tf.contrib.timeseries.TimeSeriesRegressor

Class TimeSeriesRegressor

Inherits From: Estimator

Defined in tensorflow/contrib/timeseries/python/timeseries/estimators.py.

An Estimator to fit and evaluate a time series model.

__init__

__init__(
    model,
    state_manager=None,
    optimizer=None,
    model_dir=None,
    config=None,
    head_type=ts_head_lib.TimeSeriesRegressionHead
)

Initialize the Estimator.

Args:

  • model: The time series model to wrap (inheriting from TimeSeriesModel).
  • state_manager: The state manager to use, or (by default) PassthroughStateManager if none is needed.
  • optimizer: The optimization algorithm to use when training, inheriting from tf.train.Optimizer. Defaults to Adam with step size 0.02.
  • model_dir: See Estimator.
  • config: See Estimator.
  • head_type: The kind of head to use for the model (inheriting from TimeSeriesRegressionHead).

Properties

config

model_dir

model_fn

Returns the model_fn which is bound to self.params.

Returns:

The model_fn with following signature: def model_fn(features, labels, mode, config)

params

Methods

build_one_shot_parsing_serving_input_receiver_fn

build_one_shot_parsing_serving_input_receiver_fn(
    filtering_length,
    prediction_length,
    default_batch_size=None,
    values_input_dtype=None,
    truncate_values=False
)

Build an input_receiver_fn for export_savedmodel accepting tf.Examples.

Only compatible with OneShotPredictionHead (see head).

Args:

  • filtering_length: The number of time steps used as input to the model, for which values are provided. If more than filtering_length values are provided (via truncate_values), only the first filtering_length values are used.
  • prediction_length: The number of time steps requested as predictions from the model. Times and all exogenous features must be provided for these steps.
  • default_batch_size: If specified, must be a scalar integer. Sets the batch size in the static shape information of all feature Tensors, which means only this batch size will be accepted by the exported model. If None (default), static shape information for batch sizes is omitted.
  • values_input_dtype: An optional dtype specification for values in the tf.Example protos (either float32 or int64, since these are the numeric types supported by tf.Example). After parsing, values are cast to the model's dtype (float32 or float64).
  • truncate_values: If True, expects filtering_length + prediction_length values to be provided, but only uses the first filtering_length. If False (default), exactly filtering_length values must be provided.

Returns:

An input_receiver_fn which may be passed to the Estimator's export_savedmodel.

Expects features contained in a vector of serialized tf.Examples with shape batch size, each tf.Example containing features with the following shapes: * times: [filtering_length + prediction_length] integer * values: [filtering_length, num features] floating point. If truncate_values is True, expects filtering_length + prediction_length values but only uses the first filtering_length. all exogenous features: filtering_length + prediction_length, ...

build_raw_serving_input_receiver_fn

build_raw_serving_input_receiver_fn(
    default_batch_size=None,
    default_series_length=None
)

Build an input_receiver_fn for export_savedmodel which accepts arrays.

Automatically creates placeholders for exogenous FeatureColumns passed to the model.

Args:

  • default_batch_size: If specified, must be a scalar integer. Sets the batch size in the static shape information of all feature Tensors, which means only this batch size will be accepted by the exported model. If None (default), static shape information for batch sizes is omitted.
  • default_series_length: If specified, must be a scalar integer. Sets the series length in the static shape information of all feature Tensors, which means only this series length will be accepted by the exported model. If None (default), static shape information for series length is omitted.

Returns:

An input_receiver_fn which may be passed to the Estimator's export_savedmodel.

eval_dir

eval_dir(name=None)

Shows the directory name where evaluation metrics are dumped.

Args:

  • name: Name of the evaluation if user needs to run multiple evaluations on different data sets, such as on training data vs test data. Metrics for different evaluations are saved in separate folders, and appear separately in tensorboard.

Returns:

A string which is the path of directory contains evaluation metrics.

evaluate

evaluate(
    input_fn,
    steps=None,
    hooks=None,
    checkpoint_path=None,
    name=None
)

Evaluates the model given evaluation data input_fn.

For each step, calls input_fn, which returns one batch of data. Evaluates until: - steps batches are processed, or - input_fn raises an end-of-input exception (tf.errors.OutOfRangeError or StopIteration).

