tf.compat.v1.estimator.LinearRegressor

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An estimator for TensorFlow Linear regression problems.

Inherits From: Estimator

Train a linear regression model to predict label value given observation of feature values.

Example:

categorical_column_a = categorical_column_with_hash_bucket(...)
categorical_column_b = categorical_column_with_hash_bucket(...)

categorical_feature_a_x_categorical_feature_b = crossed_column(...)

# Estimator using the default optimizer.
estimator = tf.estimator.LinearRegressor(
    feature_columns=[categorical_column_a,
                     categorical_feature_a_x_categorical_feature_b])

# Or estimator using the FTRL optimizer with regularization.
estimator = tf.estimator.LinearRegressor(
    feature_columns=[categorical_column_a,
                     categorical_feature_a_x_categorical_feature_b],
    optimizer=tf.keras.optimizers.Ftrl(
      learning_rate=0.1,
      l1_regularization_strength=0.001
    ))

# Or estimator using an optimizer with a learning rate decay.
estimator = tf.estimator.LinearRegressor(
    feature_columns=[categorical_column_a,
                     categorical_feature_a_x_categorical_feature_b],
    optimizer=lambda: tf.keras.optimizers.Ftrl(
        learning_rate=tf.compat.v1.train.exponential_decay(
            learning_rate=0.1,
            global_step=tf.compat.v1.train.get_global_step(),
            decay_steps=10000,
            decay_rate=0.96))

# Or estimator with warm-starting from a previous checkpoint.
estimator = tf.estimator.LinearRegressor(
    feature_columns=[categorical_column_a,
                     categorical_feature_a_x_categorical_feature_b],
    warm_start_from="/path/to/checkpoint/dir")


# Input builders
def input_fn_train:
  # Returns tf.data.Dataset of (x, y) tuple where y represents label's class
  # index.
  pass
def input_fn_eval:
  # Returns tf.data.Dataset of (x, y) tuple where y represents label's class
  # index.
  pass
def input_fn_predict:
  # Returns tf.data.Dataset of (x, None) tuple.
  pass
estimator.train(input_fn=input_fn_train)
metrics = estimator.evaluate(input_fn=input_fn_eval)
predictions = estimator.predict(input_fn=input_fn_predict)

Input of train and evaluate should have following features, otherwise there will be a KeyError:

  • if weight_column is not None, a feature with key=weight_column whose value is a Tensor.
  • for each column in feature_columns:
    • if column is a SparseColumn, a feature with key=column.name whose value is a SparseTensor.
    • if column is a WeightedSparseColumn, two features: the first with key the id column name, the second with key the weight column name. Both features' value must be a SparseTensor.
    • if column is a RealValuedColumn, a feature with key=column.name whose value is a Tensor.

Loss is calculated by using mean squared error.

model_fn Model function. Follows the signature:

  • features -- This is the first item returned from the input_fn passed to train, evaluate, and predict. This should be a single tf.Tensor or dict of same.
  • labels -- This is the second item returned from the input_fn passed to train, evaluate, and predict. This should be a single tf.Tensor or dict of same (for multi-head models). If mode is tf.estimator.ModeKeys.PREDICT, labels=None will be passed. If the model_fn's signature does not accept mode, the model_fn must still be able to handle labels=None.
  • mode -- Optional. Specifies if this is training, evaluation or prediction. See tf.estimator.ModeKeys. params -- Optional dict of hyperparameters. Will receive what is passed to Estimator in params parameter. This allows to configure Estimators from hyper parameter tuning.
  • config -- Optional estimator.RunConfig object. Will receive what is passed to Estimator as its config parameter, or a default value. Allows setting up things in your model_fn based on configuration such as num_ps_replicas, or model_dir.
  • Returns -- tf.estimator.EstimatorSpec
model_dir Directory to save model parameters, graph and etc. This can also be used to load checkpoints from the directory into an estimator to continue training a previously saved model. If PathLike object, the path will be resolved. If None, the model_dir in config will be used if set. If both are set, they must be same. If both are None, a temporary directory will be used.
config estimator.RunConfig configuration object.
params dict of hyper parameters that will be passed into model_fn. Keys are names of parameters, values are basic python types.
warm_start_from Optional string filepath to a checkpoint or SavedModel to warm-start from, or a tf.estimator.WarmStartSettings object to fully configure warm-starting. If None, only TRAINABLE variables are warm-started. If the string filepath is provided instead of a tf.estimator.WarmStartSettings, then all variables are warm-started, and it is assumed that vocabularies and tf.Tensor names are unchanged.

ValueError parameters of model_fn don't match params.
ValueError if this is called via a subclass and if that class overrides a member of Estimator.

