tf.keras.Sequential

Sequential groups a linear stack of layers into a tf.keras.Model.

Used in the notebooks

Used in the guide Used in the tutorials

Sequential provides training and inference features on this model.

Examples:

# Optionally, the first layer can receive an `input_shape` argument:
model = tf.keras.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(8, input_shape=(16,)))
# Afterwards, we do automatic shape inference:
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(4))
# This is identical to the following:
model = tf.keras.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.Input(shape=(16,)))
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(8))
# Note that you can also omit the `input_shape` argument.
# In that case the model doesn't have any weights until the first call
# to a training/evaluation method (since it isn't yet built):
model = tf.keras.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(8))
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(4))
# model.weights not created yet
# Whereas if you specify the input shape, the model gets built
# continuously as you are adding layers:
model = tf.keras.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(8, input_shape=(16,)))
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(4))
len(model.weights)
4
# When using the delayed-build pattern (no input shape specified), you can
# choose to manually build your model by calling
# `build(batch_input_shape)`:
model = tf.keras.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(8))
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(4))
model.build((None, 16))
len(model.weights)
4
# Note that when using the delayed-build pattern (no input shape specified),
# the model gets built the first time you call `fit`, `eval`, or `predict`,
# or the first time you call the model on some input data.
model = tf.keras.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(8))
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(1))
model.compile(optimizer='sgd', loss='mse')
# This builds the model for the first time:
model.fit(x, y, batch_size=32, epochs=10)

layers Optional list of layers to add to the model.
name Optional name for the model.

distribute_strategy The tf.distribute.Strategy this model was created under.
layers

metrics_names Returns the model's display labels for all outputs.

inputs = tf.keras.layers.Input(shape=(3,))
outputs = tf.keras.layers.Dense(2)(inputs)
model = tf.keras.models.Model(inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs)
model.compile(optimizer="Adam", loss="mse", metrics=["mae"])
model.metrics_names
[]
x = np.random.random((2, 3))
y = np.random.randint(0, 2, (2, 2))
model.fit(x, y)
model.metrics_names
['loss', 'mae']
inputs = tf.keras.layers.Input(shape=(3,))
d = tf.keras.layers.Dense(2, name='out')
output_1 = d(inputs)
output_2 = d(inputs)
model = tf.keras.models.Model(
   inputs=inputs, outputs=[output_1, output_2])
model.compile(optimizer="Adam", loss="mse", metrics=["mae", "acc"])
model.fit(x, (y, y))
model.metrics_names
['loss', 'out_loss', 'out_1_loss', 'out_mae', 'out_acc', 'out_1_mae',
'out_1_acc']

run_eagerly Settable attribute indicating whether the model should run eagerly.

Running eagerly means that your model will be run step by step, like Python code. Your model might run slower, but it should become easier for you to debug it by stepping into individual layer calls.

By default, we will attempt to compile your model to a static graph to deliver the best execution performance.

Methods

add

View source

Adds a layer instance on top of the layer stack.

Arguments
layer layer instance.

Raises
TypeError If layer is not a layer instance.
ValueError In case the