tf.train.Coordinator

A coordinator for threads.

This class implements a simple mechanism to coordinate the termination of a set of threads.

Usage:

# Create a coordinator.
coord = Coordinator()
# Start a number of threads, passing the coordinator to each of them.
...start thread 1...(coord, ...)
...start thread N...(coord, ...)
# Wait for all the threads to terminate.
coord.join(threads)

Any of the threads can call coord.request_stop() to ask for all the threads to stop. To cooperate with the requests, each thread must check for coord.should_stop() on a regular basis. coord.should_stop() returns True as soon as coord.request_stop() has been called.

A typical thread running with a coordinator will do something like:

while not coord.should_stop():
  ...do some work...

Exception handling:

A thread can report an exception to the coordinator as part of the request_stop() call. The exception will be re-raised from the coord.join() call.

Thread code:

try:
  while not coord.should_stop():
    ...do some work...
except Exception as e:
  coord.request_stop(e)

Main code:

try:
  ...
  coord = Coordinator()
  # Start a number of threads, passing the coordinator to each of them.
  ...start thread 1...(coord, ...)
  ...start thread N...(coord, ...)
  # Wait for all the threads to terminate.
  coord.join(threads)
except Exception as e:
  ...exception that was passed to coord.request_stop()

To simplify the thread implementation, the Coordinator provides a context handler stop_on_exception() that automatically requests a stop if an exception is raised. Using the context handler the thread code above can be written as:

with coord.stop_on_exception():
  while not coord.should_stop():
    ...do some work...

Grace period for stopping:

After a thread has called coord.request_stop() the other threads have a fixed time to stop, this is called the 'stop grace period' and defaults to 2 minutes. If any of the threads is still alive after the grace period expires coord.join() raises a RuntimeError reporting the laggards.

try:
  ...
  coord = Coordinator()
  # Start a number of threads, passing the coordinator to each of them.
  ...start thread 1...(coord, ...)
  ...start thread N...(coord, ...)
  # Wait for all the threads to terminate, give them 10s grace period
  coord.join(threads, stop_grace_period_secs=10)
except RuntimeError:
  ...one of the threads took more than 10s to stop after request_stop()
  ...was called.
except Exception:
  ...exception that was passed to coord.request_stop()

clean_stop_exception_types Optional tuple of Exception types that should cause a clean stop of the coordinator. If an exception of one of these types is reported to request_stop(ex) the coordinator will behave as if request_stop(None) was called. Defaults to (tf.errors.OutOfRangeError,) which is used by input queues to signal the end of input. When feeding training data from a Python iterator it is common to add StopIteration to this list.

joined

Methods

clear_stop

View source

Clears the stop flag.

After this is called, calls to should_stop() will return False.

join

View source

Wait for threads to terminate.

This call blocks until a set of threads have terminated. The set of thread is the union of the threads passed in the threads argument and the list of threads that registered with the coordinator by calling Coordinator.register_thread().

After the threads stop, if an exc_info was passed to request_stop, that exception is re-raised.

Grace period handling: When request_stop() is called, threads are given 'stop_grace_period_secs' seconds to terminate. If any of them is still alive after that period expires, a RuntimeError is raised. Note that if an exc_info was passed to request_stop() then it is raised instead of that RuntimeError.

Args
threads List of threading.Threads. The started threads to join in addition to the registered threads.
stop_grace_period_secs Number of seconds given to threads to stop after request_stop() has been called.
ignore_live_threads If False, raises an error if any of the threads are still alive after stop_grace_period_secs.

Raises
RuntimeError If any thread is still alive after request_stop() is called and the grace period expires.

raise_requested_exception

View source

If an exception has been passed to request_stop, this raises it.

register_thread

View source

Register a thread to join.

Args
thread A Python thread to join.

request_stop

View source

Request that the threads stop.

After this is called, calls to should_stop() will return True.

Args
ex Optional Exception, or Python exc_info tuple as returned by sys.exc_info(). If this is the first call to request_stop() the corresponding exception is recorded and re-raised from join().

should_stop

View source

Check if stop was requested.

Returns
True if a stop was requested.

stop_on_exception

View source

Context manager to request stop when an Exception is raised.

Code that uses a coordinator must catch exceptions and pass them to the request_stop() method to stop the other threads managed by the coordinator.

This context handler simplifies the exception handling. Use it as follows:

with coord.stop_on_exception():
  # Any exception raised in the body of the with
  # clause is reported to the coordinator before terminating
  # the execution of the body.
  ...body...

This is completely equivalent to the slightly longer code:

try:
  ...body...
except:
  coord.request_stop(sys.exc_info())

Yields:

nothing.

wait_for_stop

View source