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tf.config.set_logical_device_configuration

Set the logical device configuration for a tf.config.PhysicalDevice.

Used in the notebooks

Used in the guide Used in the tutorials

A visible tf.config.PhysicalDevice will by default have a single tf.config.LogicalDevice associated with it once the runtime is initialized. Specifying a list of tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration objects allows multiple devices to be created on the same tf.config.PhysicalDevice.

Logical device configurations can be modified by calling this function as long as the runtime is uninitialized. After the runtime is initialized calling this function raises a RuntimeError.

The following example splits the CPU into 2 logical devices:

physical_devices = tf.config.list_physical_devices('CPU')
assert len(physical_devices) == 1, "No CPUs found"
# Specify 2 virtual CPUs. Note currently memory limit is not supported.
try:
  tf.config.set_logical_device_configuration(
    physical_devices[0],
    [tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(),
     tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration()])
  logical_devices = tf.config.list_logical_devices('CPU')
  assert len(logical_devices) == 2

  tf.config.set_logical_device_configuration(
    physical_devices[0],
    [tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(),
     tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(),
     tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(),
     tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration()])
except:
  # Cannot modify logical devices once initialized.
  pass

The following example splits the GPU into 2 logical devices with 100 MB each:

physical_devices = tf.config.list_physical_devices('GPU')
try:
  tf.config.set_logical_device_configuration(
    physical_devices[0],
    [tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(memory_limit=100),
     tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(memory_limit=100)])

  logical_devices = tf.config.list_logical_devices('GPU')
  assert len(logical_devices) == len(physical_devices) + 1

  tf.config.set_logical_device_configuration(
    physical_devices[0],
    [tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(memory_limit=10),
     tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration(memory_limit=10)])
except:
  # Invalid device or cannot modify logical devices once initialized.
  pass

device The PhysicalDevice to configure.
logical_devices (optional) List of tf.config.LogicalDeviceConfiguration objects to allocate for the specified PhysicalDevice. If None, the default configuration will be used.

ValueError If argument validation fails.
RuntimeError Runtime is already initialized.