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Analisis model menggunakan TFX Pipeline dan Analisis Model TensorFlow

Dalam tutorial berbasis notebook ini, kita akan membuat dan menjalankan pipeline TFX yang membuat model klasifikasi sederhana dan menganalisis kinerjanya di beberapa proses. Notebook ini didasarkan pada pipa TFX kami membangun di Wikipedia TFX Pipeline Tutorial . Jika Anda belum membaca tutorial itu, Anda harus membacanya sebelum melanjutkan dengan buku catatan ini.

Saat Anda mengubah model Anda atau melatihnya dengan kumpulan data baru, Anda perlu memeriksa apakah model Anda telah meningkat atau menjadi lebih buruk. Hanya memeriksa metrik tingkat atas seperti akurasi mungkin tidak cukup. Setiap model yang terlatih harus dievaluasi sebelum didorong ke produksi.

Kami akan menambahkan Evaluator komponen untuk pipa dibuat dalam tutorial sebelumnya. Komponen Evaluator melakukan analisis mendalam untuk model Anda dan membandingkan model baru dengan baseline untuk menentukan bahwa model tersebut "cukup baik". Hal ini diimplementasikan dengan menggunakan Analisis Model TensorFlow perpustakaan.

Silakan lihat Memahami TFX Pipa untuk mempelajari lebih lanjut tentang berbagai konsep di TFX.

Mempersiapkan

Proses Set up sama dengan tutorial sebelumnya.

Pertama-tama kita perlu menginstal paket TFX Python dan mengunduh dataset yang akan kita gunakan untuk model kita.

Tingkatkan Pip

Untuk menghindari mengupgrade Pip dalam sistem saat berjalan secara lokal, periksa untuk memastikan bahwa kami berjalan di Colab. Sistem lokal tentu saja dapat ditingkatkan secara terpisah.

try:
  import colab
  !pip install --upgrade pip
except:
  pass

Instal TFX

pip install -U tfx

Apakah Anda me-restart runtime?

Jika Anda menggunakan Google Colab, pertama kali menjalankan sel di atas, Anda harus memulai ulang runtime dengan mengeklik tombol "RESTART RUNTIME" di atas atau menggunakan menu "Runtime > Restart runtime ...". Ini karena cara Colab memuat paket.

Periksa versi TensorFlow dan TFX.

import tensorflow as tf
print('TensorFlow version: {}'.format(tf.__version__))
from tfx import v1 as tfx
print('TFX version: {}'.format(tfx.__version__))
TensorFlow version: 2.6.2
TFX version: 1.4.0

Mengatur variabel

Ada beberapa variabel yang digunakan untuk mendefinisikan sebuah pipeline. Anda dapat menyesuaikan variabel-variabel ini sesuai keinginan. Secara default semua output dari pipa akan dihasilkan di bawah direktori saat ini.

import os

PIPELINE_NAME = "penguin-tfma"

# Output directory to store artifacts generated from the pipeline.
PIPELINE_ROOT = os.path.join('pipelines', PIPELINE_NAME)
# Path to a SQLite DB file to use as an MLMD storage.
METADATA_PATH = os.path.join('metadata', PIPELINE_NAME, 'metadata.db')
# Output directory where created models from the pipeline will be exported.
SERVING_MODEL_DIR = os.path.join('serving_model', PIPELINE_NAME)

from absl import logging
logging.set_verbosity(logging.INFO)  # Set default logging level.

Siapkan contoh data

Kami akan menggunakan yang sama Palmer Penguins dataset .

Terdapat empat fitur numerik pada dataset ini yang telah dinormalisasi dengan range [0,1]. Kami akan membangun model klasifikasi yang memprediksi species penguin.

Karena TFX ExampleGen membaca input dari direktori, kita perlu membuat direktori dan menyalin dataset ke dalamnya.

import urllib.request
import tempfile

DATA_ROOT = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='tfx-data')  # Create a temporary directory.
_data_url = 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/tfx/master/tfx/examples/penguin/data/labelled/penguins_processed.csv'
_data_filepath = os.path.join(DATA_ROOT, "data.csv")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(_data_url, _data_filepath)
('/tmp/tfx-datal5lxy_yw/data.csv', <http.client.HTTPMessage at 0x7fa18a9da150>)

Buat saluran pipa

Kami akan menambahkan Evaluator komponen ke pipa kita buat di Wikipedia TFX Pipeline Tutorial .

