tf.contrib.learn.Estimator

Class Estimator

Inherits From: BaseEstimator

Defined in tensorflow/contrib/learn/python/learn/estimators/estimator.py.

Estimator class is the basic TensorFlow model trainer/evaluator.

THIS CLASS IS DEPRECATED. See contrib/learn/README.md for general migration instructions.

__init__

__init__(
    model_fn=None,
    model_dir=None,
    config=None,
    params=None,
    feature_engineering_fn=None
)

Constructs an Estimator instance.

Args:

  • model_fn: Model function. Follows the signature:

    • Args:

      • features: single Tensor or dict of Tensors (depending on data passed to fit),
      • labels: Tensor or dict of Tensors (for multi-head models). If mode is ModeKeys.INFER, labels=None will be passed. If the model_fn's signature does not accept mode, the model_fn must still be able to handle labels=None.
      • mode: Optional. Specifies if this training, evaluation or prediction. See ModeKeys.
      • params: Optional dict of hyperparameters. Will receive what is passed to Estimator in params parameter. This allows to configure Estimators from hyper parameter tuning.
      • config: Optional configuration object. Will receive what is passed to Estimator in config parameter, or the default config. Allows updating things in your model_fn based on configuration such as num_ps_replicas.
      • model_dir: Optional directory where model parameters, graph etc are saved. Will receive what is passed to Estimator in model_dir parameter, or the default model_dir. Allows updating things in your model_fn that expect model_dir, such as training hooks.
    • Returns: ModelFnOps

    Also supports a legacy signature which returns tuple of:

    • predictions: Tensor, SparseTensor or dictionary of same. Can also be any type that is convertible to a Tensor or SparseTensor, or dictionary of same.
    • loss: Scalar loss Tensor.
    • train_op: Training update Tensor or Operation.

    Supports next three signatures for the function:

    • (features, labels) -> (predictions, loss, train_op)
    • (features, labels, mode) -> (predictions, loss, train_op)
    • (features, labels, mode, params) -> (predictions, loss, train_op)
    • (features, labels, mode, params, config) -> (predictions, loss, train_op)
    • (features, labels, mode, params, config, model_dir) -> (predictions, loss, train_op)
  • model_dir: Directory to save model parameters, graph and etc. This can also be used to load checkpoints from the directory into a estimator to continue training a previously saved model.

  • config: Configuration object.

  • params: dict of hyper parameters that will be passed into model_fn. Keys are names of parameters, values are basic python types.

  • feature_engineering_fn: Feature engineering function. Takes features and labels which are the output of input_fn and returns features and labels which will be fed into model_fn. Please check model_fn for a definition of features and labels.

Raises:

  • ValueError: parameters of model_fn don't match params.

Properties

config

model_dir

model_fn

Returns the model_fn which is bound to self.params.

Returns:

The model_fn with the following signature: def model_fn(features, labels, mode, metrics)

Methods

evaluate

evaluate(
    x=None,
    y=None,
    input_fn=None,
    feed_fn=None,
    batch_size=None,
    steps=None,
    metrics=None,
    name=None,
    checkpoint_path=None,
    hooks=None,
    log_progress=True
)

See Evaluable. (deprecated arguments)

SOME ARGUMENTS ARE DEPRECATED. They will be removed after 2016-12-01. Instructions for updating: Estimator is decoupled from Scikit Learn interface by moving into separate class SKCompat. Arguments x, y and batch_size are only available in the SKCompat class, Estimator will only accept input_fn. Example conversion: est = Estimator(...) -> est = SKCompat(Estimator(...))

Raises:

  • ValueError: If at least one of x or y is provided, and at least one of input_fn or feed_fn is provided. Or if metrics is not None or dict.

export

export(
    export_dir,
    input_fn=export._default_input_fn,
    input_feature_key=None,
    use_deprecated_input_fn=True,
    signature_fn=None,
    prediction_key=None,
    default_batch_size=1,
    exports_to_keep=None,
    checkpoint_path=None
)

Exports inference graph into given dir. (deprecated)

THIS FUNCTION IS DEPRECATED. It will be removed after 2017-03-25. Instructions for updating: Please use Estimator.export_savedmodel() instead.

