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tf.raw_ops.Sub

Returns x - y element-wise.

Both input and output have a range (-inf, inf).

Example usages below.

Subtract operation between an array and a scalar:

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = 1
tf.subtract(x, y)
<tf.Tensor: shape=(5,), dtype=int32, numpy=array([0, 1, 2, 3, 4], dtype=int32)>
tf.subtract(y, x)
<tf.Tensor: shape=(5,), dtype=int32,
numpy=array([ 0, -1, -2, -3, -4], dtype=int32)>

Note that binary - operator can be used instead:

x = tf.convert_to_tensor([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
y = tf.convert_to_tensor(1)
x - y
<tf.Tensor: shape=(5,), dtype=int32, numpy=array([0, 1, 2, 3, 4], dtype=int32)>

Subtract operation between an array and a tensor of same shape:

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = tf.constant([5, 4, 3, 2, 1])
tf.subtract(y, x)
<tf.Tensor: shape=(5,), dtype=int32,
numpy=array([ 4,  2,  0, -2, -4], dtype=int32)>

For example,

x = tf.constant([1, 2], dtype=tf.int8)
y = [2**8 + 1, 2**8 + 2]
tf.subtract(x, y)
<tf.Tensor: shape=(2,), dtype=int8, numpy=array([0, 0], dtype=int8)>

When subtracting two input values of different shapes, tf.subtract follows the general broadcasting rules . The two input array shapes are compared element-wise. Starting with the trailing dimensions, the two dimensions either have to be equal or one of them needs to be 1.

For example,

x = np.ones(6).reshape(2, 3, 1)
y = np.ones(6).reshape(2, 1, 3)
tf.subtract(x, y)
<tf.Tensor: shape=(2, 3, 3), dtype=float64, numpy=
array([[[0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0.]],
       [[0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0.]]])>

Example with inputs of different dimensions:

x = np.ones(6).reshape(2, 3, 1)
y = np.ones(6).reshape(1, 6)
tf.subtract(x, y)
<tf.Tensor: shape=(2, 3, 6), dtype=float64, numpy=
array([[[0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.]],
       [[0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.],
        [0., 0., 0., 0., 0., 0.]]])>

x A Tensor. Must be one of the following types: bfloat16, half, float32, float64, uint8, int8, uint16, int16, int32, int64, complex64, complex128, uint32, uint64.
y A Tensor. Must have the same type as x.
name A name for the operation (optional).

A Tensor. Has the same type as x.