Komponen sebuah Evaluator membutuhkan input data dari ExampleGen komponen dan model dari Trainer komponen dan tfma.EvalConfig objek. Kami secara opsional dapat menyediakan model dasar yang dapat digunakan untuk membandingkan metrik dengan model yang baru dilatih.

Evaluator menciptakan dua jenis artefak output, ModelEvaluation dan ModelBlessing . ModelEvaluation berisi hasil evaluasi rinci yang dapat diselidiki dan divisualisasikan lebih lanjut dengan perpustakaan TFMA. ModelBlessing berisi hasil boolean apakah model lulus kriteria yang diberikan dan dapat digunakan di komponen selanjutnya seperti Pusher sebagai sinyal.

Tulis kode pelatihan model

Kami akan menggunakan kode model yang sama seperti di Wikipedia TFX Pipeline Tutorial .

_trainer_module_file = 'penguin_trainer.py'
%%writefile {_trainer_module_file}

# Copied from https://www.tensorflow.org/tfx/tutorials/tfx/penguin_simple

from typing import List
from absl import logging
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow import keras
from tensorflow_transform.tf_metadata import schema_utils

from tfx.components.trainer.executor import TrainerFnArgs
from tfx.components.trainer.fn_args_utils import DataAccessor
from tfx_bsl.tfxio import dataset_options
from tensorflow_metadata.proto.v0 import schema_pb2

_FEATURE_KEYS = [
    'culmen_length_mm', 'culmen_depth_mm', 'flipper_length_mm', 'body_mass_g'
]
_LABEL_KEY = 'species'

_TRAIN_BATCH_SIZE = 20
_EVAL_BATCH_SIZE = 10

# Since we're not generating or creating a schema, we will instead create
# a feature spec.  Since there are a fairly small number of features this is
# manageable for this dataset.
_FEATURE_SPEC = {
    **{
        feature: tf.io.FixedLenFeature(shape=[1], dtype=tf.float32)
           for feature in _FEATURE_KEYS
       },
    _LABEL_KEY: tf.io.FixedLenFeature(shape=[1], dtype=tf.int64)
}


def _input_fn(file_pattern: List[str],
              data_accessor: DataAccessor,
              schema: schema_pb2.Schema,
              batch_size: int = 200) -> tf.data.Dataset:
  """Generates features and label for training.

  Args:
    file_pattern: List of paths or patterns of input tfrecord files.
    data_accessor: DataAccessor for converting input to RecordBatch.
    schema: schema of the input data.
    batch_size: representing the number of consecutive elements of returned
      dataset to combine in a single batch

  Returns:
    A dataset that contains (features, indices) tuple where features is a
      dictionary of Tensors, and indices is a single Tensor of label indices.
  """
  return data_accessor.tf_dataset_factory(
      file_pattern,
      dataset_options.TensorFlowDatasetOptions(
          batch_size=batch_size, label_key=_LABEL_KEY),
      schema=schema).repeat()


def _build_keras_model() -> tf.keras.Model:
  """Creates a DNN Keras model for classifying penguin data.

  Returns:
    A Keras Model.
  """
  # The model below is built with Functional API, please refer to
  # https://www.tensorflow.org/guide/keras/overview for all API options.
  inputs = [keras.layers.Input(shape=(1,), name=f) for f in _FEATURE_KEYS]
  d = keras.layers.concatenate(inputs)
  for _ in range(2):
    d = keras.layers.Dense(8, activation='relu')(d)
  outputs = keras.layers.Dense(3)(d)

  model = keras.Model(inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs)
  model.compile(
      optimizer=keras.optimizers.Adam(1e-2),
      loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
      metrics=[keras.metrics.SparseCategoricalAccuracy()])

  model.summary(print_fn=logging.info)
  return model


# TFX Trainer will call this function.
def run_fn(fn_args: TrainerFnArgs):
  """Train the model based on given args.

  Args:
    fn_args: Holds args used to train the model as name/value pairs.
  """

