Convalida dei dati utilizzando TFX Pipeline e TensorFlow Data Validation

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In questo tutorial basato su notebook, creeremo ed eseguiremo pipeline TFX per convalidare i dati di input e creare un modello ML. Questo notebook è basato sul gasdotto TFX abbiamo costruito in semplice TFX Pipeline Tutorial . Se non hai ancora letto quel tutorial, dovresti leggerlo prima di procedere con questo taccuino.

La prima attività in qualsiasi data science o progetto ML è comprendere e pulire i dati, che includono:

  • Comprendere i tipi di dati, le distribuzioni e altre informazioni (ad esempio, valore medio o numero di univoci) su ciascuna caratteristica
  • Generazione di uno schema preliminare che descrive i dati
  • Identificazione di anomalie e valori mancanti nei dati rispetto a uno schema dato

In questo tutorial creeremo due pipeline TFX.

Innanzitutto, creeremo una pipeline per analizzare il set di dati e generare uno schema preliminare del set di dati specificato. Questo gasdotto comprenderà due nuovi componenti, StatisticsGen e SchemaGen .

Una volta che avremo uno schema corretto dei dati, creeremo una pipeline per addestrare un modello di classificazione ML basato sulla pipeline del tutorial precedente. In questo gasdotto, useremo lo schema dalla prima pipeline e un nuovo componente, ExampleValidator , per convalidare i dati di input.

I tre nuovi componenti, StatisticsGen, SchemaGen e ExampleValidator, sono componenti TFX per l'analisi dei dati e la validazione, e la loro applicazione utilizzando il tensorflow Data Validation biblioteca.

Si prega di consultare Capire TFX Pipelines per conoscere meglio i vari concetti in TFX.

Impostare

Per prima cosa dobbiamo installare il pacchetto TFX Python e scaricare il set di dati che utilizzeremo per il nostro modello.

Aggiorna Pip

Per evitare di aggiornare Pip in un sistema durante l'esecuzione in locale, verificare che stiamo eseguendo in Colab. I sistemi locali possono ovviamente essere aggiornati separatamente.

try:
  import colab
  !pip install --upgrade pip
except:
  pass

Installa TFX

pip install -U tfx

Hai riavviato il runtime?

Se stai utilizzando Google Colab, la prima volta che esegui la cella in alto, devi riavviare il runtime facendo clic sul pulsante "RIAVVIA RUNTIME" sopra o utilizzando il menu "Runtime > Riavvia runtime ...". Ciò è dovuto al modo in cui Colab carica i pacchetti.

Controlla le versioni TensorFlow e TFX.

import tensorflow as tf
print('TensorFlow version: {}'.format(tf.__version__))
from tfx import v1 as tfx
print('TFX version: {}'.format(tfx.__version__))
TensorFlow version: 2.6.2
TFX version: 1.4.0

Imposta variabili

Ci sono alcune variabili usate per definire una pipeline. Puoi personalizzare queste variabili come desideri. Per impostazione predefinita, tutto l'output dalla pipeline verrà generato nella directory corrente.

import os

# We will create two pipelines. One for schema generation and one for training.
SCHEMA_PIPELINE_NAME = "penguin-tfdv-schema"
PIPELINE_NAME = "penguin-tfdv"

# Output directory to store artifacts generated from the pipeline.
SCHEMA_PIPELINE_ROOT = os.path.join('pipelines', SCHEMA_PIPELINE_NAME)
PIPELINE_ROOT = os.path.join('pipelines', PIPELINE_NAME)
# Path to a SQLite DB file to use as an MLMD storage.
SCHEMA_METADATA_PATH = os.path.join('metadata', SCHEMA_PIPELINE_NAME,
                                    'metadata.db')
METADATA_PATH = os.path.join('metadata', PIPELINE_NAME, 'metadata.db')

# Output directory where created models from the pipeline will be exported.
SERVING_MODEL_DIR = os.path.join('serving_model', PIPELINE_NAME)

from absl import logging
logging.set_verbosity(logging.INFO)  # Set default logging level.

Prepara dati di esempio

Scaricheremo il set di dati di esempio da utilizzare nella nostra pipeline TFX. Il set di dati che stiamo usando è Palmer Penguins set di dati che viene utilizzato anche in altri esempi TFX .

Ci sono quattro caratteristiche numeriche in questo set di dati:

  • culmen_length_mm
  • culmen_depth_mm
  • flipper_length_mm
  • body_mass_g

Tutte le caratteristiche erano già normalizzate per avere un intervallo [0,1]. Costruiremo un modello di classificazione che prevede le species di pinguini.

Poiché il componente TFX ExampleGen legge gli input da una directory, è necessario creare una directory e copiarvi il set di dati.

import urllib.request
import tempfile

DATA_ROOT = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='tfx-data')  # Create a temporary directory.
_data_url = 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tensorflow/tfx/master/tfx/examples/penguin/data/labelled/penguins_processed.csv'
_data_filepath = os.path.join(DATA_ROOT, "data.csv")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(_data_url, _data_filepath)
('/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2/data.csv', <http.client.HTTPMessage at 0x7f8d2f9f9110>)

Dai una rapida occhiata al file CSV.

head {_data_filepath}
species,culmen_length_mm,culmen_depth_mm,flipper_length_mm,body_mass_g
0,0.2545454545454545,0.6666666666666666,0.15254237288135594,0.2916666666666667
0,0.26909090909090905,0.5119047619047618,0.23728813559322035,0.3055555555555556
0,0.29818181818181805,0.5833333333333334,0.3898305084745763,0.1527777777777778
0,0.16727272727272732,0.7380952380952381,0.3559322033898305,0.20833333333333334
0,0.26181818181818167,0.892857142857143,0.3050847457627119,0.2638888888888889
0,0.24727272727272717,0.5595238095238096,0.15254237288135594,0.2569444444444444
0,0.25818181818181823,0.773809523809524,0.3898305084745763,0.5486111111111112
0,0.32727272727272727,0.5357142857142859,0.1694915254237288,0.1388888888888889
0,0.23636363636363636,0.9642857142857142,0.3220338983050847,0.3055555555555556

Dovresti essere in grado di vedere cinque colonne di funzionalità. species è uno dei 0, 1 o 2, e tutte le altre caratteristiche dovrebbero avere valori compresi tra 0 e 1. Si creerà un gasdotto TFX analizzare questo insieme di dati.

