Tutorial TFX Pipeline semplice utilizzando il set di dati Penguin

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Un breve tutorial per eseguire una semplice pipeline TFX.

In questo tutorial basato su notebook, creeremo ed eseguiremo una pipeline TFX per un semplice modello di classificazione. La pipeline sarà composta da tre componenti TFX essenziali: ExampleGen, Trainer e Pusher. La pipeline include il flusso di lavoro ML più minimale come l'importazione di dati, l'addestramento di un modello e l'esportazione del modello addestrato.

Si prega di consultare Capire TFX Pipelines per conoscere meglio i vari concetti in TFX.

Impostare

Per prima cosa dobbiamo installare il pacchetto TFX Python e scaricare il set di dati che utilizzeremo per il nostro modello.

Aggiorna Pip

Per evitare di aggiornare Pip in un sistema durante l'esecuzione in locale, verificare che stiamo eseguendo in Colab. I sistemi locali possono ovviamente essere aggiornati separatamente.

try:
  import colab
  !pip install --upgrade pip
except:
  pass

Installa TFX

pip install -U tfx

Hai riavviato il runtime?

Se stai utilizzando Google Colab, la prima volta che esegui la cella in alto, devi riavviare il runtime facendo clic sul pulsante "RIAVVIA RUNTIME" sopra o utilizzando il menu "Runtime > Riavvia runtime ...". Ciò è dovuto al modo in cui Colab carica i pacchetti.

Controlla le versioni TensorFlow e TFX.

import tensorflow as tf
print('TensorFlow version: {}'.format(tf.__version__))
from tfx import v1 as tfx
print('TFX version: {}'.format(tfx.__version__))
TensorFlow version: 2.6.2
TFX version: 1.4.0

Imposta variabili

Ci sono alcune variabili usate per definire una pipeline. Puoi personalizzare queste variabili come desideri. Per impostazione predefinita, tutto l'output dalla pipeline verrà generato nella directory corrente.

import os

PIPELINE_NAME = "penguin-simple"

# Output directory to store artifacts generated from the pipeline.
PIPELINE_ROOT = os.path.join('pipelines', PIPELINE_NAME)
# Path to a SQLite DB file to use as an MLMD storage.
METADATA_PATH = os.path.join('metadata', PIPELINE_NAME, 'metadata.db')
# Output directory where created models from the pipeline will be exported.
SERVING_MODEL_DIR = os.path.join('serving_model', PIPELINE_NAME)

from absl import logging
logging.set_verbosity(logging.INFO)  # Set default logging level.

Prepara dati di esempio

Scaricheremo il set di dati di esempio da utilizzare nella nostra pipeline TFX. Il set di dati che stiamo usando è Palmer Penguins set di dati che viene utilizzato anche in altri esempi TFX .

Ci sono quattro caratteristiche numeriche in questo set di dati:

  • culmen_length_mm
  • culmen_depth_mm
  • flipper_length_mm
  • body_mass_g

Tutte le caratteristiche erano già normalizzate per avere un intervallo [0,1]. Costruiremo un modello di classificazione che prevede le species di pinguini.

Poiché TFX ExampleGen legge gli input da una directory, è necessario creare una directory e copiarvi il set di dati.

import urllib.request
import tempfile

DATA_ROOT = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='tfx-data')  # Create a temporary directory.
_data_url = 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/tfx/master/tfx/examples/penguin/data/labelled/penguins_processed.csv'
_data_filepath = os.path.join(DATA_ROOT, "data.csv")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(_data_url, _data_filepath)
('/tmp/tfx-dataijanq9u3/data.csv', <http.client.HTTPMessage at 0x7f487953d110>)

Dai una rapida occhiata al file CSV.

head {_data_filepath}
species,culmen_length_mm,culmen_depth_mm,flipper_length_mm,body_mass_g
0,0.2545454545454545,0.6666666666666666,0.15254237288135594,0.2916666666666667
0,0.26909090909090905,0.5119047619047618,0.23728813559322035,0.3055555555555556
0,0.29818181818181805,0.5833333333333334,0.3898305084745763,0.1527777777777778
0,0.16727272727272732,0.7380952380952381,0.3559322033898305,0.20833333333333334
0,0.26181818181818167,0.892857142857143,0.3050847457627119,0.2638888888888889
0,0.24727272727272717,0.5595238095238096,0.15254237288135594,0.2569444444444444
0,0.25818181818181823,0.773809523809524,0.3898305084745763,0.5486111111111112
0,0.32727272727272727,0.5357142857142859,0.1694915254237288,0.1388888888888889
0,0.23636363636363636,0.9642857142857142,0.3220338983050847,0.3055555555555556

Dovresti essere in grado di vedere cinque valori. species è uno 0, 1 o 2, e tutte le altre caratteristiche dovrebbe avere valori tra 0 e 1.

