tf.contrib.distributions.bijectors.AffineLinearOperator

Class AffineLinearOperator

Inherits From: Bijector

Defined in tensorflow/contrib/distributions/python/ops/bijectors/affine_linear_operator.py.

See the guide: Random variable transformations (contrib) > Bijectors

Compute Y = g(X; shift, scale) = scale @ X + shift.

shift is a numeric Tensor and scale is a LinearOperator.

If X is a scalar then the forward transformation is: scale * X + shift where * denotes the scalar product.

  1. If there are no sample dims, we call X = tf.expand_dims(X, 0), i.e., new_sample_shape = [1]. Otherwise do nothing.
  2. The sample shape is flattened to have one dimension, i.e., new_sample_shape = [n] where n = tf.reduce_prod(old_sample_shape).
  3. The sample dim is cyclically rotated left by 1, i.e., new_shape = [B1,...,Bb, k, n] where n is as above, k is the event_shape, and B1,...,Bb are the batch shapes for each of b batch dimensions.

(For more details see shape.make_batch_of_event_sample_matrices.)

The result of the above transformation is that X can be regarded as a batch of matrices where each column is a draw from the distribution. After premultiplying by scale, we take the inverse of this procedure. The input Y also undergoes the same transformation before/after premultiplying by inv(scale).

Example Use:

linalg = tf.linalg

x = [1., 2, 3]

shift = [-1., 0., 1]
diag = [1., 2, 3]
scale = linalg.LinearOperatorDiag(diag)
affine = AffineLinearOperator(shift, scale)
# In this case, `forward` is equivalent to:
# y = scale @ x + shift
y = affine.forward(x)  # [0., 4, 10]

shift = [2., 3, 1]
tril = [[1., 0, 0],
        [2, 1, 0],
        [3, 2, 1]]
scale = linalg.LinearOperatorLowerTriangular(tril)
affine = AffineLinearOperator(shift, scale)
# In this case, `forward` is equivalent to:
# np.squeeze(np.matmul(tril, np.expand_dims(x, -1)), -1) + shift
y = affine.forward(x)  # [3., 7, 11]

Properties

dtype

dtype of Tensors transformable by this distribution.

event_ndims

Returns then number of event dimensions this bijector operates on.

graph_parents

Returns this Bijector's graph_parents as a Python list.

is_constant_jacobian

Returns true iff the Jacobian is not a function of x.

Returns:

  • is_constant_jacobian: Python bool.

name

Returns the string name of this Bijector.

scale

The scale LinearOperator in Y = scale @ X + shift.

shift

The shift Tensor in Y = scale @ X + shift.

validate_args

Returns True if Tensor arguments will be validated.

Methods

__init__

__init__(
    shift=None,
    scale=None,
    event_ndims=1,
    validate_args=False,
    name='affine_linear_operator'
)

Instantiates the AffineLinearOperator bijector.

Args:

  • shift: Floating-point Tensor.
  • scale: Subclass of LinearOperator. Represents the (batch) positive definite matrix M in R^{k x k}.
  • event_ndims: Scalar integer Tensor indicating the number of dimensions associated with a particular draw from the distribution. Must be 0 or 1.
  • validate_args: Python bool indicating whether arguments should be checked for correctness.
  • name: Python str name given to ops managed by this object.

Raises:

  • ValueError: if event_ndims is not 0 or 1.
  • TypeError: if scale is not a LinearOperator.
  • TypeError: if shift.dtype does not match scale.dtype.
  • ValueError: if not scale.is_non_singular.

forward

forward(
    x,
    name='forward'
)

Returns the forward Bijector evaluation, i.e., X = g(Y).

Args:

  • x: Tensor. The input to the "forward" evaluation.
  • name: The name to give this op.

Returns:

Tensor.

Raises:

  • TypeError: if self.dtype is specified and x.dtype is not self.dtype.
  • NotImplementedError: if _forward is not implemented.

forward_event_shape

forward_event_shape(input_shape)

Shape of a single sample from a single batch as a TensorShape.

Same meaning as forward_event_shape_tensor. May be only partially defined.

Args:

  • input_shape: TensorShape indicating event-portion shape passed into forward function.

Returns:

  • forward_event_shape_tensor: TensorShape indicating event-portion shape after applying forward. Possibly unknown.

forward_event_shape_tensor

forward_event_shape_tensor(
    input_shape,
    name='forward_event_shape_tensor'
)

Shape of a single sample from a single batch as an int32 1D Tensor.

Args:

  • input_shape: Tensor, int32 vector indicating event-portion shape passed into forward function.
  • name: name to give to the op

Returns:

  • forward_event_shape_tensor: Tensor, int32 vector indicating event-portion shape after applying forward.

forward_log_det_jacobian

forward_log_det_jacobian(
    x,
    name='forward_log_det_jacobian'
)

Returns both the forward_log_det_jacobian.

Args:

  • x: Tensor. The input to the "forward" Jacobian evaluation.
  • name: The name to give this op.

Returns:

Tensor, if this bijector is injective. If not injective this is not implemented.

Raises:

  • TypeError: if self.dtype is specified and y.dtype is not self.dtype.
  • NotImplementedError: if neither _forward_log_det_jacobian nor {_inverse, _inverse_log_det_jacobian} are implemented, or this is a non-injective bijector.

inverse

inverse(
    y,
    name='inverse'
)

Returns the inverse Bijector evaluation, i.e., X = g^{-1}(Y).

Args:

  • y: Tensor. The input to the "inverse" evaluation.
  • name: The name to give this op.

Returns:

Tensor, if this bijector is injective. If not injective, returns the k-tuple containing the unique k points (x1, ..., xk) such that g(xi) = y.

Raises:

  • TypeError: if self.dtype is specified and y.dtype is not self.dtype.
  • NotImplementedError: if _inverse is not implemented.

inverse_event_shape

inverse_event_shape(output_shape)

Shape of a single sample from a single batch as a TensorShape.

Same meaning as inverse_event_shape_tensor. May be only partially defined.

Args:

  • output_shape: TensorShape indicating event-portion shape passed into inverse function.

Returns:

  • inverse_event_shape_tensor: TensorShape indicating event-portion shape after applying inverse. Possibly unknown.

inverse_event_shape_tensor

inverse_event_shape_tensor(
    output_shape,
    name='inverse_event_shape_tensor'
)

Shape of a single sample from a single batch as an int32 1D Tensor.

Args:

  • output_shape: Tensor, int32 vector indicating event-portion shape passed into inverse function.
  • name: name to give to the op

Returns:

  • inverse_event_shape_tensor: Tensor, int32 vector indicating event-portion shape after applying inverse.

inverse_log_det_jacobian

inverse_log_det_jacobian(
    y,
    name='inverse_log_det_jacobian'
)

Returns the (log o det o Jacobian o inverse)(y).

Mathematically, returns: log(det(dX/dY))(Y). (Recall that: X=g^{-1}(Y).)

Note that forward_log_det_jacobian is the negative of this function, evaluated at g^{-1}(y).

Args:

  • y: Tensor. The input to the "inverse" Jacobian evaluation.
  • name: The name to give this op.

Returns:

Tensor, if this bijector is injective. If not injective, returns the tuple of local log det Jacobians, log(det(Dg_i^{-1}(y))), where g_i is the restriction of g to the ith partition Di.

Raises:

  • TypeError: if self.dtype is specified and y.dtype is not self.dtype.
  • NotImplementedError: if _inverse_log_det_jacobian is not implemented.