Genera uno schema preliminare

Le pipeline TFX sono definite utilizzando le API Python. Creeremo una pipeline per generare automaticamente uno schema dagli esempi di input. Questo schema può essere rivisto da un essere umano e adattato secondo necessità. Una volta finalizzato lo schema, può essere utilizzato per l'addestramento e la convalida di esempi in attività successive.

Oltre a CsvExampleGen che è usato in semplice TFX Pipeline tutorial , useremo StatisticsGen e SchemaGen :

  • StatisticsGen di calcolare le statistiche per il set di dati.
  • SchemaGen esamina le statistiche e crea uno schema iniziale dei dati.

Vedere le guide per ogni componente o componenti TFX tutorial contenuti di saperne di più su questi componenti.

Scrivi una definizione di pipeline

Definiamo una funzione per creare una pipeline TFX. Un Pipeline oggetto rappresenta una tubazione TFX che può essere eseguito utilizzando uno dei sistemi di conduttura orchestrazione che supporta TFX.

def _create_schema_pipeline(pipeline_name: str,
                            pipeline_root: str,
                            data_root: str,
                            metadata_path: str) -> tfx.dsl.Pipeline:
  """Creates a pipeline for schema generation."""
  # Brings data into the pipeline.
  example_gen = tfx.components.CsvExampleGen(input_base=data_root)

  # NEW: Computes statistics over data for visualization and schema generation.
  statistics_gen = tfx.components.StatisticsGen(
      examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'])

  # NEW: Generates schema based on the generated statistics.
  schema_gen = tfx.components.SchemaGen(
      statistics=statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'], infer_feature_shape=True)

  components = [
      example_gen,
      statistics_gen,
      schema_gen,
  ]

  return tfx.dsl.Pipeline(
      pipeline_name=pipeline_name,
      pipeline_root=pipeline_root,
      metadata_connection_config=tfx.orchestration.metadata
      .sqlite_metadata_connection_config(metadata_path),
      components=components)

Esegui la pipeline

Useremo LocalDagRunner come nel precedente tutorial.

tfx.orchestration.LocalDagRunner().run(
  _create_schema_pipeline(
      pipeline_name=SCHEMA_PIPELINE_NAME,
      pipeline_root=SCHEMA_PIPELINE_ROOT,
      data_root=DATA_ROOT,
      metadata_path=SCHEMA_METADATA_PATH))
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Using deployment config:
 executor_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "SchemaGen"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.schema_gen.executor.Executor"
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "StatisticsGen"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.statistics_gen.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
custom_driver_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.driver.FileBasedDriver"
    }
  }
}
metadata_connection_config {
  sqlite {
    filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-tfdv-schema/metadata.db"
    connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
  }
}

INFO:absl:Using connection config:
 sqlite {
  filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-tfdv-schema/metadata.db"
  connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
}

INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "input_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"split_config\": {\n    \"splits\": [\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 2,\n        \"name\": \"train\"\n      },\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 1,\n        \"name\": \"eval\"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_data_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_file_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
WARNING: Logging before InitGoogleLogging() is written to STDERR
I1205 11:10:06.444468  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:06.453292  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:06.460209  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:06.467104  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:select span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:latest span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 1
I1205 11:10:06.521926  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=1, input_dict={}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}), exec_properties={'input_config': '{\n  "splits": [\n    {\n      "name": "single_split",\n      "pattern": "*"\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'output_config': '{\n  "split_config": {\n    "splits": [\n      {\n        "hash_buckets": 2,\n        "name": "train"\n      },\n      {\n        "hash_buckets": 1,\n        "name": "eval"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}', 'input_base': '/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2', 'output_file_format': 5, 'output_data_format': 6, 'span': 0, 'version': None, 'input_fingerprint': 'split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/CsvExampleGen/.system/executor_execution/1/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/CsvExampleGen/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/CsvExampleGen/.system/executor_execution/1/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "input_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"split_config\": {\n    \"splits\": [\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 2,\n        \"name\": \"train\"\n      },\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 1,\n        \"name\": \"eval\"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_data_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_file_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329')
INFO:absl:Generating examples.
WARNING:apache_beam.runners.interactive.interactive_environment:Dependencies required for Interactive Beam PCollection visualization are not available, please use: `pip install apache-beam[interactive]` to install necessary dependencies to enable all data visualization features.
INFO:absl:Processing input csv data /tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2/* to TFExample.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
WARNING:apache_beam.io.tfrecordio:Couldn't find python-snappy so the implementation of _TFRecordUtil._masked_crc32c is not as fast as it could be.
INFO:absl:Examples generated.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 1 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}) for execution 1
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is finished.
INFO:absl:Component StatisticsGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.statistics_gen.component.StatisticsGen"
  }
  id: "StatisticsGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.StatisticsGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "CsvExampleGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.CsvExampleGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Examples"
          }
        }
        output_key: "examples"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "ExampleStatistics"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
downstream_nodes: "SchemaGen"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:08.104562  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 2
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=2, input_dict={'examples': [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 15
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "file_format"
  value {
    string_value: "tfrecords_gzip"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "payload_format"
  value {
    string_value: "FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702608076
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702608076
, artifact_type: id: 15
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'statistics': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/statistics/2"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:StatisticsGen:statistics:0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ExampleStatistics"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}), exec_properties={'exclude_splits': '[]'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/.system/executor_execution/2/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/.system/executor_execution/2/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.statistics_gen.component.StatisticsGen"
  }
  id: "StatisticsGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.StatisticsGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "CsvExampleGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.CsvExampleGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Examples"
          }
        }
        output_key: "examples"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "ExampleStatistics"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
downstream_nodes: "SchemaGen"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329')
INFO:absl:Generating statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Statistics for split train written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/statistics/2/Split-train.
INFO:absl:Generating statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Statistics for split eval written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/statistics/2/Split-eval.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 2 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'statistics': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/statistics/2"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:StatisticsGen:statistics:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ExampleStatistics"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}) for execution 2
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component StatisticsGen is finished.
INFO:absl:Component SchemaGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.schema_gen.component.SchemaGen"
  }
  id: "SchemaGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.SchemaGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "StatisticsGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.StatisticsGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "ExampleStatistics"
          }
        }
        output_key: "statistics"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "schema"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Schema"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "infer_feature_shape"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 1
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:10.975282  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 3
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=3, input_dict={'statistics': [Artifact(artifact: id: 2
type_id: 17
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/StatisticsGen/statistics/2"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:StatisticsGen:statistics:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702610957
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702610957
, artifact_type: id: 17
name: "ExampleStatistics"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'schema': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/SchemaGen/schema/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:SchemaGen:schema:0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Schema"
)]}), exec_properties={'exclude_splits': '[]', 'infer_feature_shape': 1}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/SchemaGen/.system/executor_execution/3/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/SchemaGen/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/SchemaGen/.system/executor_execution/3/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.schema_gen.component.SchemaGen"
  }
  id: "SchemaGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.SchemaGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "StatisticsGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema.StatisticsGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "ExampleStatistics"
          }
        }
        output_key: "statistics"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "schema"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Schema"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "infer_feature_shape"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 1
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv-schema"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329')
INFO:absl:Processing schema from statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Processing schema from statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Schema written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/SchemaGen/schema/3/schema.pbtxt.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 3 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'schema': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv-schema/SchemaGen/schema/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv-schema:2021-12-05T11:10:06.420329:SchemaGen:schema:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Schema"
)]}) for execution 3
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component SchemaGen is finished.
I1205 11:10:11.010145  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type

