Google I/O returns May 18-20! Reserve space and build your schedule Register now

tf.nn.depthwise_conv2d

TensorFlow 1 version View source on GitHub

Depthwise 2-D convolution.

Given a 4D input tensor ('NHWC' or 'NCHW' data formats) and a filter tensor of shape [filter_height, filter_width, in_channels, channel_multiplier] containing in_channels convolutional filters of depth 1, depthwise_conv2d applies a different filter to each input channel (expanding from 1 channel to channel_multiplier channels for each), then concatenates the results together. The output has in_channels * channel_multiplier channels.

In detail, with the default NHWC format,

output[b, i, j, k * channel_multiplier + q] = sum_{di, dj}
     filter[di, dj, k, q] * input[b, strides[1] * i + rate[0] * di,
                                     strides[2] * j + rate[1] * dj, k]

Must have strides[0] = strides[3] = 1. For the most common case of the same horizontal and vertical strides, strides = [1, stride, stride, 1]. If any value in rate is greater than 1, we perform atrous depthwise convolution, in which case all values in the strides tensor must be equal to 1.

Usage Example:

x = np.array([
    [1., 2.],
    [3., 4.],
    [5., 6.]
], dtype=np.float32).reshape((1, 3, 2, 1))
kernel = np.array([
    [1., 2.],
    [3., 4]
], dtype=np.float32).reshape((2, 1, 1, 2))
tf.nn.depthwise_conv2d(x, kernel, strides=[1, 1, 1, 1],
                       padding='VALID').numpy()
  array([[[[10., 14.],
           [14., 20.]],
          [[18., 26.],
           [22., 32.]]]], dtype=float32)
tf.nn.depthwise_conv2d(x, kernel, strides=[1, 1, 1, 1],
                       padding=[[0, 0], [1, 0], [1, 0], [0, 0]]).numpy()
  array([[[[ 0.,  0.],
           [ 3.,  4.],
           [ 6.,  8.]],
          [[ 0.,  0.],
           [10., 14.],
           [14., 20.]],
          [[ 0.,  0.],
           [18., 26.],
           [22., 32.]]]], dtype=float32)

input 4-D with shape according to data_format.
filter 4-D with shape [filter_height, filter_width, in_channels, channel_multiplier].
strides 1-D of size 4. The stride of the sliding window for each dimension of input.
padding Controls how to pad the image before applying the convolution. Can be the string "SAME" or "VALID" indicating the type of padding algorithm to use, or a list indicating the explicit paddings at the start and end of each dimension. When explicit padding is used and data_format is "NHWC", this should be in the form [[0, 0], [pad_top, pad_bottom], [pad_left, pad_right], [0, 0]]. When explicit padding used and data_format is "NCHW", this should be in the form [[0, 0], [0, 0], [pad_top, pad_bottom], [pad_left, pad_right]].
data_format The data format for input. Either "NHWC" (default) or "NCHW".
dilations 1-D of size 2. The dilation rate in which we sample input values across the height and width dimensions in atrous convolution. If it is greater than 1, then all values of strides must be 1.
name A name for this operation (optional).

A 4-D Tensor with shape according to data_format. E.g., for "NHWC" format, shape is [batch, out_height, out_width, in_channels * channel_multiplier].