Args:

  • export_dir: A string containing a directory to write the exported graph and checkpoints.
  • input_fn: If use_deprecated_input_fn is true, then a function that given Tensor of Example strings, parses it into features that are then passed to the model. Otherwise, a function that takes no argument and returns a tuple of (features, labels), where features is a dict of string key to Tensor and labels is a Tensor that's currently not used (and so can be None).
  • input_feature_key: Only used if use_deprecated_input_fn is false. String key into the features dict returned by input_fn that corresponds to a the raw Example strings Tensor that the exported model will take as input. Can only be None if you're using a custom signature_fn that does not use the first arg (examples).
  • use_deprecated_input_fn: Determines the signature format of input_fn.
  • signature_fn: Function that returns a default signature and a named signature map, given Tensor of Example strings, dict of Tensors for features and Tensor or dict of Tensors for predictions.
  • prediction_key: The key for a tensor in the predictions dict (output from the model_fn) to use as the predictions input to the signature_fn. Optional. If None, predictions will pass to signature_fn without filtering.
  • default_batch_size: Default batch size of the Example placeholder.
  • exports_to_keep: Number of exports to keep.
  • checkpoint_path: the checkpoint path of the model to be exported. If it is None (which is default), will use the latest checkpoint in export_dir.

Returns:

The string path to the exported directory. NB: this functionality was added ca. 2016/09/25; clients that depend on the return value may need to handle the case where this function returns None because subclasses are not returning a value.

export_savedmodel

export_savedmodel(
    export_dir_base,
    serving_input_fn,
    default_output_alternative_key=None,
    assets_extra=None,
    as_text=False,
    checkpoint_path=None,
    graph_rewrite_specs=(GraphRewriteSpec((tag_constants.SERVING,), ()),),
    strip_default_attrs=False
)

Exports inference graph as a SavedModel into given dir.

Args:

  • export_dir_base: A string containing a directory to write the exported graph and checkpoints.
  • serving_input_fn: A function that takes no argument and returns an InputFnOps.
  • default_output_alternative_key: the name of the head to serve when none is specified. Not needed for single-headed models.
  • assets_extra: A dict specifying how to populate the assets.extra directory within the exported SavedModel. Each key should give the destination path (including the filename) relative to the assets.extra directory. The corresponding value gives the full path of the source file to be copied. For example, the simple case of copying a single file without renaming it is specified as {'my_asset_file.txt': '/path/to/my_asset_file.txt'}.
  • as_text: whether to write the SavedModel proto in text format.
  • checkpoint_path: The checkpoint path to export. If None (the default), the most recent checkpoint found within the model directory is chosen.
  • graph_rewrite_specs: an iterable of GraphRewriteSpec. Each element will produce a separate MetaGraphDef within the exported SavedModel, tagged and rewritten as specified. Defaults to a single entry using the default serving tag ("serve") and no rewriting.
  • strip_default_attrs: Boolean. If True, default-valued attributes will be removed from the NodeDefs. For a detailed guide, see Stripping Default-Valued Attributes.

Returns:

The string path to the exported directory.

Raises:

  • ValueError: if an unrecognized export_type is requested.

fit

fit(
    x=None,
    y=None,
    input_fn=None,
    steps=None,
    batch_size=None,
    monitors=None,
    max_steps=None
)

See Trainable. (deprecated arguments)

SOME ARGUMENTS ARE DEPRECATED. They will be removed after 2016-12-01. Instructions for updating: Estimator is decoupled from Scikit Learn interface by moving into separate class SKCompat. Arguments x, y and batch_size are only available in the SKCompat class, Estimator will only accept input_fn. Example conversion: est = Estimator(...) -> est = SKCompat(Estimator(...))