Dovresti vedere "INFO:absl:Component SchemaGen terminato". se la pipeline è terminata correttamente.

Esamineremo l'output della pipeline per comprendere il nostro set di dati.

Rivedere gli output della pipeline

Come spiegato nel tutorial precedente, una condotta TFX produce due tipi di uscite, manufatti e una metadati DB (MLMD) che contiene i metadati di manufatti ed esecuzioni gasdotti. Abbiamo definito la posizione di questi output nelle celle sopra. Per impostazione predefinita, i manufatti vengono archiviati sotto la pipelines directory ei metadati vengono memorizzati come un database SQLite sotto la metadata directory.

È possibile utilizzare le API MLMD per individuare questi output in modo programmatico. In primo luogo, definiremo alcune funzioni di utilità per cercare gli artefatti di output che sono stati appena prodotti.

from ml_metadata.proto import metadata_store_pb2
# Non-public APIs, just for showcase.
from tfx.orchestration.portable.mlmd import execution_lib

# TODO(b/171447278): Move these functions into the TFX library.

def get_latest_artifacts(metadata, pipeline_name, component_id):
  """Output artifacts of the latest run of the component."""
  context = metadata.store.get_context_by_type_and_name(
      'node', f'{pipeline_name}.{component_id}')
  executions = metadata.store.get_executions_by_context(context.id)
  latest_execution = max(executions,
                         key=lambda e:e.last_update_time_since_epoch)
  return execution_lib.get_artifacts_dict(metadata, latest_execution.id,
                                          [metadata_store_pb2.Event.OUTPUT])

# Non-public APIs, just for showcase.
from tfx.orchestration.experimental.interactive import visualizations

def visualize_artifacts(artifacts):
  """Visualizes artifacts using standard visualization modules."""
  for artifact in artifacts:
    visualization = visualizations.get_registry().get_visualization(
        artifact.type_name)
    if visualization:
      visualization.display(artifact)

from tfx.orchestration.experimental.interactive import standard_visualizations
standard_visualizations.register_standard_visualizations()

Ora possiamo esaminare gli output dell'esecuzione della pipeline.

# Non-public APIs, just for showcase.
from tfx.orchestration.metadata import Metadata
from tfx.types import standard_component_specs

metadata_connection_config = tfx.orchestration.metadata.sqlite_metadata_connection_config(
    SCHEMA_METADATA_PATH)

with Metadata(metadata_connection_config) as metadata_handler:
  # Find output artifacts from MLMD.
  stat_gen_output = get_latest_artifacts(metadata_handler, SCHEMA_PIPELINE_NAME,
                                         'StatisticsGen')
  stats_artifacts = stat_gen_output[standard_component_specs.STATISTICS_KEY]

  schema_gen_output = get_latest_artifacts(metadata_handler,
                                           SCHEMA_PIPELINE_NAME, 'SchemaGen')
  schema_artifacts = schema_gen_output[standard_component_specs.SCHEMA_KEY]
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

È tempo di esaminare gli output di ciascun componente. Come descritto sopra, tensorflow Convalida dati (TFDV) è utilizzato in StatisticsGen e SchemaGen e TFDV fornisce anche la visualizzazione delle uscite di questi componenti.

In questo tutorial, utilizzeremo i metodi dell'helper di visualizzazione in TFX che utilizzano TFDV internamente per mostrare la visualizzazione.

Esaminare l'output di StatisticsGen

# docs-infra: no-execute
visualize_artifacts(stats_artifacts)

Puoi vedere varie statistiche per i dati di input. Queste statistiche sono forniti ad SchemaGen di costruire uno schema iniziale dei dati automaticamente.

Esaminare l'output di SchemaGen

visualize_artifacts(schema_artifacts)

Questo schema viene automaticamente dedotto dall'output di StatisticsGen. Dovresti essere in grado di vedere 4 funzioni FLOAT e 1 funzione INT.

