tf.nn.fixed_unigram_candidate_sampler

tf.nn.fixed_unigram_candidate_sampler(
    true_classes,
    num_true,
    num_sampled,
    unique,
    range_max,
    vocab_file='',
    distortion=1.0,
    num_reserved_ids=0,
    num_shards=1,
    shard=0,
    unigrams=(),
    seed=None,
    name=None
)

Defined in tensorflow/python/ops/candidate_sampling_ops.py.

Samples a set of classes using the provided (fixed) base distribution.

This operation randomly samples a tensor of sampled classes (sampled_candidates) from the range of integers [0, range_max).

The elements of sampled_candidates are drawn without replacement (if unique=True) or with replacement (if unique=False) from the base distribution.

The base distribution is read from a file or passed in as an in-memory array. There is also an option to skew the distribution by applying a distortion power to the weights.

In addition, this operation returns tensors true_expected_count and sampled_expected_count representing the number of times each of the target classes (true_classes) and the sampled classes (sampled_candidates) is expected to occur in an average tensor of sampled classes. These values correspond to Q(y|x) defined in this document. If unique=True, then these are post-rejection probabilities and we compute them approximately.

Args:

  • true_classes: A Tensor of type int64 and shape [batch_size, num_true]. The target classes.
  • num_true: An int. The number of target classes per training example.
  • num_sampled: An int. The number of classes to randomly sample.
  • unique: A bool. Determines whether all sampled classes in a batch are unique.
  • range_max: An int. The number of possible classes.
  • vocab_file: Each valid line in this file (which should have a CSV-like format) corresponds to a valid word ID. IDs are in sequential order, starting from num_reserved_ids. The last entry in each line is expected to be a value corresponding to the count or relative probability. Exactly one of vocab_file and unigrams needs to be passed to this operation.
  • distortion: The distortion is used to skew the unigram probability distribution. Each weight is first raised to the distortion's power before adding to the internal unigram distribution. As a result, distortion = 1.0 gives regular unigram sampling (as defined by the vocab file), and distortion = 0.0 gives a uniform distribution.
  • num_reserved_ids: Optionally some reserved IDs can be added in the range [0, num_reserved_ids) by the users. One use case is that a special unknown word token is used as ID 0. These IDs will have a sampling probability of 0.
  • num_shards: A sampler can be used to sample from a subset of the original range in order to speed up the whole computation through parallelism. This parameter (together with shard) indicates the number of partitions that are being used in the overall computation.
  • shard: A sampler can be used to sample from a subset of the original range in order to speed up the whole computation through parallelism. This parameter (together with num_shards) indicates the particular partition number of the operation, when partitioning is being used.
  • unigrams: A list of unigram counts or probabilities, one per ID in sequential order. Exactly one of vocab_file and unigrams should be passed to this operation.
  • seed: An int. An operation-specific seed. Default is 0.
  • name: A name for the operation (optional).

Returns:

  • sampled_candidates: A tensor of type int64 and shape [num_sampled]. The sampled classes.
  • true_expected_count: A tensor of type float. Same shape as true_classes. The expected counts under the sampling distribution of each of true_classes.
  • sampled_expected_count: A tensor of type float. Same shape as sampled_candidates. The expected counts under the sampling distribution of each of sampled_candidates.