Crea una pipeline

Le pipeline TFX sono definite utilizzando le API Python. Definiremo una pipeline che consiste delle seguenti tre componenti.

  • CsvExampleGen: legge i file di dati e li converte nel formato interno TFX per un'ulteriore elaborazione. Ci sono molteplici ExampleGen s per diversi formati. In questo tutorial, useremo CsvExampleGen che accetta l'input del file CSV.
  • Trainer: addestra un modello ML. Componente Trainer richiede un codice di definizione del modello da parte degli utenti. È possibile utilizzare le API tensorflow per specificare come addestrare un modello e salvarlo in un formato modello di _saved.
  • Pusher: copia il modello addestrato all'esterno della pipeline TFX. Componente Pusher può essere pensato un processo di distribuzione del modello ML addestrato.

Prima di definire effettivamente la pipeline, dobbiamo prima scrivere un codice modello per il componente Trainer.

Scrivi il codice di addestramento del modello

Creeremo un semplice modello DNN per la classificazione utilizzando l'API TensorFlow Keras. Questo codice di addestramento del modello verrà salvato in un file separato.

In questo tutorial useremo generico Trainer di TFX che supportano modelli Keras-based. Hai bisogno di scrivere un file Python contenente run_fn funzione, che è l'entrypoint per il Trainer componente.

_trainer_module_file = 'penguin_trainer.py'
%%writefile {_trainer_module_file}

from typing import List
from absl import logging
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow import keras
from tensorflow_transform.tf_metadata import schema_utils

from tfx import v1 as tfx
from tfx_bsl.public import tfxio
from tensorflow_metadata.proto.v0 import schema_pb2

_FEATURE_KEYS = [
    'culmen_length_mm', 'culmen_depth_mm', 'flipper_length_mm', 'body_mass_g'
]
_LABEL_KEY = 'species'

_TRAIN_BATCH_SIZE = 20
_EVAL_BATCH_SIZE = 10

# Since we're not generating or creating a schema, we will instead create
# a feature spec.  Since there are a fairly small number of features this is
# manageable for this dataset.
_FEATURE_SPEC = {
    **{
        feature: tf.io.FixedLenFeature(shape=[1], dtype=tf.float32)
           for feature in _FEATURE_KEYS
       },
    _LABEL_KEY: tf.io.FixedLenFeature(shape=[1], dtype=tf.int64)
}


def _input_fn(file_pattern: List[str],
              data_accessor: tfx.components.DataAccessor,
              schema: schema_pb2.Schema,
              batch_size: int = 200) -> tf.data.Dataset:
  """Generates features and label for training.

  Args:
    file_pattern: List of paths or patterns of input tfrecord files.
    data_accessor: DataAccessor for converting input to RecordBatch.
    schema: schema of the input data.
    batch_size: representing the number of consecutive elements of returned
      dataset to combine in a single batch

  Returns:
    A dataset that contains (features, indices) tuple where features is a
      dictionary of Tensors, and indices is a single Tensor of label indices.
  """
  return data_accessor.tf_dataset_factory(
      file_pattern,
      tfxio.TensorFlowDatasetOptions(
          batch_size=batch_size, label_key=_LABEL_KEY),
      schema=schema).repeat()


def _build_keras_model() -> tf.keras.Model:
  """Creates a DNN Keras model for classifying penguin data.

  Returns:
    A Keras Model.
  """
  # The model below is built with Functional API, please refer to
  # https://www.tensorflow.org/guide/keras/overview for all API options.
  inputs = [keras.layers.Input(shape=(1,), name=f) for f in _FEATURE_KEYS]
  d = keras.layers.concatenate(inputs)
  for _ in range(2):
    d = keras.layers.Dense(8, activation='relu')(d)
  outputs = keras.layers.Dense(3)(d)

  model = keras.Model(inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs)
  model.compile(
      optimizer=keras.optimizers.Adam(1e-2),
      loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
      metrics=[keras.metrics.SparseCategoricalAccuracy()])

  model.summary(print_fn=logging.info)
  return model


# TFX Trainer will call this function.
def run_fn(fn_args: tfx.components.FnArgs):
  """Train the model based on given args.

