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A class listing aggregation methods used to combine gradients.

Computing partial derivatives can require aggregating gradient contributions. This class lists the various methods that can be used to combine gradients in the graph.

The following aggregation methods are part of the stable API for aggregating gradients:

  • ADD_N: All of the gradient terms are summed as part of one operation using the "AddN" op (see tf.add_n). This method has the property that all gradients must be ready and buffered separately in memory before any aggregation is performed.
  • DEFAULT: The system-chosen default aggregation method.

The following aggregation methods are experimental and may not be supported in future releases:

  • EXPERIMENTAL_TREE: Gradient terms are summed in pairs using using the "AddN" op. This method of summing gradients may reduce performance, but it can improve memory utilization because the gradients can be released earlier.

  • EXPERIMENTAL_ACCUMULATE_N: Gradient terms are summed using the "AccumulateN" op (see tf.accumulate_n), which accumulates the overall sum in a single buffer that is shared across threads. This method of summing gradients can result in a lower memory footprint and lower latency at the expense of higher CPU/GPU utilization. For gradients of types that "AccumulateN" does not support, this summation method falls back on the behavior of EXPERIMENTAL_TREE

Class Variables

  • ADD_N = 0
  • DEFAULT = 0