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Introducción al afinador Keras

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Descripción general

Keras Tuner es una biblioteca que lo ayuda a elegir el conjunto óptimo de hiperparámetros para su programa TensorFlow. El proceso de seleccionar el conjunto correcto de hiperparámetros para su aplicación de aprendizaje automático (ML) se denomina ajuste de hiperparámetros o hypertuning .

Los hiperparámetros son las variables que gobiernan el proceso de entrenamiento y la topología de un modelo de ML. Estas variables permanecen constantes durante el proceso de capacitación e impactan directamente en el rendimiento de su programa ML. Los hiperparámetros son de dos tipos:

  1. Hiperparámetros del modelo que influyen en la selección del modelo, como el número y el ancho de las capas ocultas
  2. Hiperparámetros del algoritmo que influyen en la velocidad y la calidad del algoritmo de aprendizaje, como la tasa de aprendizaje para el descenso de gradiente estocástico (SGD) y el número de vecinos más cercanos para un clasificador de vecinos más cercanos (KNN)

En este tutorial, utilizará Keras Tuner para realizar un hiperajuste para una aplicación de clasificación de imágenes.

Configuración

import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow import keras

Instale e importe Keras Tuner.

pip install -q -U keras-tuner
import keras_tuner as kt

Descargar y preparar el conjunto de datos

En este tutorial, usará Keras Tuner para encontrar los mejores hiperparámetros para un modelo de aprendizaje automático que clasifica imágenes de ropa del conjunto de datos Fashion MNIST .

Cargue los datos.

(img_train, label_train), (img_test, label_test) = keras.datasets.fashion_mnist.load_data()
# Normalize pixel values between 0 and 1
img_train = img_train.astype('float32') / 255.0
img_test = img_test.astype('float32') / 255.0

Definir el modelo

Cuando crea un modelo para hiperajuste, también define el espacio de búsqueda de hiperparámetros además de la arquitectura del modelo. El modelo que configuró para el hiperajuste se denomina hipermodelo .

Puede definir un hipermodelo a través de dos enfoques:

  • Mediante el uso de una función de generador de modelos
  • HyperModel la clase HyperModel de la API Keras Tuner

También puede usar dos clases de HyperModel predefinidas: HyperXception e HyperResNet para aplicaciones de visión artificial.

En este tutorial, utilizará una función de generador de modelos para definir el modelo de clasificación de imágenes. La función del generador de modelos devuelve un modelo compilado y usa hiperparámetros que usted define en línea para hiperafinar el modelo.

def model_builder(hp):
  model = keras.Sequential()
  model.add(keras.layers.Flatten(input_shape=(28, 28)))

  # Tune the number of units in the first Dense layer
  # Choose an optimal value between 32-512
  hp_units = hp.Int('units', min_value=32, max_value=512, step=32)
  model.add(keras.layers.Dense(units=hp_units, activation='relu'))
  model.add(keras.layers.Dense(10))

  # Tune the learning rate for the optimizer
  # Choose an optimal value from 0.01, 0.001, or 0.0001
  hp_learning_rate = hp.Choice('learning_rate', values=[1e-2, 1e-3, 1e-4])

  model.compile(optimizer=keras.optimizers.Adam(learning_rate=hp_learning_rate),
                loss=keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
                metrics=['accuracy'])

  return model

Crea una instancia del sintonizador y realiza un hiperajuste

Cree una instancia del sintonizador para realizar el hiperajuste. Keras Tuner tiene cuatro sintonizadores disponibles: RandomSearch , Hyperband , BayesianOptimization y Sklearn . En este tutorial, utilizará el sintonizador Hyperband .