  Args:
    fn_args: Holds args used to train the model as name/value pairs.
  """

  # This schema is usually either an output of SchemaGen or a manually-curated
  # version provided by pipeline author. A schema can also derived from TFT
  # graph if a Transform component is used. In the case when either is missing,
  # `schema_from_feature_spec` could be used to generate schema from very simple
  # feature_spec, but the schema returned would be very primitive.
  schema = schema_utils.schema_from_feature_spec(_FEATURE_SPEC)

  train_dataset = _input_fn(
      fn_args.train_files,
      fn_args.data_accessor,
      schema,
      batch_size=_TRAIN_BATCH_SIZE)
  eval_dataset = _input_fn(
      fn_args.eval_files,
      fn_args.data_accessor,
      schema,
      batch_size=_EVAL_BATCH_SIZE)

  model = _build_keras_model()
  model.fit(
      train_dataset,
      steps_per_epoch=fn_args.train_steps,
      validation_data=eval_dataset,
      validation_steps=fn_args.eval_steps)

  # The result of the training should be saved in `fn_args.serving_model_dir`
  # directory.
  model.save(fn_args.serving_model_dir, save_format='tf')
Writing penguin_trainer.py

Ora hai completato tutti i passaggi di preparazione per creare una pipeline TFX.

Scrivi una definizione di pipeline

Definiamo una funzione per creare una pipeline TFX. Un Pipeline oggetto rappresenta una tubazione TFX che può essere eseguito utilizzando uno dei sistemi di conduttura orchestrazione che supporta TFX.

def _create_pipeline(pipeline_name: str, pipeline_root: str, data_root: str,
                     module_file: str, serving_model_dir: str,
                     metadata_path: str) -> tfx.dsl.Pipeline:
  """Creates a three component penguin pipeline with TFX."""
  # Brings data into the pipeline.
  example_gen = tfx.components.CsvExampleGen(input_base=data_root)

  # Uses user-provided Python function that trains a model.
  trainer = tfx.components.Trainer(
      module_file=module_file,
      examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
      train_args=tfx.proto.TrainArgs(num_steps=100),
      eval_args=tfx.proto.EvalArgs(num_steps=5))

  # Pushes the model to a filesystem destination.
  pusher = tfx.components.Pusher(
      model=trainer.outputs['model'],
      push_destination=tfx.proto.PushDestination(
          filesystem=tfx.proto.PushDestination.Filesystem(
              base_directory=serving_model_dir)))

  # Following three components will be included in the pipeline.
  components = [
      example_gen,
      trainer,
      pusher,
  ]

  return tfx.dsl.Pipeline(
      pipeline_name=pipeline_name,
      pipeline_root=pipeline_root,
      metadata_connection_config=tfx.orchestration.metadata
      .sqlite_metadata_connection_config(metadata_path),
      components=components)

Esegui la pipeline

TFX supporta più orchestratori per eseguire pipeline. In questo tutorial useremo LocalDagRunner che è incluso nella confezione e corre TFX Python condotte sull'ambiente locale. Chiamiamo spesso le pipeline TFX "DAG" che sta per grafo aciclico diretto.

LocalDagRunner fornisce iterazioni veloci per developemnt e il debug. TFX supporta anche altri orchestratori, tra cui Kubeflow Pipelines e Apache Airflow, che sono adatti per casi d'uso di produzione.

Vedere TFX su Cloud Platform AI Condotte o TFX flusso d'aria tutorial per imparare di più su altri sistemi di orchestrazione.

Ora creiamo una LocalDagRunner e passare una Pipeline oggetto creato dalla funzione che abbiamo già definito.

La pipeline viene eseguita direttamente ed è possibile visualizzare i log per l'avanzamento della pipeline, incluso l'addestramento del modello ML.