Raises:

  • ValueError: If x or y are not None while input_fn is not None.
  • ValueError: If both steps and max_steps are not None.

get_params

get_params(deep=True)

Get parameters for this estimator.

Args:

  • deep: boolean, optional

    If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns:

  • params: mapping of string to any Parameter names mapped to their values.

get_variable_names

get_variable_names()

Returns list of all variable names in this model.

Returns:

List of names.

get_variable_value

get_variable_value(name)

Returns value of the variable given by name.

Args:

  • name: string, name of the tensor.

Returns:

Numpy array - value of the tensor.

partial_fit

partial_fit(
    x=None,
    y=None,
    input_fn=None,
    steps=1,
    batch_size=None,
    monitors=None
)

Incremental fit on a batch of samples. (deprecated arguments)

SOME ARGUMENTS ARE DEPRECATED. They will be removed after 2016-12-01. Instructions for updating: Estimator is decoupled from Scikit Learn interface by moving into separate class SKCompat. Arguments x, y and batch_size are only available in the SKCompat class, Estimator will only accept input_fn. Example conversion: est = Estimator(...) -> est = SKCompat(Estimator(...))

This method is expected to be called several times consecutively on different or the same chunks of the dataset. This either can implement iterative training or out-of-core/online training.

This is especially useful when the whole dataset is too big to fit in memory at the same time. Or when model is taking long time to converge, and you want to split up training into subparts.

Args:

  • x: Matrix of shape [n_samples, n_features...]. Can be iterator that returns arrays of features. The training input samples for fitting the model. If set, input_fn must be None.
  • y: Vector or matrix [n_samples] or [n_samples, n_outputs]. Can be iterator that returns array of labels. The training label values (class labels in classification, real numbers in regression). If set, input_fn must be None.
  • input_fn: Input function. If set, x, y, and batch_size must be None.
  • steps: Number of steps for which to train model. If None, train forever.
  • batch_size: minibatch size to use on the input, defaults to first dimension of x. Must be None if input_fn is provided.
  • monitors: List of BaseMonitor subclass instances. Used for callbacks inside the training loop.

Returns:

self, for chaining.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If at least one of x and y is provided, and input_fn is provided.

predict

predict(
    x=None,
    input_fn=None,
    batch_size=None,
    outputs=None,
    as_iterable=True,
    iterate_batches=False
)

Returns predictions for given features. (deprecated arguments)

SOME ARGUMENTS ARE DEPRECATED. They will be removed after 2016-12-01. Instructions for updating: Estimator is decoupled from Scikit Learn interface by moving into separate class SKCompat. Arguments x, y and batch_size are only available in the SKCompat class, Estimator will only accept input_fn. Example conversion: est = Estimator(...) -> est = SKCompat(Estimator(...))

Args:

  • x: Matrix of shape [n_samples, n_features...]. Can be iterator that returns arrays of features. The training input samples for fitting the model. If set, input_fn must be None.
  • input_fn: Input function. If set, x and 'batch_size' must be None.
  • batch_size: Override default batch size. If set, 'input_fn' must be 'None'.
  • outputs: list of str, name of the output to predict. If None, returns all.
  • as_iterable: If True, return an iterable which keeps yielding predictions for each example until inputs are exhausted. Note: The inputs must terminate if you want the iterable to terminate (e.g. be sure to pass num_epochs=1 if you are using something like read_batch_features).
  • iterate_batches: If True, yield the whole batch at once instead of decomposing the batch into individual samples. Only relevant when as_iterable is True.

Returns:

A numpy array of predicted classes or regression values if the constructor's model_fn returns a Tensor for predictions or a dict of numpy arrays if model_fn returns a dict. Returns an iterable of predictions if as_iterable is True.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If x and input_fn are both provided or both None.

set_params

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The former have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it's possible to update each component of a nested object.

Args:

  • **params: Parameters.

Returns:

self

Raises:

  • ValueError: If params contain invalid names.