tf.linalg.LinearOperatorHouseholder

TensorFlow 1 version View source on GitHub

LinearOperator acting like a [batch] of Householder transformations.

Inherits From: LinearOperator

This operator acts like a [batch] of householder reflections with shape [B1,...,Bb, N, N] for some b >= 0. The first b indices index a batch member. For every batch index (i1,...,ib), A[i1,...,ib, : :] is an N x N matrix. This matrix A is not materialized, but for purposes of broadcasting this shape will be relevant.

LinearOperatorHouseholder is initialized with a (batch) vector.

A Householder reflection, defined via a vector v, which reflects points in R^n about the hyperplane orthogonal to v and through the origin.

# Create a 2 x 2 householder transform.
vec = [1 / np.sqrt(2), 1. / np.sqrt(2)]
operator = LinearOperatorHouseholder(vec)

operator.to_dense()
==> [[0.,  -1.]
     [-1., -0.]]

operator.shape
==> [2, 2]

operator.log_abs_determinant()
==> scalar Tensor

x = ... Shape [2, 4] Tensor
operator.matmul(x)
==> Shape [2, 4] Tensor

#### Shape compatibility

This operator acts on [batch] matrix with compatible shape.
`x` is a batch matrix with compatible shape for `matmul` and `solve` if

operator.shape = [B1,...,Bb] + [N, N], with b >= 0 x.shape = [C1,...,Cc] + [N, R], and [C1,...,Cc] broadcasts with [B1,...,Bb] to [D1,...,Dd]


#### Matrix property hints

This `LinearOperator` is initialized with boolean flags of the form `is_X`,
for `X = non_singular, self_adjoint, positive_definite, square`.
These have the following meaning:

* If `is_X == True`, callers should expect the operator to have the
  property `X`.  This is a promise that should be fulfilled, but is *not* a
  runtime assert.  For example, finite floating point precision may result
  in these promises being violated.
* If `is_X == False`, callers should expect the operator to not have `X`.
* If `is_X == None` (the default), callers should have no expectation either
  way.

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<tr><th colspan="2"><h2 class="add-link">Args</h2></th></tr>

<tr>
<td>
`reflection_axis`
</td>
<td>
Shape `[B1,...,Bb, N]` `Tensor` with `b >= 0` `N >= 0`.
The vector defining the hyperplane to reflect about.
Allowed dtypes: `float16`, `float32`, `float64`, `complex64`,
`complex128`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_non_singular`
</td>
<td>
Expect that this operator is non-singular.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_self_adjoint`
</td>
<td>
Expect that this operator is equal to its hermitian
transpose.  This is autoset to true
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_positive_definite`
</td>
<td>
Expect that this operator is positive definite,
meaning the quadratic form `x^H A x` has positive real part for all
nonzero `x`.  Note that we do not require the operator to be
self-adjoint to be positive-definite.  See:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positive-definite_matrix#Extension_for_non-symmetric_matrices
This is autoset to false.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_square`
</td>
<td>
Expect that this operator acts like square [batch] matrices.
This is autoset to true.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `LinearOperator`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2"><h2 class="add-link">Raises</h2></th></tr>

<tr>
<td>
`ValueError`
</td>
<td>
`is_self_adjoint` is not `True`, `is_positive_definite` is
not `False` or `is_square` is not `True`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>





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<tr><th colspan="2"><h2 class="add-link">Attributes</h2></th></tr>

<tr>
<td>
`H`
</td>
<td>
Returns the adjoint of the current `LinearOperator`.

Given `A` representing this `LinearOperator`, return `A*`.
Note that calling `self.adjoint()` and `self.H` are equivalent.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`batch_shape`
</td>
<td>
`TensorShape` of batch dimensions of this `LinearOperator`.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns
`TensorShape([B1,...,Bb])`, equivalent to `A.shape[:-2]`
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`domain_dimension`
</td>
<td>
Dimension (in the sense of vector spaces) of the domain of this operator.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns `N`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`dtype`
</td>
<td>
The `DType` of `Tensor`s handled by this `LinearOperator`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`graph_parents`
</td>
<td>
List of graph dependencies of this `LinearOperator`. (deprecated)

Warning: THIS FUNCTION IS DEPRECATED. It will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Do not call `graph_parents`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_non_singular`
</td>
<td>