tfx.orchestration.LocalDagRunner().run(
  _create_pipeline(
      pipeline_name=PIPELINE_NAME,
      pipeline_root=PIPELINE_ROOT,
      data_root=DATA_ROOT,
      module_file=_trainer_module_file,
      serving_model_dir=SERVING_MODEL_DIR,
      metadata_path=METADATA_PATH))
INFO:absl:Generating ephemeral wheel package for '/tmpfs/src/temp/docs/tutorials/tfx/penguin_trainer.py' (including modules: ['penguin_trainer']).
INFO:absl:User module package has hash fingerprint version a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '/tmp/tmp28n_co8j/_tfx_generated_setup.py', 'bdist_wheel', '--bdist-dir', '/tmp/tmpfb02sbta', '--dist-dir', '/tmp/tmpyu7gi15_']
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py:37: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: setup.py install is deprecated. Use build and pip and other standards-based tools.
  setuptools.SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning,
listing git files failed - pretending there aren't any
INFO:absl:Successfully built user code wheel distribution at 'pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl'; target user module is 'penguin_trainer'.
INFO:absl:Full user module path is 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl'
INFO:absl:Using deployment config:
 executor_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Pusher"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.pusher.executor.Executor"
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Trainer"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.trainer.executor.GenericExecutor"
    }
  }
}
custom_driver_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.driver.FileBasedDriver"
    }
  }
}
metadata_connection_config {
  sqlite {
    filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-simple/metadata.db"
    connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
  }
}

INFO:absl:Using connection config:
 sqlite {
  filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-simple/metadata.db"
  connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
}

INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-simple"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-simple.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "/tmp/tfx-dataijanq9u3"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "input_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"split_config\": {\n    \"splits\": [\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 2,\n        \"name\": \"train\"\n      },\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 1,\n        \"name\": \"eval\"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_data_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_file_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying penguin_trainer.py -> build/lib
installing to /tmp/tmpfb02sbta
running install
running install_lib
copying build/lib/penguin_trainer.py -> /tmp/tmpfb02sbta
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info
writing tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing dependency_links to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing top-level names to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info to /tmp/tmpfb02sbta/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
creating /tmp/tmpfb02sbta/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc.dist-info/WHEEL
creating '/tmp/tmpyu7gi15_/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl' and adding '/tmp/tmpfb02sbta' to it
adding 'penguin_trainer.py'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc.dist-info/METADATA'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc.dist-info/WHEEL'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc.dist-info/top_level.txt'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc.dist-info/RECORD'
removing /tmp/tmpfb02sbta
WARNING: Logging before InitGoogleLogging() is written to STDERR
I1205 10:44:07.061197 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:44:07.067816 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:44:07.074599 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:44:07.081624 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:select span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:latest span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 1
I1205 10:44:07.136307 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=1, input_dict={}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638701046,sum_checksum:1638701046"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-simple:2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}), exec_properties={'output_config': '{\n  "split_config": {\n    "splits": [\n      {\n        "hash_buckets": 2,\n        "name": "train"\n      },\n      {\n        "hash_buckets": 1,\n        "name": "eval"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}', 'input_base': '/tmp/tfx-dataijanq9u3', 'input_config': '{\n  "splits": [\n    {\n      "name": "single_split",\n      "pattern": "*"\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'output_file_format': 5, 'output_data_format': 6, 'span': 0, 'version': None, 'input_fingerprint': 'split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638701046,sum_checksum:1638701046'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-simple/CsvExampleGen/.system/executor_execution/1/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-simple/CsvExampleGen/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-simple/CsvExampleGen/.system/executor_execution/1/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-simple"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-simple.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
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  }
  parameters {
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    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
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  parameters {
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downstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
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, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-simple"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974')
INFO:absl:Generating examples.
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
INFO:absl:Processing input csv data /tmp/tfx-dataijanq9u3/* to TFExample.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
INFO:absl:Examples generated.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 1 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
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INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is finished.
INFO:absl:Component Trainer is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
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INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:44:08.274386 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 2
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=2, input_dict={'examples': [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 15
uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
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custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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create_time_since_epoch: 1638701048257
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        context_queries {
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upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
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execution_options {
  caching_options {
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, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-simple"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974')
INFO:absl:Train on the 'train' split when train_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Evaluate on the 'eval' split when eval_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'custom_config': 'null', 'module_path': 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl', 'train_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 100\n}', 'eval_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 5\n}'} 'run_fn'
INFO:absl:Installing 'pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmp9yk6w_js', 'pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl']
Processing ./pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed 'pipelines/penguin-simple/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:Training model.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Trainer
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Trainer-0.0+a7e2e8dccbb913b74904edeec5549d868a2ea392bcd84fbc1965aba698dce3fc
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Model: "model"
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:Layer (type)                    Output Shape         Param #     Connected to                     
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:culmen_length_mm (InputLayer)   [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:culmen_depth_mm (InputLayer)    [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:flipper_length_mm (InputLayer)  [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:body_mass_g (InputLayer)        [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:concatenate (Concatenate)       (None, 4)            0           culmen_length_mm[0][0]           
INFO:absl:                                                                 culmen_depth_mm[0][0]            
INFO:absl:                                                                 flipper_length_mm[0][0]          
INFO:absl:                                                                 body_mass_g[0][0]                
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense (Dense)                   (None, 8)            40          concatenate[0][0]                
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense_1 (Dense)                 (None, 8)            72          dense[0][0]                      
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense_2 (Dense)                 (None, 3)            27          dense_1[0][0]                    
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:Total params: 139
INFO:absl:Trainable params: 139
INFO:absl:Non-trainable params: 0
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
100/100 [==============================] - 1s 3ms/step - loss: 0.4074 - sparse_categorical_accuracy: 0.8755 - val_loss: 0.0760 - val_sparse_categorical_accuracy: 0.9800
2021-12-05 10:44:13.263941: W tensorflow/python/util/util.cc:348] Sets are not currently considered sequences, but this may change in the future, so consider avoiding using them.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model/2/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model/2/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:absl:Training complete. Model written to pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model/2/Format-Serving. ModelRun written to pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model_run/2
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 2 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model/2"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-simple:2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974:Trainer:model:0"
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}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
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, artifact_type: name: "Model"
)], 'model_run': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model_run/2"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-simple:2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974:Trainer:model_run:0"
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}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
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}
, artifact_type: name: "ModelRun"
)]}) for execution 2
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component Trainer is finished.
I1205 10:44:13.795414 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component Pusher is running.
I1205 10:44:13.799805 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.pusher.component.Pusher"
  }
  id: "Pusher"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
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    }
    name {
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  }
  contexts {
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  contexts {
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inputs {
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        artifact_query {
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outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "pushed_model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
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parameters {
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INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:44:13.821346 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 3
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=3, input_dict={'model': [Artifact(artifact: id: 2
type_id: 17
uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/Trainer/model/2"
custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638701053803
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638701053803
, artifact_type: id: 17
name: "Model"
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custom_properties {
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}
, artifact_type: name: "PushedModel"
)]}), exec_properties={'push_destination': '{\n  "filesystem": {\n    "base_directory": "serving_model/penguin-simple"\n  }\n}', 'custom_config': 'null'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-simple/Pusher/.system/executor_execution/3/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-simple/Pusher/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-simple/Pusher/.system/executor_execution/3/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.pusher.component.Pusher"
  }
  id: "Pusher"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-simple"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-simple.Pusher"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "model"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "Trainer"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-simple"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-simple.Trainer"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Model"
          }
        }
        output_key: "model"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "pushed_model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "PushedModel"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "custom_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "null"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "push_destination"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"filesystem\": {\n    \"base_directory\": \"serving_model/penguin-simple\"\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-simple"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974')
WARNING:absl:Pusher is going to push the model without validation. Consider using Evaluator or InfraValidator in your pipeline.
INFO:absl:Model version: 1638701053
INFO:absl:Model written to serving path serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053.
INFO:absl:Model pushed to pipelines/penguin-simple/Pusher/pushed_model/3.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 3 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'pushed_model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-simple/Pusher/pushed_model/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-simple:2021-12-05T10:44:06.706974:Pusher:pushed_model:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "PushedModel"
)]}) for execution 3
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component Pusher is finished.
I1205 10:44:13.851651 30480 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type

Dovresti vedere "INFO:absl:Component Pusher è terminato." alla fine dei log se la pipeline è stata completata correttamente. Perché Pusher componente è l'ultimo componente della pipeline.

Il componente pusher spinge il modello addestrato per la SERVING_MODEL_DIR che è l' serving_model/penguin-simple directory se non hai modificato le variabili nelle fasi precedenti. Puoi vedere il risultato dal browser dei file nel pannello di sinistra in Colab, o usando il seguente comando:

# List files in created model directory.
find {SERVING_MODEL_DIR}
serving_model/penguin-simple
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053/keras_metadata.pb
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053/assets
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053/variables
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053/variables/variables.data-00000-of-00001
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053/variables/variables.index
serving_model/penguin-simple/1638701053/saved_model.pb

Prossimi passi

È possibile trovare ulteriori risorse su https://www.tensorflow.org/tfx/tutorials

Si prega di consultare Capire TFX Pipelines per conoscere meglio i vari concetti in TFX.