tf.keras.layers.Dense

TensorFlow 1 version View source on GitHub

Class Dense

Just your regular densely-connected NN layer.

Inherits From: Layer

Aliases: tf.compat.v1.keras.layers.Dense, tf.compat.v2.keras.layers.Dense

Used in the guide:

Used in the tutorials:

Dense implements the operation: output = activation(dot(input, kernel) + bias) where activation is the element-wise activation function passed as the activation argument, kernel is a weights matrix created by the layer, and bias is a bias vector created by the layer (only applicable if use_bias is True).

Example:

# as first layer in a sequential model:
model = Sequential()
model.add(Dense(32, input_shape=(16,)))
# now the model will take as input arrays of shape (*, 16)
# and output arrays of shape (*, 32)

# after the first layer, you don't need to specify
# the size of the input anymore:
model.add(Dense(32))

Arguments:

  • units: Positive integer, dimensionality of the output space.
  • activation: Activation function to use. If you don't specify anything, no activation is applied (ie. "linear" activation: a(x) = x).
  • use_bias: Boolean, whether the layer uses a bias vector.
  • kernel_initializer: Initializer for the kernel weights matrix.
  • bias_initializer: Initializer for the bias vector.
  • kernel_regularizer: Regularizer function applied to the kernel weights matrix.
  • bias_regularizer: Regularizer function applied to the bias vector.
  • activity_regularizer: Regularizer function applied to the output of the layer (its "activation")..
  • kernel_constraint: Constraint function applied to the kernel weights matrix.
  • bias_constraint: Constraint function applied to the bias vector.

Input shape:

N-D tensor with shape: (batch_size, ..., input_dim). The most common situation would be a 2D input with shape (batch_size, input_dim).

Output shape:

N-D tensor with shape: (batch_size, ..., units). For instance, for a 2D input with shape (batch_size, input_dim), the output would have shape (batch_size, units).

__init__

View source

__init__(
    units,
    activation=None,
    use_bias=True,
    kernel_initializer='glorot_uniform',
    bias_initializer='zeros',
    kernel_regularizer=None,
    bias_regularizer=None,
    activity_regularizer=None,
    kernel_constraint=None,
    bias_constraint=None,
    **kwargs
)