tf.Tensor

A tensor is a multidimensional array of elements represented by a

tf.Tensor object. All elements are of a single known data type.

When writing a TensorFlow program, the main object that is manipulated and passed around is the tf.Tensor.

A tf.Tensor has the following properties:

  • a single data type (float32, int32, or string, for example)
  • a shape

TensorFlow supports eager execution and graph execution. In eager execution, operations are evaluated immediately. In graph execution, a computational graph is constructed for later evaluation.

TensorFlow defaults to eager execution. In the example below, the matrix multiplication results are calculated immediately.

# Compute some values using a Tensor
c = tf.constant([[1.0, 2.0], [3.0, 4.0]])
d = tf.constant([[1.0, 1.0], [0.0, 1.0]])
e = tf.matmul(c, d)
print(e)
tf.Tensor(
[[1. 3.]
 [3. 7.]], shape=(2, 2), dtype=float32)

Note that during eager execution, you may discover your Tensors are actually of type EagerTensor. This is an internal detail, but it does give you access to a useful function, numpy:

type(e)
<class '...ops.EagerTensor'>
print(e.numpy())
  [[1. 3.]
   [3. 7.]]

In TensorFlow, tf.functions are a common way to define graph execution.

A Tensor's shape (that is, the rank of the Tensor and the si