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TensorFlow 2 version View source on GitHub

Create a switch/case operation, i.e. an integer-indexed conditional.

See also tf.case.

This op can be substantially more efficient than tf.case when exactly one branch will be selected. tf.switch_case is more like a C++ switch/case statement than tf.case, which is more like an if/elif/elif/else chain.

The branch_fns parameter is either a list of (int, callable) pairs, or simply a list of callables (in which case the index is implicitly the key). The branch_index Tensor is used to select an element in branch_fns with matching int key, falling back to default if none match, or max(keys) if no default is provided. The keys must form a contiguous set from 0 to len(branch_fns) - 1.

tf.switch_case supports nested structures as implemented in tf.nest. All callables must return the same (possibly nested) value structure of lists, tuples, and/or named tuples.



switch (branch_index) {  // c-style switch
  case 0: return 17;
  case 1: return 31;
  default: return -1;


branches = {0: lambda: 17, 1: lambda: 31}
branches.get(branch_index, lambda: -1)()


def f1(): return tf.constant(17)
def f2(): return tf.constant(31)
def f3(): return tf.constant(-1)
r = tf.switch_case(branch_index, branch_fns={0: f1, 1: f2}, default=f3)
# Equivalent: tf.switch_case(branch_index, branch_fns={0: f1, 1: f2, 2: f3})

branch_index An int Tensor specifying which of branch_fns should be executed.
branch_fns A list of (int, callable) pairs, or simply a list of callables (in which case the index serves as the key). Each callable must return a matching structure of tensors.
default Optional callable that returns a structure of tensors.
name A name for this operation (optional).

The tensors returned by the callable identified by branch_index, or those returned by default if no key matches and default was provided, or those returned by the max-keyed branch_fn if no default is provided.

TypeError If branch_fns is not a list/dictionary.
TypeError If branch_fns is a list but does not contain 2-tuples or callables.
TypeError If fns[i] is not callable for any i, or default is not callable.

V2 Compatibility

branch_fns could be a dictionary in v1. However, tf.Tensor and tf.Variable are no longer hashable in v2, so cannot be used as a key for a dictionary. Please use a list or a tuple instead.