  # This schema is usually either an output of SchemaGen or a manually-curated
  # version provided by pipeline author. A schema can also derived from TFT
  # graph if a Transform component is used. In the case when either is missing,
  # `schema_from_feature_spec` could be used to generate schema from very simple
  # feature_spec, but the schema returned would be very primitive.
  schema = schema_utils.schema_from_feature_spec(_FEATURE_SPEC)

  train_dataset = _input_fn(
      fn_args.train_files,
      fn_args.data_accessor,
      schema,
      batch_size=_TRAIN_BATCH_SIZE)
  eval_dataset = _input_fn(
      fn_args.eval_files,
      fn_args.data_accessor,
      schema,
      batch_size=_EVAL_BATCH_SIZE)

  model = _build_keras_model()
  model.fit(
      train_dataset,
      steps_per_epoch=fn_args.train_steps,
      validation_data=eval_dataset,
      validation_steps=fn_args.eval_steps)

  # The result of the training should be saved in `fn_args.serving_model_dir`
  # directory.
  model.save(fn_args.serving_model_dir, save_format='tf')
Writing penguin_trainer.py

Tulis definisi pipa

Kami akan mendefinisikan fungsi untuk membuat pipa TFX. Selain komponen Evaluator telah disebutkan di atas, kita akan menambahkan satu node lebih disebut Resolver . Untuk memeriksa model baru menjadi lebih baik dari model sebelumnya, kita perlu membandingkannya dengan model yang diterbitkan sebelumnya, yang disebut baseline. ML Metadata (MLMD) melacak semua artefak sebelumnya pipa dan Resolver dapat menemukan apa yang model diberkati terbaru - model berlalu Evaluator berhasil - dari MLMD menggunakan kelas strategi yang disebut LatestBlessedModelStrategy .

import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma

def _create_pipeline(pipeline_name: str, pipeline_root: str, data_root: str,
                     module_file: str, serving_model_dir: str,
                     metadata_path: str) -> tfx.dsl.Pipeline:
  """Creates a three component penguin pipeline with TFX."""
  # Brings data into the pipeline.
  example_gen = tfx.components.CsvExampleGen(input_base=data_root)

  # Uses user-provided Python function that trains a model.
  trainer = tfx.components.Trainer(
      module_file=module_file,
      examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
      train_args=tfx.proto.TrainArgs(num_steps=100),
      eval_args=tfx.proto.EvalArgs(num_steps=5))

  # NEW: Get the latest blessed model for Evaluator.
  model_resolver = tfx.dsl.Resolver(
      strategy_class=tfx.dsl.experimental.LatestBlessedModelStrategy,
      model=tfx.dsl.Channel(type=tfx.types.standard_artifacts.Model),
      model_blessing=tfx.dsl.Channel(
          type=tfx.types.standard_artifacts.ModelBlessing)).with_id(
              'latest_blessed_model_resolver')

  # NEW: Uses TFMA to compute evaluation statistics over features of a model and
  #   perform quality validation of a candidate model (compared to a baseline).

  eval_config = tfma.EvalConfig(
      model_specs=[tfma.ModelSpec(label_key='species')],
      slicing_specs=[
          # An empty slice spec means the overall slice, i.e. the whole dataset.
          tfma.SlicingSpec(),
          # Calculate metrics for each penguin species.
          tfma.SlicingSpec(feature_keys=['species']),
          ],
      metrics_specs=[
          tfma.MetricsSpec(per_slice_thresholds={
              'sparse_categorical_accuracy':
                  tfma.PerSliceMetricThresholds(thresholds=[
                      tfma.PerSliceMetricThreshold(
                          slicing_specs=[tfma.SlicingSpec()],
                          threshold=tfma.MetricThreshold(
                              value_threshold=tfma.GenericValueThreshold(
                                   lower_bound={'value': 0.6}),
                              # Change threshold will be ignored if there is no
                              # baseline model resolved from MLMD (first run).
                              change_threshold=tfma.GenericChangeThreshold(
                                  direction=tfma.MetricDirection.HIGHER_IS_BETTER,
                                  absolute={'value': -1e-10}))
                       )]),
          })],
      )
  evaluator = tfx.components.Evaluator(
      examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
      model=trainer.outputs['model'],
      baseline_model=model_resolver.outputs['model'],
      eval_config=eval_config)