</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_positive_definite`
</td>
<td>

</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_self_adjoint`
</td>
<td>

</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`is_square`
</td>
<td>
Return `True/False` depending on if this operator is square.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`range_dimension`
</td>
<td>
Dimension (in the sense of vector spaces) of the range of this operator.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns `M`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`reflection_axis`
</td>
<td>

</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`shape`
</td>
<td>
`TensorShape` of this `LinearOperator`.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns
`TensorShape([B1,...,Bb, M, N])`, equivalent to `A.shape`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`tensor_rank`
</td>
<td>
Rank (in the sense of tensors) of matrix corresponding to this operator.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns `b + 2`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



## Methods

<h3 id="add_to_tensor"><code>add_to_tensor</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L1046-L1059">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>add_to_tensor(
    x, name='add_to_tensor'
)
</code></pre>

Add matrix represented by this operator to `x`.  Equivalent to `A + x`.


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<tr>
<td>
`x`
</td>
<td>
`Tensor` with same `dtype` and shape broadcastable to `self.shape`.
</td>
</tr><tr>
<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name to give this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
A `Tensor` with broadcast shape and same `dtype` as `self`.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="adjoint"><code>adjoint</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L902-L917">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>adjoint(
    name='adjoint'
)
</code></pre>

Returns the adjoint of the current `LinearOperator`.

Given `A` representing this `LinearOperator`, return `A*`.
Note that calling `self.adjoint()` and `self.H` are equivalent.

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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2">Returns</th></tr>
<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
`LinearOperator` which represents the adjoint of this `LinearOperator`.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="assert_non_singular"><code>assert_non_singular</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L510-L528">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>assert_non_singular(
    name='assert_non_singular'
)
</code></pre>

Returns an `Op` that asserts this operator is non singular.

This operator is considered non-singular if

ConditionNumber < max{100, range_dimension, domain_dimension} * eps, eps := np.finfo(self.dtype.as_numpy_dtype).eps


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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A string name to prepend to created ops.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2">Returns</th></tr>
<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
An `Assert` `Op`, that, when run, will raise an `InvalidArgumentError` if
the operator is singular.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="assert_positive_definite"><code>assert_positive_definite</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L546-L561">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>assert_positive_definite(
    name='assert_positive_definite'
)
</code></pre>

Returns an `Op` that asserts this operator is positive definite.

Here, positive definite means that the quadratic form `x^H A x` has positive
real part for all nonzero `x`.  Note that we do not require the operator to
be self-adjoint to be positive definite.

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<tr>
<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name to give this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2">Returns</th></tr>
<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
An `Assert` `Op`, that, when run, will raise an `InvalidArgumentError` if
the operator is not positive definite.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="assert_self_adjoint"><code>assert_self_adjoint</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L573-L587">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>assert_self_adjoint(
    name='assert_self_adjoint'
)
</code></pre>

Returns an `Op` that asserts this operator is self-adjoint.

Here we check that this operator is *exactly* equal to its hermitian
transpose.

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<tr>
<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A string name to prepend to created ops.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
An `Assert` `Op`, that, when run, will raise an `InvalidArgumentError` if
the operator is not self-adjoint.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="batch_shape_tensor"><code>batch_shape_tensor</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L324-L339">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>batch_shape_tensor(
    name='batch_shape_tensor'
)
</code></pre>

Shape of batch dimensions of this operator, determined at runtime.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns a `Tensor` holding
`[B1,...,Bb]`.

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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
`int32` `Tensor`
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="cholesky"><code>cholesky</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L947-L970">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>cholesky(
    name='cholesky'
)
</code></pre>

Returns a Cholesky factor as a `LinearOperator`.

Given `A` representing this `LinearOperator`, if `A` is positive definite
self-adjoint, return `L`, where `A = L L^T`, i.e. the cholesky
decomposition.

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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2">Returns</th></tr>
<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
`LinearOperator` which represents the lower triangular matrix
in the Cholesky decomposition.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



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<tr>
<td>
`ValueError`
</td>
<td>
When the `LinearOperator` is not hinted to be positive
definite and self adjoint.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



<h3 id="cond"><code>cond</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L1096-L1106">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>cond(
    name='cond'
)
</code></pre>

Returns the condition number of this linear operator.