Para instanciar el sintonizador Hyperband, debe especificar el hipermodelo, el objective a optimizar y el número máximo de épocas para entrenar ( max_epochs ).

tuner = kt.Hyperband(model_builder,
                     objective='val_accuracy',
                     max_epochs=10,
                     factor=3,
                     directory='my_dir',
                     project_name='intro_to_kt')

El algoritmo de sintonización Hyperband utiliza la asignación de recursos adaptable y la detención anticipada para converger rápidamente en un modelo de alto rendimiento. Esto se hace usando un soporte estilo campeonato deportivo. El algoritmo entrena una gran cantidad de modelos durante algunas épocas y lleva adelante solo la mitad de los modelos con el mejor rendimiento a la siguiente ronda. Hyperband determina la cantidad de modelos para entrenar en un grupo calculando 1 + factor logarítmico ( max_epochs ) y redondeándolo al entero más cercano.

Cree una devolución de llamada para detener el entrenamiento antes de alcanzar un cierto valor para la pérdida de validación.

stop_early = tf.keras.callbacks.EarlyStopping(monitor='val_loss', patience=5)

Ejecute la búsqueda de hiperparámetros. Los argumentos para el método de búsqueda son los mismos que los utilizados para tf.keras.model.fit además de la devolución de llamada anterior.

tuner.search(img_train, label_train, epochs=50, validation_split=0.2, callbacks=[stop_early])

# Get the optimal hyperparameters
best_hps=tuner.get_best_hyperparameters(num_trials=1)[0]

print(f"""
The hyperparameter search is complete. The optimal number of units in the first densely-connected
layer is {best_hps.get('units')} and the optimal learning rate for the optimizer
is {best_hps.get('learning_rate')}.
""")
Trial 30 Complete [00h 00m 35s]
val_accuracy: 0.8925833106040955

Best val_accuracy So Far: 0.8925833106040955
Total elapsed time: 00h 07m 26s
INFO:tensorflow:Oracle triggered exit

The hyperparameter search is complete. The optimal number of units in the first densely-connected
layer is 320 and the optimal learning rate for the optimizer
is 0.001.

entrenar al modelo

Encuentre el número óptimo de épocas para entrenar el modelo con los hiperparámetros obtenidos de la búsqueda.

# Build the model with the optimal hyperparameters and train it on the data for 50 epochs
model = tuner.hypermodel.build(best_hps)
history = model.fit(img_train, label_train, epochs=50, validation_split=0.2)