  # Checks whether the model passed the validation steps and pushes the model
  # to a file destination if check passed.
  pusher = tfx.components.Pusher(
      model=trainer.outputs['model'],
      model_blessing=evaluator.outputs['blessing'], # Pass an evaluation result.
      push_destination=tfx.proto.PushDestination(
          filesystem=tfx.proto.PushDestination.Filesystem(
              base_directory=serving_model_dir)))

  components = [
      example_gen,
      trainer,

      # Following two components were added to the pipeline.
      model_resolver,
      evaluator,

      pusher,
  ]

  return tfx.dsl.Pipeline(
      pipeline_name=pipeline_name,
      pipeline_root=pipeline_root,
      metadata_connection_config=tfx.orchestration.metadata
      .sqlite_metadata_connection_config(metadata_path),
      components=components)

Kita perlu untuk memasok informasi berikut ke Evaluator melalui eval_config :

  • Metrik tambahan untuk dikonfigurasi (jika ingin lebih banyak metrik daripada yang ditentukan dalam model).
  • Irisan untuk dikonfigurasi
  • Ambang batas validasi model untuk memverifikasi apakah validasi akan disertakan

Karena SparseCategoricalAccuracy sudah termasuk dalam model.compile() panggilan, itu akan dimasukkan dalam analisis otomatis. Jadi kami tidak menambahkan metrik tambahan apa pun di sini. SparseCategoricalAccuracy akan digunakan untuk memutuskan apakah model cukup baik, juga.

Kami menghitung metrik untuk seluruh kumpulan data dan untuk setiap spesies penguin. SlicingSpec menentukan bagaimana kita agregat metrik dinyatakan.

Ada dua ambang batas yang harus dilewati model baru, satu adalah ambang absolut 0,6 dan yang lainnya adalah ambang relatif yang harus lebih tinggi dari model dasar. Ketika Anda menjalankan pipa untuk pertama kalinya, change_threshold akan diabaikan dan hanya value_threshold yang akan diperiksa. Jika Anda menjalankan pipa lebih dari sekali, Resolver akan menemukan model dari menjalankan sebelumnya dan akan digunakan sebagai model dasar untuk perbandingan.

Lihat Evaluator panduan komponen untuk informasi lebih lanjut.

Jalankan pipa

Kami akan menggunakan LocalDagRunner seperti pada tutorial sebelumnya.

tfx.orchestration.LocalDagRunner().run(
  _create_pipeline(
      pipeline_name=PIPELINE_NAME,
      pipeline_root=PIPELINE_ROOT,
      data_root=DATA_ROOT,
      module_file=_trainer_module_file,
      serving_model_dir=SERVING_MODEL_DIR,
      metadata_path=METADATA_PATH))
INFO:absl:Generating ephemeral wheel package for '/tmpfs/src/temp/docs/tutorials/tfx/penguin_trainer.py' (including modules: ['penguin_trainer']).
INFO:absl:User module package has hash fingerprint version 1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '/tmp/tmpr3anh67s/_tfx_generated_setup.py', 'bdist_wheel', '--bdist-dir', '/tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj', '--dist-dir', '/tmp/tmp6jr76e54']
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py:37: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: setup.py install is deprecated. Use build and pip and other standards-based tools.
  setuptools.SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning,
listing git files failed - pretending there aren't any
INFO:absl:Successfully built user code wheel distribution at 'pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl'; target user module is 'penguin_trainer'.
INFO:absl:Full user module path is 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl'
INFO:absl:Using deployment config:
 executor_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Evaluator"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.evaluator.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Pusher"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.pusher.executor.Executor"
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Trainer"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.trainer.executor.GenericExecutor"
    }
  }
}
custom_driver_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.driver.FileBasedDriver"
    }
  }
}
metadata_connection_config {
  sqlite {
    filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-tfma/metadata.db"
    connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
  }
}

INFO:absl:Using connection config:
 sqlite {
  filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-tfma/metadata.db"
  connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
}

INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfma"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfma.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "/tmp/tfx-datal5lxy_yw"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "input_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"split_config\": {\n    \"splits\": [\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 2,\n        \"name\": \"train\"\n      },\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 1,\n        \"name\": \"eval\"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_data_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_file_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "Evaluator"
downstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying penguin_trainer.py -> build/lib
installing to /tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj
running install
running install_lib
copying build/lib/penguin_trainer.py -> /tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info
writing tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing dependency_links to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing top-level names to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info to /tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
creating /tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703.dist-info/WHEEL
creating '/tmp/tmp6jr76e54/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl' and adding '/tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj' to it
adding 'penguin_trainer.py'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703.dist-info/METADATA'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703.dist-info/WHEEL'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703.dist-info/top_level.txt'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703.dist-info/RECORD'
removing /tmp/tmp6s2sw4dj
WARNING: Logging before InitGoogleLogging() is written to STDERR
I1205 10:34:23.723806 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:34:23.730262 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:34:23.736788 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:34:23.744907 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:select span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:latest span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:23.758380 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 1
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=1, input_dict={}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638700463,sum_checksum:1638700463"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
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, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfma"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028')
INFO:absl:Generating examples.
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
INFO:absl:Processing input csv data /tmp/tfx-datal5lxy_yw/* to TFExample.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
INFO:absl:Examples generated.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 1 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
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INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is finished.
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INFO:absl:Running as an resolver node.
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WARNING:absl:Artifact type Model is not found in MLMD.
WARNING:absl:Artifact type ModelBlessing is not found in MLMD.
I1205 10:34:24.899447 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component latest_blessed_model_resolver is finished.
INFO:absl:Component Trainer is running.
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INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:24.924589 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 3
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=3, input_dict={'examples': [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 15
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, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfma"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028')
INFO:absl:Train on the 'train' split when train_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Evaluate on the 'eval' split when eval_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'train_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 100\n}', 'custom_config': 'null', 'eval_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 5\n}', 'module_path': 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl'} 'run_fn'
INFO:absl:Installing 'pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmpc97ini82', 'pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl']
Processing ./pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed 'pipelines/penguin-tfma/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:Training model.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Trainer
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Trainer-0.0+1e19049dced0ccb21e0af60dae1c6e0ef09b63d1ff0e370d7f699920c2735703
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Model: "model"
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:Layer (type)                    Output Shape         Param #     Connected to                     
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:culmen_length_mm (InputLayer)   [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:culmen_depth_mm (InputLayer)    [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:flipper_length_mm (InputLayer)  [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:body_mass_g (InputLayer)        [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:concatenate (Concatenate)       (None, 4)            0           culmen_length_mm[0][0]           
INFO:absl:                                                                 culmen_depth_mm[0][0]            
INFO:absl:                                                                 flipper_length_mm[0][0]          
INFO:absl:                                                                 body_mass_g[0][0]                
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense (Dense)                   (None, 8)            40          concatenate[0][0]                
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense_1 (Dense)                 (None, 8)            72          dense[0][0]                      
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense_2 (Dense)                 (None, 3)            27          dense_1[0][0]                    
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:Total params: 139
INFO:absl:Trainable params: 139
INFO:absl:Non-trainable params: 0
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
100/100 [==============================] - 1s 3ms/step - loss: 0.5273 - sparse_categorical_accuracy: 0.8175 - val_loss: 0.2412 - val_sparse_categorical_accuracy: 0.9600
2021-12-05 10:34:29.879208: W tensorflow/python/util/util.cc:348] Sets are not currently considered sequences, but this may change in the future, so consider avoiding using them.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:absl:Training complete. Model written to pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3/Format-Serving. ModelRun written to pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model_run/3
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 3 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'model_run': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model_run/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Trainer:model_run:0"
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custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ModelRun"
)], 'model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Trainer:model:0"
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custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
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, artifact_type: name: "Model"
)]}) for execution 3
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:30.399760 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:34:30.404250 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component Trainer is finished.
INFO:absl:Component Evaluator is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.evaluator.component.Evaluator"
  }
  id: "Evaluator"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
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    name {
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    }
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  contexts {
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    name {
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              string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
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        context_queries {
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  inputs {
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        context_queries {
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        context_queries {
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        context_queries {
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            name: "node"
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          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma.CsvExampleGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
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        output_key: "examples"
      }
      min_count: 1
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parameters {
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  parameters {
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  parameters {
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upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
upstream_nodes: "latest_blessed_model_resolver"
downstream_nodes: "Pusher"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
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}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:30.428037 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 4
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=4, input_dict={'examples': [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 15
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
properties {
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custom_properties {
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}
custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638700464882
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638700464882
, artifact_type: id: 15
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properties {
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properties {
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)], 'model': [Artifact(artifact: id: 3
type_id: 19
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custom_properties {
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state: LIVE
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, artifact_type: id: 19
name: "Model"
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custom_properties {
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  value {
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contexts {
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    name {
      field_value {
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  inputs {
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    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
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        context_queries {
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        context_queries {
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          name {
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        }
        artifact_query {
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        output_key: "examples"
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        context_queries {
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        context_queries {
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        artifact_query {
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        output_key: "model"
      }
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  }
}
outputs {
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    value {
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  outputs {
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}
parameters {
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    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"metrics_specs\": [\n    {\n      \"per_slice_thresholds\": {\n        \"sparse_categorical_accuracy\": {\n          \"thresholds\": [\n            {\n              \"slicing_specs\": [\n                {}\n              ],\n              \"threshold\": {\n                \"change_threshold\": {\n                  \"absolute\": -1e-10,\n                  \"direction\": \"HIGHER_IS_BETTER\"\n                },\n                \"value_threshold\": {\n                  \"lower_bound\": 0.6\n                }\n              }\n            }\n          ]\n        }\n      }\n    }\n  ],\n  \"model_specs\": [\n    {\n      \"label_key\": \"species\"\n    }\n  ],\n  \"slicing_specs\": [\n    {},\n    {\n      \"feature_keys\": [\n        \"species\"\n      ]\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "example_splits"
    value {
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      }
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  parameters {
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    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "null"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
upstream_nodes: "latest_blessed_model_resolver"
downstream_nodes: "Pusher"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfma"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028')
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'example_splits': 'null', 'eval_config': '{\n  "metrics_specs": [\n    {\n      "per_slice_thresholds": {\n        "sparse_categorical_accuracy": {\n          "thresholds": [\n            {\n              "slicing_specs": [\n                {}\n              ],\n              "threshold": {\n                "change_threshold": {\n                  "absolute": -1e-10,\n                  "direction": "HIGHER_IS_BETTER"\n                },\n                "value_threshold": {\n                  "lower_bound": 0.6\n                }\n              }\n            }\n          ]\n        }\n      }\n    }\n  ],\n  "model_specs": [\n    {\n      "label_key": "species"\n    }\n  ],\n  "slicing_specs": [\n    {},\n    {\n      "feature_keys": [\n        "species"\n      ]\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'fairness_indicator_thresholds': 'null'} 'custom_eval_shared_model'
INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  label_key: "species"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "species"
}
metrics_specs {
  per_slice_thresholds {
    key: "sparse_categorical_accuracy"
    value {
      thresholds {
        slicing_specs {
        }
        threshold {
          value_threshold {
            lower_bound {
              value: 0.6
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