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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2">Returns</th></tr>
<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
Shape `[B1,...,Bb]` `Tensor` of same `dtype` as `self`.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="determinant"><code>determinant</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L706-L723">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>determinant(
    name='det'
)
</code></pre>

Determinant for every batch member.


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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
`Tensor` with shape `self.batch_shape` and same `dtype` as `self`.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



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<tr>
<td>
`NotImplementedError`
</td>
<td>
If `self.is_square` is `False`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



<h3 id="diag_part"><code>diag_part</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L997-L1023">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>diag_part(
    name='diag_part'
)
</code></pre>

Efficiently get the [batch] diagonal part of this operator.

If this operator has shape `[B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, this returns a
`Tensor` `diagonal`, of shape `[B1,...,Bb, min(M, N)]`, where
`diagonal[b1,...,bb, i] = self.to_dense()[b1,...,bb, i, i]`.

my_operator = LinearOperatorDiag([1., 2.])

Efficiently get the diagonal

my_operator.diag_part() ==> [1., 2.]

Equivalent, but inefficient method

tf.linalg.diag_part(my_operator.to_dense()) ==> [1., 2.]


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<tr>
<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr>
<td>
`diag_part`
</td>
<td>
A `Tensor` of same `dtype` as self.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



<h3 id="domain_dimension_tensor"><code>domain_dimension_tensor</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L409-L425">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>domain_dimension_tensor(
    name='domain_dimension_tensor'
)
</code></pre>

Dimension (in the sense of vector spaces) of the domain of this operator.

Determined at runtime.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix `A` with
`A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N]`, then this returns `N`.

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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<td colspan="2">
`int32` `Tensor`
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="eigvals"><code>eigvals</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L1064-L1081">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>eigvals(
    name='eigvals'
)
</code></pre>

Returns the eigenvalues of this linear operator.

If the operator is marked as self-adjoint (via `is_self_adjoint`)
this computation can be more efficient.

Note: This currently only supports self-adjoint operators.

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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<td colspan="2">
Shape `[B1,...,Bb, N]` `Tensor` of same `dtype` as `self`.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



<h3 id="inverse"><code>inverse</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L922-L945">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>inverse(
    name='inverse'
)
</code></pre>

Returns the Inverse of this `LinearOperator`.

Given `A` representing this `LinearOperator`, return a `LinearOperator`
representing `A^-1`.

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<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name scope to use for ops added by this method.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
`LinearOperator` representing inverse of this matrix.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



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<tr>
<td>
`ValueError`
</td>
<td>
When the `LinearOperator` is not hinted to be `non_singular`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



<h3 id="log_abs_determinant"><code>log_abs_determinant</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L735-L752">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>log_abs_determinant(
    name='log_abs_det'
)
</code></pre>

Log absolute value of determinant for every batch member.


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<tr>
<td>
`name`
</td>
<td>
A name for this `Op`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



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<tr class="alt">
<td colspan="2">
`Tensor` with shape `self.batch_shape` and same `dtype` as `self`.
</td>
</tr>

</table>



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<tr><th colspan="2">Raises</th></tr>

<tr>
<td>
`NotImplementedError`
</td>
<td>
If `self.is_square` is `False`.
</td>
</tr>
</table>



<h3 id="matmul"><code>matmul</code></h3>

<a target="_blank" href="https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow/blob/v2.2.0/tensorflow/python/ops/linalg/linear_operator.py#L600-L653">View source</a>

<pre class="devsite-click-to-copy prettyprint lang-py tfo-signature-link">
<code>matmul(
    x, adjoint=False, adjoint_arg=False, name='matmul'
)
</code></pre>

