# tfg.geometry.transformation.rotation_matrix_2d.from_euler_with_small_angles_approximation

Converts an angle to a 2d rotation matrix under the small angle assumption.

tfg.geometry.transformation.rotation_matrix_2d.from_euler_with_small_angles_approximation(
angles,
name=None
)


Under the small angle assumption,

$$\sin(x)$$
and
$$\cos(x)$$
can be approximated by their second order Taylor expansions, where
$$\sin(x) \approx x$$
and
$$\cos(x) \approx 1 - \frac{x^2}{2}$$
. The 2d rotation matrix will then be approximated as

$$\mathbf{R} = \begin{bmatrix} 1.0 - 0.5\theta^2 & -\theta \\ \theta & 1.0 - 0.5\theta^2 \end{bmatrix}.$$

In the current implementation, the smallness of the angles is not verified.

#### Note:

The resulting matrix rotates points in the

$$xy$$
-plane counterclockwise.

#### Note:

In the following, A1 to An are optional batch dimensions.

#### Args:

• angles: A tensor of shape [A1, ..., An, 1], where the last dimension represents a small angle in radians.
• name: A name for this op that defaults to "rotation_matrix_2d_from_euler_with_small_angles_approximation".

#### Returns:

A tensor of shape [A1, ..., An, 2, 2], where the last dimension represents a 2d rotation matrix.

#### Raises:

• ValueError: If the shape of angle is not supported.