INFO:absl:Using pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3/Format-Serving as  model.
INFO:absl:The 'example_splits' parameter is not set, using 'eval' split.
INFO:absl:Evaluating model.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'example_splits': 'null', 'eval_config': '{\n  "metrics_specs": [\n    {\n      "per_slice_thresholds": {\n        "sparse_categorical_accuracy": {\n          "thresholds": [\n            {\n              "slicing_specs": [\n                {}\n              ],\n              "threshold": {\n                "change_threshold": {\n                  "absolute": -1e-10,\n                  "direction": "HIGHER_IS_BETTER"\n                },\n                "value_threshold": {\n                  "lower_bound": 0.6\n                }\n              }\n            }\n          ]\n        }\n      }\n    }\n  ],\n  "model_specs": [\n    {\n      "label_key": "species"\n    }\n  ],\n  "slicing_specs": [\n    {},\n    {\n      "feature_keys": [\n        "species"\n      ]\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'fairness_indicator_thresholds': 'null'} 'custom_extractors'
INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  label_key: "species"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "species"
}
metrics_specs {
  model_names: ""
  per_slice_thresholds {
    key: "sparse_categorical_accuracy"
    value {
      thresholds {
        slicing_specs {
        }
        threshold {
          value_threshold {
            lower_bound {
              value: 0.6
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  label_key: "species"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "species"
}
metrics_specs {
  model_names: ""
  per_slice_thresholds {
    key: "sparse_categorical_accuracy"
    value {
      thresholds {
        slicing_specs {
        }
        threshold {
          value_threshold {
            lower_bound {
              value: 0.6
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

