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Súper resolución de imagen usando ESRGAN

Ver en TensorFlow.org Ejecutar en Google Colab Ver en GitHub Descargar cuaderno Ver modelo TF Hub

Esta colab demuestra el uso del módulo de concentrador de TensorFlow para la red de adversarios generativos de súper resolución mejorada ( por Xintao Wang et.al. ) [ Documento ] [ Código ]

para mejorar la imagen. (Preferiblemente imágenes bicúbicamente submuestreadas).

Modelo entrenado en el conjunto de datos DIV2K (en imágenes con muestreo reducido bicúbicamente) en parches de imagen de tamaño 128 x 128.

Preparando el entorno

import os
import time
from PIL import Image
import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_hub as hub
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
os.environ["TFHUB_DOWNLOAD_PROGRESS"] = "True"
wget "https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/12981474/40157448-eff91f06-5953-11e8-9a37-f6b5693fa03f.png" -O original.png
--2020-10-02 11:30:09--  https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/12981474/40157448-eff91f06-5953-11e8-9a37-f6b5693fa03f.png
Resolving user-images.githubusercontent.com (user-images.githubusercontent.com)... 151.101.192.133, 151.101.128.133, 151.101.64.133, ...
Connecting to user-images.githubusercontent.com (user-images.githubusercontent.com)|151.101.192.133|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 34146 (33K) [image/png]
Saving to: ‘original.png’

original.png        100%[===================>]  33.35K  --.-KB/s    in 0.004s  

2020-10-02 11:30:09 (8.51 MB/s) - ‘original.png’ saved [34146/34146]


# Declaring Constants
IMAGE_PATH = "original.png"
SAVED_MODEL_PATH = "https://tfhub.dev/captain-pool/esrgan-tf2/1"

Definición de funciones auxiliares

def preprocess_image(image_path):
  """ Loads image from path and preprocesses to make it model ready
      Args:
        image_path: Path to the image file
  """
  hr_image = tf.image.decode_image(tf.io.read_file(image_path))
  # If PNG, remove the alpha channel. The model only supports
  # images with 3 color channels.
  if hr_image.shape[-1] == 4:
    hr_image = hr_image[...,:-1]
  hr_size = (tf.convert_to_tensor(hr_image.shape[:-1]) // 4) * 4
  hr_image = tf.image.crop_to_bounding_box(hr_image, 0, 0, hr_size[0], hr_size[1])
  hr_image = tf.cast(hr_image, tf.float32)
  return tf.expand_dims(hr_image, 0)

def save_image(image, filename):
  """
    Saves unscaled Tensor Images.
    Args:
      image: 3D image tensor. [height, width, channels]
      filename: Name of the file to save to.
  """
  if not isinstance(image, Image.Image):
    image = tf.clip_by_value(image, 0, 255)
    image = Image.fromarray(tf.cast(image, tf.uint8).numpy())
  image.save("%s.jpg" % filename)
  print("Saved as %s.jpg" % filename)
%matplotlib inline
def plot_image(image, title=""):
  """
    Plots images from image tensors.
    Args:
      image: 3D image tensor. [height, width, channels].
      title: Title to display in the plot.
  """
  image = np.asarray(image)
  image = tf.clip_by_value(image, 0, 255)
  image = Image.fromarray(tf.cast(image, tf.uint8).numpy())
  plt.imshow(image)
  plt.axis("off")
  plt.title(title)

Realización de súper resolución de imágenes cargadas desde la ruta

hr_image = preprocess_image(IMAGE_PATH)
# Plotting Original Resolution image
plot_image(tf.squeeze(hr_image), title="Original Image")
save_image(tf.squeeze(hr_image), filename="Original Image")
Saved as Original Image.jpg

png

model = hub.load(SAVED_MODEL_PATH)
Downloaded https://tfhub.dev/captain-pool/esrgan-tf2/1, Total size: 20.60MB


start = time.time()
fake_image = model(hr_image)
fake_image = tf.squeeze(fake_image)
print("Time Taken: %f" % (time.time() - start))
Time Taken: 2.959108

# Plotting Super Resolution Image
plot_image(tf.squeeze(fake_image), title="Super Resolution")
save_image(tf.squeeze(fake_image), filename="Super Resolution")
Saved as Super Resolution.jpg

png

Evaluación del desempeño del modelo

!wget "https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Anmw5df4gj0/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAc/6HxU8XFLnQE/photo.jpg64" -O test.jpg
IMAGE_PATH = "test.jpg"
--2020-10-02 11:30:21--  https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Anmw5df4gj0/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAc/6HxU8XFLnQE/photo.jpg64
Resolving lh4.googleusercontent.com (lh4.googleusercontent.com)... 108.177.126.132, 2a00:1450:4013:c06::84
Connecting to lh4.googleusercontent.com (lh4.googleusercontent.com)|108.177.126.132|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 84897 (83K) [image/jpeg]
Saving to: ‘test.jpg’

test.jpg            100%[===================>]  82.91K  --.-KB/s    in 0.001s  

2020-10-02 11:30:21 (98.8 MB/s) - ‘test.jpg’ saved [84897/84897]


# Defining helper functions
def downscale_image(image):
  """
      Scales down images using bicubic downsampling.
      Args:
          image: 3D or 4D tensor of preprocessed image
  """
  image_size = []
  if len(image.shape) == 3:
    image_size = [image.shape[1], image.shape[0]]
  else:
    raise ValueError("Dimension mismatch. Can work only on single image.")

  image = tf.squeeze(
      tf.cast(
          tf.clip_by_value(image, 0, 255), tf.uint8))

  lr_image = np.asarray(
    Image.fromarray(image.numpy())
    .resize([image_size[0] // 4, image_size[1] // 4],
              Image.BICUBIC))

  lr_image = tf.expand_dims(lr_image, 0)
  lr_image = tf.cast(lr_image, tf.float32)
  return lr_image
hr_image = preprocess_image(IMAGE_PATH)
lr_image = downscale_image(tf.squeeze(hr_image))
# Plotting Low Resolution Image
plot_image(tf.squeeze(lr_image), title="Low Resolution")

png

model = hub.load(SAVED_MODEL_PATH)
start = time.time()
fake_image = model(lr_image)
fake_image = tf.squeeze(fake_image)
print("Time Taken: %f" % (time.time() - start))
Time Taken: 1.385452

plot_image(tf.squeeze(fake_image), title="Super Resolution")
# Calculating PSNR wrt Original Image
psnr = tf.image.psnr(
    tf.clip_by_value(fake_image, 0, 255),
    tf.clip_by_value(hr_image, 0, 255), max_val=255)
print("PSNR Achieved: %f" % psnr)
PSNR Achieved: 28.029171

png

Comparación del tamaño de las salidas en paralelo.

plt.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = [15, 10]
fig, axes = plt.subplots(1, 3)
fig.tight_layout()
plt.subplot(131)
plot_image(tf.squeeze(hr_image), title="Original")
plt.subplot(132)
fig.tight_layout()
plot_image(tf.squeeze(lr_image), "x4 Bicubic")
plt.subplot(133)
fig.tight_layout()
plot_image(tf.squeeze(fake_image), "Super Resolution")
plt.savefig("ESRGAN_DIV2K.jpg", bbox_inches="tight")
print("PSNR: %f" % psnr)
PSNR: 28.029171

png