Esporta lo schema per un uso futuro

Abbiamo bisogno di rivedere e perfezionare lo schema generato. Lo schema rivisto deve essere mantenuto per essere utilizzato nelle pipeline successive per l'addestramento del modello ML. In altre parole, potresti voler aggiungere il file dello schema al tuo sistema di controllo della versione per i casi d'uso effettivi. In questo tutorial, copieremo semplicemente lo schema in un percorso di filesystem predefinito per semplicità.

import shutil

_schema_filename = 'schema.pbtxt'
SCHEMA_PATH = 'schema'

os.makedirs(SCHEMA_PATH, exist_ok=True)
_generated_path = os.path.join(schema_artifacts[0].uri, _schema_filename)

# Copy the 'schema.pbtxt' file from the artifact uri to a predefined path.
shutil.copy(_generated_path, SCHEMA_PATH)
'schema/schema.pbtxt'

Il file di schema utilizza il formato di testo Protocol Buffer e un'istanza di tensorflow Metadata Schema proto .

print(f'Schema at {SCHEMA_PATH}-----')
!cat {SCHEMA_PATH}/*
Schema at schema-----
feature {
  name: "body_mass_g"
  type: FLOAT
  presence {
    min_fraction: 1.0
    min_count: 1
  }
  shape {
    dim {
      size: 1
    }
  }
}
feature {
  name: "culmen_depth_mm"
  type: FLOAT
  presence {
    min_fraction: 1.0
    min_count: 1
  }
  shape {
    dim {
      size: 1
    }
  }
}
feature {
  name: "culmen_length_mm"
  type: FLOAT
  presence {
    min_fraction: 1.0
    min_count: 1
  }
  shape {
    dim {
      size: 1
    }
  }
}
feature {
  name: "flipper_length_mm"
  type: FLOAT
  presence {
    min_fraction: 1.0
    min_count: 1
  }
  shape {
    dim {
      size: 1
    }
  }
}
feature {
  name: "species"
  type: INT
  presence {
    min_fraction: 1.0
    min_count: 1
  }
  shape {
    dim {
      size: 1
    }
  }
}

Dovresti assicurarti di rivedere ed eventualmente modificare la definizione dello schema secondo necessità. In questo tutorial, utilizzeremo semplicemente lo schema generato invariato.

Convalida esempi di input e addestra un modello ML

Ci torneremo alla pipeline che abbiamo creato in semplice TFX Pipeline Tutorial , di formare un modello ML e utilizzare lo schema generato per la scrittura del codice di formazione del modello.

Ci sarà anche aggiungere un ExampleValidator componente che andrà a cercare anomalie e valori mancanti nel set di dati in entrata rispetto allo schema.

Scrivi il codice di addestramento del modello

Abbiamo bisogno di scrivere il codice del modello, come abbiamo fatto in semplice TFX Pipeline Tutorial .

Il modello stesso è lo stesso dell'esercitazione precedente, ma questa volta utilizzeremo lo schema generato dalla pipeline precedente invece di specificare le funzionalità manualmente. La maggior parte del codice non è stata modificata. L'unica differenza è che non è necessario specificare i nomi e i tipi di funzionalità in questo file. Invece, noi li leggiamo dal file di schema.

_trainer_module_file = 'penguin_trainer.py'
%%writefile {_trainer_module_file}

from typing import List
from absl import logging
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow import keras
from tensorflow_transform.tf_metadata import schema_utils

from tfx import v1 as tfx
from tfx_bsl.public import tfxio
from tensorflow_metadata.proto.v0 import schema_pb2

# We don't need to specify _FEATURE_KEYS and _FEATURE_SPEC any more.
# Those information can be read from the given schema file.

_LABEL_KEY = 'species'

_TRAIN_BATCH_SIZE = 20
_EVAL_BATCH_SIZE = 10

def _input_fn(file_pattern: List[str],
              data_accessor: tfx.components.DataAccessor,
              schema: schema_pb2.Schema,
              batch_size: int = 200) -> tf.data.Dataset:
  """Generates features and label for training.

  Args:
    file_pattern: List of paths or patterns of input tfrecord files.
    data_accessor: DataAccessor for converting input to RecordBatch.
    schema: schema of the input data.
    batch_size: representing the number of consecutive elements of returned
      dataset to combine in a single batch

  Returns:
    A dataset that contains (features, indices) tuple where features is a
      dictionary of Tensors, and indices is a single Tensor of label indices.
  """
  return data_accessor.tf_dataset_factory(
      file_pattern,
      tfxio.TensorFlowDatasetOptions(
          batch_size=batch_size, label_key=_LABEL_KEY),
      schema=schema).repeat()


def _build_keras_model(schema: schema_pb2.Schema) -> tf.keras.Model:
  """Creates a DNN Keras model for classifying penguin data.

  Returns:
    A Keras Model.
  """
  # The model below is built with Functional API, please refer to
  # https://www.tensorflow.org/guide/keras/overview for all API options.

  # ++ Changed code: Uses all features in the schema except the label.
  feature_keys = [f.name for f in schema.feature if f.name != _LABEL_KEY]
  inputs = [keras.layers.Input(shape=(1,), name=f) for f in feature_keys]
  # ++ End of the changed code.

  d = keras.layers.concatenate(inputs)
  for _ in range(2):
    d = keras.layers.Dense(8, activation='relu')(d)
  outputs = keras.layers.Dense(3)(d)

  model = keras.Model(inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs)
  model.compile(
      optimizer=keras.optimizers.Adam(1e-2),
      loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
      metrics=[keras.metrics.SparseCategoricalAccuracy()])

  model.summary(print_fn=logging.info)
  return model


# TFX Trainer will call this function.
def run_fn(fn_args: tfx.components.FnArgs):
  """Train the model based on given args.

