Generating Images with BigGAN

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This notebook is a demo for the BigGAN image generators available on TF Hub.

See the BigGAN paper on arXiv [1] for more information about these models.

After connecting to a runtime, get started by following these instructions:

  1. (Optional) Update the selected module_path in the first code cell below to load a BigGAN generator for a different image resolution.
  2. Click Runtime > Run all to run each cell in order.
    • Afterwards, the interactive visualizations should update automatically when you modify the settings using the sliders and dropdown menus.
    • If not, press the Play button by the cell to re-render outputs manually.

[1] Andrew Brock, Jeff Donahue, and Karen Simonyan. Large Scale GAN Training for High Fidelity Natural Image Synthesis. arxiv:1809.11096, 2018.

First, set the module path. By default, we load the BigGAN-deep generator for 256x256 images from <a href=""></a>. To generate 128x128 or 512x512 images or to use the original BigGAN generators, comment out the active module_path setting and uncomment one of the others.

# BigGAN-deep models
# module_path = ''  # 128x128 BigGAN-deep
module_path = ''  # 256x256 BigGAN-deep
# module_path = ''  # 512x512 BigGAN-deep

# BigGAN (original) models
# module_path = ''  # 128x128 BigGAN
# module_path = ''  # 256x256 BigGAN
# module_path = ''  # 512x512 BigGAN


import tensorflow.compat.v1 as tf

import os
import io
import IPython.display
import numpy as np
import PIL.Image
from scipy.stats import truncnorm
import tensorflow_hub as hub
2023-11-07 12:59:55.358595: E external/local_xla/xla/stream_executor/cuda/] Unable to register cuDNN factory: Attempting to register factory for plugin cuDNN when one has already been registered
2023-11-07 12:59:55.358640: E external/local_xla/xla/stream_executor/cuda/] Unable to register cuFFT factory: Attempting to register factory for plugin cuFFT when one has already been registered
2023-11-07 12:59:55.360205: E external/local_xla/xla/stream_executor/cuda/] Unable to register cuBLAS factory: Attempting to register factory for plugin cuBLAS when one has already been registered
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.9/site-packages/tensorflow/python/compat/ disable_resource_variables (from tensorflow.python.ops.variable_scope) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
non-resource variables are not supported in the long term

Load a BigGAN generator module from TF Hub

print('Loading BigGAN module from:', module_path)
module = hub.Module(module_path)
inputs = {k: tf.placeholder(v.dtype, v.get_shape().as_list(), k)
          for k, v in module.get_input_info_dict().items()}
output = module(inputs)

print('Inputs:\n', '\n'.join(
    '  {}: {}'.format(*kv) for kv in inputs.items()))
print('Output:', output)
Loading BigGAN module from:
2023-11-07 13:00:18.684593: E external/local_xla/xla/stream_executor/cuda/] failed call to cuInit: CUDA_ERROR_NO_DEVICE: no CUDA-capable device is detected
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
INFO:tensorflow:Saver not created because there are no variables in the graph to restore
   z: Tensor("z:0", shape=(?, 128), dtype=float32)
  truncation: Tensor("truncation:0", shape=(), dtype=float32)
  y: Tensor("y:0", shape=(?, 1000), dtype=float32)

Output: Tensor("module_apply_default/G_trunc_output:0", shape=(?, 256, 256, 3), dtype=float32)

Define some functions for sampling and displaying BigGAN images

input_z = inputs['z']
input_y = inputs['y']
input_trunc = inputs['truncation']

dim_z = input_z.shape.as_list()[1]
vocab_size = input_y.shape.as_list()[1]

def truncated_z_sample(batch_size, truncation=1., seed=None):
  state = None if seed is None else np.random.RandomState(seed)
  values = truncnorm.rvs(-2, 2, size=(batch_size, dim_z), random_state=state)
  return truncation * values

def one_hot(index, vocab_size=vocab_size):
  index = np.asarray(index)
  if len(index.shape) == 0:
    index = np.asarray([index])
  assert len(index.shape) == 1
  num = index.shape[0]
  output = np.zeros((num, vocab_size), dtype=np.float32)
  output[np.arange(num), index] = 1
  return output

def one_hot_if_needed(label, vocab_size=vocab_size):
  label = np.asarray(label)
  if len(label.shape) <= 1:
    label = one_hot(label, vocab_size)
  assert len(label.shape) == 2
  return label

def sample(sess, noise, label, truncation=1., batch_size=8,
  noise = np.asarray(noise)
  label = np.asarray(label)
  num = noise.shape[0]
  if len(label.shape) == 0:
    label = np.asarray([label] * num)
  if label.shape[0] != num:
    raise ValueError('Got # noise samples ({}) != # label samples ({})'
                     .format(noise.shape[0], label.shape[0]))
  label = one_hot_if_needed(label, vocab_size)
  ims = []
  for batch_start in range(0, num, batch_size):
    s = slice(batch_start, min(num, batch_start + batch_size))
    feed_dict = {input_z: noise[s], input_y: label[s], input_trunc: truncation}
    ims.append(, feed_dict=feed_dict))
  ims = np.concatenate(ims, axis=0)
  assert ims.shape[0] == num
  ims = np.clip(((ims + 1) / 2.0) * 256, 0, 255)
  ims = np.uint8(ims)
  return ims

def interpolate(A, B, num_interps):
  if A.shape != B.shape:
    raise ValueError('A and B must have the same shape to interpolate.')
  alphas = np.linspace(0, 1, num_interps)
  return np.array([(1-a)*A + a*B for a in alphas])

def imgrid(imarray, cols=5, pad=1):
  if imarray.dtype != np.uint8:
    raise ValueError('imgrid input imarray must be uint8')
  pad = int(pad)
  assert pad >= 0
  cols = int(cols)
  assert cols >= 1
  N, H, W, C = imarray.shape
  rows = N // cols + int(N % cols != 0)
  batch_pad = rows * cols - N
  assert batch_pad >= 0
  post_pad = [batch_pad, pad, pad, 0]
  pad_arg = [[0, p] for p in post_pad]
  imarray = np.pad(imarray, pad_arg, 'constant', constant_values=255)
  H += pad
  W += pad
  grid = (imarray
          .reshape(rows, cols, H, W, C)
          .transpose(0, 2, 1, 3, 4)
          .reshape(rows*H, cols*W, C))
  if pad:
    grid = grid[:-pad, :-pad]
  return grid

def imshow(a, format='png', jpeg_fallback=True):
  a = np.asarray(a, dtype=np.uint8)
  data = io.BytesIO()
  PIL.Image.fromarray(a).save(data, format)
  im_data = data.getvalue()
    disp = IPython.display.display(IPython.display.Image(im_data))
  except IOError:
    if jpeg_fallback and format != 'jpeg':
      print(('Warning: image was too large to display in format "{}"; '
             'trying jpeg instead.').format(format))
      return imshow(a, format='jpeg')
  return disp

Create a TensorFlow session and initialize variables

initializer = tf.global_variables_initializer()
sess = tf.Session()

Explore BigGAN samples of a particular category

Try varying the truncation value.

(Double-click on the cell to view code.)

Category-conditional sampling


Interpolate between BigGAN samples

Try setting different categorys with the same noise_seeds, or the same categorys with different noise_seeds. Or go wild and set both any way you like!

(Double-click on the cell to view code.)