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tf.keras.preprocessing.sequence.skipgrams

Generates skipgram word pairs.

Used in the notebooks

Used in the tutorials

This function transforms a sequence of word indexes (list of integers) into tuples of words of the form:

  • (word, word in the same window), with label 1 (positive samples).
  • (word, random word from the vocabulary), with label 0 (negative samples).

Read more about Skipgram in this gnomic paper by Mikolov et al.: Efficient Estimation of Word Representations in Vector Space

sequence A word sequence (sentence), encoded as a list of word indices (integers). If using a sampling_table, word indices are expected to match the rank of the words in a reference dataset (e.g. 10 would encode the 10-th most frequently occurring token). Note that index 0 is expected to be a non-word and will be skipped.
vocabulary_size Int, maximum possible word index + 1
window_size Int, size of sampling windows (technically half-window). The window of a word w_i will be [i - window_size, i + window_size+1].
negative_samples Float >= 0. 0 for no negative (i.e. random) samples. 1 for same number as positive samples.
shuffle Whether to shuffle the word couples before returning them.
categorical bool. if False, labels will be integers (eg. [0, 1, 1 .. ]), if True, labels will be categorical, e.g. [[1,0],[0,1],[0,1] .. ].
sampling_table 1D array of size vocabulary_size where the entry i encodes the probability to sample a word of rank i.
seed Random seed.

couples, labels: where couples are int pairs and labels are either 0 or 1.

Note:

By convention, index 0 in the vocabulary is a non-word and will be skipped.