  Args:
    fn_args: Holds args used to train the model as name/value pairs.
  """

  # ++ Changed code: Reads in schema file passed to the Trainer component.
  schema = tfx.utils.parse_pbtxt_file(fn_args.schema_path, schema_pb2.Schema())
  # ++ End of the changed code.

  train_dataset = _input_fn(
      fn_args.train_files,
      fn_args.data_accessor,
      schema,
      batch_size=_TRAIN_BATCH_SIZE)
  eval_dataset = _input_fn(
      fn_args.eval_files,
      fn_args.data_accessor,
      schema,
      batch_size=_EVAL_BATCH_SIZE)

  model = _build_keras_model(schema)
  model.fit(
      train_dataset,
      steps_per_epoch=fn_args.train_steps,
      validation_data=eval_dataset,
      validation_steps=fn_args.eval_steps)

  # The result of the training should be saved in `fn_args.serving_model_dir`
  # directory.
  model.save(fn_args.serving_model_dir, save_format='tf')
Writing penguin_trainer.py

Ora hai completato tutti i passaggi di preparazione per creare una pipeline TFX per l'addestramento del modello.

Scrivi una definizione di pipeline

Noi aggiungeremo due nuovi componenti, Importer e ExampleValidator . Importer porta un file esterno nella pipeline TFX. In questo caso, si tratta di un file contenente la definizione dello schema. ExampleValidator esaminerà i dati di input e convaliderà se tutti i dati di input sono conformi allo schema di dati che abbiamo fornito.

def _create_pipeline(pipeline_name: str, pipeline_root: str, data_root: str,
                     schema_path: str, module_file: str, serving_model_dir: str,
                     metadata_path: str) -> tfx.dsl.Pipeline:
  """Creates a pipeline using predefined schema with TFX."""
  # Brings data into the pipeline.
  example_gen = tfx.components.CsvExampleGen(input_base=data_root)

  # Computes statistics over data for visualization and example validation.
  statistics_gen = tfx.components.StatisticsGen(
      examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'])

  # NEW: Import the schema.
  schema_importer = tfx.dsl.Importer(
      source_uri=schema_path,
      artifact_type=tfx.types.standard_artifacts.Schema).with_id(
          'schema_importer')

  # NEW: Performs anomaly detection based on statistics and data schema.
  example_validator = tfx.components.ExampleValidator(
      statistics=statistics_gen.outputs['statistics'],
      schema=schema_importer.outputs['result'])

  # Uses user-provided Python function that trains a model.
  trainer = tfx.components.Trainer(
      module_file=module_file,
      examples=example_gen.outputs['examples'],
      schema=schema_importer.outputs['result'],  # Pass the imported schema.
      train_args=tfx.proto.TrainArgs(num_steps=100),
      eval_args=tfx.proto.EvalArgs(num_steps=5))

  # Pushes the model to a filesystem destination.
  pusher = tfx.components.Pusher(
      model=trainer.outputs['model'],
      push_destination=tfx.proto.PushDestination(
          filesystem=tfx.proto.PushDestination.Filesystem(
              base_directory=serving_model_dir)))

  components = [
      example_gen,

      # NEW: Following three components were added to the pipeline.
      statistics_gen,
      schema_importer,
      example_validator,

      trainer,
      pusher,
  ]

  return tfx.dsl.Pipeline(
      pipeline_name=pipeline_name,
      pipeline_root=pipeline_root,
      metadata_connection_config=tfx.orchestration.metadata
      .sqlite_metadata_connection_config(metadata_path),
      components=components)

Esegui la pipeline

tfx.orchestration.LocalDagRunner().run(
  _create_pipeline(
      pipeline_name=PIPELINE_NAME,
      pipeline_root=PIPELINE_ROOT,
      data_root=DATA_ROOT,
      schema_path=SCHEMA_PATH,
      module_file=_trainer_module_file,
      serving_model_dir=SERVING_MODEL_DIR,
      metadata_path=METADATA_PATH))
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Excluding no splits because exclude_splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Generating ephemeral wheel package for '/tmpfs/src/temp/docs/tutorials/tfx/penguin_trainer.py' (including modules: ['penguin_trainer']).
INFO:absl:User module package has hash fingerprint version 000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '/tmp/tmp50dqc5bp/_tfx_generated_setup.py', 'bdist_wheel', '--bdist-dir', '/tmp/tmp6_kn7s87', '--dist-dir', '/tmp/tmpwt7plki0']
/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/lib/python3.7/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py:37: SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning: setup.py install is deprecated. Use build and pip and other standards-based tools.
  setuptools.SetuptoolsDeprecationWarning,
listing git files failed - pretending there aren't any
INFO:absl:Successfully built user code wheel distribution at 'pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl'; target user module is 'penguin_trainer'.
INFO:absl:Full user module path is 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl'
INFO:absl:Using deployment config:
 executor_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "ExampleValidator"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.example_validator.executor.Executor"
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Pusher"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.pusher.executor.Executor"
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "StatisticsGen"
  value {
    beam_executable_spec {
      python_executor_spec {
        class_path: "tfx.components.statistics_gen.executor.Executor"
      }
    }
  }
}
executor_specs {
  key: "Trainer"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.trainer.executor.GenericExecutor"
    }
  }
}
custom_driver_specs {
  key: "CsvExampleGen"
  value {
    python_class_executable_spec {
      class_path: "tfx.components.example_gen.driver.FileBasedDriver"
    }
  }
}
metadata_connection_config {
  sqlite {
    filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-tfdv/metadata.db"
    connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
  }
}

INFO:absl:Using connection config:
 sqlite {
  filename_uri: "metadata/penguin-tfdv/metadata.db"
  connection_mode: READWRITE_OPENCREATE
}

INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "input_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"split_config\": {\n    \"splits\": [\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 2,\n        \"name\": \"train\"\n      },\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 1,\n        \"name\": \"eval\"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_data_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_file_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
downstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:11.685647  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:11.692644  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:11.699625  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:11.708110  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:select span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:latest span and version = (0, None)
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 1
I1205 11:10:11.722760  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=1, input_dict={}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}), exec_properties={'input_base': '/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2', 'input_config': '{\n  "splits": [\n    {\n      "name": "single_split",\n      "pattern": "*"\n    }\n  ]\n}', 'output_data_format': 6, 'output_config': '{\n  "split_config": {\n    "splits": [\n      {\n        "hash_buckets": 2,\n        "name": "train"\n      },\n      {\n        "hash_buckets": 1,\n        "name": "eval"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}', 'output_file_format': 5, 'span': 0, 'version': None, 'input_fingerprint': 'split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/.system/executor_execution/1/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/.system/executor_execution/1/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_gen.csv_example_gen.component.CsvExampleGen"
  }
  id: "CsvExampleGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.CsvExampleGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Examples"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
          properties {
            key: "version"
            value: INT
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "input_base"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "/tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "input_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"splits\": [\n    {\n      \"name\": \"single_split\",\n      \"pattern\": \"*\"\n    }\n  ]\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"split_config\": {\n    \"splits\": [\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 2,\n        \"name\": \"train\"\n      },\n      {\n        \"hash_buckets\": 1,\n        \"name\": \"eval\"\n      }\n    ]\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_data_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 6
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "output_file_format"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 5
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
downstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239')
INFO:absl:Generating examples.
INFO:absl:Processing input csv data /tmp/tfx-datan3p7t1d2/* to TFExample.
running bdist_wheel
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib
copying penguin_trainer.py -> build/lib
installing to /tmp/tmp6_kn7s87
running install
running install_lib
copying build/lib/penguin_trainer.py -> /tmp/tmp6_kn7s87
running install_egg_info
running egg_info
creating tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info
writing tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing dependency_links to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing top-level names to tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Copying tfx_user_code_Trainer.egg-info to /tmp/tmp6_kn7s87/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3.7.egg-info
running install_scripts
creating /tmp/tmp6_kn7s87/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2.dist-info/WHEEL
creating '/tmp/tmpwt7plki0/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl' and adding '/tmp/tmp6_kn7s87' to it
adding 'penguin_trainer.py'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2.dist-info/METADATA'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2.dist-info/WHEEL'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2.dist-info/top_level.txt'
adding 'tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2.dist-info/RECORD'
removing /tmp/tmp6_kn7s87
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
INFO:absl:Examples generated.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 1 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'examples': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}) for execution 1
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component CsvExampleGen is finished.
INFO:absl:Component schema_importer is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.dsl.components.common.importer.Importer"
  }
  id: "schema_importer"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.schema_importer"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "result"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Schema"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "artifact_uri"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "schema"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "reimport"
    value {
      field_value {
        int_value: 0
      }
    }
  }
}
downstream_nodes: "ExampleValidator"
downstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:Running as an importer node.
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:12.796727  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Processing source uri: schema, properties: {}, custom_properties: {}
INFO:absl:Component schema_importer is finished.
I1205 11:10:12.806819  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component StatisticsGen is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.statistics_gen.component.StatisticsGen"
  }
  id: "StatisticsGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.StatisticsGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "CsvExampleGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.CsvExampleGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Examples"
          }
        }
        output_key: "examples"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "ExampleStatistics"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
downstream_nodes: "ExampleValidator"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:12.827589  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 3
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=3, input_dict={'examples': [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 15
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "file_format"
  value {
    string_value: "tfrecords_gzip"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
    string_value: "split:single_split,num_files:1,total_bytes:25648,xor_checksum:1638702606,sum_checksum:1638702606"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:CsvExampleGen:examples:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "payload_format"
  value {
    string_value: "FORMAT_TF_EXAMPLE"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "span"
  value {
    int_value: 0
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702612780
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702612780
, artifact_type: id: 15
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
properties {
  key: "version"
  value: INT
}
)]}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'statistics': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/statistics/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:StatisticsGen:statistics:0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ExampleStatistics"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}), exec_properties={'exclude_splits': '[]'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/.system/executor_execution/3/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/.system/executor_execution/3/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.statistics_gen.component.StatisticsGen"
  }
  id: "StatisticsGen"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.StatisticsGen"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "examples"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "CsvExampleGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
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        context_queries {
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            name: "node"
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          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.CsvExampleGen"
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        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Examples"
          }
        }
        output_key: "examples"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "ExampleStatistics"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
downstream_nodes: "ExampleValidator"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239')
INFO:absl:Generating statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Statistics for split train written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/statistics/3/Split-train.
INFO:absl:Generating statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Statistics for split eval written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/statistics/3/Split-eval.
WARNING:root:Make sure that locally built Python SDK docker image has Python 3.7 interpreter.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 3 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'statistics': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/statistics/3"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:StatisticsGen:statistics:0"
  }
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custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
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, artifact_type: name: "ExampleStatistics"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}) for execution 3
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component StatisticsGen is finished.
INFO:absl:Component Trainer is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.trainer.component.Trainer"
  }
  id: "Trainer"
}
contexts {
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    type {
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inputs {
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        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
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        context_queries {
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      min_count: 1
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        context_queries {
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outputs {
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      artifact_spec {
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parameters {
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      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl"
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}
upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
upstream_nodes: "schema_importer"
downstream_nodes: "Pusher"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:15.426606  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 4
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=4, input_dict={'examples': [Artifact(artifact: id: 1
type_id: 15
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/CsvExampleGen/examples/1"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
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}
custom_properties {
  key: "file_format"
  value {
    string_value: "tfrecords_gzip"
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custom_properties {
  key: "input_fingerprint"
  value {
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}
custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
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    int_value: 0
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}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
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    string_value: "1.4.0"
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state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702612780
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702612780
, artifact_type: id: 15
name: "Examples"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
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properties {
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properties {
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)], 'schema': [Artifact(artifact: id: 2
type_id: 17
uri: "schema"
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
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state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702612810
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702612810
, artifact_type: id: 17
name: "Schema"
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custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:Trainer:model_run:0"
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}
, artifact_type: name: "ModelRun"
)], 'model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model/4"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:Trainer:model:0"
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}
, artifact_type: name: "Model"
)]}), exec_properties={'eval_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 5\n}', 'module_path': 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl', 'custom_config': 'null', 'train_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 100\n}'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/.system/executor_execution/4/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/.system/executor_execution/4/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
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  id: "Trainer"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
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  contexts {
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      name: "pipeline_run"
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  contexts {
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      field_value {
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inputs {
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        producer_node_query {
          id: "CsvExampleGen"
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        context_queries {
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              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
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        context_queries {
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        context_queries {
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              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.CsvExampleGen"
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        artifact_query {
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        output_key: "examples"
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      min_count: 1
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  inputs {
    key: "schema"
    value {
      channels {
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        context_queries {
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        context_queries {
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          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Schema"
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        output_key: "result"
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}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "Model"
        }
      }
    }
  }
  outputs {
    key: "model_run"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
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        }
      }
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parameters {
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    key: "module_path"
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      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "train_args"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"num_steps\": 100\n}"
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upstream_nodes: "CsvExampleGen"
upstream_nodes: "schema_importer"
downstream_nodes: "Pusher"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239')
INFO:absl:Train on the 'train' split when train_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:Evaluate on the 'eval' split when eval_args.splits is not set.
INFO:absl:udf_utils.get_fn {'eval_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 5\n}', 'module_path': 'penguin_trainer@pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl', 'custom_config': 'null', 'train_args': '{\n  "num_steps": 100\n}'} 'run_fn'
INFO:absl:Installing 'pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl' to a temporary directory.
INFO:absl:Executing: ['/tmpfs/src/tf_docs_env/bin/python', '-m', 'pip', 'install', '--target', '/tmp/tmpbb1l9_v7', 'pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl']
Processing ./pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl
INFO:absl:Successfully installed 'pipelines/penguin-tfdv/_wheels/tfx_user_code_Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2-py3-none-any.whl'.
INFO:absl:Training model.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
Installing collected packages: tfx-user-code-Trainer
Successfully installed tfx-user-code-Trainer-0.0+000876a22093ec764e3751d5a3ed939f1b107d1d6ade133f954ea2a767b8dfb2
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature body_mass_g has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_depth_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature culmen_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature flipper_length_mm has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Feature species has a shape dim {
  size: 1
}
. Setting to DenseTensor.
INFO:absl:Model: "model"
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:Layer (type)                    Output Shape         Param #     Connected to                     
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:body_mass_g (InputLayer)        [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:culmen_depth_mm (InputLayer)    [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:culmen_length_mm (InputLayer)   [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:flipper_length_mm (InputLayer)  [(None, 1)]          0                                            
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:concatenate (Concatenate)       (None, 4)            0           body_mass_g[0][0]                
INFO:absl:                                                                 culmen_depth_mm[0][0]            
INFO:absl:                                                                 culmen_length_mm[0][0]           
INFO:absl:                                                                 flipper_length_mm[0][0]          
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense (Dense)                   (None, 8)            40          concatenate[0][0]                
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense_1 (Dense)                 (None, 8)            72          dense[0][0]                      
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
INFO:absl:dense_2 (Dense)                 (None, 3)            27          dense_1[0][0]                    
INFO:absl:==================================================================================================
INFO:absl:Total params: 139
INFO:absl:Trainable params: 139
INFO:absl:Non-trainable params: 0
INFO:absl:__________________________________________________________________________________________________
100/100 [==============================] - 1s 3ms/step - loss: 0.5752 - sparse_categorical_accuracy: 0.8165 - val_loss: 0.2294 - val_sparse_categorical_accuracy: 0.9400
2021-12-05 11:10:20.208161: W tensorflow/python/util/util.cc:348] Sets are not currently considered sequences, but this may change in the future, so consider avoiding using them.
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model/4/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:tensorflow:Assets written to: pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model/4/Format-Serving/assets
INFO:absl:Training complete. Model written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model/4/Format-Serving. ModelRun written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model_run/4
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 4 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'model_run': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model_run/4"
custom_properties {
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, artifact_type: name: "ModelRun"
)], 'model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model/4"
custom_properties {
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custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
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    string_value: "1.4.0"
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, artifact_type: name: "Model"
)]}) for execution 4
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component Trainer is finished.
I1205 11:10:20.766410  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
I1205 11:10:20.770478  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component ExampleValidator is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_validator.component.ExampleValidator"
  }
  id: "ExampleValidator"
}
contexts {
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  inputs {
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    value {
      channels {
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        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.StatisticsGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "ExampleStatistics"
          }
        }
        output_key: "statistics"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "anomalies"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "ExampleAnomalies"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
upstream_nodes: "schema_importer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:20.793696  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 5
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=5, input_dict={'statistics': [Artifact(artifact: id: 3
type_id: 19
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/StatisticsGen/statistics/3"
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value {
    string_value: "[\"train\", \"eval\"]"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:StatisticsGen:statistics:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702615406
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702615406
, artifact_type: id: 19
name: "ExampleStatistics"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)], 'schema': [Artifact(artifact: id: 2
type_id: 17
uri: "schema"
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702612810
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702612810
, artifact_type: id: 17
name: "Schema"
)]}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'anomalies': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/anomalies/5"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:ExampleValidator:anomalies:0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ExampleAnomalies"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}), exec_properties={'exclude_splits': '[]'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/.system/executor_execution/5/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/.system/executor_execution/5/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.example_validator.component.ExampleValidator"
  }
  id: "ExampleValidator"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.ExampleValidator"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "schema"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "schema_importer"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.schema_importer"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Schema"
          }
        }
        output_key: "result"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
  inputs {
    key: "statistics"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "StatisticsGen"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.StatisticsGen"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "ExampleStatistics"
          }
        }
        output_key: "statistics"
      }
      min_count: 1
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "anomalies"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "ExampleAnomalies"
          properties {
            key: "span"
            value: INT
          }
          properties {
            key: "split_names"
            value: STRING
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "exclude_splits"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "[]"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "StatisticsGen"
upstream_nodes: "schema_importer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239')
INFO:absl:Validating schema against the computed statistics for split train.
INFO:absl:Validation complete for split train. Anomalies written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/anomalies/5/Split-train.
INFO:absl:Validating schema against the computed statistics for split eval.
INFO:absl:Validation complete for split eval. Anomalies written to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/anomalies/5/Split-eval.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 5 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'anomalies': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/ExampleValidator/anomalies/5"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:ExampleValidator:anomalies:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "ExampleAnomalies"
properties {
  key: "span"
  value: INT
}
properties {
  key: "split_names"
  value: STRING
}
)]}) for execution 5
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:Component ExampleValidator is finished.
INFO:absl:Component Pusher is running.
INFO:absl:Running launcher for node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.pusher.component.Pusher"
  }
  id: "Pusher"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.Pusher"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "model"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "Trainer"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.Trainer"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Model"
          }
        }
        output_key: "model"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "pushed_model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "PushedModel"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "custom_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "null"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "push_destination"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"filesystem\": {\n    \"base_directory\": \"serving_model/penguin-tfdv\"\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}

INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:20.848567  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution 6
INFO:absl:Going to run a new execution: ExecutionInfo(execution_id=6, input_dict={'model': [Artifact(artifact: id: 5
type_id: 22
uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Trainer/model/4"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:Trainer:model:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
state: LIVE
create_time_since_epoch: 1638702620774
last_update_time_since_epoch: 1638702620774
, artifact_type: id: 22
name: "Model"
)]}, output_dict=defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'pushed_model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Pusher/pushed_model/6"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:Pusher:pushed_model:0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "PushedModel"
)]}), exec_properties={'push_destination': '{\n  "filesystem": {\n    "base_directory": "serving_model/penguin-tfdv"\n  }\n}', 'custom_config': 'null'}, execution_output_uri='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Pusher/.system/executor_execution/6/executor_output.pb', stateful_working_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Pusher/.system/stateful_working_dir/2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239', tmp_dir='pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Pusher/.system/executor_execution/6/.temp/', pipeline_node=node_info {
  type {
    name: "tfx.components.pusher.component.Pusher"
  }
  id: "Pusher"
}
contexts {
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "pipeline_run"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
      }
    }
  }
  contexts {
    type {
      name: "node"
    }
    name {
      field_value {
        string_value: "penguin-tfdv.Pusher"
      }
    }
  }
}
inputs {
  inputs {
    key: "model"
    value {
      channels {
        producer_node_query {
          id: "Trainer"
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "pipeline_run"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239"
            }
          }
        }
        context_queries {
          type {
            name: "node"
          }
          name {
            field_value {
              string_value: "penguin-tfdv.Trainer"
            }
          }
        }
        artifact_query {
          type {
            name: "Model"
          }
        }
        output_key: "model"
      }
    }
  }
}
outputs {
  outputs {
    key: "pushed_model"
    value {
      artifact_spec {
        type {
          name: "PushedModel"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
parameters {
  parameters {
    key: "custom_config"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "null"
      }
    }
  }
  parameters {
    key: "push_destination"
    value {
      field_value {
        string_value: "{\n  \"filesystem\": {\n    \"base_directory\": \"serving_model/penguin-tfdv\"\n  }\n}"
      }
    }
  }
}
upstream_nodes: "Trainer"
execution_options {
  caching_options {
  }
}
, pipeline_info=id: "penguin-tfdv"
, pipeline_run_id='2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239')
WARNING:absl:Pusher is going to push the model without validation. Consider using Evaluator or InfraValidator in your pipeline.
INFO:absl:Model version: 1638702620
INFO:absl:Model written to serving path serving_model/penguin-tfdv/1638702620.
INFO:absl:Model pushed to pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Pusher/pushed_model/6.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateless execution info.
INFO:absl:Execution 6 succeeded.
INFO:absl:Cleaning up stateful execution info.
INFO:absl:Publishing output artifacts defaultdict(<class 'list'>, {'pushed_model': [Artifact(artifact: uri: "pipelines/penguin-tfdv/Pusher/pushed_model/6"
custom_properties {
  key: "name"
  value {
    string_value: "penguin-tfdv:2021-12-05T11:10:11.667239:Pusher:pushed_model:0"
  }
}
custom_properties {
  key: "tfx_version"
  value {
    string_value: "1.4.0"
  }
}
, artifact_type: name: "PushedModel"
)]}) for execution 6
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized
I1205 11:10:20.879335  4006 rdbms_metadata_access_object.cc:686] No property is defined for the Type
INFO:absl:Component Pusher is finished.