Transform [batch] matrix `x` with left multiplication:  `x --> Ax`.

```python
# Make an operator acting like batch matrix A.  Assume A.shape = [..., M, N]
operator = LinearOperator(...)
operator.shape = [..., M, N]

X = ... # shape [..., N, R], batch matrix, R > 0.

Y = operator.matmul(X)
Y.shape
==> [..., M, R]

Y[..., :, r] = sum_j A[..., :, j] X[j, r]

Args
x LinearOperator or Tensor with compatible shape and same dtype as self. See class docstring for definition of compatibility.
adjoint Python bool. If True, left multiply by the adjoint: A^H x.
adjoint_arg Python bool. If True, compute A x^H where x^H is the hermitian transpose (transposition and complex conjugation).
name A name for this Op.

Returns
A LinearOperator or Tensor with shape [..., M, R] and same dtype as self.

matvec

View source

Transform [batch] vector x with left multiplication: x --> Ax.

# Make an operator acting like batch matric A.  Assume A.shape = [..., M, N]
operator = LinearOperator(...)

X = ... # shape [..., N], batch vector

Y = operator.matvec(X)
Y.shape
==> [..., M]

Y[..., :] = sum_j A[..., :, j] X[..., j]

Args
x Tensor with compatible shape and same dtype as self. x is treated as a [batch] vector meaning for every set of leading dimensions, the last dimension defines a vector. See class docstring for definition of compatibility.
adjoint Python bool. If True, left multiply by the adjoint: A^H x.
name A name for this Op.

Returns
A Tensor with shape [..., M] and same dtype as self.

range_dimension_tensor

View source

Dimension (in the sense of vector spaces) of the range of this operator.

Determined at runtime.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix A with A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N], then this returns M.

Args
name A name for this Op.

Returns
int32 Tensor

shape_tensor

View source

Shape of this LinearOperator, determined at runtime.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix A with A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N], then this returns a Tensor holding [B1,...,Bb, M, N], equivalent to tf.shape(A).

Args
name A name for this Op.

Returns
int32 Tensor

solve

View source

Solve (exact or approx) R (batch) systems of equations: A X = rhs.

The returned Tensor will be close to an exact solution if A is well conditioned. Otherwise closeness will vary. See class docstring for details.

Examples:

# Make an operator acting like batch matrix A.  Assume A.shape = [..., M, N]
operator = LinearOperator(...)
operator.shape = [..., M, N]

# Solve R > 0 linear systems for every member of the batch.
RHS = ... # shape [..., M, R]

X = operator.solve(RHS)
# X[..., :, r] is the solution to the r'th linear system
# sum_j A[..., :, j] X[..., j, r] = RHS[..., :, r]

operator.matmul(X)
==> RHS

Args
rhs Tensor with same dtype as this operator and compatible shape. rhs is treated like a [batch] matrix meaning for every set of leading dimensions, the last two dimensions defines a matrix. See class docstring for definition of compatibility.
adjoint Python bool. If True, solve the system involving the adjoint of this LinearOperator: A^H X = rhs.
adjoint_arg Python bool. If True, solve A X = rhs^H where rhs^H is the hermitian transpose (transposition and complex conjugation).
name A name scope to use for ops added by this method.

Returns
Tensor with shape [...,N, R] and same dtype as rhs.

Raises
NotImplementedError If self.is_non_singular or is_square is False.

solvevec

View source

Solve single equation with best effort: A X = rhs.

The returned Tensor will be close to an exact solution if A is well conditioned. Otherwise closeness will vary. See class docstring for details.

Examples:

# Make an operator acting like batch matrix A.  Assume A.shape = [..., M, N]
operator = LinearOperator(...)
operator.shape = [..., M, N]

# Solve one linear system for every member of the batch.
RHS = ... # shape [..., M]

X = operator.solvevec(RHS)
# X is the solution to the linear system
# sum_j A[..., :, j] X[..., j] = RHS[..., :]

operator.matvec(X)
==> RHS

Args
rhs Tensor with same dtype as this operator. rhs is treated like a [batch] vector meaning for every set of leading dimensions, the last dimension defines a vector. See class docstring for definition of compatibility regarding batch dimensions.
adjoint Python bool. If True, solve the system involving the adjoint of this LinearOperator: A^H X = rhs.
name A name scope to use for ops added by this method.

Returns
Tensor with shape [...,N] and same dtype as rhs.

Raises
NotImplementedError If self.is_non_singular or is_square is False.

tensor_rank_tensor

View source

Rank (in the sense of tensors) of matrix corresponding to this operator.

If this operator acts like the batch matrix A with A.shape = [B1,...,Bb, M, N], then this returns b + 2.

Args
name A name for this Op.

Returns
int32 Tensor, determined at runtime.

to_dense

View source

Return a dense (batch) matrix representing this operator.

trace

View source

Trace of the linear operator, equal to sum of self.diag_part().

If the operator is square, this is also the sum of the eigenvalues.

Args
name A name for this Op.

Returns
Shape [B1,...,Bb] Tensor of same dtype as self.

__matmul__

View source