Args:

  • input_fn: A function that constructs the input data for evaluation. See Premade Estimators for more information. The function should construct and return one of the following: * A tf.data.Dataset object: Outputs of Dataset object must be a tuple (features, labels) with same constraints as below. * A tuple (features, labels): Where features is a tf.Tensor or a dictionary of string feature name to Tensor and labels is a Tensor or a dictionary of string label name to Tensor. Both features and labels are consumed by model_fn. They should satisfy the expectation of model_fn from inputs.
  • steps: Number of steps for which to evaluate model. If None, evaluates until input_fn raises an end-of-input exception.
  • hooks: List of tf.train.SessionRunHook subclass instances. Used for callbacks inside the evaluation call.
  • checkpoint_path: Path of a specific checkpoint to evaluate. If None, the latest checkpoint in model_dir is used. If there are no checkpoints in model_dir, evaluation is run with newly initialized Variables instead of ones restored from checkpoint.
  • name: Name of the evaluation if user needs to run multiple evaluations on different data sets, such as on training data vs test data. Metrics for different evaluations are saved in separate folders, and appear separately in tensorboard.

Returns:

A dict containing the evaluation metrics specified in model_fn keyed by name, as well as an entry global_step which contains the value of the global step for which this evaluation was performed. For canned estimators, the dict contains the loss (mean loss per mini-batch) and the average_loss (mean loss per sample). Canned classifiers also return the accuracy. Canned regressors also return the label/mean and the prediction/mean.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If steps <= 0.
  • ValueError: If no model has been trained, namely model_dir, or the given checkpoint_path is empty.

export_saved_model

export_saved_model(
    export_dir_base,
    serving_input_receiver_fn,
    assets_extra=None,
    as_text=False,
    checkpoint_path=None
)

Exports inference graph as a SavedModel into the given dir.

For a detailed guide, see Using SavedModel with Estimators.

This method builds a new graph by first calling the serving_input_receiver_fn to obtain feature Tensors, and then calling this Estimator's model_fn to generate the model graph based on those features. It restores the given checkpoint (or, lacking that, the most recent checkpoint) into this graph in a fresh session. Finally it creates a timestamped export directory below the given export_dir_base, and writes a SavedModel into it containing a single tf.MetaGraphDef saved from this session.

The exported MetaGraphDef will provide one SignatureDef for each element of the export_outputs dict returned from the model_fn, named using the same keys. One of these keys is always tf.saved_model.signature_constants.DEFAULT_SERVING_SIGNATURE_DEF_KEY, indicating which signature will be served when a serving request does not specify one. For each signature, the outputs are provided by the corresponding tf.estimator.export.ExportOutputs, and the inputs are always the input receivers provided by the serving_input_receiver_fn.

Extra assets may be written into the SavedModel via the assets_extra argument. This should be a dict, where each key gives a destination path (including the filename) relative to the assets.extra directory. The corresponding value gives the full path of the source file to be copied. For example, the simple case of copying a single file without renaming it is specified as {'my_asset_file.txt': '/path/to/my_asset_file.txt'}.

Args:

  • export_dir_base: A string containing a directory in which to create timestamped subdirectories containing exported SavedModels.
  • serving_input_receiver_fn: A function that takes no argument and returns a tf.estimator.export.ServingInputReceiver or tf.estimator.export.TensorServingInputReceiver.
  • assets_extra: A dict specifying how to populate the assets.extra directory within the exported SavedModel, or None if no extra assets are needed.
  • as_text: whether to write the SavedModel proto in text format.
  • checkpoint_path: The checkpoint path to export. If None (the default), the most recent checkpoint found within the model directory is chosen.

Returns:

The string path to the exported directory.

Raises:

  • ValueError: if no serving_input_receiver_fn is provided, no export_outputs are provided, or no checkpoint can be found.

export_savedmodel

export_savedmodel(
    export_dir_base,
    serving_input_receiver_fn,
    assets_extra=None,
    as_text=False,
    checkpoint_path=None,
    strip_default_attrs=False
)

Exports inference graph as a SavedModel into the given dir.

Note that export_to_savedmodel will be renamed to export_saved_model in TensorFlow 2.0. At that time, export_to_savedmodel without the additional underscore will be available only through tf.compat.v1.

Please see tf.estimator.Estimator.export_saved_model for more information.

