Gated linear feedforward layer.

This layer follows the paper "GLU Variants Improve Transformer" ( In additional, it allows to stack multiple feedforward blocks and specify the position of dropout layer.

intermediate_size Size of the intermediate layer.
intermediate_activation Activation for the intermediate layer.
dropout Dropout probability for the output dropout.
use_gate Whether to use gated linear units. If True, assuming GELU as the activation and omitting bias, will apply GEGLU(x, W, V, W_2) = (GEGLU(xW) * xV)W2; if False, will follow "Attention Is All You Need" ( paper and apply FFN(x, W, W_2) = GELU(xW_1)W_2.
num_blocks The number of feedforward blocks to stack. Each block contains a (gated) linear layer and a fully connected layer followed by dropout, layer norm and residual.
dropout_position Where to apply the dropout, the value can be either before_residual or after_residual. If before_residual, will apply layer_output = layer_norm(dropout(layer_output) + layer_input); if after residual, will apply layer_output = dropout(layer_norm(layer_output + layer_input)).
kernel_initializer Initializer for dense layer kernels.
bias_initializer Initializer for dense layer biases.
kernel_regularizer Regularizer for dense layer kernels.
bias_regularizer Regularizer for dense layer biases.
activity_regularizer Regularizer for dense layer activity.
kernel_constraint Constraint for dense layer kernels.
bias_constraint Constraint for dense layer kernels.



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This is where the layer's logic lives.

The call() method may not create state (except in its first invocation, wrapping the creation of variables or other resources in tf.init_scope()). It is recommended to create state in __init__(), or the build() method that is called automatically before call() executes the first time.

inputs Input tensor, or dict/list/tuple of input tensors. The first positional inputs argument is subject to special rules:

  • inputs must be explicitly passed. A layer cannot have zero arguments, and inputs cannot be provided via the default value of a keyword argument.
  • NumPy array or Python scalar values in inputs get cast as tensors.
  • Keras mask metadata is only collected from inputs.
  • Layers are built (build(input_shape) method) using shape info from inputs only.
  • input_spec compatibility is only checked against inputs.
  • Mixed precision input casting is only applied to inputs. If a layer has tensor arguments in *args or **kwargs, their casting behavior in mixed precision should be handled manually.
  • The SavedModel input specification is generated using inputs only.
  • Integration with various ecosystem packages like TFMOT, TFLite, TF.js, etc is only supported for inputs and not for tensors in positional and keyword arguments.
*args Additional positional arguments. May contain tensors, although this is not recommended, for the reasons above.
**kwargs Additional keyword arguments. May contain tensors, although this is not recommended, for the reasons above. The following optional keyword arguments are reserved:
  • training: Boolean scalar tensor of Python boolean indicating whether the call is meant for training or inference.
  • mask: Boolean input mask. If the layer's call() method takes a mask argument, its default value will be set to the mask generated for inputs by the previous layer (if input did come from a layer that generated a corresponding mask, i.e. if it came from a Keras layer with masking support).
  • Returns
    A tensor or list/tuple of tensors.