INFO:absl:Request was made to ignore the baseline ModelSpec and any change thresholds. This is likely because a baseline model was not provided: updated_config=
model_specs {
  label_key: "species"
}
slicing_specs {
}
slicing_specs {
  feature_keys: "species"
}
metrics_specs {
  model_names: ""
  per_slice_thresholds {
    key: "sparse_categorical_accuracy"
    value {
      thresholds {
        slicing_specs {
        }
        threshold {
          value_threshold {
            lower_bound {
              value: 0.6
            }
          }
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      }
    }
  }
}

WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
INFO:absl:Evaluation complete. Results written to pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/evaluation/4.
INFO:absl:Checking validation results.
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/writers/metrics_plots_and_validations_writer.py:114: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`
WARNING:tensorflow:From /tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/tensorflow_model_analysis/writers/metrics_plots_and_validations_writer.py:114: tf_record_iterator (from tensorflow.python.lib.io.tf_record) is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Use eager execution and: 
`tf.data.TFRecordDataset(path)`
INFO:absl:Blessing result True written to pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/blessing/4.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 4 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'blessing': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/blessing/4"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Evaluator:blessing:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ModelBlessing"
)], 'evaluation': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/evaluation/4"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Evaluator:evaluation:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ModelEvaluation"
)]}) for execution 4
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:35.040588 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 10:34:35.045548 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component Evaluator is finished.
INFO:absl:Component Pusher is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.pusher.component.Pusher"
  }
  id: "Pusher"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfma"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
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        string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
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  contexts {
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      name: "node"
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    name {
      field_value {
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inputs {
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        context_queries {
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            name: "pipeline"
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          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma.Trainer"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Model"
          }
        }
        output_key: "model"
      }
    }
  }
  inputs {
    key: "model_blessing"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "Evaluator"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma.Evaluator"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "ModelBlessing"
          }
        }
        output_key: "blessing"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "pushed_model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "PushedModel"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "custom_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "null"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "push_destination"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"filesystem\": {\n    \"base_directory\": \"serving_model/penguin-tfma\"\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "Evaluator"
upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:35.068168 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 5
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=5, input_dict={'model': [Artifact(artifact: id: 3
type_id: 19
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Trainer:model:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638700470409
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638700470409
, artifact_type: id: 19
name: "Model"
)], 'model_blessing': [Artifact(artifact: id: 4
type_id: 21
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/blessing/4"
custom_properties {
  key: "blessed"
  value {
    int_value: 1
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "current_model"
  value {
    string_value: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Trainer/model/3"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "current_model_id"
  value {
    int_value: 3
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Evaluator:blessing:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638700475049
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638700475049
, artifact_type: id: 21
name: "ModelBlessing"
)]}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'pushed_model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Pusher/pushed_model/5"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Pusher:pushed_model:0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "PushedModel"
)]}), exec_properties={'custom_config': 'null', 'push_destination': '{\n  "filesystem": {\n    "base_directory": "serving_model/penguin-tfma"\n  }\n}'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfma/Pusher/.system/executor_execution/5/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfma/Pusher/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfma/Pusher/.system/executor_execution/5/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.pusher.component.Pusher"
  }
  id: "Pusher"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfma"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfma.Pusher"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "model"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "Trainer"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma.Trainer"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Model"
          }
        }
        output_key: "model"
      }
    }
  }
  inputs {
    key: "model_blessing"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "Evaluator"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfma.Evaluator"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "ModelBlessing"
          }
        }
        output_key: "blessing"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "pushed_model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "PushedModel"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "custom_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "null"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "push_destination"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"filesystem\": {\n    \"base_directory\": \"serving_model/penguin-tfma\"\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "Evaluator"
upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfma"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028')
INFO:absl:Model version: 1638700475
INFO:absl:Model written to serving path serving_model/penguin-tfma/1638700475.
INFO:absl:Model pushed to pipelines/penguin-tfma/Pusher/pushed_model/5.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 5 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'pushed_model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfma/Pusher/pushed_model/5"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfma:2021-12-05T10:34:23.517028:Pusher:pushed_model:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "PushedModel"
)]}) for execution 5
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 10:34:35.098553 28099 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component Pusher is finished.