There is one additional arg versus the new method: strip_default_attrs: This parameter is going away in TF 2.0, and the new behavior will automatically strip all default attributes. Boolean. If True, default-valued attributes will be removed from the NodeDefs. For a detailed guide, see Stripping Default-Valued Attributes.

get_variable_names

get_variable_names()

Returns list of all variable names in this model.

Returns:

List of names.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If the Estimator has not produced a checkpoint yet.

get_variable_value

get_variable_value(name)

Returns value of the variable given by name.

Args:

  • name: string or a list of string, name of the tensor.

Returns:

Numpy array - value of the tensor.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If the Estimator has not produced a checkpoint yet.

latest_checkpoint

latest_checkpoint()

Finds the filename of the latest saved checkpoint file in model_dir.

Returns:

The full path to the latest checkpoint or None if no checkpoint was found.

predict

predict(
    input_fn,
    predict_keys=None,
    hooks=None,
    checkpoint_path=None,
    yield_single_examples=True
)

Yields predictions for given features.

Please note that interleaving two predict outputs does not work. See: issue/20506

Args:

  • input_fn: A function that constructs the features. Prediction continues until input_fn raises an end-of-input exception (tf.errors.OutOfRangeError or StopIteration). See Premade Estimators for more information. The function should construct and return one of the following:

    • A tf.data.Dataset object: Outputs of Dataset object must have same constraints as below.
    • features: A tf.Tensor or a dictionary of string feature name to Tensor. features are consumed by model_fn. They should satisfy the expectation of model_fn from inputs.
    • A tuple, in which case the first item is extracted as features.
  • predict_keys: list of str, name of the keys to predict. It is used if the tf.estimator.EstimatorSpec.predictions is a dict. If predict_keys is used then rest of the predictions will be filtered from the dictionary. If None, returns all.

  • hooks: List of tf.train.SessionRunHook subclass instances. Used for callbacks inside the prediction call.

  • checkpoint_path: Path of a specific checkpoint to predict. If None, the latest checkpoint in model_dir is used. If there are no checkpoints in model_dir, prediction is run with newly initialized Variables instead of ones restored from checkpoint.

  • yield_single_examples: If False, yields the whole batch as returned by the model_fn instead of decomposing the batch into individual elements. This is useful if model_fn returns some tensors whose first dimension is not equal to the batch size.

Yields:

Evaluated values of predictions tensors.

Raises:

  • ValueError: Could not find a trained model in model_dir.
  • ValueError: If batch length of predictions is not the same and yield_single_examples is True.
  • ValueError: If there is a conflict between predict_keys and predictions. For example if predict_keys is not None but tf.estimator.EstimatorSpec.predictions is not a dict.

train

train(
    input_fn,
    hooks=None,
    steps=None,
    max_steps=None,
    saving_listeners=None
)

Trains a model given training data input_fn.

Args:

  • input_fn: A function that provides input data for training as minibatches. See Premade Estimators for more information. The function should construct and return one of the following: * A tf.data.Dataset object: Outputs of Dataset object must be a tuple (features, labels) with same constraints as below. * A tuple (features, labels): Where features is a tf.Tensor or a dictionary of string feature name to Tensor and labels is a Tensor or a dictionary of string label name to Tensor. Both features and labels are consumed by model_fn. They should satisfy the expectation of model_fn from inputs.
  • hooks: List of tf.train.SessionRunHook subclass instances. Used for callbacks inside the training loop.
  • steps: Number of steps for which to train the model. If None, train forever or train until input_fn generates the tf.errors.OutOfRange error or StopIteration exception. steps works incrementally. If you call two times train(steps=10) then training occurs in total 20 steps. If OutOfRange or StopIteration occurs in the middle, training stops before 20 steps. If you don't want to have incremental behavior please set max_steps instead. If set, max_steps must be None.
  • max_steps: Number of total steps for which to train model. If None, train forever or train until input_fn generates the tf.errors.OutOfRange error or StopIteration exception. If set, steps must be None. If OutOfRange or StopIteration occurs in the middle, training stops before max_steps steps. Two calls to train(steps=100) means 200 training iterations. On the other hand, two calls to train(max_steps=100) means that the second call will not do any iteration since first call did all 100 steps.
  • saving_listeners: list of CheckpointSaverListener objects. Used for callbacks that run immediately before or after checkpoint savings.

Returns:

self, for chaining.

Raises:

  • ValueError: If both steps and max_steps are not None.
  • ValueError: If either steps or max_steps <= 0.