * schedule(step)

# ...

optimizer = tfa.optimizers.AdamW(learning_rate=lr, weight_decay=wd)

__init__

View source

__init__(
    weight_decay,
    learning_rate=0.001,
    beta_1=0.9,
    beta_2=0.999,
    epsilon=1e-07,
    amsgrad=False,
    name='AdamW',
    **kwargs
)

Construct a new AdamW optimizer.

For further information see the documentation of the Adam Optimizer.

Args:

  • weight_decay: A Tensor or a floating point value. The weight decay.
  • learning_rate: A Tensor or a floating point value. The learning rate.
  • beta_1: A float value or a constant float tensor. The exponential decay rate for the 1st moment estimates.
  • beta_2: A float value or a constant float tensor. The exponential decay rate for the 2nd moment estimates.
  • epsilon: A small constant for numerical stability. This epsilon is "epsilon hat" in the Kingma and Ba paper (in the formula just before Section 2.1), not the epsilon in Algorithm 1 of the paper.
  • amsgrad: boolean. Whether to apply AMSGrad variant of this algorithm from the paper "On the Convergence of Adam and beyond".
  • name: Optional name for the operations created when applying gradients. Defaults to "AdamW".
  • **kwargs: keyword arguments. Allowed to be {clipnorm, clipvalue, lr, decay}. clipnorm is clip gradients by norm; clipvalue is clip gradients by value, decay is included for backward compatibility to allow time inverse decay of learning rate. lr is included for backward compatibility, recommended to use learning_rate instead.

Properties

iterations

Variable. The number of training steps this Optimizer has run.

weights

Returns variables of this Optimizer based on the order created.

Methods

add_slot

add_slot(
    var,
    slot_name,
    initializer='zeros'
)

Add a new slot variable for var.

add_weight

add_weight(
    name,
    shape,
    dtype=None,
    initializer='zeros',
    trainable=None,
    synchronization=tf_variables.VariableSynchronization.AUTO,
    aggregation=tf_variables.VariableAggregation.NONE
)

apply_gradients

View source

apply_gradients(
    grads_and_vars,
    name=None,
    decay_var_list=None
)

Apply gradients to variables.

This is the second part of minimize(). It returns an Operation that applies gradients.

Args:

  • grads_and_vars: List of (gradient, variable) pairs.
  • name: Optional name for the returned operation. Default to the name passed to the Optimizer constructor.
  • decay_var_list: Optional list of variables to be decayed. Defaults to all variables in var_list.

Returns:

An Operation that applies the specified gradients. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

Raises:

  • TypeError: If grads_and_vars is malformed.
  • ValueError: If none of the variables have gradients.

from_config

from_config(
    cls,
    config,
    custom_objects=None
)

Creates an optimizer from its config.

This method is the reverse of get_config, capable of instantiating the same optimizer from the config dictionary.

Arguments:

  • config: A Python dictionary, typically the output of get_config.
  • custom_objects: A Python dictionary mapping names to additional Python objects used to create this optimizer, such as a function used for a hyperparameter.

Returns:

An optimizer instance.

get_config

View source

get_config()

get_gradients

get_gradients(
    loss,
    params
)

Returns gradients of loss with respect to params.

Arguments:

  • loss: Loss tensor.
  • params: List of variables.

Returns:

List of gradient tensors.

Raises:

  • ValueError: In case any gradient cannot be computed (e.g. if gradient function not implemented).

get_slot

get_slot(
    var,
    slot_name
)

get_slot_names

get_slot_names()

A list of names for this optimizer's slots.

get_updates

get_updates(
    loss,
    params
)

get_weights

get_weights()

minimize

View source

minimize(
    loss,
    var_list,
    grad_loss=None,
    name=None,
    decay_var_list=None
)

Minimize loss by updating var_list.

This method simply computes gradient using tf.GradientTape and calls apply_gradients(). If you want to process the gradient before applying then call tf.GradientTape and apply_gradients() explicitly instead of using this function.

Args:

  • loss: A callable taking no arguments which returns the value to minimize.
  • var_list: list or tuple of Variable objects to update to minimize loss, or a callable returning the list or tuple of Variable objects. Use callable when the variable list would otherwise be incomplete before minimize since the variables are created at the first time loss is called.
  • grad_loss: Optional. A Tensor holding the gradient computed for loss.
  • decay_var_list: Optional list of variables to be decayed. Defaults to all variables in var_list.
  • name: Optional name for the returned operation.

Returns:

An Operation that updates the variables in var_list. If global_step was not None, that operation also increments global_step.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If some of the variables are not Variable objects.

set_weights

set_weights(weights)

variables

variables()

Returns variables of this Optimizer based on the order created.