val_acc_per_epoch = history.history['val_accuracy']
best_epoch = val_acc_per_epoch.index(max(val_acc_per_epoch)) + 1
print('Best epoch: %d' % (best_epoch,))
Epoch 1/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.4988 - accuracy: 0.8232 - val_loss: 0.4142 - val_accuracy: 0.8517
Epoch 2/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.3717 - accuracy: 0.8646 - val_loss: 0.3437 - val_accuracy: 0.8773
Epoch 3/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.3317 - accuracy: 0.8779 - val_loss: 0.3806 - val_accuracy: 0.8639
Epoch 4/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.3079 - accuracy: 0.8867 - val_loss: 0.3321 - val_accuracy: 0.8801
Epoch 5/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2882 - accuracy: 0.8943 - val_loss: 0.3313 - val_accuracy: 0.8806
Epoch 6/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2727 - accuracy: 0.8977 - val_loss: 0.3152 - val_accuracy: 0.8857
Epoch 7/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2610 - accuracy: 0.9016 - val_loss: 0.3225 - val_accuracy: 0.8873
Epoch 8/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2474 - accuracy: 0.9060 - val_loss: 0.3198 - val_accuracy: 0.8867
Epoch 9/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2385 - accuracy: 0.9105 - val_loss: 0.3266 - val_accuracy: 0.8822
Epoch 10/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2295 - accuracy: 0.9142 - val_loss: 0.3382 - val_accuracy: 0.8835
Epoch 11/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2170 - accuracy: 0.9185 - val_loss: 0.3215 - val_accuracy: 0.8885
Epoch 12/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2102 - accuracy: 0.9202 - val_loss: 0.3194 - val_accuracy: 0.8923
Epoch 13/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2036 - accuracy: 0.9235 - val_loss: 0.3176 - val_accuracy: 0.8901
Epoch 14/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1955 - accuracy: 0.9272 - val_loss: 0.3269 - val_accuracy: 0.8912
Epoch 15/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1881 - accuracy: 0.9292 - val_loss: 0.3391 - val_accuracy: 0.8878
Epoch 16/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1821 - accuracy: 0.9321 - val_loss: 0.3272 - val_accuracy: 0.8920
Epoch 17/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1771 - accuracy: 0.9332 - val_loss: 0.3536 - val_accuracy: 0.8876
Epoch 18/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1697 - accuracy: 0.9363 - val_loss: 0.3395 - val_accuracy: 0.8927
Epoch 19/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1652 - accuracy: 0.9374 - val_loss: 0.3464 - val_accuracy: 0.8937
Epoch 20/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1606 - accuracy: 0.9392 - val_loss: 0.3576 - val_accuracy: 0.8888
Epoch 21/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1539 - accuracy: 0.9417 - val_loss: 0.3724 - val_accuracy: 0.8867
Epoch 22/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1503 - accuracy: 0.9435 - val_loss: 0.3607 - val_accuracy: 0.8954
Epoch 23/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1450 - accuracy: 0.9454 - val_loss: 0.3525 - val_accuracy: 0.8919
Epoch 24/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1398 - accuracy: 0.9473 - val_loss: 0.3745 - val_accuracy: 0.8919
Epoch 25/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1370 - accuracy: 0.9478 - val_loss: 0.3616 - val_accuracy: 0.8941
Epoch 26/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1334 - accuracy: 0.9498 - val_loss: 0.3866 - val_accuracy: 0.8956
Epoch 27/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1282 - accuracy: 0.9519 - val_loss: 0.3947 - val_accuracy: 0.8924
Epoch 28/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1254 - accuracy: 0.9538 - val_loss: 0.4223 - val_accuracy: 0.8870
Epoch 29/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1222 - accuracy: 0.9536 - val_loss: 0.3805 - val_accuracy: 0.8898
Epoch 30/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1179 - accuracy: 0.9546 - val_loss: 0.4052 - val_accuracy: 0.8942
Epoch 31/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1162 - accuracy: 0.9560 - val_loss: 0.3909 - val_accuracy: 0.8955
Epoch 32/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1152 - accuracy: 0.9572 - val_loss: 0.4160 - val_accuracy: 0.8908
Epoch 33/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1100 - accuracy: 0.9583 - val_loss: 0.4280 - val_accuracy: 0.8938
Epoch 34/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1055 - accuracy: 0.9603 - val_loss: 0.4148 - val_accuracy: 0.8963
Epoch 35/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1044 - accuracy: 0.9606 - val_loss: 0.4302 - val_accuracy: 0.8921
Epoch 36/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1046 - accuracy: 0.9605 - val_loss: 0.4205 - val_accuracy: 0.8947
Epoch 37/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0993 - accuracy: 0.9621 - val_loss: 0.4551 - val_accuracy: 0.8875
Epoch 38/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0972 - accuracy: 0.9635 - val_loss: 0.4622 - val_accuracy: 0.8914
Epoch 39/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0951 - accuracy: 0.9642 - val_loss: 0.4423 - val_accuracy: 0.8950
Epoch 40/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0947 - accuracy: 0.9637 - val_loss: 0.4498 - val_accuracy: 0.8948
Epoch 41/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0876 - accuracy: 0.9675 - val_loss: 0.4694 - val_accuracy: 0.8959
Epoch 42/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0902 - accuracy: 0.9657 - val_loss: 0.4778 - val_accuracy: 0.8938
Epoch 43/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0876 - accuracy: 0.9676 - val_loss: 0.4716 - val_accuracy: 0.8911
Epoch 44/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0884 - accuracy: 0.9674 - val_loss: 0.4827 - val_accuracy: 0.8918
Epoch 45/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0764 - accuracy: 0.9715 - val_loss: 0.5008 - val_accuracy: 0.8953
Epoch 46/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0823 - accuracy: 0.9695 - val_loss: 0.5157 - val_accuracy: 0.8874
Epoch 47/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0789 - accuracy: 0.9704 - val_loss: 0.5198 - val_accuracy: 0.8910
Epoch 48/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0778 - accuracy: 0.9716 - val_loss: 0.5031 - val_accuracy: 0.8932
Epoch 49/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0747 - accuracy: 0.9718 - val_loss: 0.4982 - val_accuracy: 0.8953
Epoch 50/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0786 - accuracy: 0.9706 - val_loss: 0.5198 - val_accuracy: 0.8976
Best epoch: 50

