Help protect the Great Barrier Reef with TensorFlow on Kaggle Join Challenge

tf.distribute.Strategy

TensorFlow 2 version View source on GitHub

A list of devices with a state & compute distribution policy.

Inherits From: Strategy

See the guide for overview and examples.

extended tf.distribute.StrategyExtended with additional methods.
num_replicas_in_sync Returns number of replicas over which gradients are aggregated.

Methods

experimental_distribute_dataset

View source

Distributes a tf.data.Dataset instance provided via dataset.

The returned distributed dataset can be iterated over similar to how regular datasets can. NOTE: Currently, the user cannot add any more transformations to a distributed dataset.

The following is an example:

strategy = tf.distribute.MirroredStrategy()

# Create a dataset
dataset = dataset_ops.Dataset.TFRecordDataset([
  "/a/1.tfr", "/a/2.tfr", "/a/3.tfr", "/a/4.tfr"])

# Distribute that dataset
dist_dataset = strategy.experimental_distribute_dataset(dataset)
# Iterate over the distributed dataset
for x in dist_dataset:
  # process dataset elements
  strategy.experimental_run_v2(train_step, args=(x,))

We will assume that the input dataset is batched by the global batch size. With this assumption, we will make a best effort to divide each batch across all the replicas (one or more workers).

In a multi-worker setting, we will first attempt to distribute the dataset by attempting to detect whether the dataset is being created out of ReaderDatasets (e.g. TFRecordDataset, TextLineDataset, etc.) and if so, attempting to shard the input files. Note that there has to be at least one input file per worker. If you have less than one input file per worker, we suggest that you should disable distributing your dataset using the method below.

If that attempt is unsuccessful (e.g. the dataset is created from a Dataset.range), we will shard the dataset evenly at the end by appending a .shard operation to the end of the processing pipeline. This will cause the entire preprocessing pipeline for all the data to be run on every worker, and each worker will do redundant work. We will print a warning if this method of sharding is selected. In this case, consider using experimental_distribute_datasets_from_function instead.

You can disable dataset sharding across workers using the auto_shard option in tf.data.experimental.DistributeOptions.

Within each worker, we will also split the data among all the worker devices (if more than one a present), and this will happen even if multi-worker sharding is disabled using the method above.

If the above batch splitting and dataset sharding logic is undesirable, please use experimental_distribute_datasets_from_function instead, which does not do any automatic splitting or sharding.

Args
dataset tf.data.Dataset that will be sharded across all replicas using the rules stated above.

Returns
A "distributed Dataset", which acts like a tf.data.Dataset except it produces "per-replica" values.

experimental_distribute_datasets_from_function

View source

Distributes tf.data.Dataset instances created by calls to dataset_fn.

dataset_fn will be called once for each worker in the strategy. Each replica on that worker will dequeue one batch of inputs from the local Dataset (i.e. if a worker has two replicas, two batches will be dequeued from the Dataset every step).

This method can be used for several purposes. For example, where experimental_distribute_dataset is unable to shard the input files, this method might be used to manually shard the dataset (avoiding the slow fallback behavior in experimental_distribute_dataset). In cases where the dataset is infinite, this sharding can be done by creating dataset replicas that differ only in their random seed. experimental_distribute_dataset may also sometimes fail to split the batch across replicas on a worker. In that case, this method can be used where that limitation does not exist.

The dataset_fn should take an tf.distribute.InputContext instance where information about batching and input replication can be accessed:

def dataset_fn(input_context):
  batch_size = input_context.get_per_replica_batch_size(global_batch_size)
  d = tf.data.Dataset.from_tensors([[1.]]).repeat().batch(batch_size)
  return d.shard(
      input_context.num_input_pipelines, input_context.input_pipeline_id)

inputs = strategy.experimental_distribute_datasets_from_function(dataset_fn)

for batch in inputs:
  replica_results = strategy.experimental_run_v2(replica_fn, args=(batch,))

Args
dataset_fn A function taking a tf.distribute.InputContext instance and returning a tf.data.Dataset.

Returns
A "distributed Dataset", which acts like a tf.data.Dataset except it produces "per-replica" values.

experimental_local_results

View source

Returns the list of all local per-replica values contained in value.

Args
value A value returned by experimental_run(), experimental_run_v2(), extended.call_for_each_replica(), or a variable created in scope.

Returns
A tuple of values contained in value. If value represents a single value, this returns (value,).

experimental_make_numpy_dataset

View source

Makes a tf.data.Dataset for input provided via a numpy array.

This avoids adding numpy_input as a large constant in the graph, and copies the data to the machine or machines that will be processing the input.

Note that you will likely need to use tf.distribute.Strategy.experimental_distribute_dataset with the returned dataset to further distribute it with the strategy.

Example:

numpy_input = np.ones([10], dtype=np.float32)
dataset = strategy.experimental_make_numpy_dataset(numpy_input)
dist_dataset = strategy.experimental_distribute_dataset(dataset)

Args
numpy_input A nest of NumPy input arrays that will be converted into a dataset. Note that lists of Numpy arrays are stacked, as that is normal tf.data.Dataset behavior.
session (TensorFlow v1.x graph execution only) A session used for initialization.

Returns
A tf.data.Dataset representing numpy_input.

experimental_run

View source

Runs ops in fn on each replica, with inputs from input_iterator.

DEPRECATED: This method is not available in TF 2.x. Please switch to using experimental_run_v2 instead.

When eager execution is enabled, executes ops specified by fn on each replica. Otherwise, builds a graph to execute the ops on each replica.

Each replica will take a single, different input from the inputs provided by one get_next call on the input iterator.

fn may call tf.distribute.get_replica_context() to access members such as replica_id_in_sync_group.

Args
fn The function to run. The inputs to the function must match the outputs of input_iterator.get_next(). The output must be a tf.nest of Tensors.
input_iterator (Optional) input iterator from which the inputs are taken.

Returns
Merged return value of fn across replicas. The structure of the return value is the same as the return value from fn. Each element in the structure can either be PerReplica (if the values are unsynchronized), Mirrored (if the values are kept in sync), or Tensor (if running on a single replica).

experimental_run_v2

View source

Run fn on each replica, with the given arguments.

Executes ops specified by fn on each replica. If args or kwargs have "per-replica" values, such as those produced by a "distributed Dataset", when fn is executed on a particular replica, it will be executed with the component of those "per-replica" values that correspond to that replica.

fn may call tf.distribute.get_replica_context() to access members such as all_reduce.

All arguments in args or kwargs should either be nest of tensors or per-replica objects containing tensors or composite tensors.

Args
fn The function to run. The output must be a tf.nest of Tensors.
args (Optional) Positional arguments to fn.
kwargs (Optional) Keyword arguments to fn.

Returns
Merged return value of fn across replicas. The structure of the return value is the same as the return value from fn. Each element in the structure can either be "per-replica"