Dovresti vedere "INFO:absl:Component Pusher è terminato." se la pipeline è terminata correttamente.

Esaminare gli output della pipeline

Abbiamo addestrato il modello di classificazione per i pinguini e abbiamo anche convalidato gli esempi di input nel componente ExampleValidator. Possiamo analizzare l'output di ExampleValidator come abbiamo fatto con la pipeline precedente.

metadata_connection_config = tfx.orchestration.metadata.sqlite_metadata_connection_config(
    METADATA_PATH)

with Metadata(metadata_connection_config) as metadata_handler:
  ev_output = get_latest_artifacts(metadata_handler, PIPELINE_NAME,
                                   'ExampleValidator')
  anomalies_artifacts = ev_output[standard_component_specs.ANOMALIES_KEY]
INFO:absl:MetadataStore with DB connection initialized

È possibile visualizzare anche ExampleAnomalies da ExampleValidator.

visualize_artifacts(anomalies_artifacts)

Dovresti vedere "Nessuna anomalia trovata" per ogni suddivisione di esempi. Poiché abbiamo utilizzato gli stessi dati utilizzati per la generazione dello schema in questa pipeline, qui non è prevista alcuna anomalia. Se esegui ripetutamente questa pipeline con nuovi dati in ingresso, ExampleValidator dovrebbe essere in grado di trovare eventuali discrepanze tra i nuovi dati e lo schema esistente.

Se sono state rilevate anomalie, puoi rivedere i tuoi dati per verificare se qualche esempio non segue le tue ipotesi. Potrebbero essere utili gli output di altri componenti come StatisticsGen. Tuttavia, eventuali anomalie riscontrate NON bloccheranno ulteriori esecuzioni della pipeline.

Prossimi passi

È possibile trovare ulteriori risorse su https://www.tensorflow.org/tfx/tutorials

Si prega di consultare Capire TFX Pipelines per conoscere meglio i vari concetti in TFX.