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TensorFlow 2 version

Generates skipgram word pairs.

This function transforms a sequence of word indexes (list of integers) into tuples of words of the form:

  • (word, word in the same window), with label 1 (positive samples).
  • (word, random word from the vocabulary), with label 0 (negative samples).

Read more about Skipgram in this gnomic paper by Mikolov et al.: Efficient Estimation of Word Representations in Vector Space


sequence: A word sequence (sentence), encoded as a list
    of word indices (integers). If using a `sampling_table`,
    word indices are expected to match the rank
    of the words in a reference dataset (e.g. 10 would encode
    the 10-th most frequently occurring token).
    Note that index 0 is expected to be a non-word and will be skipped.
vocabulary_size: Int, maximum possible word index + 1
window_size: Int, size of sampling windows (technically half-window).
    The window of a word `w_i` will be
    `[i - window_size, i + window_size+1]`.
negative_samples: Float >= 0. 0 for no negative (i.e. random) samples.
    1 for same number as positive samples.
shuffle: Whether to shuffle the word couples before returning them.
categorical: bool. if False, labels will be
    integers (eg. `[0, 1, 1 .. ]`),
    if `True`, labels will be categorical, e.g.
    `[[1,0],[0,1],[0,1] .. ]`.
sampling_table: 1D array of size `vocabulary_size` where the entry i
    encodes the probability to sample a word of rank i.
seed: Random seed.


couples, labels: where `couples` are int pairs and
    `labels` are either 0 or 1.


By convention, index 0 in the vocabulary is
a non-word and will be skipped.