Vuelva a crear instancias del hipermodelo y entrénelo con el número óptimo de épocas desde arriba.

hypermodel = tuner.hypermodel.build(best_hps)

# Retrain the model
hypermodel.fit(img_train, label_train, epochs=best_epoch, validation_split=0.2)
Epoch 1/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.4987 - accuracy: 0.8236 - val_loss: 0.4065 - val_accuracy: 0.8488
Epoch 2/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.3738 - accuracy: 0.8652 - val_loss: 0.3847 - val_accuracy: 0.8613
Epoch 3/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.3344 - accuracy: 0.8775 - val_loss: 0.3568 - val_accuracy: 0.8750
Epoch 4/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.3065 - accuracy: 0.8865 - val_loss: 0.3326 - val_accuracy: 0.8811
Epoch 5/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2880 - accuracy: 0.8930 - val_loss: 0.3208 - val_accuracy: 0.8843
Epoch 6/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2744 - accuracy: 0.8981 - val_loss: 0.3313 - val_accuracy: 0.8810
Epoch 7/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2585 - accuracy: 0.9019 - val_loss: 0.3352 - val_accuracy: 0.8790
Epoch 8/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2445 - accuracy: 0.9078 - val_loss: 0.3151 - val_accuracy: 0.8849
Epoch 9/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2366 - accuracy: 0.9113 - val_loss: 0.3167 - val_accuracy: 0.8881
Epoch 10/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2241 - accuracy: 0.9162 - val_loss: 0.3258 - val_accuracy: 0.8857
Epoch 11/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2158 - accuracy: 0.9194 - val_loss: 0.3087 - val_accuracy: 0.8927
Epoch 12/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.2091 - accuracy: 0.9218 - val_loss: 0.3287 - val_accuracy: 0.8904
Epoch 13/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1998 - accuracy: 0.9243 - val_loss: 0.3131 - val_accuracy: 0.8950
Epoch 14/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1937 - accuracy: 0.9271 - val_loss: 0.3177 - val_accuracy: 0.8925
Epoch 15/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1859 - accuracy: 0.9303 - val_loss: 0.3334 - val_accuracy: 0.8918
Epoch 16/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 4s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1779 - accuracy: 0.9334 - val_loss: 0.3299 - val_accuracy: 0.8929
Epoch 17/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1743 - accuracy: 0.9348 - val_loss: 0.3391 - val_accuracy: 0.8920
Epoch 18/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1687 - accuracy: 0.9366 - val_loss: 0.3302 - val_accuracy: 0.8974
Epoch 19/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1628 - accuracy: 0.9385 - val_loss: 0.3641 - val_accuracy: 0.8868
Epoch 20/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1597 - accuracy: 0.9405 - val_loss: 0.3523 - val_accuracy: 0.8942
Epoch 21/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1534 - accuracy: 0.9434 - val_loss: 0.3584 - val_accuracy: 0.8951
Epoch 22/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1507 - accuracy: 0.9441 - val_loss: 0.3577 - val_accuracy: 0.8923
Epoch 23/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1453 - accuracy: 0.9452 - val_loss: 0.3807 - val_accuracy: 0.8957
Epoch 24/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1392 - accuracy: 0.9476 - val_loss: 0.3711 - val_accuracy: 0.8960
Epoch 25/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1364 - accuracy: 0.9494 - val_loss: 0.3731 - val_accuracy: 0.8940
Epoch 26/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1315 - accuracy: 0.9511 - val_loss: 0.3805 - val_accuracy: 0.8932
Epoch 27/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1319 - accuracy: 0.9507 - val_loss: 0.3966 - val_accuracy: 0.8880
Epoch 28/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1266 - accuracy: 0.9534 - val_loss: 0.3994 - val_accuracy: 0.8920
