Constructs symbolic derivatives of sum of ys w.r.t. x in xs.

tf.gradients is only valid in a graph context. In particular, it is valid in the context of a tf.function wrapper, where code is executing as a graph.

ys and xs are each a Tensor or a list of tensors. grad_ys is a list of Tensor, holding the gradients received by the ys. The list must be the same length as ys.

gradients() adds ops to the graph to output the derivatives of ys with respect to xs. It returns a list of Tensor of length len(xs) where each tensor is the sum(dy/dx) for y in ys and for x in xs.

grad_ys is a list of tensors of the same length as ys that holds the initial gradients for each y in ys. When grad_ys is None, we fill in a tensor of '1's of the shape of y for each y in ys. A user can provide their own initial grad_ys to compute the derivatives using a different initial gradient for each y (e.g., if one wanted to weight the gradient differently for each value in each y).

stop_gradients is a Tensor or a list of tensors to be considered constant with respect to all xs. These tensors will not be backpropagated through, as though they had been explicitly disconnected using stop_gradient. Among other things, this allows computation of partial derivatives as opposed to total