Ketika pipa selesai, Anda harus dapat melihat sesuatu seperti berikut:

INFO:absl:Blessing result True written to pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/blessing/4.

Atau Anda juga dapat memeriksa secara manual direktori keluaran tempat artefak yang dihasilkan disimpan. Jika Anda mengunjungi pipelines/penguin-tfma/Evaluator/blessing/ dengan broswer file, Anda dapat melihat file dengan nama BLESSED atau NOT_BLESSED sesuai dengan hasil evaluasi.

Jika hasil berkat adalah False , ambisius akan menolak untuk mendorong model ke serving_model_dir , karena modelnya yang tidak cukup baik untuk digunakan dalam produksi.

Anda dapat menjalankan pipeline lagi mungkin dengan konfigurasi evaluasi yang berbeda. Bahkan jika Anda menjalankan pipa dengan konfigurasi yang sama persis dan dataset, model dilatih mungkin sedikit berbeda karena keacakan yang melekat pada model pelatihan yang dapat menyebabkan NOT_BLESSED Model.

Periksa output dari pipa

Anda dapat menggunakan TFMA untuk menyelidiki dan memvisualisasikan hasil evaluasi dalam artefak ModelEvaluation.

Dapatkan hasil analisis dari artefak keluaran

Anda dapat menggunakan MLMD API untuk menemukan output ini secara terprogram. Pertama, kita akan mendefinisikan beberapa fungsi utilitas untuk mencari artefak keluaran yang baru saja diproduksi.

from ml_metadata.proto import metadata_store_pb2
# Non-public APIs, just for showcase.
from tfx.orchestration.portable.mlmd import execution_lib

# TODO(b/171447278): Move these functions into the TFX library.

def get_latest_artifacts(metadata, pipeline_name, component_id):
  """Output artifacts of the latest run of the component."""
  context = metadata.store.get_context_by_type_and_name(
      'node', f'{pipeline_name}.{component_id}')
  executions = metadata.store.get_executions_by_context(context.id)
  latest_execution = max(executions,
                         key=lambda e:e.last_update_time_since_epoch)
  return execution_lib.get_artifacts_dict(metadata, latest_execution.id,
                                          [metadata_store_pb2.Event.OUTPUT])

Kita dapat menemukan eksekusi terbaru dari Evaluator komponen dan mendapatkan output artefak itu.

# Non-public APIs, just for showcase.
from tfx.orchestration.metadata import Metadata
from tfx.types import standard_component_specs

metadata_connection_config = tfx.orchestration.metadata.sqlite_metadata_connection_config(
    METADATA_PATH)

with Metadata(metadata_connection_config) as metadata_handler:
  # Find output artifacts from MLMD.
  evaluator_output = get_latest_artifacts(metadata_handler, PIPELINE_NAME,
                                          'Evaluator')
  eval_artifact = evaluator_output[standard_component_specs.EVALUATION_KEY][0]
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

Evaluator selalu mengembalikan satu evaluasi artefak, dan kita dapat memvisualisasikan menggunakan Analisis Model TensorFlow perpustakaan. Misalnya, kode berikut akan membuat metrik akurasi untuk setiap spesies penguin.

import tensorflow_model_analysis as tfma

eval_result = tfma.load_eval_result(eval_artifact.uri)
tfma.view.render_slicing_metrics(eval_result, slicing_column='species')
SlicingMetricsViewer(config={'weightedExamplesColumn': 'example_count'}, data=[{'slice': 'species:0', 'metrics…

Jika Anda memilih 'sparse_categorical_accuracy' di Show daftar drop-down, Anda dapat melihat nilai-nilai akurasi per spesies. Anda mungkin ingin menambahkan lebih banyak irisan dan memeriksa apakah model Anda bagus untuk semua distribusi dan apakah ada kemungkinan bias.

Langkah selanjutnya

Pelajari lebih lanjut tentang analisis model di Analisis Model TensorFlow perpustakaan tutorial .

Anda dapat menemukan lebih banyak sumber daya pada https://www.tensorflow.org/tfx/tutorials

Silakan lihat Memahami TFX Pipa untuk mempelajari lebih lanjut tentang berbagai konsep di TFX.