Epoch 29/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1207 - accuracy: 0.9546 - val_loss: 0.3918 - val_accuracy: 0.8959
Epoch 30/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1174 - accuracy: 0.9567 - val_loss: 0.4043 - val_accuracy: 0.8928
Epoch 31/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1191 - accuracy: 0.9546 - val_loss: 0.4114 - val_accuracy: 0.8951
Epoch 32/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1140 - accuracy: 0.9563 - val_loss: 0.4149 - val_accuracy: 0.8962
Epoch 33/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1121 - accuracy: 0.9574 - val_loss: 0.4373 - val_accuracy: 0.8931
Epoch 34/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1085 - accuracy: 0.9598 - val_loss: 0.4353 - val_accuracy: 0.8939
Epoch 35/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1056 - accuracy: 0.9591 - val_loss: 0.4325 - val_accuracy: 0.8938
Epoch 36/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1066 - accuracy: 0.9600 - val_loss: 0.4700 - val_accuracy: 0.8899
Epoch 37/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1019 - accuracy: 0.9615 - val_loss: 0.4440 - val_accuracy: 0.8947
Epoch 38/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0973 - accuracy: 0.9635 - val_loss: 0.4481 - val_accuracy: 0.8959
Epoch 39/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.1008 - accuracy: 0.9622 - val_loss: 0.4772 - val_accuracy: 0.8954
Epoch 40/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0919 - accuracy: 0.9653 - val_loss: 0.4723 - val_accuracy: 0.8916
Epoch 41/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0921 - accuracy: 0.9653 - val_loss: 0.4867 - val_accuracy: 0.8953
Epoch 42/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0919 - accuracy: 0.9657 - val_loss: 0.4710 - val_accuracy: 0.8936
Epoch 43/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0873 - accuracy: 0.9664 - val_loss: 0.4844 - val_accuracy: 0.8905
Epoch 44/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0884 - accuracy: 0.9669 - val_loss: 0.4972 - val_accuracy: 0.8963
Epoch 45/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0849 - accuracy: 0.9685 - val_loss: 0.4790 - val_accuracy: 0.8969
Epoch 46/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0831 - accuracy: 0.9687 - val_loss: 0.5028 - val_accuracy: 0.8945
Epoch 47/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0793 - accuracy: 0.9698 - val_loss: 0.5031 - val_accuracy: 0.8945
Epoch 48/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0806 - accuracy: 0.9693 - val_loss: 0.5065 - val_accuracy: 0.8990
Epoch 49/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0751 - accuracy: 0.9714 - val_loss: 0.5719 - val_accuracy: 0.8924
Epoch 50/50
1500/1500 [==============================] - 3s 2ms/step - loss: 0.0785 - accuracy: 0.9707 - val_loss: 0.5123 - val_accuracy: 0.8985
<keras.callbacks.History at 0x7fb39810a150>

Para finalizar este tutorial, evalúe el hipermodelo en los datos de prueba.

eval_result = hypermodel.evaluate(img_test, label_test)
print("[test loss, test accuracy]:", eval_result)
313/313 [==============================] - 1s 2ms/step - loss: 0.5632 - accuracy: 0.8908
[test loss, test accuracy]: [0.5631944537162781, 0.8907999992370605]

El directorio my_dir/intro_to_kt contiene registros detallados y puntos de control para cada prueba (configuración del modelo) ejecutada durante la búsqueda de hiperparámetros. Si vuelve a ejecutar la búsqueda de hiperparámetros, Keras Tuner utiliza el estado existente de estos registros para reanudar la búsqueda. Para deshabilitar este comportamiento, pase un argumento overwrite=True adicional mientras crea una instancia del sintonizador.

Resumen

En este tutorial, aprendió a usar Keras Tuner para ajustar los hiperparámetros de un modelo. Para obtener más información sobre Keras Tuner, consulte estos recursos adicionales:

Consulte también el panel HParams en TensorBoard para ajustar de forma interactiva los hiperparámetros de su modelo.