Eager Compatibility

Estimators can be used while eager execution is enabled. Note that input_fn and all hooks are executed inside a graph context, so they have to be written to be compatible with graph mode. Note that input_fn code using tf.data generally works in both graph and eager modes.

config

model_dir

model_fn Returns the model_fn which is bound to self.params.
params

Methods

eval_dir

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Shows the directory name where evaluation metrics are dumped.

Args
name Name of the evaluation if user needs to run multiple evaluations on different data sets, such as on training data vs test data. Metrics for different evaluations are saved in separate folders, and appear separately in tensorboard.

Returns
A string which is the path of directory contains evaluation metrics.

evaluate

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Evaluates the model given evaluation data input_fn.

For each step, calls input_fn, which returns one batch of data. Evaluates until:

Args
input_fn A function that constructs the input data for evaluation. See Premade Estimators for more information. The function should construct and return one of the following:

  • A tf.data.Dataset object: Outputs of Dataset object must be a tuple (features, labels) with same constraints as below.
  • A tuple (features, labels): Where features is a tf.Tensor or a dictionary of string feature name to Tensor and labels is a Tensor or a dictionary of string label name to Tensor. Both features and labels are consumed by model_fn. They should satisfy the expectation of model_fn from inputs.
steps Number of steps for which to evaluate model. If None, evaluates until input_fn raises an end-of-input exception.
hooks List of tf.train.SessionRunHook subclass instances. Used for callbacks inside the evaluation call.
checkpoint_path Path of a specific checkpoint to evaluate. If None, the latest checkpoint in model_dir is used. If there are no checkpoints in model_dir, evaluation is run with newly initialized Variables instead of ones restored from checkpoint.
name Name of the evaluation if user needs to run multiple evaluations on different data sets, such as on training data vs test data. Metrics for different evaluations are saved in separate folders, and appear separately in tensorboard.

Returns
A dict containing the evaluation metrics specified in model_fn keyed by name, as well as an entry global_step which contains the value of the global step for which this evaluation was performed. For canned estimators, the dict contains the loss (mean loss per mini-batch) and the average_loss (mean loss per sample). Canned classifiers also return the accuracy. Canned regressors also return the label/mean and the prediction/mean.

Raises
ValueError If steps <= 0.

experimental_export_all_saved_models

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Exports a SavedModel with tf.MetaGraphDefs for each requested mode.

For each mode passed in via the input_receiver_fn_map, this method builds a new graph by calling the input_receiver_fn to obtain feature and label Tensors. Next, this method calls the Estimator's model_fn in the passed mode to generate the model graph based on those features and labels, and restores the given checkpoint (or, lacking that, the most recent checkpoint) into the graph. Only one of the modes is used for saving variables to the SavedModel (order of preference: tf.estimator.ModeKeys.TRAIN, tf.estimator.ModeKeys.EVAL, then tf.estimator.ModeKeys.PREDICT), such that up to three tf.MetaGraphDefs are saved with a single set of variables in a single SavedModel directory.

For the variables and tf.MetaGraphDefs, a timestamped export directory below export_dir_base, and writes a SavedModel into it containing the tf.MetaGraphDef for the given mode and its associated signatures.

For prediction, the exported MetaGraphDef will provide one SignatureDef for each element of the export_outputs dict returned from the model_fn, named using the same keys. One of these keys is always tf.saved_model.signature_constants.DEFAULT_SERVING_SIGNATURE_DEF_KEY, indicating which signature will be served when a serving request does not specify one. For each signature, the outputs are provided by the corresponding tf.estimator.export.ExportOutputs, and the inputs are always the input receivers provided by the serving_input_receiver_fn.

For training and evaluation, the train_op is stored in an extra collection, and loss, metrics, and predictions are included in a SignatureDef for the mode in question.

Extra assets may be written into the SavedModel via the assets_extra argument. This should be a dict, where each key gives a destination path (including the filename) relative to the assets.extra directory. The corresponding value gives the full path of the source file to be copied. For example, the simple case of copying a single file without renaming it is specified as {'my_asset_file.txt': '/path/to/my_asset_file.txt'}.

Args
export_dir_base A string containing a directory in which to create timestamped subdirectories containing exported SavedModels.
input_receiver_fn_map dict of tf.estimator.ModeKeys to input_receiver_fn mappings, where the input_receiver_fn is a function that takes no arguments and returns the appropriate subclass of InputReceiver.
assets_extra A dict specifying how to populate the assets.extra directory within the exported SavedModel, or None if no extra assets are needed.
as_text whether to write the SavedModel proto in text format.
checkpoint_path The checkpoint path to export. If None (the default), the most recent checkpoint found within the model directory is chosen.

Returns
The path to the exported directory as a bytes object.

Raises
ValueError if any input_receiver_fn is None, no export_outputs are provided, or no checkpoint can be